BLACK-A-TOP, OLD MONTAGUE MARE, PULLEINE'S CHESNUT ARABIAN AND WHITESHIRT MARE

AN INVESTIGATION INTO THEIR TRUE IDENTITIES


BLACK-A-TOP

 

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 1, Ayscough was a chesnut colt, foaled in 1722, by Black a Top out of the Akaster Turk mare (sister to Chaunter).

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 382, says - "Pam, Mr. Ward's (aft. Lord Bolingbroke's Va Tout), bred by Mr Swymmer, 1757, by Regulus - Cade - Sedbury - Scarborough Colt - Darcy's Woodcock - Blackatop - Old Smithson - Brimmer - Hautboy".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 3, pages 181 and 182, says - "Herminta, (dam of [Hutchinson's] Hermit) a Brown-Bay Mare, foaled in 1760, was bred by Simon Scroope, Esq; of Danby Hall, near Bedale, Yorkshire.--She was got by Mr Panton’s Hermit, (own Brother to Spectator) out of Alicroker.--At Doncaster in 1764, Herminta, won 50 l for four-year olds, 8 st 7 lb each, beating at three two-mile heats, Mr Brandling’s Post, 8 st 7 lb; Mr Vane’s Grenadier, 8 st 12 lb; and Mr Dunn’s Rosetta, 8 st 7 lb. She afterwards started for the Royal Purses at Hambleton and Newmarket, and was then put out of training. Herminta, was sold to Mr Bamlett for a Brood-Mare, and was also the dam of Mr Hutchinson’s br f Black-eye-Susan (Grandam of Rifleman, and great grandam of Bachelor, by Alfred 1779), Mr Hutchninson’s ches filly, Nancy, (won 50 l at Boroughbridge, and 50 l at New Malton in 1784 by Alfred 1780). Herminta was the dam of several others. She died at Norton, in Cleveland, about 1783.
Alicroker, (dam of Herminta) a Bay Mare, foaled in 1748, was also bred by Mr Scroope.--She was got by Regulus, her dam by the Scarbrough colt; grandam by Black-a-Top.--Lord D’arcy’s Woocock--Mr Wilkes’s Hautboy, out of a Brimmer mare. Alicroker started three times without winning.--She was a Brood-Mare in Mr Scroope’s Stud, and was the dam of his bay colt, Jessamy, (foaled in 1762) by Jessamy, and several others.--Jessamy beat Sir R Winn’s grey colt, Brisk, by Changeling, at Newmarket, in April 1766, over the B C 200gs.
Black-a-Top, (Sire of the grandam of Alicroker) a Black Horse, foaled about the year 1739, was bred by Sir Marmaduke Wyvill, Bart.--He was brother to Primate, (vol I, p 84) by Young Belgrade; his dam by Young Greyhound; grandam by Lord D’Arcy’s Woodcock--Hobler--Brimmer,--Mr Place’s White Turk, out of a noted Black a-Top Mare, which was bred at Constable-Burton. He never raced, but was a Stallion in Sir Marmaduke Wyvill’s Stud where he died".

This Black-a-Top, brother to Primate, can't possibly be the sire of the grandam of Alicroker.

The following advertisement appears in Heber's Racing Calendar, volume VI, for the year 1756 - "To be sold, a fine Bay Stone Horse, 12 Years old, bred by the late Sir marmaduke Wyvill, Bart at Burton in Yorkshire, near 15 Hand high very Strong, remarkably Healthy, and clear of all natural Blemishes. He was got by Young Belgrade, his Dam by Young Greyhound, his Grand Dam by Lord Darcy's Woodcock, his Great Grand Dam by Hobler, his Great, Great, Grand Dam, by Brimmer, his Great, Great, Great, Grand Dam by Place's White Turk, out of a noted Burton Black-a-Top Mare; his Dam was bred by the late Sir Ralph Milbank, and said to be Sister to Comet's Dam".

Hobler in this pedigree, and in the previous pedigree of Black-a-Top, is a mistake for Hautboy, most probably Grey Hautboy. The dam by Young Greyhound and Comet's dam by Young Greyhound are out of different daughters of Woodcock.

The Newcastle Courant, Saturday, March 26, 1726, Number 48, says - "This is to give Notice, That Blackatop, the same that got Sir Marmaduke Wyvill's Dun Mare, Castaway, and the Parsons Gelding, is now at Jervax, to serve Mares, at two Guineas each: He was got by Mr Pullen's Chesnut Arabian, and out of Sir Marmaduke Wyvill's old Blackatop. And Jervaux Castaway will be at Mrs Lazenby's at Clowbeck near Darlington, the 14th Day of March, to serve Mares at 10 s each, and 6 d to his Keeper; he will be that Week and every other Week after in the County of Durham, and will keep Darlington and Bishop-Auckland: He will be the other Weeks at Jervaux in Yorkshire, and will be every Saturday in Richmond coming and going. His Pedigre is as follows, He was got by Blackatop, his Mother by Howboy; his Grand-Mother by Brimer; his great Grand-Mother by White-Lowdon; his great great Grand Mother was the famous Falconbridge's Mare; disprove this, and all the Mares shall be served for nothing, as Witness my Hand, C Ascough".

