Created 2nd July, 2012



by James R Hardiman


The universe is the vast emptiness we call space. Space is infinite. Space has always been there and will always be there. Space never began and will never end. It is just an empty space. It is not contained within anything and it is not expanding. It is just an empty space.

The contents of space, energy and matter, were not created in a one-off Big Bang. Since space has always been there it is certain that there has never been a time when there was no energy or matter. The process of creation can start anywhere at any time, can continue for any period of time and can stop at any time.



There are more than 1,500 active volcanoes on the Earth and around 20 of these are erupting at any one time.

The current explanation of volcanic activity is wholly inadequate.

A constant pressure is required to continuously pump out lava through outlets all over the planet.

This constant pressure must be caused by the replacement of the lava that is being ejected.

If the ejected lava is being replaced then new material must be created inside the planet.

Matter is continually created at the centre of the planet. The pressure caused by this creation pushes the matter that is already there towards the surface. Where there are openings at the surface volcanoes are formed. Where there are no openings earthquakes occur or the land is gradually raised to form mountains.

All stars and planets are or have been growing from the inside by the creation of matter at their cores.

If these statements are correct then the Big Bang theory is invalid.



All bodies in a vacuum fall with equal velocity.

Solar light causes barometric pressure.

The Perseid meteor shower peaks every year on the 12th of August. This means they are located in one place.

If these statements are correct then the Law of Gravity is invalid.


In an experiment on the International Space Station involving the pouring of water into mid-air in a weightless environment, the water formed itself into a perfect sphere. There is a universal pressure that pushes in all directions simultaneously which is responsible for the spherical shape of the water and of all heavenly bodies. It is also responsible for holding the atmosphere around the Earth. The fact that things are weightless inside the International Space Station, which has an atmosphere, means that a vacuum isn't necessary for weightlessness, the universal pressure being able to penetrate the wall of the spacecraft. There must be a limit to the depth of matter that the universal pressure can penetrate because when a meteor comes too close to the Earth, the planet blocks the force in its direction and allows the force on the other side of the meteor to push it towards its surface. If the maximun depth of matter that the universal force can penetrate was known then it would be possible to block the force on one side of the spacecraft to create an artificial gravity.


A well known experiment involves filling a glass with water, covering the glass and water with a piece of paper and inverting the glass whilst holding the paper in place. When the paper is released it remains attached to the glass and the water remains in the glass. This is caused by the pressure of the atmosphere pushing upwards and holding the paper in place. If gravity is simply 'matter attracting matter' then the paper and water will fall to the ground because the pull of gravity is the same for the paper, the water and the atmosphere. The atmosphere can only exert a pressure on the paper if the atmosphere itself is subject to a pressure pushing it towards the ground.



If a rotor is turned in a magnetic field formed by a magnet, a flow of electrons is created which moves along the surface of the conductor. If the generator is enclosed in an airtight container the same flow of electrons is created but the atmospheric pressure remains the same. The electron is deformed magnetic space propogated as a wave. Parallel streams of electrons directed onto photographic plates produce defractive images which appear as concentric rings. This shows that the electron is a wave.

If the electron is a particle, all its intrinsic energy is of no use to it unless there is an exterior force to impart acceleration to its mass. As a wave the electron perpetuates its vibration without losing its wave structure, which can move through a field or remain stationary within it. The electron is a stationary wave within an atom. As a wave the electron appears at all points in its orbit ubiquitously.

If these statements are correct then Planck's theory is invalid.



Light travels at a speed of 186,000 miles per second. When light enters water, a denser medium, its speed is reduced to 140,000 miles per second. Light travels from the sun through the vacuum of space. When light reaches the Earth's atmosphere, a denser medium, its speed is reduced to 186,000 miles per second. Light travels faster than 186,000 miles per second in a vacuum.

If these statements are correct then Einstein's theory of relativity is invalid.

Copyright 2012-2014 James R Hardiman