SNAKE, CONEYSKINS, LISTER'S TURK AND BYERLEY'S TURK

AN INVESTIGATION INTO THEIR TRUE IDENTITIES
AND
AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE DESCENT OF HUTTON'S BREED


SNAKE

 
SMITH'S SON OF SNAKE

In the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 1, the following entry appears:

 

                                       AKASTER TURK MARE,

                      Her dam by a son of Pulleyne's Arabian - Brimmer.
             1719 b. c. Squirrel (Williams's), by Lister's Snake -  Mr Smith
             *1721 b. f. Molly in the Moss, by ditto   -         -  Ld Derby
             17   b. c. Smith's son of Snake or Easby Snake, by
                                                       ditto     -  Mr Smith

                *This mare bred in 1736 a b. f. by Bartlet's Childers (Mr Dalton's)
             which was sold to Sir J. Lowther, and produced 1759 ch. f. by Regulus.

 

An Introduction to a General Stud-Book, 1791, page 187, says - "Squirrel, (Williams's), Mr. Smith, 1719, By a Son of Snake - Akaster Turk - son of the Pulleine Chesnut Arabian - Brimmer".

Baily's Racing Register, volume 1, page 10, in the result of His Majesty's Plate at Newmarket in October 1725, says - "Mr. Williams's Squirrel, by Smith's son of Snake".

Cheny's Racing Calendar for 1728, page 27, in the result of the Royal Plate for five year old mares at Black-Hambleton, says - "Mr Smith's Chesnut, bred by himself [in 1723], was out of the Dam of Mr Williams's Squirrel, and got by a Horse of the said Mr Smith's own, that was got by Snake".

According to this evidence the stallion known as Smith's Son of Snake was not a brother to Williams's Squirrel but was, in fact, his sire.

Prior's Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, page 37, in Cuthbert Routh's Stud-Book, says - "Simon. Leapd at Cathrick, 5 years old, 1738. Was gott by [Bartlet's] Childers, his dam was own sistr to Mr. Williams' Squirrell, gott by old Snake, his grand-dam by Acastr Turk, his great grand dam was a mare of Ld D'arcy's, and got by Layton Gray Barb, the dam of which was a Royall mare".

Prior's Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, page 34, in Cuthbert Routh's Stud-Book, says - "Sold Mr Cuit near Thirsk, Simon, now gone 5 years old, for 30 Gs in hand, and 5 more in case he getts mares. See his note for ye 5 Gs and a Leap yearly if demanded. 2nd Decr 1738. [£]31. 10[s] 0[p]".

The Newcastle Courant, Saturday, February 10, 1738-9, Number 720, says - "To be Leap'd this Season, at Thirsk, At Fifteen Shillings a Mare, A Beautiful Chesnut Horse, called Childers, rising six Years old, free from Blemish, 14 hands three Inches high, goes very justly in all his Exercise, and is thought to be as well Bred, as any Horse in Yorkshire: He was got by Childers, and out of Molly of the Moss, which is own Sister to Squirrel; she was got by Old Snake, her Dam, a Royal Mare of Lord D'Arcy's, got by Ancaster Turk. NB Any Gentlemen who send their Mares to the said Horse, shall be well taken car of, till duly served, at reasonable rates, / By Edward Cueit".

According to this evidence Simon was sold to Mr Cuit and renamed Childers.

ELLERKER'S SNAKE

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 380, says - "Driver (Beaver's), 1732, by Snake - Thwaite's Dun Mare, by the Akaster Turk. The Dun Mare bred also a f. by Partner".

Pond's Sporting Kalendar for 1752, page 139, says - "White Stockings, Lord Chedworth's, was got by Hutton's Spot ; his Dam by Elleger's Snake, Sire of Beaver's Driver".

Prior's Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, page 43, in Cuthbert Routh's Stud-Book, says - "A Gray colt, out of the Gray mare above, now at Mr Carr's, and got by Mr Elerker's Horse, Easby Snake, was 3 years old 4th of April last [Foaled 1730]".

The Newcastle Courant, Saturday, March 20, 1735-6, Number 569, says - "This is to give Notice, That Mr Ellerker's Chesnut Horse will continue to be Leaped this Season at Hart, for a Guinea a Mare, Leaps and Tryals, and one Shilling the Keeper. He is strong, sound, and without blemish, was bred by Mr Robinson of Easby in Yorkshire, was got by Snake, Snake got by Lister's Turk, his Dam got by the Duke of Rutland's grey Turk, her Dam by Hoyboy, the grand Dam by Busler, and Busler got by Hemsly Turk. Note, He won the 40 l Plate at York in August, 1728 [error for 1727], and got Mr Hendry's Mare, which won his Majesty's 100 Guineas run for on Black-Hamilton, by 5 Year old Mares, in August last, and which Mare runs at Newmarket in April next, for the King's 100 Guineas. And also got several Horses and Mares of great Value (though some of them were out of common brood Mares.)".

The Newcastle Courant, Saturday, March 15, 1739-40, Number 777, says - "Also to be leap'd this Season, At Hart, near Hartlepool, in the County aforesaid, At One Guinea a Mare, and 1 s the Keeper, Mr Ellerker's chesnut Horse Snake, which was bred by Mr Robinson; he is sound and fresh as ever he was in his Life: This Horse has leap'd a thousand Mare, and One Guinea each Mare, in ten Years time".

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 75, in the pedigree of Dairy Maid, says - "Miss Western, by Sedbury - Mother Western - brother to Mr Williams's Squirrel".

According to this evidence the sire of Mother Western was "brother to Mr Williams's Squirrel" who was by Smith's Son of Snake. This must have been "Mr Elerker's Horse, Easby Snake", a chesnut son of the bay Smith's Son of Snake. Easby Snake ran in races for six year olds in 1727 and Molly in the Moss was second in the Royal Plate at Hambleton for five year old mares in 1726. This means they were either twins foaled in 1721 or one of them was a year younger. As it was not unusual for four year old mares to run in the Royal Plate at Hambleton it may be that Molly in the Moss was foaled in 1722. A full sister to Easby Snake and Molly in the Moss, foaled in 1723, ran in the Royal Plate at Hambleton in 1728.

The Leeds Mercury, February 28, 1769, says - "To cover this Season, At the Red-Lyon in Skipton, the Spread-Eagle in Settle, and at the Stables of Robert Aston, the Onwer, in Gargraves, at One Guinea a Mare, and one Shilling the Servant. The famous Dark-bay Horse, Young Snake, Now rising Six Years old. He is full fifteen Hands three Inches high, free from all Blemishes, and is thought by most Judges, to go as well on his Legs as any Horse in England; for Bone, Strength and Action, is no inferior to any Horse in the Kingdom. His Dam was bred by Mr Thomas Miles of Topley, and got by Mr March's famous Horse Old Steady, and sold to Mr Kilvington of Yawforth in Yorkshire, the Breeder of Young Snake; when [young] she being so fine and boney a Mare was never broke, but put to breed on. Young Snake was got by Mr Dunning's Famous Chesnut Horse, Snake, now twenty four Years old, and has got the finest Hunters of any Horse in that Country, which is a sufficient Proof, he having leapt so many Years at Northallerton with great Success. His Dam was got by Childers, and bred by Robert Rakes, Esq; at Northallerton, and was thought as good a Hunter as any inYorkshire. Tis needless to say any Thing of his Grandsire Ellerker's Snake, and Easby's Snake, they being the most noted Horses of their Years of any in the Kingdom. This is a true Pedigree, as witness our Hands, / Christ. Kilvington. / George Dunning. N B . Good Grass for Mares, and proper Care taken".

The Worcester Journal, From Friday April 4, to Friday April 11, 1746, Number 1918, says - "Lately bought in, and to be Leap’d this Season, At John Hurst’s, at the White Lion Inn in Upton upon Severn, in the County of Worcester, A most famous, thorough-bred, Brown Bay Stallion, with a Star, and two white Heels behind, fifteen Hands and one Inch high, fit to carry twenty Stone a Fox hunting: He is allow’d by all that have seen him to be th best Five Years old Horse in England; his Actions are very fine. He was got by Snake, who won the Royal Plate at York, and many great Prizes at New-Market; his Dam was got by Mr Lyster’s Squirrel; and his Grandam was got by Old Iphus, who won several King’s Plates, and One Hundred Guineas at Black-Hambleton.—He is a sound blooming Horse, and free from Blemish: It would be worth while for any Gentleman of send his Servant to see him; and for the Sake of encouraging of Breed, will Cover at Half a Guinea, and One Shilling the Man, with Privilege of the Season. N B No Mare will be Cover’d without ready Money the first Leap. Grass for Mares at reasonable Rates, and proper Care taken of them".

The identity of the Snake in this pedigree is uncertain, as no horse called Snake had won the Royal Plate at York before 1746. In 1727, however, Mr White's chesnut horse Easby Snake won the £40 plate for six year old horses at York the day after the Royal Plate was run.

Shafto's Orion

The Newcastle Courant, Saturday, March 5 - Saturday, March 12, 1743, Number 2568, says - "To leap this Season, At Benwell, within two Miles of Newcastle upon Tyne, Robert Shafto, Esq's, Bay Stone Horse, got by Snake, Snake got by Lister' Turk, and bred by Mr Robinson's of Easby, in Yorkshire; his Dam by the Duke of Rutland's Grey Turk; her Dam by Hoy-Boy, and his Dam by Gallon's Horse of Beverley, which came from Hampton Court, she was called Miss Brigham, won several Plates, and the King's Plate in Scotland. He is full 15 Hands and an Inch, every way proportionable, of Strength to carry any Weight, and free from all natural Blemishes. At one Guinea a Mare, and Half a Crown to the Man. N B Grass for Mares, and proper Care taken of them, at reasonable Rates".

The Newcastle Courant, February 18-25, 1744, Number 2618, says - "To be Leap'd this Season, At Benwell, within three Miles of Newcastle upon Tyne, Robert Shafto, Esq'rs beautiful Stone Horse, Orion, upon the same Terms, and with Grass (if desired) as advertised last Year. N B Such Mares as did not prove with Foal last Year, may be served this Year gratis".

The Newcastle Courant, March 23-30, 1745, Number 2675, says - "To Leap, At Benwell, Robert Shafto, Esq; his Bay Stone Horse, (whose Pedigree was formerly advertised at large) at a Guinea a Mare, and half a Crown to the Servant. The Horse is in fine Order. Good Grass at half a Crown a Week, where the Mares will be carefully attended".

The Newcastle Courant, March 12-19, 1748, Number 2836, says - "To Leap this Season, At Benwell, at a Guinea, and half a Crown, Robert Shafto, Esqr’s Bay Stone Horse, Orion. Good Grass for Mares".

According to Cheny's Racing Calendar for 1746, page 138, Hautboy got the grandam of the Shafto Orion. The dam of Orion, however, was foaled in 1725, so it is more probable that the grandam was sired by Grey Hautboy.

 

       INTRO                          GSB                            PRIOR                          COURANT

   Brimmer mare                  Brimmer mare                     Royal Mare                      Busler mare
         |                             |                               |                               |
         |                             |                               |                               |
         |                             |                               |                               |
Son of the Pulleine            Son of Pulleyne's               Ld Darcy's Mare                    Hoyboy mare
Chesnut Arabian mare              Arabian mare               by Layton Gray Barb                       |
         |                             |                               |                               |
         |                             |                               |                               |
         |                             |                               |                               |
 Akaster Turk mare             Akaster Turk mare                Acastr Turk mare                Duke of Rutland's
         |                             |                               |                         grey Turk mare
         |                             |                               |                               |
         |                             |                               |                               |
         |                             |                               |                               |
WILLIAMS'S SQUIRREL           WILLIAMS'S SQUIRREL           MR WILLIAMS' SQUIRRELL            MR ELLERKER'S CHESNUT  
 by a Son of Snake             by Lister's Snake                 by Old Snake                      HORSE SNAKE
           1719                          1719                                            by Snake son of Lister's Turk

 

Acaster Turk

The Acaster Turk, which has already been identified as Lord Carlisle's White Turk, is here further identified as the Duke of Rutland's Grey Turk. The Duke of Rutland's Grey Turk was probably identical with the Duke of Rutland's Coneyskins whose daughter bred a filly by Smith's Son of Snake, which was the grandam of Royal George.

The Dublin Journal, Tuesday, February 25, 1772, says - "Hercules will stand from 25th March to the end of the Covering Season, at [Oldcastle] in the Co. of Tipperary, and for the Encouragement of Breeders, will Cover for this Year, at One Guinea and a Half, and Half a Crown to the Groom, the Money to be paid before Service. Hercules was bred by Sir Edward O'Brien, Bart, is a beautiful bay, 15 ½ Hands high, and able to carry 16 st he was got by Bustard on the noted Proctor Mare who was got by Young Childers, He was full Brother to his Grace the Duke of Devonshire's Flying Childers, and his Dam was got by Mr Smyth's Horse, which Horse was got by Mr Robinson's Snake, his Dam by Bumble Bee, and she was out of a Bremer Mare, and got by a Son of Old Hautboy, the Proctor Mare's grand Dam was got by Mr Ascough's Cast-away and was out of a Mare that was got by Old Smithson, which Horse was got by Lord D'arcy's barb, out of a Royal Mare, and her great great grand Dam by Bremer. Hercules won the great Stakes at Kildare, carrying 123 st the Meeting before Sir Edward O'Brien's Death, was was then sold for a Stallion; he will be shewn at Clonmell next Assizes. Feb. 20th, 1772".

This pedigree is most interesting. "and his [error for her, the Proctor Mare] Dam was got by Mr Smyth's Horse, which Horse was got by Mr Robinson's Snake, his Dam by Bumble Bee, and she was out of a Bremer Mare, and got by a Son of Old Hautboy".

Mr Smyth's Horse is Easby Snake, brother to Squirrel. His sire Mr Robinson's Snake is Smith's Son of Snake. His dam was by Bumble Bee, yet another name for the Acaster Turk. His grandam was by a Son of Old Hautboy, this would be Grey Hautboy as mentioned above. His great grandam was by Brimmer.

This is the pedigree of Orion incorporating the evidence and conjecture contained in this article:

ORION EASBY SNAKE
1721
SON OF SNAKE SNAKE LISTER'S TURK  
 
   
 
Grey Wilkes GREY HAUTBOY HAUTBOY
Arlington Barb Mare
Darcy's Pet Mare DARCY'S WHITE TURK
Darcy's Grey Royal
Acaster Turk mare ACASTER TURK
[CONEYSKINS]
[BUMBLE BEE]
LISTER'S TURK  
 
   
 
Grey Hautboy mare GREY HAUTBOY HAUTBOY
Arlington Barb Mare
Brimmer mare BRIMMER
Bustler mare
Miss Brigham
1725
SMILING TOM CONYERS ARABIAN    
 
   
 
Chillaby mare CHILLABY  
 
Makeless mare MAKELESS
 
Grey Hautboy mare GREY HAUTBOY HAUTBOY DARCY'S WHITE TURK
Lonsdale Arabian Mare
Arlington Barb Mare  
 
     
 
   
 

In the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 11, the following entry appears:

 

                  GREY WILKES (sometimes OLD WILKES, sister to Clumsy),
             Bred by Mr Wilkes, got by Old Hautboy, out of Miss Betty Darcy's
                    Pet Mare, which was out of a Sedbury Royal Mare.
             1712    f. Old Country Wench, by Snake    - Mr Robinson of Easby
                     f. by ditto   -       -       -   - Mr Robinson of Easby
             *       f. by Bustard     -       -       - Mr Robinson of Easby
             1722    f. Whimsey, by a son of Jigg      - Mr Robinson of Easby
                *This mare was the dam, in 1723, of Mr Robinson's ch. c. Robinson
             Crusoe, by Jigg.

 

According to Baily's Racing Register, volume 1, page 27, Mr. Smith's gr. h. Secretary (sometimes called Midge) won a race at Newcastle upon Tyne on June 16, 1731.

According to Cheny's Racing Calendar for 1731, page 105, Mr Smith's Grey H Secretary, often call'd Midge, won the last prize of the meeting at Newcastle upon Tyne on June 16.

Baily's Racing Register, volume 1, page 19, in the result of a race for five year olds in 1729, says - "Mr. Smith's gr. h. Midge, by Jigg". Page 23, in the result of a race for six year olds in 1730, says - "Mr. Smith's gr. h. Snake (alias Midge)".

According to Baily's Racing Register, volume 1, page 27, the Royal Plate for five year olds at Ipswich on June 15, 1731, was won by Mr Dodsworth's grey horse Midge by Jigg.

Baily's Racing Register, volume 1, page 43, in the result of the Royal Plate for five year old mares at Hambleton in 1735, says - "Mr. Hendry's gr. m. Miss Hendry, by the Easby Snake, out of Midge's dam".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 469, says - "Miss Hendry, Mr Hendry's, (a grey mare, foaled in 1730) by Mr. Smith's Son of Snake, out of Mr. Smith's Midge's dam".

It is interesting to note here that although Miss Hendry was sired by Mr Smith's Son of Snake, it was her half brother by Jigg, Mr Smith's Midge, who was also known as Snake.