 

         GSB                     PICK               PICK and HEBER               PICK         NEWCASTLE COURANT          GSB


         mare                                            mare                                   Falconbridge's
     by Dodsworth                                   by Black-a-Top                                   mare
          |                                               |                                           |
          |                                               |                                           |
          |                                               |                                           |
         mare                                            mare                                        mare
by Place's White Turk                           by Place's White Turk                         by White-Lowdon         Royal Mare
          |                                               |                                           |                   |
          |                                               |                                           |                   |
          |                                               |                                           |                   |
         mare                    mare                    mare                    mare                mare                mare
     by Brimmer              by Brimmer              by Brimmer              by Brimmer           by Brimer          by Brimmer
          |                       |                       |                       |                   |                   |
          |                       |                       |                       |                   |                   |
          |                       |                       |                       |                   |                   |
   Brown Farewell        Old Scarborough Mare            mare                    mare                mare                mare
     by Makeless             by Makeless              by Hobler          by Wilke's Hautboy       by Howboy          by Hautboy
            1710                  | 1705                  |                       |                   |                   |
          -------------------------                       |                       |                   |                   |
          |                       |                       |                       |                   |                   |
OLD SCARBOROUGH COLT             mare                    mare                    mare                 |                  mare
      by Tifter             by Bay Bolton        by Darcy's Woodcock     by Darcy's Woodcock          |           by Darcy's Montagu
            1724                  |                       |                       |                   |                   |
                                  |                       |                       |                   |                   |
                                  |                       |                       |                   |                   |
                            YOUNG BELGRADE   =           mare                    mare              CASTAWAY          Mother Western
                           by Belgrade Turk  |   by Young Greyhound        by Black-a-Top        by Blackatop    by Smith's son of Snake
                                             |                                    |                                       | 1731
          -------------------------------------------------                       |                                       |
          |                       |                       |                       |                                       |
      BAY HORSE              BLACK-A-TOP               PRIMATE                   mare                                 Spilletta
            1744                                            1740         by Scarborough Colt                          by Regulus
                                                                                  |                                       | 1749
                                                                                  |                                       |
                                                                                  |                                       |
                                                                             Ali Croker                                ECLIPSE
                                                                             by Regulus                               by Marske
                                                                                  | 1748                                    1764
                                                                                  |
                                                                                  |
                                                                               Herminta
                                                                               by Hermit
                                                                                    1760

 

The above evidence points to there being three stallions called Black-a-Top, namely:

BLACK-A-TOP, a black horse, foaled about the year 1739, brother to Primate, by Young Belgrade.
BLACK-A-TOP, sire of Ayscough in 1722, by Pulleine's Chesnut Arabian.
BLACK-A-TOP, sire of the "noted Burton Black-a-Top mare".

The Black-a-Top that sired Ayscough was probably the sire of the grandam of Ali Croker and of the fifth dam of Va Tout.

The dam lines of Herminta and Black-a-Top, brother to Primate, appear to be identical from the Woodcock mare back, assuming that Hobler is a mistake for [Grey] Hautboy. According to Cheny's Racing Calendar for 1744, page viii in the index, Hautboy was sire of the great grandam of Black-a-Top, although further evidence below would seem to point to this Black-a-Top being Lord Middleton's mare Black at Top. The extension of the dam line of Primate back to the "noted Burton Black-a-Top mare" is very exciting. If this Black-a-Top is Dodsworth and the last three mares are identical to the first three dams of Brown Farewell, then the next dam must be the Layton Barb Mare. The Black-a-Top mare, however, is specifically called a "noted Burton Black-a-Top mare" and "a noted Black a-Top Mare, which was bred at Constable-Burton", which may be further proof that the Layton Barb Mare and the Burton Barb Mare were identical.

The dam of Old Scarborough Colt (maternal grandsire of Ali Croker), and the grandam of Young Belgrade (sire of Primate), was Old Scarborough Mare, who may also trace to the Layton Barb Mare as her sire and maternal grandsire are the same as those of Brown Farewell.

The dam line of Mother Western may also trace back to the Layton Barb Mare, her dam being by a Darcy stallion out of an Hautboy mare out of a Brimmer mare out of a Royal Mare. Although he gives no reason for his assumption, it is worth noting here that Cedric Borgnis, in his article "An attempt to compute dates of the original Foundation Mares", as published in the September 1973 issue of The British Racehorse, makes Brown Farewell, Old Scarborough Mare and the Hautboy mare, grandam of Mother Western, daughters of the same Brimmer mare.

Hobler

Prior's Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, page 70, in Cuthbert Routh's Stud-Book, says - "Rib was got by Old Crab. His dam by Ld D'Arcy's Woodcock, his grand dam by a Barb in that country, and she call'd the Moonah Mare, was brought over in the same mannr as The Royal Affrican, her brother, and were foaled with the King's Stud at Hampton Court. This pedegree was sent by Mr Marshall, Studmastr at Hampton Court. To Sr Ralph Milbanke, Bart, at Halnaby. (Wittness) Cuthbert Routh".

Heber's Racing Calendar for 1751, page 195, Stallions covered in the past season, says - "Ribb, at Theakstone, near Beedall in Yorkshire / 3 gns / bred by Sir Ralph Milbank, Bart and got by Mr Panton's Old Crab, his Dam was the noted Mare, called Doll she was got by Lord Darcy's Woodcock, and his Grand Dam, by a True Barb, she was call'd the Moonah Mare, being brought over in the same manner as the Royal African her Brother, and both foaled at Hampton Court. / 15 hands".

Weatherby's Racing Calendar for 1778, Advertisements of Stallions, 1779, page 337, says - "Premium, at the same place [Warnford, Hants], at 1g, and 1s the servant ; a very high bred, boney, bay horse. He is 15 hands, 1 inch high, rising 5 years old [foaled 1774] ; he was got by Omnium, out of a daughter of Syphon, grand dam by Norris's Bolton, g. grand dam by Old Cade, g. g. grand dam by Young Greyhound, g. g. g. grand dam by Lord Darcy's Woodcock, g. g. g. g. grandam by the Royal African, out of the Moonah Barb mare".

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 183, says - "Skewcap (sister to Comet), Bred by Sir R. Hilton, got by Cade, her dam by Young Greyhound - Doll, by Woodcock - Moonah Bay Barb".

Pond's Sporting Kalendar for 1757, page 173, says - "Comet, the Duke of Bridgewater's, was got by Cade; his Dam by Young Greyhound, his Grandam by Woodstock, which Mare was the Dam of Rib, and out of the own Sister to the Royal African, which was got by the brown Barb at Hampton Court, and out of the Moonah Mare".

Cheny's Racing Calendar for 1746, page 143, says - 'Woodstock, Mr. Asbly's, p. 41, 48. was got by the Fagg Rosamond (Son of the Fagg Fair Rosamond) which was out of a full sister to Leeds and the Godolphin Old Hobler, which was got by a foreign Horse".

Primate's dam was said to be sister to Comet's dam and her grandam was by Hobler out of a mare by Brimmer. The dam of Comet's sister Skewcap was out of Doll by Woodcock out of a mare by the Moonah Bay Barb. The third dam of Premium was probably a sister to Comet and her third dam was by the Royal African out of the Moonah Barb mare. In this last pedigree "out of the Moonah Barb mare' most probably refers to the Royal African, who was by the Hampton Court Brown Barb out of the Moonah Mare. The Moonah Bay Barb in the pedigree of Skewcap also probably refers to the Royal African, as the dam of Doll was also by the Hampton Court Brown Barb. Pond's pedigree of Comet also makes his grandam Doll "which Mare was the Dam of Rib, and out of the own Sister to the Royal African, which was got by the brown Barb at Hampton Court, and out of the Moonah Mare".

There is much confusion here with Hobler / Hautboy and Moonah Bay Barb / Moonah Barb Mare / Moonah Mare. It would appear that the dam line of Comet has been wrongly attached to the Moonah Mare because the Royal African was also out of the Moonah Mare. Although it is more than possible that the Royal African was mated to his own sister, the Moonah Barb Mare, the evidence here seems to point to the Royal African being identical with the Moonah Bay Barb and Hobler. It is more than probable that this Hobler was the Godolphin Old Hobler (who was mated to a sister Leedes), a full brother to the Moonah Barb Mare (who was mated to Leedes).

Leedes Brown Barb

Prior's Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, page 150, quoting an extract from the diary of John Hervey, 1st Earl of Bristol, says - "1705, Sept. 3rd. Paid Mr. Anthony Leeds, of Milford, Yorkshire, for ye 3 year old bey Philley (gott by Careless, under Leeds' full sister) and ye 2 year old bey colt (got by ye brown Barbe King William gave his father, under bey Peg, which was a daughter of Young Spanker) and for ye bey yearling gott by Careless, under a daughter of ye said Barbe's, which was one of my Lord Wharton's Gallant's sister, in all £150".

It is possible that the Hampton Court Brown Barb was the Brown Barb King William III gave to Mr Leedes. The mention of Lord Wharton's Gallant in 1705, however, seemingly because he was a good racehorse and therefore foaled before 1701, means that if this identification is correct then either Gallant was an earlier own brother to the Royal African or the Moonah Mare wasn't the only mare shuttling to Barbary.

 

DESCENT CHART 1
[INCORPORATING THE EVIDENCE AND CONJECTURE CONTAINED IN THIS ARTICLE]

 

                                      BLACK-A-TOP <====> DODSWORTH <====> DARCY'S YELLOW TURK
                                            |                                     |
   -------------------------------------->  | <------------------------------------
   |                                        |                                     |
   |                  PLACE'S WHITE TURK = mare                                SPANKER
   |                                     |                                        |
   |       -------------------------------            ----------------------------------------------------------
   |       |                                          |                                                        |
BRIMMER = mare                 LEEDES ARABIAN = Charming Jenny                                           YOUNG SPANKER
        |                                     |                                                                |
   ------                                     |                                                                |
   |                                          |                Moonah Mare  =  HAMPTON COURT BROWN BARB        |
  mare  =  HOBLER [Error for GREY HAUTBOY]    |                             |     [LEEDES BROWN BARB]    =  Bay Peg
        |                                     |                             |                            |
        |             ----------------------------------------------------> | <-----------------         |
        |             |                                                     |                  |         |
   ------             |                 -------------------------------------                  |         |
   |                  |                 |                                   |                  |         |
  mare              Fair     =    ROYAL AFRICAN       WOODCOCK   =     Moonah Barb Mare    =  LEEDES   BAY COLT
   |              Rosamond   |      [HOBLER]             | 1702  |            1700         |                 1703
   |                         |            1699           |       |                         |
   |                         |                           |       |                         |
   ----      --------------> | <--------------------------       |                         |
       \    /                |                                   |                         |
        mare             ROSAMOND                               Doll                      mare
         |              [by Hobler]                              | 1721                    |
         |                   |                                   |                         |
         |                   |                --------------------                         |
         |                   |                |                  |                         |
        mare             WOODCOCK            mare               RIB                 Old Leedes Mare
by Young Greyhound      [WOODSTOCK]   by Young Greyhound       by Crab                by Whitefoot
         |                     1740           |                    1736                    |
         |                                    --------------------------------             |
         |                                    |               |              |             |
      PRIMATE                                mare           COMET         Skewcap      SHERBORNE
 by Young Belgrade                         by Cade         by Cade        by Cade     by Hobgoblin
           1740                               |                              |               1738
                                              |                              |
                                              |                              |
                                             mare                           mare
                                          by Bolton                       by Tartar
                                              |                              |
                                              |               ----------------
                                              |               |              |
                                             mare          KIPLING     PRINCE WILLIAM
                                          by Syphon     by Young Snip  by Dainty Davy
                                              |                 1764           1777
                                              |
                                              |
                                           PREMIUM
                                          by Omnium
                                                1774
Duns

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 377, says - "Black a Top, gr. m., 1724, or 1725, by Bald Galloway. There was also a stallion of this name which cannot be traced".