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 387, says - "Strawberry, Mr Simpson's, 1764, by Adolphus, his dam by Mr Smith's Tartar (a son of Partner), grandam by Midge (son of Snake) - Hip".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 2, page 43, says - "Strawberry was got by Adolphus ; his dam by Tartar ; grandam by Mr. Smith's Midge, (son of Snake), out of a daughter of Hip, (son of Mr. Curwen's Bay Barb)".

The Newcastle Courant, Saturday, February 24, 1732-3, Number 409, says - "To be leap’d this ensuing Season, at one Guinea a Leap, the grey running Horse known by the Name of Midge, now in the Possession of Mr George Denton, at William Carr, Esqr’s House in Newcastle. The said Horse needs no other Recommendation then that he was got by Jigg; (a running Horse in his Time much superior to any at Newmarket) and out of the late James Nicholsin, Esqr’s blue grey Mare, full Sister to the famous running Gelding called Crutches, formerly belonging to Sir Ralph Milbankes; at four Years old the said Horse, Midge, won the thirty Pound Plate at Hartlepool, and at Five, the 5 Year old Prizes at Newcastle, Alnwick and Heighington, and at Six Years old he won the Ladies Purse 90 Guineas value, at Lincoln, and at Seven Year old run four Heats on Newcastle Town-Moor, and won the 40 l Plate. He is coming Nine this Grass, and he is fresh and in good Condition; And all suitable Conveniencies will be prepar’d for Mares".

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 16, under the dam of Crutches by (Grey) Hautboy, lists a filly by Son of Rockwood (Son of Hautboy), dam of a filly by Son of Snake, dam in 1735 of Cottingham by Hartley's Blind Horse. It is possible that Midge (1724) was full brother to this filly by Son of Snake or out of a full sister to her dam.

An Introduction to a General Stud-Book, 1791, page 196, says - "Forester, Mr. Smith Barry's, foaled in 1765, got by Dionysius, his dam (Rural Lass) by Regulus, grand dam by the Derby Looby, (son of Mr. Pigott's Bay Turk, out of a daughter of Terror) great grand dam was Lord Molyneux's Whimsey, got by a son of Jigg, and out of a favourite Mare of Mr. Robinson's, in Yorkshire ; which Mare, Mr. R. on his death bed, ordered his son never to part with, but the son meeting with an untimely death, the stud was disposed of, and this favourite Mare, then in foal with Whimsey, purchased for Lord Molyneux".

This pedigree fails to name Mr Robinson's favourite mare, but she would appear to be Grey Wilkes, as the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 11, includes Whimsey, by Son of Jigg, amongst her foals. It seems more likely, however, that Lord Molyneux's Whimsey was full sister to Lord Middleton's stallion Saucebox by [Son of] Jigg out of Lord Tracy's Whimsey by Darley's Arabian. Grey Wilkes had foals by Snake and was probably the dam of Son of Jigg. Jigg, the sire of Mr Smith's Midge, was probably this son of Jigg and he was probably the stallion known as Smith's Son of Snake. There is evidence that most of the get attributed to Snake were, in fact, sired by Smith's Son of Snake, and the dam of Smith's Son of Snake, if his identification with the son of Jigg is correct, was Grey Wilkes by Hautboy. The dam of Snake, according to all known sources, was by Hautboy.

The Newcastle Courant, Saturday, April 10, 1731, Number 311, says - "This is to give Notice to all Gentlemen and Others, that a famous Colt is now in the Hand of Mr George Burfield, that will be leap’d this Season, at half a Guinea a Mare, he was got by Mr Robinson’s Jig, of Easby, In Yorkshire, and his Dam sprung from the Line of old Brimmer, and which said Mare, was got by a famous Horse of the Lord Castle-Gomer’s, this Colt was bred in Yorkshire, by Mr James Pybus, at Kirkby-Fleeton, he is a large strong Chesnut Colt 15 Hands high and better, well mark’d, and of good Shape: He is to be found any Friday in the Afternoon, or any Saturday, at Mr Picket’s, being the Sign of the Plough, night the White-Cross, in Newcastle upon Tine, and the rest of the Week, at Harton Town Hill, within 2 Miles of South-Shields".

Mr Robinson's Jig, the sire of this stallion, is the same as Mr Robinson's Snake, the sire of Squirrel.

If Smith's Son of Snake was by Jigg out of Grey Wilkes by Hautboy, then it follows that Jigg and Snake must have been one and the same.

 

DESCENT CHART 1
[INCORPORATING THE EVIDENCE AND CONJECTURE CONTAINED IN THIS ARTICLE]

 

                            LISTER'S SNAKE  =         Grey Wilkes         =  JIGG      DARLEY'S ARABIAN = Young Child Mare
                                            |                             |                             |
   ------------------------------------------                             --------------             ---------------
   |          |      |                      |                                          |             |             |
  Old        mare   mare = BALD        SMITH'S SON     Sister      =   JIGG <===> SON OF JIGG  =  Tracy's         mare
Country       |          | GALLOWAY     OF SNAKE    to Crutches    |  [SNAKE]                  |  Whimsey          |
 Wench        |          |                  |            |         |                           |                   |
   |  1712    |          |                  |            |         |                           |                   |
   |          |          |          ------------         |         |              --------------                   |
   |          |          |          |          |         |         |              |            |                   |
   |        SHOCK      Grey       EASBY    WILLIAMS'S    |   SMITH'S MIDGE    Molyneux's    SAUCEBOX          Rattle mare
   |       by Jigg    Robinson    SNAKE     SQUIRREL     |    alias SNAKE      Whimsey                             |
   |           1729      | 1723     | 1721       1719    |         | 1724         | 1722                           |
   |                     |          |                    |         |              |                                |
   ----                  |          ------        --------         ------         |                 ----------------
      |                  |                \      /                      |         |                 |              |
    mare              REGULUS           Miss Hendry   SMITH'S TARTAR = mare      Romp          Silvertail    CULLEN'S JIGG
 by Partner     by Godolphin Arabian           1730            1743  |       by Derby Looby   by Whitenose      by Jigg 
      | 1735             | 1739                                 ------            | 1739            | 1737
      |                  |                                      |                 |                 |
      ------------       -------------------------------------> | <----------     |                 |
                  \     /                         |             |            \   /                  |
                 DIONYSIUS                    ADOLPHUS    =    mare        Rural Lass            Whimsey
                     | 1752                         1750  |                     | 1751      by Cullen Arabian
                     -----------------------------------> | <----------------   |                     1747
                                                          |                  \  |
                                                      STRAWBERRY            FORESTER
                                                            1764                  1765

SHOCK was probably by Smith's Son of Snake and the result of a full brother-sister union
CULLEN'S JIGG was probably by Heneage's Jigg, half brother to Heneage's Whitenose, the sire of Silvertail
HENEAGE'S JIGG was probably by the sire of Molyneux's Whimsey

 

Bowes's Snake

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 387, says - "Strawberry, Mr Simpson's, 1764, by Adolphus, his dam by Mr Smith's Tartar (a son of Partner), grandam by Midge (son of Snake) - Hip".

The American Stud Book, volume 1, page 54, says - "Stirling, called also Starling, g. c., foaled 1762, by the Belsize Arabian, bred by Mr. Simpson, and imported by Capt. William Evans, of Surry County, Va. We cannot find the above colt ; the pedigree may be correct. 1st dam by Bowe's Snake. 2d dam by Partner. 3d dam by Nephewson. 4th dam Mr. Shirley's famous mare".

Early American Turf Stock, volume 2, page 139, says - "The famous dapple grey horse Sterling will stand to cover this season at Mr. Robert Hunnicutt's in Surry County [Va]. There follows a true copy of Sterling's pedigree, given by Mr. Simpson of London, of whom I purchased the horse, according to register. [Surry Co.' Va.] February 16, 1768. William Evans. 'Sterling, now rising two years old, was got by the Bellsize Arabian (which horse I offered fifteen hundred guineas for, at his landing in England, but was refused ; afterwards he was lent to our company to breed from) : out of my Snake mare, she was got by Bowes's Snake (Snake was got by Lister Turk) : out of the Duke of Cumberland's Cato's dam [by Partner] : her dam by Mr. Hodgson's horse : her grandam by Nephewson : out of Mr. Shirley's famous old mare. She [the Partner-mare] was bred by Mr. Crofts [of Barforth] at Raby [sic., an obviously misplaced reference to the D. of Cleveland's seat] in Yorkshire and sold to the Duke of Cleveland. London, November 24, 1764. J. Simpson' ".

In Baily's Racing Register, volume 1, Bowes's Snake appears three times:

Page 118, 1753, September 20, Mr. Bowes's ch. h. Snake, aged, won fifty pounds at Doncaster.
Page 123, 1754, June 27, Mr. Bowes's ch. g. Snake, aged, came second at Newcastle.
Page 124, 1754, July 19, Mr. Bowes's b. h. Snake, aged, came second at Durham.

The dam of Mr Simpson's Stirling was by Bowes's Snake and the grandam of Mr Simpson's Strawberry was by Midge, alias Snake. It is possible that the grey Midge, foaled in 1724, was Bowes's Snake and sire of the Bowes's Snake that ran in 1753 and 1754. George Bowes was the owner of the Partner mare that was the grandam of Stirling; and the dam of Stirling by his Snake must have been foaled before 1748.

Nest Gull

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 107, Nest Gull was first called Dwarf and was a bay colt, foaled in 1742, by Flying Childers out of the Jigg mare that was sister to Partner and Miss Jigg.

Cheny's Racing Calendar for 1746, page 146, says - "He [Snake] also got the Mare that was the Dam of the Portmore Squirt and Lady Caroline, the Cornwall Nestgull, and the Metcalf Lady Betty".

Cheny's Racing Calendar for 1746, page 149, says - "[Cornewall, Velters, Esq;] Nestgull, was got by the Devonshire Childers, bred &c. as p. 140, 141, 142, out of a Daughter of Snake, bred as p. 145, 146".

Nest Gull ran as a four yeat old in 1744, a five year old in 1745 and a six year old in 1746, so was foaled in 1740. He first ran as Mr Erratt's Dwarf and according to Baily's Racing Register, volume 1, page 73, he was - "by Childers, dam by Jigg".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 13, says - "He [Childers] died in his Grace's [the Duke of Devonshire's] Stud in the year 1741, aged 26; and the last of his get that was trained, was Velters Cornwall's, Esq, Nestgul, foaled in the year 1740".

The evidence here definitely points to Jigg and Snake being one and the same.

Robinson Crusoe

Cheny's Racing Calendar for 1744, in the index, page v, says - "Bucephalus [chesnut gelding 1738] was bred by Mr. Aisliabie, and got by Robinson Crusoe, Son of Jigg, Son of the Byerley Turk. His Dam was got by Snake, his Grand-Dam by Hautboy. Robinson Crusoe (Sire of Bucephalus) was bred by Mr. Robinson of Richmond, Yorkshire, out of a Grandaughter of an Eminent Mare called Old Wilks, which was bred in the Darcy Family, and got by the said Mr. Wilks's Old Hautboy".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 470, says - "Poor Robin, Mr. Aislabie's, (a chesnut horse, foaled in 1735) own brother to Bucephalus, by Robinson Crusoe, dam by Snake, out of a daughter of Hautboy".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 23, says - "Robinson Crusoe was got by Jigg, (sire of Partner) ; his dam, Bastard, was descended from a noted Mare called Old Wilkes, which was bred by Mr. Wilkes of Yorkshire, got by Old Hautboy, out of a Sedbury Royal Mare, bred by the D'Arcy family".

An Introduction to a General Stud-Book, 1791, page 183, says - "Robinson Crusoe, Mr. Robinson, 1723, Got by Jigg, his dam, Bastard, out of Old Wilkes, a daughter of Old Hautboy".

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 11, Robinson Crusoe was by Jigg out of a mare by Bustard out of Grey Wilkes.

There would seem to be no evidence for the introduction of a stallion called Bustard in the pedigree of Robinson Crusoe and neither is there any evidence that the mare Bastard was a daughter of Grey Wilkes. The two known daughters of Grey Wilkes, Old Country Wench and her sister, both had foals in 1723 and first foals in 1722, so neither could be the dam or grandam of Robinson Crusoe. The above pedigrees are very vague about the breeding of the dam of Robinson Crusoe. Cheny says she was a grandaughter of Old Wilkes, Pick says she was descended from Old Wilkes and the GSB says she was a daughter of Old or Grey Wilkes.

The Newcastle Courant, Saturday, March 17, 1732-3, Number 412, says - "To be leap’d, this Season, at Mr Benjamin Scaife’s, the Sign of the black Lyon in Stockton, in the County of Durham, at one Guinea a Mare, and 2 s 6 d the Keeper the famous Horse call’d Robinson Crusoe, bred by Mr Robinson of Easeby: He was got by Jigg, out of a Sparke Mare, which was from a Snake Mare, the full Sister to the famous Egerston’s Mare (Country Wench) which Snake Mare was out of a Hautboy Mare bought of Mr Wilk’s: Her Dam being a Pett-Filly Mr Wilk’s bought of Mrs Betty D’Arcy, which was a Foal of her Brother Mr Christopher D’Arcy’s, out of a Royal Mare: He is also full Brother to the Hon Henry Vane, Esq’rs Mare, which came Second the last Meeting at Hambleton, and won the 5 Years old Plate at Barnard-Castle, and the aged Plate at Sunderland the last Year. Mr Robinson sold Robinson Crusoe to Charles Bathurst, Esq; who matched him to run at Midlam; at 5 Years old, against Mr Anderson’s grey Horse for 600 Guineas, which he won: He also won the King’s Plates at York and Newmarket.—N B Whoever sends a Mare to him, may have Grass and good Conveniencies for her, at reasonable Rates".

This is the pedigree of Robinson Crusoe incorporating the evidence and conjecture contained in this article:

ROBINSON CRUSOE
1723
SON OF JIGG
[SON OF SNAKE]
JIGG
[SNAKE]
BYERLEY'S TURK
[LISTER'S TURK]
   
 
   
 
Charming Jenny SPANKER DARCY'S YELLOW TURK
Old Morocco Mare
Old Morocco Mare FAIRFAX'S MOROCCO BARB
Old Bald Peg
Grey Wilkes GREY HAUTBOY HAUTBOY DARCY'S WHITE TURK
Lonsdale Arabian Mare
Arlington Barb Mare  
 
Darcy's Pet Mare DARCY'S WHITE TURK HELMSLEY TURK
 
Darcy's Grey Royal DARCY'S YELLOW TURK
Old Morocco Mare
Spark mare SPARK HONEYCOMB PUNCH TAFFOLET BARB  
 
   
 
Infant mare INFANT  
 
   
 
Snake mare SNAKE
[JIGG]
LISTER'S TURK
[BYERLEY'S TURK]
 
 
Charming Jenny SPANKER
Old Morocco Mare
Grey Wilkes GREY HAUTBOY HAUTBOY
Arlington Barb Mare
Darcy's Pet Mare DARCY'S WHITE TURK
Darcy's Grey Royal
Partner

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 381, says - "He [Jigg] was a common country stallion in Lincolnshire, till Partner was six years old".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 14, says - "Partner was got by Jigg*, (son of the Byerley Turk)". A note is appended - "*Jigg was a common Stallion in Lincolnshire, till Partner was six years old; after which, he came into note, and was sire of Robinson Crusoe, Shock, Saucebox; the dam of Mr Crofts's Flintshire Lady, &c".

Partner was six years old in 1724, so Jigg by Byerley's Turk must have been at least 21 years old when he "came into note". There must be some doubt, however, that Jigg by Byerley's Turk was alive as late as 1724 and it would seem that Partner and Robinson Crusoe, like Shock and Saucebox, were sired by the son of Jigg out of Grey Wilkes, otherwise known as Smith's son of Snake.

The Newcastle Courant, March 15-22, 1746, Number 2726, says - "This is to give Notice, That Mr Martindale's Chesnut Horse Sedbury, is now at Mr William Carter's, junior, at the Salutation in Leming-Lane, Yorkshire, and will cover Mares this Season at three Guineas a Mare, and Half a Crown to the Servant. He was got by Partner, his Grandsire was Jigg, his Great Grandsire the Byerley Turk; Jigg's Dam was got by Hautboy, a Son of the White Darcy Turk; Partner's Dam was got by the Curwen Bay Barb, his Grandam by the Old Curwen Spot, a Son of the Selby Turk: Sedbury's Dam was the Old Montague Mare; she was got by the Darcy Woodcock; (a Son of Bustler, which was also the Sire of Blunderbuss and Old Merlin) her Dam was of the Kind of Lord Montague of Cowdrey in Sussex, eminent for his Breed of Horses".

The Sporting Magazine, volume 6, April 1795, page 36, Pedigree of Sedbury, says - "He was got by Partner, his grandsire was Jigg, his great grandsire was the Byerly Turk, Jigg's dam was got by Hautboy, a son of the White D'arcy Turk, Partner's dam was got by the Curwen Bay Barb, his grandam by Old Curwen Spot, a son of Selaby Turk ; Sedbury's dam was the Old Montague Mare, got by the D'arcy Woodcock, son of Bustler, who was sire of Blunderbuss and Old Merlin".