Cheny's Racing Calendar for 1744, pages xiv and xv in the index, says - "Brushwood was got by a Son of Capt. Hartley's Blind Stallion, Son of the Holderness Turk. His Dam was got by Blackatop, his Grand-Dam by the Wyvill Dun Turk, his Great Grand Dam by Hautboy, his Great Great Grand-Dam by Brimmer, Son of the Darcy Yellow Turk". Page xv also says - "The sire of Brushwood also got Mr Scroop's Trusty, afterward Lord Portmore's, now Sir Edward Obrien's".

Prior's Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, page 69, in Cuthbert Routh's Stud-Book, says - "Trusty was got by a colt I bred myself calld Stoole, who was got by Cap: Hartley's Blind Horse, and out of a full sister to Castaway. His [Trusty's] dam was got by Bald Galloway, his G. dam [the dam of Stoole] by Black-a-top (the same as got Castaway, Parson's Gelding, Sr M. Wyvill's dun mare, and a great many brave Horses besides). Trusty's dam was got by Bald Galloway, her dam by Acaster Turk, her G. dam by Leed's Arabian, her G. G. dam by Old Spanker, as Wittness my hand, C. Ascough".

The Newcastle Courant, Saturday, March 26, 1726, Number 48, says - "This is to give Notice, That Blackatop, the same that got Sir Marmaduke Wyvill's Dun Mare, Castaway, and the Parsons Gelding, is now at Jervax, to serve Mares, at two Guineas each: He was got by Mr Pullen's Chesnut Arabian, and out of Sir Marmaduke Wyvill's old Blackatop. And Jervaux Castaway will be at Mrs Lazenby's at Clowbeck near Darlington, the 14th Day of March, to serve Mares at 10 s each, and 6 d to his Keeper; he will be that Week and every other Week after in the County of Durham, and will keep Darlington and Bishop-Auckland: He will be the other Weeks at Jervaux in Yorkshire, and will be every Saturday in Richmond coming and going. His Pedigre is as follows, He was got by Blackatop, his Mother by Howboy; his Grand-Mother by Briner; his great Grand-Mother by White-Lowdon; his great great Grand Mother was the famous Falconbridge's Mare; disprove this, and all the Mares shall be served for nothing, as Witness my Hand, C Ascough".

Prior's The Royal Studs of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries, page 183, in Lord Antrim's Stud, says - "Black Mare Got by Mogull, her dam by [Young] Belgrade, her grandam* by ye Scarborough Colt, her great grandam was Sir M. Wyvill's Old Golden Dun Mare. [Dam of] 1756. Colt by Coalition Colt. 1757. Colt by Hector". The asterisk refers to a note which, unfortunately, was not included in the text.

According to Cheny's Racing Calendar for 1744, page viii in the index, Hautboy was sire of - "the Great Grand-Dams of Barforth, Trusty, Brushwood, Country Lass, and Blackatop".

According to Cheny's Racing Calendar for 1746, page 138 in the index, Hautboy was sire of - "the Great Grand Dam of the Hallifax Barforth, the Portmore Trusty, the Ascough Brushwood, and the Middleton Country Lass, and Black at Top".

The Newcastle Courant, Saturday, April 10, 1756, Number 4152, says - "To Leap this Season, At Mr William Richardson’s, in Yarm, Yorkshire, at Two Guineas a Mare, and five Shillings the Keeper, to be paid at the Stable Door; The noted Running Horse, called Old Traveller. At the same Place will Cover, at One Guinea each. The famous Running Horse, Scipio: He is full fifteen hands high, good Marks, clear from any Blemish, goes as well on his Legs as any Horse in England. Scipio was got by Stout; his Dam, by Bartlet’s Childers, out of a Sister to Thunderbolt; and is Sister to Mr Routh’s Forfeit, Fig, and Mr Selby’s Mare, that won Hambleton Guineas in 1741. Stout was got by Mr Hartley’s blind Horse, out of a Sister to Castaway and Blackatop; and is Brother to Mr Routh’s Skim, late Lord Portmore’s, Mr hale’s, and Mr Doe’s. This is a true Pedigree, as witness my Hand, / James Farmer, Esq; *** Good Grass for Mares, and proper Care taken of them".

The Newcastle Journal, Saturday, March 16. 1745, Number 310, says - "To Leap this Season, At Mr Robert Rea's, at Harraton-Outside, in the Parish of Chester-le-Street, in the County of Durham. To leap at One Guinea, and 1 s to Tho. Cummins, the Groom, The famous Stallion, call'd Trusty. He was Sire to Mr Scroop's Bay Horse, Trusty, that run the five Heats, at Durham. He was got with Mr Hartley's blind Horse, his Dam with Blackatop, his Grand-dam with Hautboy, his Great Grand-dam with Old Brimer, his Great Great Grand-dam with White Lowdon, and out of a Mare of Lord Falconbridge's, called the famous Falconbridge. The Horse is strong, and free of all Blemishes. N B There is good Grass for Mares, and proper Care will be taken of them".

 

DESCENT CHART 2
[INCORPORATING THE EVIDENCE AND CONJECTURE CONTAINED IN THIS ARTICLE]

 

                      GREY HAUTBOY                      mare
                           |                        by Brimmer
                           |                             |
        ----------------------------------------------   |
        |                  |                          \  /
     FARMER               mare <====================> mare         Wyvill's Old Blackatop = PULLEINE'S CHESNUT ARABIAN
     Dun 1706              |                           |                                  |
                           |                           |                                  |
                           |                           |                                  |
                           |                           |                                  |
                          mare <====================> mare                           BLACK-A-TOP
                    by Acaster Turk           by Wyvill's Dun Turk                        |
                           |                           |                                  |
                           |                      ------------                            |
        --------------------------------     ---> | <------> | <-----------------------------------------
        |                  |            \   /      \    /     \    /             |                      |
   Silverlocks            mare        AYSCOUGH      mare     CASTAWAY    PARSON'S GELDING    Wyvill's Golden Dun Mare
by Bald Galloway   by Bald Galloway        1722      |                             1712                 | 1717
          1725             |                         |                                                  |
                           |                         |                                                  |
                           |                         |                                                  |
                        TRUSTY           TRUSTY aka STOUT aka STOOLE                                   mare
                       by Stoole          by Hartley's Blind Horse                             by Scarborough Colt
                             1735                                                                       |
                                                                                                        |
                                                                                                        |
                                                                                                       mare
                                                                                                by Young Belgrade
                                                                                                        |
                                                                                                        |
Brushwood, Trusty's dam, Silverlocks and Sir Marmaduke Wyvill's Golden Dun Mare were                    |
all duns. The Golden Dun Mare and Silverlocks, who is registered as chesnut in the GSB,                mare
were probably palominoes.                                                                            by Mogul

Black-a-Top doesn't appear in the pedigree of Silverlocks so is not the source of the
dilution. The Acaster Turk sired Thwaite's Dun Mare. If Cheny is correct and the third
dam of Trusty was by Hautboy, then there is a possibility that the Acaster Turk was
Wyvill's Dun Turk. The Acaster Turk was also known as Lord Carlisle's White Turk.

 

Black a Top, gr. m., 1724, or 1725, by Bald Galloway was probably out of a mare by Black-a-Top. This Black-a-Top mare may well have been own sister to Castaway. It may be that Cheny was referring to this mare when he stated that Hautboy was sire of the great grandam of Blackatop.

Roxana and Silverlocks

It has long been thought that Silverlocks was own sister to Roxana and the pedigree of Trusty as given by Mr Ascough, the owner of Silverlocks, would seem to confirm this. There is, however, evidence to suppose otherwise.

The produce of the Akaster Turk mare (sister to Chaunter), as listed in the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 1, shows foals bred by Sir W Strickland in 1718, 1719 and 1723, and foals bred by Mr Ayscough in 1722 and 1725. The three fillies are Roxana and her sister and Silverlocks. The produce of the Bald Galloway mare (sister to Roxana) on page 2 includes Cato and his sister, both bred by Sir W Strickland, and Trusty, bred by Mr Ayscough.

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 24, says - "The Acaster Turk was sire of Chaunter, Terror, and Mr. Thwaite's Dun Mare, (dam of Mr. Beaver's Driver). - He got the dam of Mr. Williams's Squirrel ; the dam of Mr. Ovington's famous Roxana, (dam of Lath and Cade) ; the dam of Mr. Coke's Silverlocks, who was the dam of Lord Portmore's Silvertail, Lord Godolphin's Buffcoat, and grandam of Mr. Crofts's Brilliant. - Mr. Scroope's Trusty's dam was own sister to Silverlocks ; Mr. Panton's Cato was out of an own sister to Roxana ; and Mr. Greville's Molly Longlegs's dam was out of an own sister to Cato. - He covered very few Mares".

It is clear from this passage that Roxana and Silverlocks did not share the same dam.

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 58, says - "Roxana (a Chesnut Mare, foaled in 1718) was bred by Sir William Strickland, Bart. who sold her to Mr. Thomas Ovington. - She was got by the Bald Galloway ; her dam (sister to Chaunter, page 24) by the Acaster Turk ; grandam by Mr. Leedes's Arabian, (sire of Leedes) out of a daughter of Spanker".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 61, says - "Trusty was got by a Son of Capt. Hartley's Blind Horse; his dam, (own sister to Silverlocks) by the Bald Galloway ; grandam by the Acaster Turk ; great grandam by Mr. Leedes's Arabian, (sire of Leedes), out of a daughter of Spanker" and "Silverlocks (foaled in 1725, and own sister to the dam of Trusty) was also bred by Mr. Ascough, who sold her to Mr. Coke of Norfolk". Page xxxix in the index says - "The greatest part that Silverlocks and her sister produced were Duns".

This is further proof that Roxana and Silverlocks weren't full sisters. The paragraph about Roxana makes no mention of Silverlocks and the paragraph about Silverlocks makes no mention of Roxana.

According to Prior's Royal Studs of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries, page 139, in the particulars of Edward Coke's Brood Mares, the grandam of Roxana was "Sir William Strickland's Blunder Mare" and the grandam of Silverlocks was "a mare that Sir William Lowther vallued much".


OLD MONTAGUE MARE

 

In the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 13, the full entry for the Montagu mare, dam of Mother Western, is as follows:

                                        MONTAGU MARE,

                Bred by Lord DARCY, got by his (Old) Montagu, her dam by Hautboy -
                                      Brimmer - Royal Mare.
                     f. by Woodcock (dam in 1739 of Vavasour's
                        Champion, by Bolton Goliah              -   Lord Darcy
                     f. Mother Western, by Smith's son of
                        Snake, brother to Williams's Squirrel   -   Mr Smith
                *    f. by Whiteshirt      -          -         -   Mr Smith
                     f. by Smith's son of Snake            -    -   Mr Smith
                     f. by Champion        -          -         -   Mr Smith
                         * This mare bred a f. by Darcy Chesnut Arabian

 

In the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 14, the full entry for Old Montague, dam of Sedbury, is as follows:

                                        OLD MONTAGUE,

               Bred by Lord DARCY, got by his Woodcock (son of Bustler), out of a
                mare of the celebrated breed of Lord Montague, of Cowdray, Sussex.