Partner's sire, Jigg, is universally said to be out of a mare by Spanker but the above pedigrees state that Partner's sire, Jigg, was out of a mare by Hautboy.

 

DESCENT CHART 2
[INCORPORATING THE EVIDENCE AND CONJECTURE CONTAINED IN THIS ARTICLE]

 

                         BYERLEY'S TURK <========> LISTER'S TURK
                                |                        |
                                |                        --------------------------------------
                                |                        |                 |                  |
   CURWEN'S BAY BARB     PELHAM'S JIGG <=========> LISTER'S SNAKE         mare           CONEYSKINS
            |                   |                        |                 |           [ACASTER TURK]
            ------------------> | <--------------------> | <----------     |                  |
            |                   |                        |           |     |                  |
            |                   |                        |            \   /                   |
           mare     =      SON OF JIGG <=====> SMITH'S SON OF SNAKE    HIP                   mare
                    |           |                        |              | 1716                |
                    |           |                        |              |              ---------------
                    |           |                        |              |              |             |
            ---------           |                        -------------> | <----------> | <---        |
            |                   |                        |              |      |       |     |       |
            |                   |                        |              |       \     /       \     /  
     CROFT'S PARTNER     ROBINSON CRUSOE          SMITH'S MIDGE   =    mare   WILLIAMS'S    EASBY SNAKE
            | 1718                1723           [SMITH'S SNAKE]  |            SQUIRREL          | 1721
            |                                          1724       |                 1719         |
            ---------------------------------                     |                              |
            |                               |                     |                              |
           mare           Cypron  =  SMITH'S TARTAR      =       mare                      Mother Western
            | 1735                |           1743       |                                       | 1731
            |                     |                      |                                       |
            |                     |                      |                                       |
        MATCH'EM             KING HEROD                 mare = ADOLPHUS                      Spilletta
              1748                  1758                     |      1750                         | 1749
                                                             |                                   |
                                                             |                                   |
                                                         STRAWBERRY                           ECLIPSE
                                                               1764                                1764
 

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 102, Mr Robinson's Sampson was by Blaze oo mare by Hip oo mare by Spark (son of Honeycomb Punch) oo mare by Snake oo Darcy's Queen by a son of Hautboy oo mare by Brimmer oo Royal Mare.

 

DESCENT CHART 3
[INCORPORATING THE EVIDENCE AND CONJECTURE CONTAINED IN THIS ARTICLE]

 

   Wyvill's <=======> Darcy's Pet Mare                         LAYTON GREY BARB
   Clubfoot                  |                                  [GREY HAUTBOY]
      |                      |                                         |
      |    ----------------> | <----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      |    |                 |      |                                  |                |                        |
       \  /                   \    /                                   |                |                        |
    Old Wilkes <=========> Grey Wilkes = SNAKE     TAFFOLET BARB      mare <====> Darcy's Queen <=============> mare
        |                              |        [CURWEN'S BAY BARB]    |                |                        |
        |                         ----------             |             |                |                        |
        |             ----------> | <----> | <-----------------------> | <------------> | <----------            |
        |             |           |        |             |             |                |           |            |
       mare           |           |        |      HONEY COME PUNCH     |               mare         |            |
  by Coneyskins       |           |        |             |             |          by Cart Horse     |            |
        |             |           |        |             |             |                |           |            |
        |             |           |        |             |             |                |           |            |
        |             |           |        |             |             |                |           |            |
  ROUTH'S SURLEY      |           |       mare    =    SPARK           |               mare         |            |
by Hutton's Surley    |           |               |      |             |         by Son of Snake    |            |
          1720        |           |               |      |             |                |           |            |
                      |           |               |      ------------> | <---------     |           |            |
                      |           |               |                    |           \   /            |            |
                     mare  =  SMITH'S SON    =   mare                 mare          mare     =     HIP          mare
                           |   OF SNAKE      |                  by Acaster Turk              |      1716  by Son of Snake
                           |      |          |                         |                     |                   |
                           |      ---------> | <-----------------      |                     |                   |
                           |                 |                  |      |                     |                   |
                           |                 |                   \    /                      |                   |
                        PARTNER       ROBINSON CRUSOE          WILLIAMS'S           BLAZE = mare                 |
                             1718            | 1723             SQUIRREL                  |                      |
                                             |                       1719                 |                      |
                                             ---------------------                        |                      |
                                             |      -----------> | <--------------------> | <---------------------
                                             |      |            |      |                 |
                                              \    /              \    /                  |
                                            POOR ROBIN          BUCEPHALUS             SAMPSOM
                                                  1735                1738                  1745

 

Sister to Snake

The Ipswich Journal, Saturday, May 2, 1747, Number 429, says - "Now in the Hands of Robert Bliss of Southerton near Halesworth in Suffok, To Cover Mares this Season at Half a Guinea a Leap, and One Shilling to the Man; the Money to be paid down at the Stable Door, or none will be Cover’d, A Beautiful Strong Chesnut Stallion, four Years old this Grass, fifteen Hands two Inches high, allowed to be as just a made Colt as any in England, Master of sixteen Stone Weight, fit for galloping or hunting; bred out of an exceeding good Hunter or Road Mare, got by Mr Maskell’s Squirrel, and Squirrel was got by Mr Bartlet’s Bleeding Childers, Brother to the Duke of Devonshire’s Flying Childers; and Squirrel’s Dam was got by Hautboy, out of a favourite Mare of Mr Curvin’s of Workenton, full Sister to Snake. He will not be shewn at any markets but once, without it be by Chance. N B Good Grass for Mares on reasonable Terms".

It is possible that Squirrel's dam was by Grey Hautboy [by Hautboy] out of Sister to Son of Snake by Snake [Jigg] out of Grey Wilkes by Hautboy, but I think it more likely that she was by Grey Hautboy out of Sister to Snake [Jigg] by Byerley's Turk out of Charming Jenny.

Henry Curwen's most valuable stallion, Curwen's Bay Barb, was kept at Charles Pelham's stud at Brocklesby Park in Lincolnshire, where he came to be known as Pelham's Bay Barb. It may be that Curwen's full sister to Snake was also at Brocklesby and was full sister to Pelham's Jigg by Byerley's Turk out of Charming Jenny. It is only suppostion but she may have been the Hobby Mare, own sister to Piping Peg and the dam of Hip by Curwen's Bay Barb.

The Newcastle Courant, March 20, 1724-5, says - "These are to give Notice, That the famous Stallion call'd, Hip, late belonging to Sir Wm Blacket, Bar. is now in the Possession of Mr Fenwick Bowman of Elfhils in Northumberland, where any Gentleman may have Mares served, paying each Mare one Guinea: This Stallion is full Brother to Long Meg, and Brockelsby's Betty, got with Pelham's Barb, and out of Hobby's Mare, which was bred by Mr Leeds, and is now reckon'd one of the most valued stud Mares in all England, he challeng'd all the 5 Years old in England, which Challenge was accepted, and Run by a Horse of Mr Pullien, being reckon'd the Best of that Age; but he was beat by Hip, with a great deal of Ease; He was soon after, by a Misfortune in one of his Sweats, rendered uncapable of being any longer a Training one".

Charming Jenny was owned by Mr Leedes and she was the dam of Leedes. Jigg was out of the dam of Leedes. Hobby's Mare was bred by Mr Leedes.

 

DESCENT CHART 4
[INCORPORATING THE EVIDENCE AND CONJECTURE CONTAINED IN THIS ARTICLE]

 

                                   SPANKER
                                      |
                                      ----------------------------------------------------------
                                      |                                                        |
      LEEDES ARABIAN      =     Charming Jenny     =      BYERLEY'S TURK                 YOUNG SPANKER
                          |                        |      [LISTER'S TURK]
                          |                        |
             --------------                        ---------------------------------------------
             |            |                        |                     |                     |
          LEEDES         mare                PELHAM'S JIGG    Curwen's Sister to Snake     Piping Peg
                          |                     [SNAKE]             [Hobby Mare]
                          |                                              |
                          |                                              |
                     Betty Leedes                                        |
                     by Careless                                         |
                          |                                              |
                          |                        ---------------------------------------------
                          |                        |                                           |
                  BLEEDING CHILDERS    =   Grey Hautboy mare                             PELHAM'S HIP
                 by Darley's Arabian   |                                             by Curwen's Bay Barb
                                       |                                                       | 1716
                                       |                           -----------------------------
                                       |                           |                           |
                               MASKELL'S SQUIRREL          Ringtail Galloway               YOUNG HIP
                                       |                           |               [HARTLEY'S ROAN STALLION]
                                       |                           |                             1736
                                       |                           |
                                BLISS'S STALLION              Miss Patch
                                         1743                        1737

CONEYSKINS

 

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 379, says - "Coneyskins, Duke of Rutland's, gr. h., 1712, by the Lister Turk, dam by Jigg".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 86, says - "Coneyskins (sire of the dam of Blacklegs) was a Grey Horse, foaled in 1712, and bred by the Duke of Rutland. - He was got by Mr. Lister's Turk, (sire of Snake)" and "Coneyskins covered very few Mares except the Duke of Rutland's; notwithstanding, he will be frequently found in the various Pedigrees".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 160, says - "Coneyskins, when put out of training, was disposed of by the Duke of Rutland to Mr. Marwood, who sold him to Mr. Hutton, in the year 1720. - He was own brother to the Duke [Earl] of Kingston's (afterwards the Marquis of Dorchester's) Brisk".

The Newcastle Journal, April 6-13, 1754, says - "To Leap this Season, at John Stables's at Bleatern, in the County of Cumberland, five Miles from Carlisle, and four Miles from Brampton at Half a Guinea a Mare. A Beautiful Grey Horse, known by the Name of Pilate, nigh fourteen Hands three Inches high, well proportion'd, and goes well on his Legs, free from all natural Blemishes, and has got a Number of fine Colts. Pilate was got by a Horse call'd Quiet Cuddy, bred by Francis Appleyard, Esq; Cuddy was got by Old Fox, and out of the Dam of Bald Charlot; Old Fox was go [sic] by Clumsy Fox, and bred by Sir Ralph Ashton; Old Fox's Dam was out of Mr Leed's noted Mare call'd Bay Peggy, and got by the foreign Horse Sire of Leeds; Bald Charlot's Dam was got by Esquire Bethell's Bay Horse, call'd Castaway, full Brother to Woodcock; the Grandam of Castaway was got a Son of Brimmer's, and out of a Darcey Royal Mare; and the Yellow Turk. Pilate's Dam was out of Esquire Bethell's Poor Robin's Dam, and was got by Sir Marmaduke Wyvill's Bell Grey Turk; her Grandam by Marwood's Coneyskin, which Mare was second to Brockles Betty at Hamilton, and also at Newmarket. Pilate, in 1745, won the Golden Cup at West-Chester; the same Year he beat Sir Henry Harper's Drowsey, at Beverly: Pilate, in 1745, won the Contribution Purse of 50 Guineas at West-Chester, and beat Sir William Middleton's Chance and the Duke of Perth's Chance, four Heats, at Give and Take, which were allowed to be the two best Give and Takes in England: Pilate, the same Year, won Fifty Pounds at Stockton, and another at Morpeth. This Pedigree was given by James Millins, Esq; the late Owner of Pilate. N B Good Grass for Mares, at Half a Crown per Week".

In the above pedigree the mare by Marwood's Coneyskins, that came second to Brocklesby Betty at Hamilton and Newmarket, was probably the same age as Brocklesby Betty and foaled in 1711. This means the Coneyskins 'disposed of by the Duke of Rutland to Mr. Marwood, who sold him to Mr. Hutton' cannot have been the Rutland Coneyskins foaled in 1712, but an earlier Rutland Coneyskins.

Pond's Sporting Kalendar for 1753, page 166, says - "The bay Horse called Ramper. He was got by old Crab, his Dam by Counsellor, that got Thunderbolt; his Grandam by Hutton's Coneyskin (this was not the Rutland of that Name.) This Horse was full Brother to the Duke of Kingston's Brisk, that carried the Whip at Newmarket, and half Brother to old Snake; they being all three got by the Lister Stradling Turk. Ramper's Great Grandam was got by Mr. Hutton's White Barb, which was purchased by Mr. Marshall, the Royal Studmaster, and brought to England with Chillaby, Slugy, and Mooney, his Great Grandam was the Mare called Lucky-Sides; she was bred by the Wyvill Family, and said to be Sir Christopher's, Master of the Horse to Oliver Cromwell".

Prior's Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, page 30, in Cuthbert Routh's Stud-Book, says - "[Routh's Surley] A Gray Horse [1720] bought of Mr Hutton in April, 1725. He was gott by Surley, which Horse was gott by his Gray Barb, his dam by ye Royall Colt, her dam by Byrley Turk, her dam by Bustler, her dam by a Barb, and her dam by Bay Dodsworth. The mare [my] Surley was out of was got by Coney skins, her dam by Old Ho'boy, & her dam [i.e., the Ho'boy mare] was bred by Old Wilks, and out of a mare of Sr Wm Wyvill's, calld Clubfoot".

The above two statements by Pick are contradictory. If Coneyskins was raced by the Duke of Rutland and he was in Hutton's stud by 1720, then it is hard to believe that he covered very few mares except the Duke of Rutland's. It is also hard to believe that the eight year old Coneyskins became the maternal grandsire of Routh's Surley in 1720, the same year that he commenced covering. The evidence points to there being two stallions called Coneyskins and this is confirmed by Pond who states that Hutton's Coneyskins was "not the Rutland of that name".

Sir James Lowther's manuscript stud book, Cumbria Record Office, Carlisle, Document Reference D\Lons\L9\2\2, says - "Coney Skins Rutlands Was got by the Byerley Turk".

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 383, says - "Spider, Lord Lonsdale's, 1729, gr. h., by the Lonsdale Arabian - Coneyskins - Lowther Bay Barb - Dodsworth - Spanker. He had a sister also called Spider".

Heber's Racing Calendar, volume VIII, for the year 1758, page 157, says - "A Grey Mare, called Spider, bred by the late Lord Lonsdale, and own Sister to his famouse Horse Spider ; she was got by his Lordship's Bay Arabian, her Dam by Mr. Hutton's Coneyskins, her Grand Dam by the Lowther Bay Barb, and her Great Grand Dam by Dodsworth, out of a Mare bought of Mr. Darcy, which was a Daughter of Spanker".

The Newcastle Journal, Saturday, February 29, to Saturday, March 7, 1752, Number 674, says - "To Leap the ensuing Season, At Mr Henry Bateman's, at Lowther, in Westmoreland, at Half a Guinea a mare, and Half a Crown to the Servant, The noted Grey Horse called Spider, bred by the late Lord Lonsdale, and got by his Lordship's Bay Arabian; his Dam was got by Coney Skins, out of one of his Lordship's Royal Mares; his Grandam was got by Bierley Turk, out of one of his Lordship's own Mares. He won, when four years old, 800 l Stakes and a 300 l Match in one Month at Newmarket. He is very healthful, in good Order, and free from all Blemishes. Good Grass for mares, and proper Care there taken of them".

Cheny's Racing Calendar for 1744, in the index, page vii, says - "The Byerley Turk, Sire of Jigg, got the Duke of Rutland's Black-Hearty (which was the Sire of Bonny Black and Peterborough Dun), Basto, Grasshopper, the Sire of the Dam of the Duke of Bolton's Looby, and the Sire of the Dam of Mr. Hutton's Phantom". The dam of Hutton's Phantom was actually by Hutton's Surley but the grandam was by Coneyskins and he would appear to be Rutland's Coneyskins by Byerley's Turk.