                *1731     f. by Partner          -         -    -   Mr Mann
               **1734 ch. c. Sedbury, by Partner      -         -   Mr Martindale
                 1739  b. c. Darby, by Flying Childers     -    -   Mr Mann

                 * This mare (Mr Mann's) produced, in 1739, a c. by The Devonshire
               Childers, and, in 1740, a c, by the Devonshire Brother to Conqueror.
                ** Sedbury was bred by Mr A. Wilkinson, of Burroughbridge, Lord
               Darcy having died before he was foaled.

 

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 77, says - "Champion was got by the Duke of Bolton's Goliah, out of a daughter of the Old Montague Mare".

In The Family Tables of Racehorses, by Kazimierz Bobinski, volume 1, family 12, the following note is appended - "According to the GSB (Vol. 1, 5th ed.) the Whiteshirt mare and Mother Western were sisters. Nevertheless, Mother Western produced foals between 1746 - 1757 and therefore could hardly have been born much earlier than 1730. It is equally known that the Whiteshirt mare was the great-grand-dam of Sophonisba, born in 1717. Even if the length of a full generation were reckoned at 4 years, the Whiteshirt mare could not possibly have been born later than 1705, which would entail a difference of at least 25 years between the Whiteshirt mare and Mother Western. The allegation that these two mares were sisters is therefore clearly inadmissible. Cuthbert Routh (C. M. Prior, Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, 1924), who owned a sister of the mare by D'Arcy's Chesnut Arabian (gen. 6), recorded that the Whiteshirt mare was 'out of an extraordinary mare of Ld. Montague's of Codrey.' Likewise, Pick (The Turf Register Vol. 1. p. 22), stated that the Whiteshirt mare was 'out of a favourite mare of Lord Montague's of Cowdray, Sussex.' It is most likely that this 'extraordinary mare of Lord Montague's was of the same breed as the 'mare of the celebrated breed of Lord Montague' (GSB Vol. 1, p. 14) grand-dam of Sedbury, and would trace to Family 68 of these Tables. The compiler of the 5th Edition of the GSB, Vol. 1, probably confused a Mare by D'Arcy's Old Montagu (according to Lady Wentworth Old Montagu was sent to England by E. Wortley Montagu, Ambassador in Constantinople in 1716) with a mare of Lord Montague; whose name was also spelt Montagu. There can be no doubt that the Whiteshirt mare and Mother Western descended from distinctly separate roots, the former tracing to the breed of Lord Montague of Cowdray, and the latter to one of the D'Arcy Royal Mares. Both on account of her descent and her merit as an ancestress of a prominent strain, the Whiteshirt mare deserves to be designated as a foundation mare of a separate family. Nevertheless, her progeny having earned a prevailing position in the family to which she was erroneously assigned, it has been deemed practicable to retain the Whiteshirt mare in Family 12".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 58, says - "Sedbury was got by Mr. Crofts's Partner, out of the famous Old Montague Mare". Page 59, says - "The Old Montague Mare was got by Lord D'Arcy's Woodcock, (son of Bustler, sire of Old Merlin); her dam, (the cause of her name) was bred by Lord Montague of Cawdry, Sussex, a nobleman eminent for his breed of fine horses (and running many of them) in the reign of King Charles the Second. - She was also the dam of Mr. Mann's Darby, (son of Childers) a very promising colt in 1743; but only started once, which was at Carlisle, against Mr. Crofts's Teazer, and was second both heats. - He died soon after".

Cheny's Racing Calendar for 1744, pages xxxl and xli in the index, says - "Sedbury was got by Partner. See Page 16. His Dam was got by Woodcock, Grandson of the Helmsley Turk ; she was call'd the Old Montague Mare, being descended from the Kind of the Lord Montague's of Sussex, a Nobleman eminent for his large and fine Stud of Horses in the Reign of Charles the Second".

Cheny's Racing Calendar for 1744, page xxv in the index, says - "White Stockings was bred by Mr Crofts and got by Partner. His dam was got by Woodcock (Sire of the Dam of Sedbury) Son of Old Merlin, Son of Bustler, Son of the Helmsley Turk".

The above evidence, and that below concerning the Whiteshirt mare, shows that the produce of three mares have been confused. They are:

Montague Mare - dam of Diamond and Whiteshirt mare.

Old Montague by Woodcock by Merlin - dam of Partner mare, Sedbury and Darby. It would appear that Vavasour's Champion, foaled the same year as Darby, was out of a full sister to Old Montague by Woodcock.

Montagu mare - dam of Mother Western, her sister and a filly by Graeme's Champion.


PULLEINE'S CHESNUT ARABIAN

 

Curwen's Chesnut Arabian, Darcy's Chesnut Arabian and Holderness Turk

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 381, says - "Jew Trump, Mr Curwen's, 1709, by his Chesnut Arabian - Curwen Bay Barb".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, in the index, page xviii, says - "Jew Trump, Mr. Curwen's (sire of Diamond) by his Chesnut Arabian, out of a daughter of the Bay Barb".

The Petworth House Archives, West Sussex Record Office, Chichester, Details of horses in Petworth stud, Document Reference PHA/5041, says - "Diamond was got by Jews Trump son of Ld Dearcys Chesnut Arabian out of a daughter of the Bay Barb".