It seems very probable that all the get attributed to Hutton's Coneyskins were by Rutland's Coneyskins by Byerley's Turk, a stallion also known as Marwood's Coneyskins. The Coneyskins foaled in 1712 would appear to be the sire of Dragon in the following advertisement :

The Ipswich Journal, From Saturday April 4, to Saturday April 11, 1730, Number 504, says - "This is to give Notice, that the Gray Horse, called Dragon; who was got by the Duke of Rutland’s Gray Coney Skins, and of the Duke of Devonshire’s Mare call’d Lady; the said Gray Horse have been hunted with Mr Acton’s Fox Hounds this Season, and have carried 16 Stone to the Death of 10 or 12 Brace of Foxes; he is kept at the Angel in Bramford, where Gentlemen may have their Mares covered at five Shillings each Leap, and will be at Ipswich every Market Day the time of the Season, and some other Neighbouring Markets here abouts"

 

DESCENT CHART 5
[INCORPORATING THE EVIDENCE AND CONJECTURE CONTAINED IN THIS ARTICLE]

 

                                                DARCY'S YELLOW TURK
                                                         |
     -----------------------------------------------------
     |                                                   |
    mare                                              SPANKER
     |                                                   |
     |                                                   |
     |                                                   |
  HAUTBOY  =  Wyvill's Clubfoot                   Charming Jenny                   BYERLEY'S TURK
     |     |                                   [Wyvill's Roan Mare]                      |
     |     |                                             |                               |
     |     -----------------------------------           |     --------------------------------------------------------
     |                                       |            \   /     |                                                 |
     |                                       |            JIGG      |                          HUTTON'S ROYAL COLT = mare
     |                                       |             |        |                                   |          |
     --------                      --------> | <------------   ------             -----------------------          |
     |      |                      |         |                 |                  |                                |
     |     mare = LISTER'S TURK = mare  Old Wilkes =  HUTTON'S CONEYSKINS   =  Fen Mare  HUTTON'S GREY BARB = Lucky-Sides
     |          |               |                  | (MARWOOD'S CONEYSKINS) |                               |
     |          |               |                  |                        ------------------              |
     |          |               |            ----> | <-------------------------------------> | <-------------
     |          |               |            |     |                                         |              |
Grey Wilkes = SNAKE         RUTLAND'S   =   mare  mare                                      mare  =  HUTTON'S SURLEY
            |               CONEYSKINS             |                                              |          1708
            |                     1712             |                                              |
     --------                 ------------------------------------------                -------------------
     |                        |                    |                   |                |                 |
SMITH'S SON                  mare           ROUTH'S SURLEY     HUTTON'S BLACKLEGS      mare              mare
 OF SNAKE            by Hutton's Surley   by Hutton's Surley  by Hutton's Bay Barb      |                 |
     |                        |                       1720             | 1725           |                 |
     |                        |                                        ------      ------        -------------------
     |                        |                                              \    /              |                 |
 WILLIAMS'S             HUTTON'S SPOT                                       MOORCOCK        BLACK CHANCE        PHANTOM
  SQUIRREL         by Hartley's Blind Horse                                      1746   by Hutton's Bay Barb  by Hobgoblin
       1719                     1728                                                                1732              1737
                   [This is not the famous
                   stallion but an earlier
                   one that probably died]

 

If Jigg and Snake were one and the same, then it is impossible for Snake to be by the same sire as Rutland's Coneyskins because Rutland's Coneyskins was out of a mare by Jigg. On the other hand Snake could be by the same sire as Hutton's Coneyskins because Jigg was by the same sire as Hutton's Coneyskins. This would fit better chronologically because both Snake and Hutton's Coneyskins were mated to daughters of Hautboy.

 

DESCENT CHART 6
[INCORPORATING THE EVIDENCE AND CONJECTURE CONTAINED IN THIS ARTICLE]

 

                                           DARCY'S YELLOW TURK
                                                    |
            -----------------------------------------
            |                                       |
           mare = DARCY'S WHITE TURK             SPANKER
                |                                   |
      --------------------                          |
      |                  |                          |
   HAUTBOY               |                          |
      |                  |                          |
      |                  |                          |
      |                  |                          |
GREY HAUTBOY  =  Darcy's Pet Mare            Charming Jenny                     BYERLEY'S TURK
              | [Wyvill's Clubfoot]       [Wyvill's Roan Mare]                         |
              |                                     |                                  |
              |                                     |     ---------------------------------------------------------------
              |                                      \   /           |                                                  |
         Grey Wilkes                             PELHAM'S JIGG       |                          HUTTON'S ROYAL COLT = mare
         [Old Wilkes]                           [LISTER'S SNAKE]     |                                  |           |
              |                                        |             |                                  |           |
       -----> | <---------------------------------------             |                                  |           |
       |      ---------> | <-------------------------           ------             ----------------------           |
        \    /           |                          |           |                  |                                |
     SMITH'S SON        mare  = LISTER'S TURK       |  HUTTON'S CONEYSKINS   =  Fen Mare  HUTTON'S GREY BARB = Lucky-Sides
      OF SNAKE                |                     | [MARWOOD'S CONEYSKINS] |                               |
          |                   |                     |           |            --------------------            |
          |                   |                     ---       ---                               |            |
          |                   |                       |       |                                 |            |
          |                   |              -------> | <---> | <-----------------------------> | <-----------
          |                   |              |         \     /                                  |            |
      WILLIAMS'S     RUTLAND'S CONEYSKINS = mare         mare                                  mare = HUTTON'S SURLEY
       SQUIRREL                 1712                      |                                         |          1708
            1719                                          |                                         |
                              -----------------------------------------              -----------------------------
                              |                    |                  |              |                           |
                             mare           ROUTH'S SURLEY    HUTTON'S BLACKLEGS    mare                        mare
                     by Hutton's Surley  by Hutton's Surley  by Hutton's Bay Barb    |                           |
                              |                      1720             | 1725         |                           |
                              |                                       -----      -----        --------------------
                              |                                            \    /             |                  |
                        HUTTON'S SPOT                                     MOORCOCK      BLACK CHANCE          PHANTOM
                   by Hartley's Blind Horse                                    1746  by Hutton's Bay Barb   by Hobgoblin
                                1728                                                             1732               1737
                   [This is not the famous
                   stallion but an earlier
                   one that probably died]
Marske

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 34, the dam of Marske was the Ruby Mare by Hutton's Blacklegs, her dam by Bay Bolton - Fox Cub - Coneyskins - Hutton's Grey Barb - Hutton's Royal Colt - Byerley's Turk - Bustler.

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 160, says - "Marsk was got by Squirt, out of the Ruby Mare; she was from a daughter of Bay Bolton, and Mr. Hutton's Blacklegs; grandam by Fox-Cub; great grandam by Coneyskins; great great grandam by Mr. Hutton's Grey Barb, a daughter of Mr. Hutton's Royal Colt, a daughter of the Byerley Turk, from a Bustler Mare. This pedigree was supplied by E. Geldard as a true copy from Mr. Hutton's Stud-Book and dated Marsk, Oct. 1801".

According to An Introduction to a General Stud-Book, 1791, page 6, Marske was by Squirt out of a mare by Hutton's Blacklegs, her dam by Fox Cub - Coneyskins - Hutton's Grey Barb.

Heber's Racing Calendar, volume XVI, for the year 1766, page 172, Stallions to cover in the following season, 1767, says - "Mask was got by Squirt, Dam by Hutton's Black Legs, his Grandam by Lister's Squirrel".

Heber's Racing Calendar, volume XVIII, for the year 1768, page 197, Stallions to cover in the following season, 1769, says - "N. B. He [Marske] was got by Squirt, a Son of Bartlet's Childers, his Dam by Hutton's Black Legs, his Grand Dam by the Fox Cub, his Great Grand Dam by Coney Skins, his Great Great Grand Dam by Mr. Hutton's Grey Barb, and is thought to be the highest English-bred Horse in the Kingdom".

The 2nd Marquis of Rockingham's pedigree collection, Sheffield Archives, Document Reference WWM/R/193/67, says - "Marske - Dam of the D of Cumberland's Marske 1754 & Mixberry
Marske Augt ye 29th 1754 The Brown Mare was got by my Blacklegs, her Dam by Mr Lister's Fox Cub, her Grandam by Coneyskins, her great Grandam by the Hutton Grey Barb, her gt gt Grandam by the Royal Colt, her gt gt gt Grandam by Byerley Turk out of a Mare got by Bustler. A year old Fillye from the above Mare got by Cade. / John Hutton
Marske Augt ye 29th 1754 A Bay Fillye two years old this grass got by Regulus, her Dam by Mixberry, her Grandam by the Bay Turk (that got Blacklegs) her great Grandam by Bay Bolton her gt gt Grandam by Coneyskins her great gt gt Grandam by ye Hutton Grey Barb, and her Dam by Byerley Turk from a Bustler Mare. / John Hutton".

The pedigree of Marske's dam, certified by her breeder, John Hutton, when Marske was four years old, says she was out of a Fox-Cub mare. The stallion advertisement for Marske in Heber's Racing Calendar, when he was 16 years old, says his dam was out of a Squirrel [Fox-Cub] mare. The stallion advertisement for Marske in Heber's Racing Calendar, when he was 18 years old, says his dam was out of a Fox-Cub mare. The pedigree of Marske in An Introduction to a General Stud-Book in 1791 says his dam was out of a Fox-Cub mare. In none of these pedigrees is a name given to the dam of Marske. The 2nd Marquis of Rockingham refers to her as "Marske - Dam of the D of Cumberland's Marske".

The "true copy from Mr. Hutton's Stud-Book" dated 1801, that appears in Pick's Turf Register, that was used to "correct" the pedigree of Marske in the 5th edition of volume 1 of the GSB, is the first time his dam is called the Ruby Mare and the first time she is said to be out of a Bay Bolton mare.

The 2nd Marquis of Rockingham's pedigree collection, Sheffield Archives, Document Reference WWM/R/193/36, says - "Nov ye 2d 1754 Ld Portmore has sold Ld Rockingham the Ruby Mare, own Sister to the dam of Martin" and "Ruby was got by old Crab, her dam Abigail was got by Greyhound, out of Routh's Worlock Dam of Wyvill's Fox Cub, &c / Cover'd by Whitenose 1754". The dam of Marske was also covered by Whitenose in 1754.

Hutton's Careless

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 34, Hutton's Careless was foaled in 1753 by Hutton's Spot out of Marske's dam.

The Hutton's Careless foaled in 1753 was a son of the Hutton's Careless by Hutton's Spot, who was foaled in 1742.

The Sporting Magazine, May 1834, Volume 9, Second Series, or Volume 84, Old Series, Number XLIX, pages 27 to 31, Death of Octavian, his Pedigree, Performances, and Winnings of his Progeny, says - "Octavian was bred by a Mr. Crosier, who resided at that time at Hummanby, near Scarbrough, a speculator in the foreign trade for the sale of horses, and who then had a sort of partnership or connection with a Mr. Allison, a blacksmith in Tanner-street, Scarborough, a person famous as the owner and runner of leatherplaters. Allison had purchased Octavian's dam of the late well-known Mr. John Peverill, of the Black Lion Hotel, Stockton, a celebrated breeder of blood horses and cocks, whose attested pedigree of the Oberon mare, in his own hand writing, I have now in my possession. His [Octavian's] sire was Stripling (a son of Phœnomenon), his dam by Oberon, his grandam by Ranthos, own Brother to Pumpkin, &c.; his great great grandam by Sir Charles Turner's Sweepstakes; his great great great grandam Sister to Hutton's Old Careless*, by Spot - Fox Cub - Coneyskins - Hutton's Grey Barb - Hutton's Royal Colt - Byerley Turk - Bustler. * The pedigree of Hutton's Old Careless has, I believe, never before appeared in print. This pedigree of him I have obtained from some MS. pedigrees of the late Mr. Wm Pick (of York), which are now in my possession. Alfred Highflyer. Ebor, March 27, 1834".

Alfred Highflyer was the pen name of John Orton, author of Turf Annals of York and Doncaster, 1844.

Hutton's Royal Colt

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 381, says - "Hutton Royal Colt, Mr Hutton's, by the Helmsley Turk, out of a Sedbury Royal Mare".

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 382, says - "Royal Colt, Mr Hutton's, by the Helmsley Turk - Royal Sedbury Mare, was bred by Sir W. Ramsden, and sold to Mr Hutton in 1700".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 71, says - "The Royal Colt (sire of the Fen Mare) was the property of Mr. Hutton, got by the Helmsley Turk, out of a Sedbury Royal Mare".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 160, says - "The Royal Colt was bought by Mr Hutton of Sir Marmaduke Wyvill, Bart. in the year 1700. - Bred as see page 71".

Horse-Breeders' Handbook, by Joseph Osborne, 5th edition, 1898, Introduction to Part III, page xxi, says - "the Sedbury Royal mare, the dam of Hutton's Royal colt, and great-granddam of Old Country Wench and her sister".

Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, by C M Prior, page 30, in Cuthbert Routh's Stud-Book, says - "[Routh's Surley] A Gray Horse [1720] bought of Mr Hutton in April, 1725. He was gott by Surley, which Horse was gott by his Gray Barb, his dam by ye Royall Colt, her dam by Byrley Turk, her dam by Bustler, her dam by a Barb, and her dam by Bay Dodsworth". Also says - "The mare [my] Surley was out of was got by Coney skins, her dam by old Ho'boy, & her dam [i.e., the Ho'boy mare] was bred by old Wilks, and out of a mare of Sr Wm Wyvill's, calld Clubfoot".

 

                  GSB                 HORSE-BREEDERS' HANDBOOK               PRIOR                   PRIOR

          Sedbury Royal Mare             Sedbury Royal mare
                   |                              |
                   |                              |
                   |                              |
        Miss d'Arcy's Pet Mare           HUTTON'S ROYAL COLT           Wyvill's Clubfoot      HUTTON'S ROYAL COLT
                   |                       by Helmsley Turk                    |                       |
                   |                                                           |                       |
                   |                                                           |                       |
              Grey Wilkes                                               Old Wilks mare                mare
              by Hautboy                                                  by Hautboy                   |
                   |                                                           |                       |
                   |                                                           |                       |
                   |                                                           |                       |
           Old Country Wench                                                  mare                   SURLEY
                by Snake                                                 by Coneyskins        by Hutton's Grey Barb
                     1712                                                      |                       |
                                                                               |                       |
                                                                               |                       |
                                                                         ROUTH'S SURLEY          ROUTH'S SURLEY
                                                                                 1720                    1720

 

According to the Horse-Breeders' Handbook the dam of Hutton's Royal Colt was also the dam of Miss Betty Darcy's Pet Mare. According to Pick the Royal Colt was bought by Mr Hutton of Sir Marmaduke Wyvill in the year 1700, while Prior makes it clear that Darcy's Pet Mare was the same mare as Sir William Wyvill's Clubfoot. Sir Marmaduke Wyvill, 5th Baronet was the son of Sir William Wyvill, 4th Baronet, who was the son of Sir Christopher Wyvill, 3rd Baronet, whose sister Isabel Wyvill was the mother of Betty Darcy.

The GSB says the Royal Colt was bred by Sir William Ramsden, son-in-law of Lord Lonsdale. Sir William Ramsden also bred Grey Ramsden's dam by Byerley's Turk out of the Place's White Trugunwell Turk mare that was the same mare as Darcy's Pet Mare. The next dam was the Lonsdale Arabian Mare, full sister to Spanker, the dam of Old Grey Royal that was the same mare as Darcy's Pet Mare.

Sister to Stripling

Famous Horses, by Theophilus Taunton, 1901, page 5, says - "The Marshall, or Selaby, Turk was sire of the Curwen Old Spot, who was sire of the dam of Mixbury, from which mare have descended the famous Agnes family, including Lily Agnes, Ormonde, Orme, &c., as well as Prince Hampton and others".

This appears to be a piece of whimsey. The Curwen Old Spot mare that bred Mixbury traces to the Vintner Mare and her descendants include Partner, Soreheels, Crab, Second and Snip. The Agnes family traces to a mare known as Sister to Stripling whose dam is unknown and who definitely does not trace to the Vintner Mare, so it is clear that this entry has nothing whatever to do with the Vintner Mare. According to Theophilus Taunton the Agnes family descends from a Spot mare that was the dam of Mixbury, and the lack of any mention of the descendants of the Vintner Mare leads me to believe that he knew the breeding of Sister to Stripling.

In the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 141, the following entry appears:

 

                                         MIXBURY MARE,

             Bred by Mr HUTTON, her dam by the Mulso Turk, otherwise Hutton's
                Bay Barb - Bay Bolton - Coneyskins - Grey Barb - Royal Colt -
                Byerly Turk - Bustler.
             1743 ch. c. Mixbury, by Hutton's Spot            -  Sir H Harpur
             *        f. by ditto    -        -       -       -  Mr Hutton
             1748 gr. c. Anthony, by ditto    -       -       -  Lord Ferrers
             1749 b. c. (Bay) Ranger, by ditto        -       -  Mr Hutton
             1752 b. f. by Regulus   -        -       -       -  Lord Rockingham
             **       f. by Lord Morton's Arabian     -       -  Mr Hutton

                *This mare bred, in 1759, ch. c. Chesnut Ranger, by Regulus
             (Mr Hutton's).
                **This mare bred a f. by Regulus, and, in 1767, Mr Wentworth's c.
             Glasgow, by Matchem.

 

Sir H Harpur's Mixbury ran as a five year old in 1748 and was the same horse as Mr Hutton's Mixbury, by Spot, dam by Mixbury, that ran as a four year old in 1747. Sister to Stripling was bred by Mr Hutton and was sired by his stallion Spot. Stripling was sired by Spot in 1746 and ran as Mr Hutton's in 1751.

This Mixbury mare was sired by the Mixbury that was out of the Curwen Old Spot mare. This Mixbury mare was also 'dam of Mixbury'. It is possible that Sister to Stripling was foaled in 1744 or 1745 and was generally known as Sister to Mixbury until Stripling ran in 1751. It is possible that this Sister to Stripling was the dam of Chesnut Ranger in 1759.

This is the pedigree of Mixbury incorporating the evidence and conjecture contained in this article:

MIXBURY
1743
HUTTON'S SPOT
1735
WHITE'S SPOT
1723
RAMSDEN'S SPOT CURWEN'S SPOT SELABY TURK
Bustler mare
Leedes Arabian mare LEEDES ARABIAN
Woodcock mare
Curwen's Bay Barb mare CURWEN'S BAY BARB  
 
   
 
Gardiner Mare
1725
BRISK WIDDRINGTON GREY TURK LISTER'S TURK
Brisk's dam
Hautboy mare HAUTBOY
Bustler mare
Croft's Commoner mare CROFT'S COMMONER PLACE'S WHITE TURK
 
Chesnut Thornton MAKELESS
Old Thornton
Mixbury mare MIXBURY CURWEN'S BAY BARB    
 
   
 
Curwen's Spot mare CURWEN'S SPOT SELABY TURK
Bustler mare
Lowther Barb mare LOWTHER BARB
Vintner Mare
Hutton's Bay Barb mare HUTTON'S BAY BARB    
 
   
 
Bay Bolton mare BAY BOLTON GREY HAUTBOY
Makeless mare
Coneyskins mare CONEYSKINS
Hutton's Grey Barb mare

 

DESCENT CHART 7
[INCORPORATING THE EVIDENCE AND CONJECTURE CONTAINED IN THIS ARTICLE]

 

                   DARCY'S YELLOW TURK <==========> DODSWORTH  FAIRFAX'S MOROCCO BARB <========> HELMSLEY TURK
                            |                           |                 |                            |
                            |         ----------------> | <----------------                            |
                            |         |                 |                                              |
                            |  Old Morocco Mare   BAY DODSWORTH                                        |
                            |         |                 |                                              |
                  --------> | <-----> | <-------------------------------------------------             |
                  |         |     -----                                                  |             |
                  |          \   /    |                                                  |             |
                  |            |      |                                                  |             |
                  |            -----> | <----------------------------------------------> | <---------> | <-----------
                  |            |      |                                                  |             |            |
                  |         SPANKER   |                                                 mare = BARB    |   Darcy's Grey Royal
                  |            |      |                                                      |         |            |
                  |    ---------      |                                                      |         |            |
                  |    |        \    /                                                       |         |            |
                  |   mare  Charming Jenny                                                  mare =  BUSTLER         |
                  |    |          |                                                              |     |            |
                  |    |          |                                                              |     -----        |
                   \  /           |                                                              |         |        |
LOWTHER BAY BARB = mare           |                            BYERLEY'S TURK                   mare       |        |
                 |                |                                   |                          |         |        |
           ----> | <------------> | <---------------------------------------------------------   |         |        |
           |     |                 \   /                 |                                    \  /          \      /
           |    mare            PELHAM'S JIGG   HUTTON'S CONEYSKINS    HUTTON'S GREY BARB  =  mare  =  HUTTON'S ROYAL COLT
           |     |            [LISTER'S SNAKE] [MARWOOD'S CONEYSKINS]           |          |        |
           |     |                   |                   |                      |          |        |
           |     |     ------------> | <----------------------------            |          |        |
            \   /      |     |       |                             |            |          |   Lucky-Sides
            mare       |     |      mare       ------------------> | <--------> | <---------        |
             |         |     |       |         |                   |            |                   |
             -----     |     |       |         |                   |            -----------      ----
                  \   /       \     /          |                   |                       \    /
  LONSDALE    =   mare      RUTLAND'S         mare                 |                        mare
 BAY ARABIAN  |             CONEYSKINS         |                   |                         |
              |                   1712         |                   |                         |
              |                                |      ---------------------------------      |
              |                                 \    /                                 \    /
           SPIDER                                mare                                   mare
                1729                              |                                      |
                                                  |                                      |
                                                  |                                      |
                                                 mare                                   mare
                                            by Bay Bolton                            by Fox-Cub
                                                  |                                      |
         ------------------------------------------                       ----------------------------------------
         |                  |                     |                       |                    |                 |
        mare               mare                  mare                    mare              CARELESS             mare
 by Hutton's Spot  by Hutton's Bay Turk  by Hutton's Blacklegs  by Hutton's Blacklegs  by Hutton's Spot  by Hutton's Spot
         |                  |                     |                       |                      1742            |
         |                  |                     |                  -----------------                           |
         |                  |                     |                  |               |                           |
       Portia              mare                STATELY              mare           MARSKE                       mare
    by Regulus         by Mixbury              by Mogul        by Hutton's Spot   by Squirt               by Sweepstakes
         | 1758             |                       1750             |                 1750                      |
         |                  -----------------------                  |                                           |
         |                  |                     |                  |                                           |
        mare       Sister to Stripling       BAY RANGER             mare                                        mare
    by Dorimond     by Hutton's Spot      by Hutton's Spot       by Regulus                                  by Ranthos
         |                                        | 1749             |                                           | 1779
         |                                        -------      -------                                           |
         |                                               \    /                                                  |
    Gentle Kitty                                        Friendly                                                mare
     by Silvio                                               1768                                            by Oberon
           1774                                                                                                  |
                                                                                                                 |
                                                                                                                 |
                                                                                                             OCTAVIAN
                                                                                                           by Stripling
                                                                                                                   1807

LISTER'S TURK

 

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 389, says - "The Stradling or Lister Turk, was brought into England by the Duke of Berwick, from the siege of Buda, in the reign of James the Second. He got Lister Snake, the Duke of Kingston's Brisk, Piping Peg, Coneyskins, the dam of Hip, and the grandam of the Bolton Sweepstakes".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 6, says - "The Turk, (sire of Snake,) was brought into England by the Duke of Berwick, from the siege of Buda in the Reign of King James the Second ; and was as often called the Stradling as the Lister Turk. He was also sire of the Duke of Kingstone's Brisk and Piping Peg ; of the Duke of Rutland's Coneyskins ; and of the grandam of the Duke of Bolton's Sweepstakes".

Cheny's Racing Calendar for 1744, in the index, page vi, says - "He [Snake] was bred by the late Mat. Lister Esq; of Lincolnshire, out of a daughter of Hautboy, and the Stradling or Lister Turk, brought into England by the Duke of Berwick from the siege of Buda, in the Reign of King Charles the Second. This Turk became the Property of the said late Mr. Lister, but is as often called the Stradling, as the Lister Turk". Page viii, says - "The Lister Turk, which got Snake, was also the Sire of the late Duke of Kingston's Brisk and Pipping Peg, of Conney-Skins, of the Dam of Hip, and of the Grand-Dam of the Bolton Sweep Stakes, &c".

An Introduction to a General Stud-Book, 1791, page 167, says - "Brocklesby Betty, Mr. Pelham, 1711, Curwen Bay Barb - Mr. Leedes's Hobby Mare, by Lister's Turk".

Pick's Authentic Historical Racing Calendar, page 11, says - "Hambleton, August 8, 1719 Saturday, His Majesty's Gold Cup of 100gs value, for 5 yo mares, wt 10 st one 4 mile heat, was won by Duke of Rutland's black filly, Bonny-Black, by Black-Hearty, son of Lister's Turk, 4 yo".

The American Stud Book, volume 1, page 10, says - "Bulle Rock, foaled in 1718 [1709] : imported into Virginia before the Revolution in 1730. We cannot find this horse, and give it as stated below, he being foaled before the issue of either the Stud Book or Racing Calendar. By Darley Arabian. He was owned by Samuel Patton and Samuel Gist, of Virginia. 1st dam Byerly Turk. 2nd dam Lister Turk. 3rd dam Natural Barb mare".

Brisk

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 378, says - "Brisk, ch. h., 1711, by the Darley Arabian, out of Coneyskin's dam by Jigg". Lord Lonsdale's bay horse Brisk ran in a race for five year olds at York in 1716.

Pond's Sporting Kalendar for 1754, page 159, says - "Snake was the best-bred Son of the Lister Turk that got Brisk".

According to the GSB, Pick and Cheny, both Brisk and Coneyskins were sired by Lister's Turk, and Brisk was owned by the Duke of Kingston. It would seem that Brisk by Darley's Arabian was half brother to Coneyskins by Lister's Turk, while the Duke of Kingston's Brisk was own brother to Coneyskins by Lister's Turk. Racing for the Marquis of Dorchester, later Duke of Kingston, Brisk was beaten by Basto, son of Byerley's Turk, in 1710. Since Kingston's Brisk, foaled about 1703, can't be out of a mare by Jigg, then he must be own brother to Rutland's Coneyskins. This means there is a possibility that Byerley's Turk was the other Lister's Turk.

The Newcastle Courant, Saturday, March 16, 1733-4, Number 464, says - "Brisk the Sire of Mr Jackson's gray Mare, the Gardiner's Favourite, which won six Kings Plates, and likewise the Colt, Little John, which won the Morpeth Plate in 1730, 4 Years old, and Hounsle at 5 Heats. Brisk is now in the Hands of Thomas Bridgwater, and will be leapt at Half a Guinea per Mare, and a Shilling to the Keeper, at William Harrison's at Tuddo, within 3 Miles of Durham, he will be shown at Bishop Auckland, and likewise at Durham. He is a strong Horse, well-fashioned, 15 Hands and half an Inch high. His Pedigree, as follows, he was got by Lord Widdrington's gray Turk, which was a Son of Mr Lister's Turk, and bred by Mr Lister, which was full Brother to old Brisk and Coney Skins his Dam, was bred by Mr Wilks, and got by old Hautboy, and his grand Dam was out of one of Lord Darcy's royal Mares, and got by old Bustler".

Bolton Sweepstakes

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 17, Bolton Sweepstakes was a chesnut colt foaled in 1722 by the Oxford Bloody Shouldered Arabian out of a mare by Basto out of a Curwen (or Pelham) Old Spot Mare, her dam by Y. Spanker - Hautboy - Bustler.

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 155, says - "Sweepstakes (sire of the dam of Whistlejacket) was a Chesnut Horse, foaled in 1722. - He was bred by Mr. Snell, and sold to the Duke of Bolton. - Sweepstakes was got by Lord Oxford's Bloody-shouldered Arabian; his dam by - , out of a daughter of Mr. Lister's Turk, (sire of Snake.)".

The 2nd Marquis of Rockingham's pedigree collection, Sheffield Archives, Document Reference WWM/R/193/54, says - "Whistlejacets Pedigree. Whistle Jacet was foald the first of April 1749 And Sold to Sir William Midleton September the 22d 1752, he was got by the Mogul, his dam by Sweepstakes, his Grandam by the Chesnut Arabian at Hampton Court, his great Grandam was out of a Mare called, Penelope, which was got by Makeless; his great great Grandam by Brimer and out of Trumpets Dam The Pedigree that I had of Sweepstakes I here send your Lordship below. He was got by Lord Oxfords Bloody Shoulder’d Arabian, his Dam was a White Mare of M’r Snells bred by Champion Dimmock, and got by M’r Gase’s Stallion out of a Mare that was Sister to the Dam of Brisk. [different handwriting] Sweepstakes had bad feet, being much troubled with Sand Cracks— N B: This Pedigree was sent me by Mr Hammond from Bolton / Rockingham".

An advertisement in Faulkner's Dublin Journal, April 25-28, 1747, says - "Young Sweep-Stakes, a complete beautiful high bred Horse, rising 7 this Grass, full 15 Hands high, delicately marked and coloured; the following Pedigree set down by his Grace the Duke of Bolton's Equerry, and attested by Sir Edward O'Brien, Bart proves him to be as high bred a Horse as any in Europe, and no ways inferior as to Beauty and Strength, to any Horse in this Kingdom: His Dam was Coquet, which his Grace the Duke of Bolton made a present of to Sir Edward O'Brien, as one of the highest bred and most complete Mares then in his Stud: She was got by old Almanzor, which was got by Darlows Arabian that got Childers, her Dam was got by Bastow who was the Sire of Second's Dam; her Grand Dam by old Spot; her Great Grand Dam by Spanker; her Great, Great Grand Dam by old Hautboy; and her Great, Great, Great Grand Dam by old Bustler: Sweep-Stakes's Sire was the Duke of Bolton's noted Sweep-Stakes; his Grace intirely bred out of him: He was got by Lord Oxford's Bloody-shouldered Arabian; his Dam by Gase's famous Stallion, out of a Mare that was full Sister to Brisk, who was got by Darlow's Arabian".

The GSB, confusing his pedigree with that of Young Sweepstakes, makes the grandam of Bolton Sweepstakes by Curwen (or Pelham) Old Spot even though page 389 says his grandam was by the Lister Turk. Pick and Cheny also state that his grandam was by the Lister Turk. The version 'full sister to Brisk' is preferred to 'Sister to the Dam of Brisk' as Brisk was by Lister's Turk. The advertisement in Faulkner's Dublin Journal has confused the Lonsdale Brisk by Darley's Arabian with the older Kingston Brisk by Lister's Turk.

The Newcastle Courant, Saturday, February 28, 1735-6, Number 566, says - "An Account of a Chesnut Horse, call'd Smiling Ball. This famous Horse leaps Mares all this Season at Richmond in Yorkshire, for One Guinea a Mare Leaps and Tryals, and One Shilling the Man. He was bred by Mr Gase of Panton in Lincolnshire; he was got by a Son of the Acklam Merlin; Mr Gase bought him out of Yorkshire; he made him so good a Hunter, that he never would suffer him to be trained; he was thought one of the best Hunters in the Kingdom. Ball's Dam was bred by Mr Curwen of Workington; she was got by Mr Curwen's old bay Barb, which was Mr Pelham's afterwards; she was the Dam of Lord Gower's Chance Gelding, out of a Mare that was got by old Spot, out of a Daughter of old Woodcock, (not Mr Bethel's Woodcock) and full Sister to a Horse that Minchel had, call'd Westbury, which he said, when tryed, was the best young Horse he ever had. This is a true Pedigree I have under Mr Pelham's Hand, by Mr Curwen's Book. Ball is now coming 15 Years old, sound of his Wind, and free from any Cough, and clear of all material Blemishes. The Horse was bought by John Turner of Mr Gase, who had him some Time, and then sold him to the Right Hon. the Earl of Essex; after he had done Running, his Lordship gave him to John Turner, who was Servant to his Lordship the Time he had him in Training, and saw all his Performances".

It seems fair to assume that the "Son of the Acklam Merlin" used by Mr Gase on the dam of Smiling Ball (1721) was the same horse as "Gase's famous Stallion" that got the dam of Sweepstakes (1722). This stallion was probably Acclom's Merlin by Merlin out of the Brimmer mare that was grandam of Bay Bolton. He was sire of Bald Jack (1720) and grandsire of Brown Woodcock (1717).

Eley's Turk

Prior's Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, page 79, in The Duke of Ancaster's Stud-Book, says - "Mr. Eley's [Bay] Turk was a son of Mr. Lister's Gray Turk".

The square brackets here are Prior's but he is wrong in his assumption that Eley's Turk was bay as on page 88 the grey Tunstall Mare is shown as by Eley's Turk out of the bay Darling Mare. On page 80 in the pedigree of the Tunstall Mare he correctly notes that Eley's Turk was grey.

 

DESCENT CHART 8
[INCORPORATING THE EVIDENCE AND CONJECTURE CONTAINED IN THIS ARTICLE]

 

        SELABY TURK                 SPANKER
             |                         |
      ---------------           --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      |             |           |            |                                                                 |
Coppin Mare        mare   Charming Jenny    mare =  BYERLEY'S TURK                                          Yellow
      |             |           |                |    [LISTER'S TURK]  =  Brisk's dam                      Bald Peg
      |             |           |                |         |           |                                       |
      |             |           |       -------> | <-----------------> | <--------------------------------     |
      |             |           |       |        |      --------------------------------------           |     |
      |             |            \     /         |      |              |                     |           |     |
Somerset Mare      mare      PELHAM'S JIGG     Bowes   mare   RUTLAND CONEYSKINS  WIDDRINGTON GREY TURK  |  Bay Peg
  by Croft's   by Hutton's  [LISTER'S SNAKE]   Mare     |       [ACASTER TURK]    [LISTER'S GREY TURK]   |     |
   Commoner     Grey Barb          |                    |              |                   |             |     |
      |             |    --------> | <----------------> | <-------------                   |             |     |
      |             |    |         |        |           |                                  |             |     |
      |             |    |         |        |           |              ----------------------------      |     |
      |              \  /          |        |           |              |              |           |       \   /
 Darling Mare        mare     SMITH'S SON  mare   Snell's Mare    ELEY'S GREY    Black Lister     |       BASTO
 by Ancaster          |        OF SNAKE     |    by Gase's Horse     TURK            Mare         |         | 1703
    Merlin            |            |        |           |              |              |           |         |
      |     --------> | <--------> | <----> | <-------> | <-------------              |     [BRIDGWATER'S   ----
      |     |         |            |        |           |              |              |         HORSE]         |
      |     |         |    -----------    ---           |              |              |         BRISK   =    Brown
       \   /           \  /           \  /              |              |              |           |     |    Betty
   Tunstall Mare       mare        WILLIAMS'S       SWEEPSTAKES    GREATHEAD    Young Peg Mare    |     |       1713
         |              |           SQUIRREL         by Bloody           1711    by Old Pert      |     --------
         |              |                1719       Shouldered                        |           |            |
         |              |                             Arabian                         |           |            |
         |              |                                 1722                        |           |            |
   Slaping Mare        mare                                                         CRAB       Gardiner      COLE'S
by Ancaster Merlin    by Rib                                                      by Wynn's      Mare       FOXHUNTER
           1720                                                                    Arabian          1725         1727
                                                                                        1726

Tunstall Mare was covered by her own grandsire in 1719

 

Coppin Mare

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 7, gives the pedigree of the Coppin Mare as - "Got by The Selaby Turk, her dam by Place's White Turk". A note has been appended - "The Coppin Mare is confused in Pick, and in old pedigrees, with The Coffin Mare (a mare so called by being concealed by Mr Place in a cellar in Fenchurch Street, at the time of the Restoration, which was probably her grandam). Pick also, vol. i., p. 223, makes the grandam of Little Bowes as out of an own sister to The Coffin Mare".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 223, gives the pedigree of Mab as - "got by Hobgoblin; her dam, Little Bowes, by Lord Chedworth's Mixbury; grandam by Mr. Hutton's Grey Barb, brought over by Mr. Marshall, great grandam by the Byerley Turk, out of a full sister to the Coffin Mare. The Coffin Mare was got by the Marshall or Selaby Turk, out of a daughter of Mr. Place's White Turk".