The Newcastle Courant, Saturday, March 23, 1727-8, Number 152, says - "This is to give Notice, that Mr Robert Carter of Brumpton upon Swale, in the County of York, has a Chesnut ston'd Horse, Six Years old, free from Blemish, that he leaps at a Guinea a Mare: He is 14 hands three Inches high, fine shap'd and strong, he was got by Woodcock, and out of a Royal Mare, she got by Lord Darcy's Arabian which he bought of Mr Curwen, her Dam got by Wastel Turk, Duchess was out of the same Mare with this Horse Dam, her Dam got by Black-legs, which got Crecket, her Dam got by the white Turk which got Hautboy, her Dam was the old Royal Mare, which Lord Darcy found at Sadberry, in 1690, so he became the Owner of this Stud; her Dam got by the old Chesnut Turk which got Leeds' Spanker, and all the best Horses of England, betwixt forty and fifty Years ago, as Lord Darcy Witnesseth".

The Spectator, Volumes 1, 2 and 3, by Joseph Addison and Richard Steele, page 376, quoting from No. 157. Thursday, August 30, 1711, says - "But tho' there is so little Care, as I have observed, taken, or Observation made of the natural Strain of Men, it is no small Comfort to me, as a Spectator, that there is any right Value set upon the _bona Indoles_ of other Animals; as appears by the following Advertisement handed about the County of Lincoln , and subscribed by Enos Thomas, a Person whom I have not the Honour to know, but suppose to be profoundly learned in Horse-flesh. A Chesnut Horse called Cæsar, bred by James Darcy, Esq., at Sedbury, near Richmond in the County of York; _his Grandam was his old royal Mare, and got by Blunderbuss, which was got by_ Hemsly Turk, and he got Mr. Courand's Arabian, which got Mr. Minshul's Jews-trump. Mr. Cæsar _sold him to a Nobleman (coming five Years old, when he had but one Sweat) for three hundred Guineas. A Guinea a Leap and Trial, and a Shilling the Man_. T. Enos Thomas".

The Stamford Mercury, Thursday, April 25, 1717, Volume IX, Number 16, says - "A Chesnut Horse call’d Drugg, his Dam was got by the Duke of Ancaster’s Horse St Martins, out of Mr Cotton’s Mare Brisk; she was got by Cæsar, who was got by Mr Courant’s Arabian, and out of Mr Darcey’s Royal Mare of Sedbury, Yorkshire. Note the Spectator Vol. 2, No. 157, Page 2[6]9. Half a Guinea a Leap and Trial, and Six-pence the Man. He is kept at Spalding, Lincolnshire, by John Scomey".

According to The Spectator both Blunderbuss and Curwen's Chesnut Arabian were sired by the Helmsley Turk. Blunderbuss was, in fact, a son of Bustler by the Helmsley Turk and there are other pedigrees in which Bustler and the Helmsley Turk are confused. It seems likely that Bustler was also known as the Helmsley Turk. The advertisement for Drugg in the Stamford Mercury, however, makes it clear that it was Cæsar who was by Mr Courant's Arabian. The line in The Spectator after Helmsley Turk refers to Cæsar and should read "and he got [by] Mr. Courand's Arabian, which got Mr. Minshul's Jews-trump".

The Universal Advertiser, Tuesday, April 30, 1754. Number 153, says - "To be let to Mares this Season, at Eccles Vell, near Fentona, in the county of Tyrone, Mazard, alias Roger; he is a jet black, 15 hands and an inch high, and every way qualified to get officers horses, hunters, and running cattle; for the encouragement of breeders in that part of the world, he will be let at so small a price as 2 guineas each mare, and a crown to the groom, the money to be paid without distinction before the horse leaves the stable. He was remarkably fruitful last year, which was his first season: mr Eccles had 13 mares covered by him, which were all in foal; any mare that he covered last season, which has not a foal, shall be covered this year at half price, provided the mare is under 10 years old.—The following pedigree, certified by Sir Marmaduke Wyvill, will clearly shew what may be expected from a horse of his blood, size, strength and beauty.—This is to certify, that the black stone horse which I sold to mr Eccles, was bred by me, and now rises 9 years old the next grass; he was got by my Scarborough colt, his dam by Belgrade the 2d, his grandam by Old Tifter, his great grandam by Lord Darcey’s Woodcock, his great great grandam by Lord Darcey’s Chesnut Arabian, his great great great grandam by Blunderbuss, out of a natural Barb mare, which was dam to the famous Makeless. Scarborough colt was a son of my Old Scarborough mare and Old Tifter; he won the great stakes at Richmond when 5 years old, and the King’s plate at Leith when 6; and got the dam of Antelope, and many excellent horses. Belgrade the 2d, was the sire of Volunteer, Bashaw, Garnet, Primate and Antelope. Woodcock got the famous Diana mare, and many others of great note; he was son of Old Merlin and Tyrconnel Barb mare. The Chesnut Arabian above mentioned, got Jews-trump, and mr Bethell’s Royal. Blunderbuss was one of the most noted stallions of his Time, and to this day his blood is as much valued as any in England. The above account is true, witness my hand, / Marmaduke Wyvill".

It is clear from the above advertisements that Curwen's Chesnut Arabian, the sire of Jew Trump, was later known as Darcy's Chesnut Arabian, the sire of Bethell's Royal. Bethell's Royal was also known as Old Royal, the sire of Bald Charlotte out of Bethell's Castaway mare. Old Royal was by Holderness Turk out of a mare by Blunderbuss out of Old Grey Royal.