An Introduction to a General Stud-Book, page 90, gives the pedigree of Mixbury as - "got by Regulus - Brother to Mixbury -Hutton's Barb, brought over by Mr. Marshall - Byerly Turk - Selaby Turk - Mr. Place's Mare, which he had out of Oliver Cromwell's Stud".

An Introduction to a General Stud-Book, page 194, gives the pedigree of Lord Chedworth's Snap as - "got by Old Snap, his dam (called Young Bowes), was got by Dormouse, grand dam (called Little Bowes) by Mixbury, great grand dam (called Bowes) by Hutton's Barb, brought over by Mr. Marshall, great great grand dam by the Byerley Turk, out of a full sister to the Coffin Mare, whose sire was the Selaby Turk, and her dam a Place Mare - Mr. Place of Dimsdale [sic], Stud Master to Oliver Cromwell, stole this Mare out of the Stud, and kept her concealed in a cellar, till the search for her was over".

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 42, gives the pedigree of Little Bowes as - "Got by Chedworth's brother to Mixbury Galloway, her dam, Bowes, by Hutton's Grey Barb - Byerly Turk - Selaby Turk - Mr. Place's mare, by Hautboy - sister to Morgan's Dun, by a son of the Helmesley Turk - Dodsworth - Burton Barb". See DARCY'S YELLOW TURK, DARCY'S WHITE TURK AND HELMSLEY TURK for evidence that the cross of Hautboy here is an error.

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 172, Royal George was by Young Cade out of a mare by Rib, her dam by Snake - Coneyskins - Hutton's Grey Barb - Selaby (or Marshall's) Turk - Place's White Turk.

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 205, Phantom was by Hobgoblin out of Mr Hutton's mare by Surley (son of the Grey Barb) - Coneyskin's - the Fen Mare, by Hutton's Royal Colt - Blunderbuss - the Old Thornton Mare, by Place's White Turk - Barb Mare. Black Chance and Moorcock are shown as out of the same Surley mare. However, Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 51, omits the cross of the Fen Mare in the pedigree of Black Chance, and page 85 says Moorcock was out of an own sister to Phantom's dam.

 

         GSB                       PICK                      GSB                      GSB                    GSB

         

         mare                      mare                      mare                     mare            Old Thornton Mare
by Place's White Turk     by Place's White Turk     by Place's White Turk    by Place's White Turk  by Place's White Turk
          |                         |                         |                        |                      |
          |                         |                         |                        |                      |
          |                         |                         |                        |                      |
     Coppin Mare          sister to Coffin Mare              mare                     mare                   mare
   by Selaby Turk            by Selaby Turk           by Marshall Turk           by Blunderbuss         by Blunderbuss
          |                         |                         |                        |                      |
          |                         |                         |                        |                      |
          |                         |                         |                        |                      |
     Somerset Mare                 mare                      mare                      |                   Fen Mare
  by Croft's Commoner       by Byerley's Turk        by Hutton's Grey Barb             |            by Hutton's Royal Colt
          |                         |                         |                        |                      |
          |                         |                         |                        |                      |
          |                         |                         |                        |                      |
        Virgin                    Bowes                      mare                     mare                   mare
  by Ancaster Merlin       by Hutton's Grey Barb        by Coneyskins            by Coneyskins          by Coneyskins
          | 1712                    |                         |                        |                      |
          |                         |                         |                        |                      |
          |                         |                         |                        |                      |
       Miss Hip                Little Bowes                  mare                     mare                   mare
    by Oysterfoot          by Chedworth Mixbury    by [Smith's son of] Snake   by Hutton's Surley     by Hutton's Surley
          | 1722                    |                         |                        |                      |
          |                         |                         |                        |                      |
          |                         |                         |                        |                      |
         mare                      Mab                       mare                 BLACK CHANCE             PHANTOM
    by Smiling Tom            by Hobgoblin                  by Rib            by Hutton's Bay Barb      by Hobgoblin
          | 1732                    | 1742                    |                          1732                   1737
          |                         |                         |
          |                         |                         |
     Ancaster Dizzy               SILVIO                 ROYAL GEORGE
   by Ancaster Driver             by Cade                by Young Cade
            1741                      1754                      1760

 

DESCENT CHART 9
[INCORPORATING THE EVIDENCE AND CONJECTURE CONTAINED IN THIS ARTICLE]


                                             DODSWORTH <===================================> DARCY'S YELLOW TURK
                                                 |                                                   |
                                                 |                                      ---------------------------
                                                 |                                      |                         |
                 HELMSLEY TURK              DICKY PIERSON =    Burton Barb Mare    = SPANKER                   BRIMMER
                       |                                  |                        |                              |
          -------------------------------                 |                        |                              |
          |                             |                 |                        |                              |
       BUSTLER                PLACE'S WHITE TURK    =    mare                  ST MARTIN                          |
          |                                         |     |                                                       |
     ---> | <----------------------------------------     ----------------------------------------------          |
     |    -----------------------                   |                                                  |          |
     |    |            |        |                   |                                                   \        /
    mare  |            |   BLUNDERBUSS =    Old Thornton Mare    = SELABY TURK                         Old Thornton
     |    |            |               |                         |
     |    |            |               |         -------------------------------------
      \  /             |               |         |                    |              |
      mare    HUTTON'S ROYAL COLT  =  mare  Coppin Mare              mare           mare = BYERLEY'S TURK
       |                           |             |                    |                  |       |
       |                    --------             |                    |                  |       ------
       |                    |                    |                    |                  |            |
      mare              Fen Mare           Somerset Mare             mare               mare      Bowes Mare = HONYWOOD'S
 by Selaby Turk             |           by Croft's Commoner  by Hutton's Grey Barb       |                   | ARABIAN
       |                    |                    |                    |                  |                   |
       |                    |                    |                    |                  |                   |
       |                    |                    |                    |                  |                   |
    WYNDHAM                mare                Virgin                mare              Bowes                mare
by Grey Hautboy      by Coneyskins      by Ancaster Merlin      by Coneyskins   by Hutton's Grey Barb        |
                            |                    | 1712               |                  |                   |
                            |                    |                    |                  |                   |
                            |                    |                    |                  |                   |
                           mare               Miss Hip               mare           Little Bowes            mare
                   by Hutton's Surley      by Oysterfoot     by [Smith's son of]    by Chedworth   by Bartlett's Childers
                            |                    | 1722             Snake             Mixbury                |
                            |                    |                    |                  |                   |
         --------------------                    |                    |                  |                   |
         |                  |                    |                    |                  |                   |
    BLACK CHANCE         PHANTOM                mare                 mare               Mab                Midge
by Hutton's Bay Barb   by Hobgoblin       by Smiling Tom            by Rib         by Hobgoblin     by Son of Bay Bolton
           1732               1737               | 1732               |                  | 1742              |
                                                 |                    |                  |                   |
                                                 |                    |                  |                   |
                                          Ancaster Dizzy         ROYAL GEORGE          SILVIO          Miss Cleveland
                                        by Ancaster Driver       by Young Cade         by Cade           by Regulus
                                                   1741                 1760               1754              | 1758
                                                                                                             |
                                                                                                             |
                                                                                                          Papillon
                                                                                                          by Snap
                                                                                                             | 1769
                                                                                                             |
                                                                                                             |
                                                                                                      SIR PETER TEAZLE
                                                                                                        by Highflyer
                                                                                                               1784

 

Oyster-Foot

The Ipswich Journal, Saturday, April 11, 1747, Number 426, says - "This is to give Notice, That the Famous Horse called Fearnought, is still in the Hands of Mr William Garthside, of Rigsby, near Alford in Lincolnshire; and by the Desire of Numbers of Gentlemen in the South, Covers this Season at Mr Abraham Wallett’s of Long-Sutton in the said County, at One Guinea a Mare, and One Shilling the Man. He was got by Doctor, whose Sire was the Duke of Rutland’s Cyprus, out of a Commoner Mare. His Dam was got by Oyster Foot, who was Son of the famous Merlin belonging to the late Duke of Ancaster, and out of a Leister Mare that was Sister to his Grace’s Black Legs, who broke his Leg when running against Fox at Lowes. He has also a Colt which comes four Years old, a Red Roan, got by Fearnought, and out of a Mare got by Mr Lister’s Ball, who was got by Mr Hall’s Arabian. He is full Fifteen hands high, and able to carry Eighteen stone, free from all Blemishes, and without dispute is as fine Horse as ever was bred in England, both for Shape and Action. He Covers at Rigsby near Alford this Season, at one Guinea the Mare, and One shilling the Man. N B Proper Joyce at both Places for Mares which come to stay".

The Dublin Journal, Tuesday June 6th, to Saturday June 10th, 1749, Number 2321, says - "At the Castle of Contarf near Dublin. To be let to Mares this Season, a dark Sterling coloured grey Colt, comes six Years old, got lamed in Breaking in the Coffin Joint and Heel, which made him to stand training; He was got by the old famous Bolton Starling, out of a Mare the Duke of Devonshire favoured Capt Vernon with, by giving him the choice of a Filly out of any Mare in his Stud; she was got by Old Childers out of his old Ebony Mare, the Mother of Plastoes Dam; the Ebony Mare was got by Bastoe, bred by Sir William Ramsden, being a Son of the old Bierley Turk, who was the Sire of more running Horses than any Stallion in England in his Time, and particularly of Highlow, Grasshopper, Black Hearty, the Sire of Bonny Black, and Jigg; Ebony's Dam was the old Makeless Mare, full Sister of Scarr, Little John and Oyster Foot; Those that want to go further into the Pedigree of the Makeless Mare, may apply to Mr Crofts in Yorkshire; but this Advertisement need trace the Colt's Pedigree no higher, demonstrating him to be one of the best, and perhaps the highest blooded Horse in Europe; as to his Shapes, Health and Size, any Body is at Liberty to see him, and to send their Mares, if they think proper, at a Guinea a Leap and Trials, with half a Crown to the Groom.---There is likewise Conveniency of good Grass, and a secure Paddock for Mares".

The Dublin Journal, Tuesday June 19th, to Saturday June 23d, 1750, Number 2429, says - "At the Castle of Clontarf near Dublin, To be let out to Mares this Season, a Sterling coloured grey Horse, 7 Years old; he was got by the old Bolton Starling, out of a Mare the Duke of Devonshire favoured Captain Vernon with, by giving him the choice of a Filly out of any Mare in his Stud; she was got by Childers out of his old Ebony Mare, the Grandam of Plastow; the Ebony Mare was got by Bastoe, bred by Sir William Ramsden, being a Son of the old Bierly Turk, who was the sire of more running Horses than any Stallion in England in his Time, and particularly of Highlow, Grasshopper, Black Hearty the Sire of Bonny Black, and Old Jigg the Sire of Partner, out of a Daughter likewise of Bastoe; Ebony's Dam was the Old Makeless mare, full Sister to Little John, Oyster Foot, and Scar, who kept the Whip at Newmarket for several Year, as the best Horse in England; those that understand the Blood and Pedigree of Horses, must allow this Stallion to be one of the highest blooded Horses in Europe; as to his Size, Health, and Shapes, any Body is at liberty to see him, and to send their Mares, if they think proper, at a Guinea a Leap and two Tryals with Half a Crown to the Groom. There is likewise Conveniency of good Grass, and a secure Paddock for Mares".

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 114, the Duke of Devonshire's bay colt Old Scar was foaled in 1705 by Makeless out of Bay Layton by Darcy's Counsellor out of a mare by Brimmer out of Trumpet's dam by Place's White Turk out of a mare by Dodsworth out of the Layton Barb Mare.

An advertisement in the Leeds Mercury for April 3, 1750, says - "This is to give Notice, That the famous Stallion called Oyster-Foot, now belonging to Ellis Nuter of Burnley in Lancashire, and formerly to John Hitchon of the same Place, deceased, will attend for Leaping of Mares all the ensuing Season on the several Market Days at Leedes, Wakefield, Halifax, Rotherham, Barnsley and Sheffield, in the County of York. This Stallion is a brown Bay, with a Race down his Face, his two hind Feet White, and a beautiful, strong, well proportioned Horse; was bred by 'Squire Townley, of Royal, in Lancashire, and got by the old Duke of Rutland's Oyster-Foot, who was got by 'Squire Lister's Turk, that got the Duke of Devonshire's Scarr, and the Duke of Kingston's Brisk, who were both in the first Forms at New-Market in their Time, out of a Dam of Sir Ralph Ashton's of Whaley-Abbey, in Lancashire, who was full Sister to the famous Fox, that beat the Witty Gelding at New-Market upon a Match for 1000 l. a Side. For further Particulars of Oyster-Foot's Performances enquire of John Whally who attends him".

 

               IPSWICH JOURNAL                                        LEEDS MERCURY                 DUBLIN JOURNAL
 


 ANCASTER MERLIN      [LISTER'S GREY TURK]                         SQUIRE LISTER'S TURK                MAKELESS
        |                      |                                            |                             |
        |              -----------------             ----------             --------------     ----------------------
        |              |               |             |        |             |            |     |          |         |
   OYSTERFOOT = Leister mare  ANCASTER BLACKLEGS   FOX      mare = RUTLAND OYSTERFOOT  SCAR   mare   OYSTERFOOT  OLD SCAR
              |                          1714         1714       |                             |                      1705
              |                                                  |                             |
              |                                                  |                             |
             mare                                           OYSTERFOOT                     Ebony Mare
              |                                                                            by  basto
              |                                                                                  1714
              |
          FEARNOUGHT
          by Doctor

 

According to Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 3, and the errata and addenda, the Duke of Devonshire's Old Scar was by Makeless, was foaled in 1705 and ran from 1710 to 1713, after which he became a stallion in the Duke of Devonshire's Stud.

According to Baily's Racing Register, volume 1, pages 4 and 6, the Duke of Devonshire's Scar was beaten by the Duke of Bridgewater's Spot on October 25, 1718, and beat Lord Hillsborough's Ruffler on April 21, 1721. This horse was probably foaled after 1703, so if he was the son of Squire Lister's Turk then he was more likely to have been sired by Lister's Grey Turk. The Duke of Kingston's Brisk, foaled about 1703, was probably by Lister's Turk alias Byerley's Turk.

The two Oysterfoots that were brothers to the Duke of Devonshire's Scar may well have been the same horse, with any confusion over his identity being caused by the Duke of Devonshire owning two horses called Scar. It seems probable that this horse was the Duke of Rutland's Oysterfoot by Squire Lister's Turk. He was the sire of Squire Townley's Oysterfoot in about 1725, so could also have been the sire of Mr Gipp's Oysterfoot, running in 1724 and foaled in 1718 or earlier, and Miss Hip.

Miss Hip, bred by the Duke of Ancaster in 1722, was by Oysterfoot out of Virgin by Ancaster Merlin. This Oysterfoot may have been the son of the Ancaster Merlin, making this a half brother-sister union. The Duke of Ancaster had previously mated the Ancaster Merlin to his own grandaughter to produce the Slaping Mare in 1720.


BYERLEY'S TURK

 
BLACKLEGS

A letter from J Griffin to the ninth Earl of Rutland, as reproduced in Prior's Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, page 105, says - "1687. 27th Oct. Newmarket. Being laste night at Jackson's, & haveing an oportunity to match with Mr. Frampton according to your commission you gave me, I matched Blackleggs laste night with Haucker, 10 stone waite each, for 500 guineys, two forfeite ; over ye foure mile course here, to runne ye third Wednesday in March nexte : and tho' I doe selldom take notice of what is donn at Plates, yett hereing you were beaten at Luffnum [Luffenham Heath, near Stamford] and not knowing how yt might alter yr mind, I have made itt but 5 guinneys forfeite till this day fortnight ; theirefore only desire you wou'd write me word what you will doe ; tho' I do not intend to give my answer till the laste day, before whch time Mr. Rider will see you at Belvoire in order to yr going to Lincoln ; if yr Lordship has a mind to match Stately, or Belvoire, with horses of theire age, and will send me commission, I believe I cann match them with horses much worse bredd, and not so likely to runn at Linckcolne. And Sir Robert Howard offers to match Cockain's horse agst Castleton, but I wou'd make no more matches till I heard farther from you. Pray my good Ld lett me know how farr I may goe in matching yr horses for what summs, for I doe really believe I cou'd match them well ; but when you send me commission lett itt be full, and I traine to ye laste pound you will let your naggs spurr att ; and yr commands shall be observed, and obeyed by yr moste obliged humble servt".

Prior's Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, page 124, in the list of the Duchess of Newcastle's Mares for 1712, mentions - "A filly foal Bay, 4 years old, by ye Pagett Arab of her Call'd Darcy's Young Sorrill out of a Royall Mare Call'd Black Leggs & Gott by Wastell's Turk, her Dam Gott by Duke of Rutland's Black Leggs out of Darcy's oldest Royall Mare".

Cheny's Racing Calendar for 1746, in the index, page 143, says - "The Hampton-Court Childers was bred by his Grace the Duke of Devonshire, and got by Childers. The Dam of the Hampton-Court Childers, was call'd Dutchess (she was got by the Newcastle Turk) her Grand Dam was got by the Westal Turk ; her Great Grand Dam by the Darcy Black Legs ; her Great Great Grand Dam was called Old Royal ; she was out of a Darcy Royal Mare, and the Darcy White Turk".

The Newcastle Courant, Saturday, March 23, 1727-8, Number 152, says - "This is to give Notice, that Mr Robert Carter of Brumpton upon Swale, in the County of York, has a Chesnut ston'd Horse, Six Years old, free from Blemish, that he leaps at a Guinea a Mare: He is 14 hands three Inches high, fine shap'd and strong, he was got by Woodcock, and out of a Royal Mare, she got by Lord Darcy's Arabian which he bought of Mr Curwen, her Dam got by Wastel Turk, Duchess was out of the same Mare with this Horse Dam, her Dam got by Black-legs, which got Crecket, her Dam got by the white Turk which got Hautboy, her Dam was the old Royal Mare, which Lord Darcy found at Sadberry, in 1690, so he became the Owner of this Stud; her Dam got by the old Chesnut Turk which got Leeds' Spanker, and all the best Horses of England, betwixt forty and fifty Years ago, as Lord Darcy Witnesseth".

The Dublin Journal, 1744, says - "The famous Horse called Favourite, just Landed from England, bred by Hugh Bethell, Esq; in Yorkshire, whose Pedegree is certified by mr Bethell as follows. Favourite was got by my Arabian, his Dam by old Ruffler, his dam by yellow Jack, his Dam by Curwin’s Arabian, his Dam by black Legs ,and she out of Gray Royal, of the same Kind of Mr Leeds Spanker; the Curwin Arabian Mare was bought by Sir Marmaduke Wyvill of Lord Darcy of Sedbury, and the Account of his Pedigree I had from my Lord. / Signed, Hugh Bethell. This Horse at 6 Years old won the King’s Plates at Nottingham and Lincoln, where he beat the famous Volunteer and Poor Robin, he won the second Heat at New Market, and was lamed third; He is a Chesnut Horse, well marked, full 15 Hands high, sound and free from all natural Blemishes. He is now in the Possession of Jonathan Pubrick, Groom to [Baptist] Johnston of Tully in the County of Monaghan, Esq; where he will cover Mares this season at one guinea a Leap, and one shilling to the Groom. The Money to be paid before the horse be led out; Good Grass for Mares at the most reasonable Rates".

Pond's Sporting Kalendar for 1754, page 149, says - "The Hampton Court Childers was got by the Devonshire Childers, out of Mr. Childers's Mare called Duchess, which was full Sister to the Dam of Morrat and Gypsey".

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, pages 146 and 5, Morat and Gipsy were by Bay Bolton out of a mare by Newcastle Turk out of Grey Ramsden's dam by Byerley's Turk out of a mare by Taffolet Barb out of a mare by Place's White Turk out of a Natural Barb Mare of Mr Tregonwell's. See LAYTON GREY BARB, ROCKWOOD, TAFFOLET BARB AND TREGONWELL'S BARB MARE for evidence that the cross of the Taffolet Barb here is an error.

 

      POND 1754                 CHENY 1746          NEWCASTLE COURANT      DUBLIN JOURNAL              PRIOR

                          
  Natural Barb Mare          Darcy Royal Mare        Old Royal Mare
  of Mr Tregonwell's                |                by Chesnut Turk
          |                         |                Sire of Spanker
          |                         |                      |
          |                         |                      |
          |                         |                      |
         mare                   Old Royal                 mare               Gray Royal            Darcy's oldest
 by Place's White Turk     by Darcy White Turk       by White Turk        Kind of Spanker           Royall Mare
          |                         |               Sire of Hautboy              |                       |
          |                         |                      |                     |                       |
          |                         |                      |                     |                       |
          |                         |                      |                     |                       |
  Grey Ramsden's dam               mare                   mare                  mare           Royall Mare Black Leggs
  by Byerley's Turk        by Darcy Blacklegs        by Black-legs         by black Legs       by Rutland's Black Leggs
          |                         |                      |                     |                       |
          |                         |                      |                     |                       |
          |                         |                      |                     |                       |
          |                        mare                   mare                  mare            Darcy's Young Sorrill
          |                  by Westall Turk         by Wastel Turk     by Curwin's Arabian       by Wastell's Turk
          |                         |                      |                     |                       |
          |                         |                      |                     |                       |
          |                         |                      |                     |                       |
   Childer's Duchess             Dutchess              Royal Mare               mare                 Bay filly
Sister to dam of Morat      by Newcastle Turk      by Darcy's Arabian      by yellow Jack         by Pagett Arab
          |                         |               bought of Curwen             |                         1708
          |                         |                      |                     |
          |                         |                      |                     |
          |                         |                      |                     |
HAMPTON COURT CHILDERS    HAMPTON-COURT CHILDERS     CHESNUT HORSE              mare
by Devonshire Childers         by Childers            by Woodcock          by old Ruffler
                                                             1721                |
                                                                                 |
                                                                                 |
                                                                             FAVOURITE
                                                                       by Bethell's Arabian

 

According to the evidence here Rutland Blacklegs was also known as Darcy Blacklegs. The evidence also points to Blacklegs being Byerley's Turk.

There is evidence that Byerley's Turk ran in a race at Downpatrick in Ireland in the spring of 1690.

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 389, says - "The Byerly Turk, was Captain Byerly's charger in Ireland, in King William's wars (1689, etc.). He did not cover many bred mares, but was the sire of Jigg, the Duke of Kingston's Sprite, who was thought nearly as good as Leedes; the Duke of Rutland's Black Hearty and Archer, the Duke of Devonshire's Basto, Lord Bristol's Grasshopper and Lord Godolphin's Byerly Gelding, all in good forms; Halloway's Jigg, a middling horse; and Knightley's Mare, in a very good form; and Bowes' Mare".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 3, says - "The Byerley Turk, (sire of Basto,) was Captain Byerley's charger in Ireland, in King William's wars, (1689, &c.) and afterwards proved a most excellent Stallion, though he did not cover many well-bred Mares. - He was sire of the Duke of Kingstone's Sprite, who was allowed to be nearly as good as Leedes ; of Sir Roger Moyston's Jigg, (sire of Mr. Crofts's Partner) ; of the Duke of Rutland's Archer and Black-Hearty, (sire of Bonny-Black) ; of Lord Bristol's Grasshopper, Lord Godolphin's Byerley Gelding, Mr. Knightley's Mare, &c. all in very high forms as racers. - He got the dams of Lord Halifax's Farmer Mare, (dam of his Lordship's Miss Halifax,) Sir W. W. Wynn's Looby, Mr. Smales's Childers, &c. - The grandam of Lord Godolphin's Whitefoot, Wryfoot, and Morat, which grandam of the said three, was the dam of Grey Ramsden, and great great grandam of the Bolton Fearnought".

Cheny's Racing Calendar for 1744, in the index, page vii, says - "The Byerley Turk, Sire of Jigg, got the Duke of Rutland's Black-Hearty (which was the Sire of Bonny Black and Peterborough Dun), Basto, Grasshopper, the Sire of the Dam of the Duke of Bolton's Looby, and the Sire of the Dam of Mr. Hutton's Phantom. He got the Dams of Lord Halifax's Farmer Mare, Grey Ramsden, Sir Wat. Williams Wynn's Looby, and Smales's Childers; the Grand-Dams of the Carlisle Gelding, of Col. Howard's Squirrel, and of his Chesnut Mare that won the King's Hundred Guineas at Newmarket in April 1728. He also got the Grand-Dams of the Earl of Godolphin's Whitefoot, Wryfoot, and Morat, which Grand-Dam of the said three was also the Dam of Grey Ramsden, and the Great Great Grand-Dam of the Bolton Fearnought".

The Dublin Journal, Tuesday June 6th, to Saturday June 10th, 1749, Number 2321, says - "Bastoe, bred by Sir William Ramsden, being a Son of the old Bierley Turk, who was the Sire of more running Horses than any Stallion in England in his Time, and particularly of Highlow, Grasshopper, Black Hearty, the Sire of Bonny Black, and Jigg".

The statement here that Byerley's Turk "was the Sire of more running Horses than any Stallion in England in his Time" would seem to contradict the GSB's and Pick's assertion that "He did not cover many bred mares".

Leicester Straddling Turk

Collins Concise Dictionary of the English Language, says - "Straddle vt. -dled, -dling [freq . of Stride]" and "To spread (the legs) wide apart" and "vi. To sit, stand, or walk with the legs wide apart" and "To be spread apart : said of the legs".

Eclipse, by Nicholas Clee, page 66, says - "He [Eclipse] has an unusual way of galloping: he carries his head low, and he spreads out his hind legs to such an extent that, one observer said later, a wheelbarrow might have been driven through them".

Eclipse has six crosses of Lister's Turk and one of Byerley's Turk. If these two Turks are one and the same then Eclipse has seven crosses of a very prepotent stallion that also had a straddling gait.

The seat of the Duke of Rutland, Belvoir Castle, was not in the County of Rutland but just across the border in Leicestershire. James Darcy bred his grey royal mare to Blacklegs. This Blacklegs was known as both Darcy's Blacklegs and Rutland Blacklegs. If Pond's pedigree of the Hampton Court Childers is correct then Blacklegs was another name for Byerley's Turk. If Pick's pedigree of the Duke of Rutland's Bonny Black is correct then Byerley's Turk was another name for Lister's Turk.

I am of the opinion that Lister Straddling Turk is a corruption of Leicester Straddling Turk. The Turk, which ran with a straddling gait, was called Blacklegs. He was owned by the Duke of Rutland and kept at Belvoir Castle in the county of Leicester. He was later the property of Robert Byerley.

 

LISTER'S TURK v BYERLEY'S TURK
Instances of identical biographical information

LISTER'S TURK
BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION
BYERLEY'S TURK
GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 389.
Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 6.
Cheny's Racing Calendar for 1744, in the index, page vi.
CAPTURED AT BUDA IN 1686
The Byerley Turk, by Jeremy James, is fictional but based on fact. There are some notes in the back, but the sources that identify the bay/brown stallion as the Byerley Turk are not included. This is basically the story of the Lister Turk as told by Cheny, Pick and the GSB.
According to The Byerley Turk, by Jeremy James, there is no evidence that the Lister Turk was present at Boyne in 1690.
PRESENT AT BOYNE IN 1690

GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 389.
Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 3.
The Byerley Turk by Jeremy James.

GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 379.
GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 389.
Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 6.
Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 86.
Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 160.
Cheny's Racing Calendar for 1744, in the index, page vi.
Pond's Sporting Kalendar for 1753, page 166.
SIRE OF CONEYSKINS
Sir James Lowther's manuscript stud book, Cumbria Record Office, Carlisle, Document Reference D\Lons\L9\2\2.
Pick's Authentic Historical Racing Calendar, page 11.
SIRE OF BLACK HEARTY
GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 389.
Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 3.
Cheny's Racing Calendar for 1744, in the index, page vii.
GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 379.
Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 6.
Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 86.
Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 160.
GET OWNED BY DUKE OF RUTLAND
GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 389.
Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 3.
Cheny's Racing Calendar for 1744, in the index, page vii.
Sir James Lowther's manuscript stud book, Cumbria Record Office, Carlisle, Document Reference D\Lons\L9\2\2.
GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 389.
Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 6.
Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 160.
Cheny's Racing Calendar for 1744, in the index, page vi.
Pond's Sporting Kalendar for 1753, page 166.
GET OWNED BY DUKE OF KINGSTON
GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 389.
Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 3.

 

According to The Byerley Turk, by Jeremy James, this Turk was probably foaled in Serbia, in the Ottoman Empire, in 1678. Byerley's Turk would have been 25 years old in 1703 when he died. On the other hand Lister's Turk would have been 33 years old in 1711 when he covered the dam of Coneyskins.

The many instances of identical biographical information between Byerley's Turk and Lister's Turk leads me to the supposition that the Turk taken at the seige of Buda in 1686 was bay/brown and known by both names. It is, of course, possible that the reference in Pick's Authentic Historical Racing Calendar on page 11 to Black Hearty being a son of Lister's Turk is an error, but it is strange that the mistake should involve the only stallion that has ever been confused with Byerley's Turk.

The following is a possible timeline of the life of the Turk taken at the Siege of Buda:

1678 Foaled in a timar (estate) in Serbia in the western end of the Ottoman Empire.
1686 Captured at the Siege of Buda in September, 1686 and acquired by Edward Vaudrey. James FitzJames, Edward Vaudrey and his Turk docked at Deptford, near London, on November 4, 1686.
1687

Acquired by the Duke of Rutland and named Blacklegs. He was matched in 1687 and 1688. At stud he was known as the Leicester Straddling Turk. One of his sons, the Widdrington Grey Turk, bred by Mr Lister, may have been the stallion known as Lister's Grey Turk. There is no doubt that the similarity in the names Leicester and Lister has done much to conceal the Turk's identity.

1689 Acquired by Robert Byerley. Taken to Ireland on September 12, 1689.
1690 He ran in a race at Flying Horse Road, Downpatrick on March 15, 1690 on his way to the Battle of the Boyne on July 1, 1690. He was present at the first Siege of Limerick from August 8, 1690 to August 27, 1690 and remained in Mountmellick in central Ireland for the winter of 1690/91.
1691 He was present at the second Siege of Athlone in June, 1691, the Battle of Aughrim on July 12, 1691, the second Siege of Limerick in July and August, 1691 and was present at the Flight of the Wild Geese from Ireland on October 3, 1691. Set sail for England on November 19, 1691 and arrived at Hoylake, Cheshire on November 23, 1691. He was stabled at Hounslow Barracks from December 17, 1691, until May 6, 1692, before being moved to Queen Street and then Robert Byerley's seat at Goldsborough.
1692 First year at stud for Robert Byerley.
1702 Last year at stud when he covered the dam of Basto.
1703 Died at Goldsborough on March 16.

The pedigree of Bulle Rock as given in the American Stud Book is a bit suspect. It is just possible that a daughter of Lister's Grey Turk could have been covered by Byerley's Turk and it is also possible that the Turk covered one of his own daughters. A likely explanation is that the original version of the pedigree gave the names of both owners of the Turk and this was misinterpreted as two generations of mares.

Heneage's Jigg

In the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 107, the following two entries appear:

 

                                           JIGG MARE,
             Got by Old or Pelham's Jigg (son of the Byerly Turk), and bred by
                Mr HENEAGE, grandam, by a son of the Lister Turk - Brother to
                Snake.
             1720 (about) br. c. Jigg  (Heneage's), by Halifax
                                                       Goliah   -  Mr Heneage
             1722 b. c. Whitenose  (Heneage's), by Hall's
                                                       Arabian  -  Mr Heneage
                     f. by Heneage's Jigg -         -           -  Mr Heneage

                                           JIGG MARE
                     Got by Heneage's Jigg, out of his own dam, as above.
             1741 ch. c. Jigg (Hunt's), by the Bolton Goliah    -  Mr Hunt
             1742 b. c. Ditto, by ditto         -          -    -  Mr Hunt
             1745 b. c. Jigg-of-Jiggs, by Hunt's Jigg -         -  Mr Hunt
             1747 b. c. Spanker, by Goliah      -          -    -  Mr Hunt
             1749 b. c. Fox, by ditto     -           -         -  Mr Hunt
             1751 br. c. Heel-and-Toe, by Hunt's Jigg      -    -  Mr Hunt
                      f. by Goliah        -           -         -  Mr Hunt

 

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 72, says - "Whitenose (sire of Silvertail) was bred by Mr. Heneage, and got by a Son of Mr. Hall's Arabian; dam, (Mr. Heneage's Jigg's dam) by Old Jigg, sire of Partner".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 89, says - "Jigg (sire of the dam of Mr. Hunt's Jigg, &c.) was bred by Mr. Heneage, and got by Goliah, (sire of Mr. Hunt's Jigg); his dam, (Mr. Heneage's Whitenose's dam,) by Sir Roger Mostyn's Jigg, sire of Mr. Crofts's Partner".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 42, says - "Goliah was sold to Mr. Trout, of Lincolnshire, for a stallion, and was sire of Mr. Vavasour's Champion; Mr. Heneage's Jigg; Mr. Hunt's Jigg, Ditto, Spanker, and Fox; Mr. Trout's Infant; Sir W. W. Wynn's Legacy, &c".

There is much confusion surrounding the identity of the sire of Heneage's Jigg. He ran second in a race at Alford, Lincolnshire, in 1728 when he must have been at least five years old and so could not have been foaled later than 1723. The GSB says his sire was the Halifax Goliah, who was foaled in 1722 and Pick says his sire was the Bolton Goliah, who was foaled in 1730. Since neither of these stallions could possibly be his sire, it would appear that either Hunt's Jigg was also once known as Heneage's Jigg or Pick has confused them. The editors of the 5th edition of volume 1 of the GSB, realising Pick's error and assuming the sire must be a stallion called Goliah, replaced the Bolton Goliah with the Halifax Goliah, the only other stallion of that name available to them.

Cheny's Racing Calendar for 1744, in the index, pages xxiv and xxv, says - "Silvertail was got by the late Mr. Heneage's White-Nose. White-Nose, which was out of the Dam of his Brown Horse called Jigg, Son of Old Jigg, and the Hall Arabian".

It would seem that, like other members of this family, Heneage's Jigg was incestuously bred and was by Old Jigg out of a mare by Old Jigg. It seems more likely, however, that his sire was the son of Jigg out of Grey Wilkes, that sired Lord Molyneux's Whimsey; while his dam, according to the folowing advertisement, was a daughter of Curwen's Bay Barb. The second advertisement gives the breeding of Hunt's Jigg.

The London Evening Post, Thursday, February 6, 1735, Number 1127, says - "These are to give Notice, That the Son of the famous Figg [Jigg], got by the Byerly Turk, is now in the Hands of Mr Thomas Hunt, at Linton upon Ouze, six Miles North of York, will be leap’d this Season at a Guinea a Mare and Half a Crown his Keeper: He was bred out of a Bay-Barb Mare of Mr Cuzzans of Workington, and Mother to White-Nose, both bred by Thomas Heneage, Esq; of Cadeby, Lincolnshire. He is free from any Eye-Sores, about 14 hands and a half high; he had the Misfortune to have sore Heels when between three and four Years old, yet won a great Match, and at the Year was counted the speediest Horse in England; he was able to carry 12 Stone or upwards. N B Grass may be had for the Mares at reasonable Rates, and great Care taken of them".

The York Courant, Tuesday, March 6, 1749-50, Number 1273, says - "To Leap this Season, At Linton upon Ouse, seven Miles North of York, at Three Guineas and Half a Crown, Mr Hunt's Jigg. He was got by Bolton's Goliah, Son of Fox; his dam by Jigg, his Grandam by the Son of the Stradling, or Lister Turk, Brother to Snake. He is free from any Eye-Sore, and Sire to his brown Colt, Jigg of Jiggs. His own Brother, Ditto, will Leap at One Guinea and One Shilling; a Horse of great Beauty in Strength, Shape, and just Actions".

In light of this new information the two entries in the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 107, should appear as follows:

 

                                     CURWEN'S BAY BARB MARE,
             Got by Curwen's Bay Barb.
             1720 (about) br. c. Jigg  (Heneage's), by Jigg     -  Mr Heneage
             1722 b. c. Whitenose  (Heneage's), by Hall's
                                                       Arabian  -  Mr Heneage
                                           JIGG MARE
             Got by Heneage's Jigg, grandam by the son of the Stradling, or 
                                 Lister Turk, Brother to Snake.
             1741 ch. c. Jigg (Hunt's), by the Bolton Goliah    -  Mr Hunt
             1742 b. c. Ditto, by ditto         -          -    -  Mr Hunt
             1745 b. c. Jigg-of-Jiggs, by Hunt's Jigg -         -  Mr Hunt
             1747 b. c. Spanker, by Goliah      -          -    -  Mr Hunt
             1749 b. c. Fox, by ditto     -           -         -  Mr Hunt
             1751 br. c. Heel-and-Toe, by Hunt's Jigg      -    -  Mr Hunt
                      f. by Goliah        -           -         -  Mr Hunt

 

This is the pedigree of Heneage's Jigg incorporating the evidence and conjecture contained in this article:

HENEAGE'S JIGG SON OF JIGG
[SMITH'S SON OF SNAKE]
JIGG
[SNAKE]
BYERLEY'S TURK
[LISTER'S TURK]
 
 
Charming Jenny SPANKER
Old Morocco Mare
Grey Wilkes GREY HAUTBOY HAUTBOY
Arlington Barb Mare
Darcy's Pet Mare DARCY'S WHITE TURK
Darcy's Grey Royal
Curwen's Bay Barb mare CURWEN'S BAY BARB    
 
   
 
     
 
   
 

 

DESCENT CHART 10
[INCORPORATING THE EVIDENCE AND CONJECTURE CONTAINED IN THIS ARTICLE]

 

                                                       Old Morocco Mare = DARCY'S YELLOW TURK
                                                               |        |
  --------------------------------------------------------------        |
  |     -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  |     |                                                                                         |
  |  SPANKER                                           PLACE'S WHITE TURK       =       Lonsdale Arabian Mare
  |     |                                        PLACE'S WHITE TRUGUNWELL TURK  |        Darcy's Grey Royal
  |     |                                              DARCY'S WHITE TURK       |
   \   /                                                                        ------------------------------------
  Charming                                                                      |                                  |
   Jenny     LISTER'S TURK <=> RUTLAND BLACKLEGS <=> BYERLEY'S TURK = Darcy's Oldest Royal Mare                 HAUTBOY
     |             |                                       |           Tregonwell Barb mare                    [ROCKWOOD]
     ------------> | <-------------------------------      |              Old Grey Royal                           |
                   |                                |      |             Darcy's Pet Mare                          |
                   |                                |      |             Wyvill's Clubfoot                         |
                   |                                |      |                    |                             GREY HAUTBOY
     ------------> | <----------------------------> | <--> | <-------------------------------------------------    |
     |             |                                |      |                    |                             |    |
     |             |       -----------------------> | <-----------------------> | <---------------            |    |
     |             |       |          |             |      |                    |                |            |    |
Makeless mare      |       |          |             |      |              Blunderbuss mare       |            |    |
     =             |       |          |              \    /                     =                |             \   |
  RUTLAND           \     /           |           PELHAM'S JIGG              RUTLAND          RUTLAND         Grey Wilkes
BLACK BARB       BLACK HEARTY        mare       [LISTER'S SNAKE]           GREY ARABIAN <=> CONEYSKINS  =    [Old Wilkes]
     |                 |              |                 |                       |                |      |          |
     |                 |              |                 |---------------------> | <------------> | <--> | <-----   |
     |            ------              |                 |                       |                |      |      |   |
     |            |                   |                 |       --------------> | <---------------      |      |   |
     |            |                   |                 |       |               |                       |       \  |
    mare     Bonny Black          BULLE ROCK           mare     |              mare                    mare   SMITH'S SON
     |              1715     by Darley's Arabian        |       |               |                       |      OF SNAKE
     |                                  1709            |       |               |                       |    [SON OF JIGG]
     |                                                  |       |               |                       |          |
     |      ------------------------------------------> | <---> | <-----------> | <-------------------> | <---------
      \    /            |                |               \     /                |                       |
       mare          CROFT'S         WILLIAMS'S         HUTTON'S             Creeper            HUTTON'S BLACKLEGS
        | 1723       PARTNER          SQUIRREL         CONEYSKINS           by Darcy's         by Hutton's Bay Barb
        |                 1718             1719              1712            Woodcock                     1725
        |                                                                         1716
        |
HARTLEY'S WHITEFOOT
by Bloody Buttocks
          1729

BYERLEY'S TURK=LISTER'S TURK=RUTLAND'S BLACKLEGS=DARCY'S BLACKLEGS
     |  Bowe's Mare
     |       |  TRUE BLUE (1710)
     |       |  YOUNG TRUE BLUE (1718)
     |  BRISTOL'S GRASSHOPPER
     |       |  Golden Locks
     |       |       |  GENTLEMAN (1723)
     |       |       |  SYPHAX (1727)
     |       |       |  LOOBY (1728)
     |  CRECKET=DARCY'S CRITCHET
     |  Blackleg's mare=Ramsden's Byerley's Turk mare
     |       |  Wastell's Turk mare (1703)
     |       |       |  Duchess (1708)
     |       |  GREY RAMSDEN (1704)
     |  Sister to Ramsden's Byerley's Turk mare
     |       |  TANTIVY
     |  Byerley's Turk mare
     |       |  Pigot Turk mare
     |  Byerley's Turk mare
     |       |  BULLE ROCK (1709)
     |  Byerley's Turk mare
     |       |  Hautboy mare
     |       |       |  Wharton Mare
     |       |       |       |  BUCKHUNTER alias CARLISLE GELDING (1713)
     |       |       |       |  Old Lady
     |       |       |       |       |  Worlock's Galloway (1724)
     |  Byerley's Turk mare
     |       |  Farmer Mare
     |       |       |  Bushy Molly (1717)
     |  Byerley's Turk mare
     |       |  SMALE'S CHILDERS (1726)
     |  Chesnut Wilkinson
     |       |  Chillaby Barb mare
     |       |       |  Leedes mare
     |       |       |       |  Hampton Court Chesnut Arabian mare
     |       |       |       |       |  Muley mare
     |       |       |       |       |       |  Son of Quiet mare
     |       |       |       |       |       |       |  Tarquin mare (1753)
     |  DEVONSHIRE'S BASTO (1703)
     |       |  Brown Betty (1713)
     |       |       |  COLE'S FOX-HUNTER (1727)
     |       |  Old Ebony (1714)
     |       |       |  Ebony (1728)
     |  GODOLPHIN'S BYERLEY GELDING
     |  HALLOWAY'S JIGG
     |  HIGHLOW
     |  KINGSTON'S BRISK
     |  Sister to Brisk
     |       |  Snell's White Mare by Gase's Stallion
     |       |       |  BOLTON SWEEPSTAKES (1722)
     |  Kingston's Piping Peg
     |  Hobby Mare
     |       |  BROCKLESBY (1709)
     |       |  Long Meg (1710)
     |       |  Brocklesby Betty (1711)
     |       |       |  Brocklesby (1721)
     |       |       |       |  Grey Brocklesby (1728)
     |       |       |       |  Bay Brocklesby (1731)
     |       |       |       |       |  Dairy Maid (1737)
     |       |       |  BROCKLESBY (1723)  
     |       |  HIP (1716)
     |  Curwen's Sister to Snake
     |       |  Grey Hautboy mare
     |       |       |  MASKILL'S SQUIRREL
     |       |       |       |  BLISS'S CHESNUT STALLION (1743)
     |  KINGSTON'S SPRITE
     |  Knightley's Mare
     |  PELHAM'S JIGG=MOSTYN'S JIGG=LISTER'S SNAKE
     |       |  Son of Byerley's Turk foal (1707)
     |       |  Son of Byerley's Turk foal (1707)
     |       |  Jigg mare
     |       |       |  BRISK (1711)
     |       |       |       |  COLE'S FOX-HUNTER (1727)
     |       |       |  HUTTON'S CONEYSKINS (1712)
     |       |  Jigg mare
     |       |       |  HENEAGE'S JIGG
     |       |  Jigg mare
     |       |       |  PATRIOT (1729)
     |       |  Snake mare
     |       |       |  BADGER alias THUNDERBOLT (1723)
     |       |  SON OF JIGG=SMITH'S SON OF SNAKE
     |       |       |  BAY WILKINSON (1717)
     |       |       |  Miss Jigg (1717)
     |       |       |       |  JUBA (1731)
     |       |       |       |  Sister to Juba
     |       |       |       |       |  Lisette (1752)
     |       |       |       |  Childers mare (1736)
     |       |       |       |       |  HOG (1746)
     |       |       |       |  JACKANAPES (1740)
     |       |       |       |  MEREDITH'S MONKEY (1741)
     |       |       |       |  Traveller mare
     |       |       |       |       |  PIONEER (1768)
     |       |       |  CROFT'S PARTNER (1718)
     |       |       |       |  SMITH'S TARTAR (1743)
     |       |       |       |       |  KING HEROD (1758)
     |       |       |  WILLIAMS'S SQUIRREL (1719)
     |       |       |  Sister to Partner
     |       |       |       |  NEST GULL (1740)
     |       |       |  Sister to Partner
     |       |       |       |  Mab (1740)
     |       |       |  Bald Peg (1720)
     |       |       |  Sister to Bay Wilkinson (1720)
     |       |       |  ELLERKER'S SNAKE=HARTLEPOOL SNAKE=EASBY SNAKE (1721)
     |       |       |       |  Miss Hendry (1730)
     |       |       |       |  Terror mare grey colt (1730)
     |       |       |       |  Mother Western (1731)
     |       |       |       |       |  Spilletta (1749)
     |       |       |       |       |       |  ECLIPSE (1764)
     |       |       |       |  Terror mare chesnut filly (1731)
     |       |       |       |  Sister to Mother Western
     |       |       |       |       |  Devonshire Blacklegs mare
     |       |       |       |       |       |  TRAJAN (1748)
     |       |       |       |  BEAVER'S DRIVER (1732)
     |       |       |       |  Terror mare grey colt (1732)
     |       |       |       |  SHAFTO'S ORION
     |       |       |       |       |  Pamela (1744)
     |       |       |       |  HURST'S STALLION (1740)
     |       |       |       |  DUNNING'S SNAKE (1745)
     |       |       |       |       |  YOUNG SNAKE (1764)
     |       |       |       |  Snake mare
     |       |       |       |       |  CARLISLE (1749)
     |       |       |  Molly in the Moss (1722)
     |       |       |       |  SIMON=CHILDERS (1733)
     |       |       |       |  Bartlett's Childers mare (1736)
     |       |       |       |       |  Regulus mare (1759)
     |       |       |  HENEAGE'S JIGG
     |       |       |       |  Heneage's Jigg mare
     |       |       |       |       |  HUNT'S JIGG (1741)
     |       |       |       |       |       |  JIGG-OF-JIGGS (1745)
     |       |       |       |  CULLEN'S JIGG
     |       |       |  Molyneux's Whimsey (1722)
     |       |       |  ROBINSON CRUSOE (1723)
     |       |       |  Snake mare (1723)
     |       |       |       |  HARTLEY'S WHITEFOOT (1729)
     |       |       |  Smith's Sister to Squirrel (1723)
     |       |       |  SMITH'S MIDGE (SMITH'S SNAKE) (1724)
     |       |       |  Worlock's Galloway (1724)
     |       |       |  *Bay Thornton colt (1724)
     |       |       |  *Scar colt (1724)
     |       |       |  Bay Wilkinson's dam slipped foal (1724)
     |       |       |  RICH'S LOWTHER (1725)
     |       |       |  *Brown Farewell bay filly (1726)
     |       |       |  *Brown Woodcock filly (1726)
     |       |       |  *Lusty Thornton bay colt (1726)
     |       |       |  *Sister to Rake brown colt (1726)
     |       |       |  *Scar filly (1726)
     |       |       |  DODSWORTH'S MIDGE (1726)
     |       |       |  *Brown Woodcock filly (1727)
     |       |       |  *Grey Woodcock colt (1727)
     |       |       |  SHOCK (1729)
     |       |       |  SAUCEBOX
     |       |       |  Sister to Shock
     |       |  Old Country Wench (1712)
     |       |       |  Partner mare (1735)
     |       |       |       |  DIONYSIUS (1752)
     |       |  Sister to Old Country Wench
     |       |       |  Grey Robinson (1723)
     |       |       |       |  REGULUS (1739)
     |       |  Sister to Old Country Wench
     |       |       |  SHOCK (1729)
     |       |       |  Sister to Shock
     |  BROTHER TO SNAKE
     |       |  Brother to Snake mare
     |       |       |  Heneage's Jigg mare
     |       |       |       |  HUNT'S JIGG (1741)
     |       |       |       |       |  JIGG-OF-JIGGS (1745)
     |  RUTLAND'S ARCHER
     |  RUTLAND'S BLACK HEARTY
     |       |  Bonny Black (1715)
     |  RUTLAND'S CONEYSKINS=RUTLAND'S GREY TURK=ACASTER TURK
     |       |  Rutland's Grey Turk mare
     |       |       |  Creeper (1716)
     |       |  Wharton Mare
     |       |  CHAUNTER (1710)
     |       |  Sister to Chaunter
     |       |  Thwaites Dun Mare
     |       |       |  BEAVER'S DRIVER (1732)
     |       |  Acaster Turk mare
     |       |       |  WILLIAMS'S SQUIRREL (1719)
     |       |       |  ELLERKER'S SNAKE=HARTLEPOOL SNAKE=EASBY SNAKE (1721)
     |       |  HUTTON'S CONEYSKINS (1712)
     |  LISTER'S GREY TURK=WIDDRINGTON GREY TURK
     |       |  ELEY'S GREY TURK
     |       |       |  GREATHEAD (1711)
     |       |  Black Lister Mare
     |       |       |  Peg Mare
     |       |       |       | MERRYMAN (1718)
     |       |  BRIDGEWATER'S BRISK
     |       |       |  Gardiner's Favourite Mare (1725)
     |       |  RUTLAND'S OYSTER-FOOT
     |       |       |  TOWNLEY'S OYSTER-FOOT

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