Curwen's White-Legged Barb, White-Legged Lowther Barb, Lonsdale White-Legged Chesnut Barb and Darcy's Chesnut Arabian

Prior's Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, page 27, in Cuthbert Routh's Stud-Book, says - "Creeping Molly was gott by the Bay Barb, her dam by a little White leggd Barb of Mr Curwen's, out of a mare nobody can give any acct off".

Prior's Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, page 29, in Cuthbert Routh's Stud-Book, says - "The Chest mare, full sister to Grizwood's Lady Thigh, was got by Partner, out of Sampson's Sister, wch was got by Old Greyhound, her grandam [sister to Little George] by Mr Curwen's bay Barb, her great grandm by Ld D's [D'Arcy's] Arabian, her g. g. grandam by a Horse calld White Shirt, out of a famous mare of Ld Montague's".

Prior's Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, page 37, in Cuthbert Routh's Stud-Book, says - "My Bay mare, own sistr to Haniball. Gott by Terrr, her dam by Flattface, her grandm by Old Spott, her G. Grandm by a little mountain Barb, and her G. G. Grandm was full sistr to Sr Robt Bainton's bay Diamond". Also says - "My Little Bay mare, sistr to Haniball's dam, was gott by Flattface, her dam by Old Spott, her Grandm by Mr Curwen's Gray Turk, which got Flandrkin, her G. Grandm by a little Arabian, her G. G. Grandm by old famous White Shirt, out of an extraordinary mare of Ld Montague of Codrey [Cowdray, Sussex.] . This White Shirt mare was Grandm to Flandrkin, grandm to Little George, G. Grandm to Mr Hall's Lady Leggs, and G. G. Grandm to the colt I sold his Grace of Bolton in Aug: 1721".

Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, by C M Prior, page 26, in Cuthbert Routh's Stud-Book, says - "A Gray Mare, sold to Mr. Hutton by Mr. Curwen, given to C. Routh by Sr R. Milbanke. 'She was got by Flattface, her dam by Old Spot, wch mare was the dam of Minchell's famous Mixbury, her grandam by a little Barb, her g.-grandm was the Vintner Mare, Black, which was gott by my Arabian.' [Signed] Hen: Curwen".

The White-Legged Lowther Barb is here called a "little mountain Barb", a "little Arabian" and a "little Barb". In the pedigree of Creeping Molly he is called a "little White legged Barb of Mr Curwen's".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 100, says - "Whittington was got by a Brother to Lord Portmore's Whitenose; his dam by Stanyen's Arabian, Curwen's Bay Barb, Marshall's Spot, Lord Lonsdale's White-legg'd Chesnut Barb, Vintner Mare".

Pulleine's Chesnut Arabian and Darcy's Chesnut Arabian

Pond's Sporting Kalendar for 1751, page 220, says - "In the Hands of John Moore, at Hartfordbridge in Hampshire, A grey Horse call'd Starling [Moore's Son of Partner], will cover this Season, at one Guinea a Leap and One Shilling the Servant: He was bred by his Grace the Duke of Bolton, and got by Mr Crofts's Partner; his Dam by bay Bolton, which was full Sister to Old Starling, and Dam to the Duke of Bolton's Sourface; his Grandam by the Brother to Grantham, his Great Grandam by Pulland's Chesnut Arabian, his G G Grandam by Rockwood, his G G G Grandam by Bustler".

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 18, a colt, which died young, was foaled in 1723 by Grantham oo Young Violet Layton by Darcy's Chesnut Arabian oo Layton Barb mare.

The crosses in these pedigrees are very similar. Grantham would appear to be the Brother to [Grey] Grantham and the Layton [Grey] Barb was a son of Rockwood. The second cross in each pedigree would suggest that Pulleine's Chesnut Arabian was also known as Darcy's Chesnut Arabian.

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 32, Belmont was a bay colt, foaled in 1759, by Young Cade oo mare by Bloody Buttocks oo mare by Son of Pulleine's Arabian oo Lightfoot's dam, the sister to Bonny Lass by Bay Bolton.

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 308, says - "Belmont was got by Young Cade; his dam by Bloody Buttocks; grandam by Mr. Pulleine's Chesnut Arabian, out of Lightfoot's dam, page 122". Page 122, says - "Lightfoot was got by Cade; his dam, (bred by Sir W. Ramsden) by Bay Bolton, and was own sister to Whitefoot".

Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, by C M Prior, page 29, in Cuthbert Routh's Stud-Book, says - "Wasp. A Sandy gray horse I bought of Mr Curwen, was gott by Terr[o]r & his dam by Mr Pullein's Chest Arabian, and was mothr to Mr Gage's famous gallow Lightfoot. [Note.- The above mare by Pulleine's Arabian was out of the Vintner mare.]".

Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, by C M Prior, page 27, in Cuthbert Routh's Stud-Book, says - "Mr [Ralph] Jennison's Gray mare, bought for him in 1723, was gott by Blossom, and out of Lightfoot's dam [by Pulleine's Arabian, out of the Vintner mare]. [Mr. Curwen's grey mare Lightfoot, by his Bay Barb, won a Plate for Galloways at York, August 1712. See Faustina, G.S.B. vol. 1, p. 85.]".

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 85, says - "Faustina, Bred by Mr Curwen, in 1725, got by Hartley's Blind Horse, her dam by Blossom (son of the Curwen Bay Barb) - Pulleine's Arabian - Vintner Mare".

The mare by Pulleine's Chesnut Arabian in the pedigree of Belmont bred a filly by Bloody Buttocks. Young Violet Layton by Darcy's Chesnut Arabian also bred a filly by Bloody Buttocks.

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 17, lists the produce of the Vintner Mare as a filly by the White-legged Lowther Barb and a filly by Pulleine's Arabian.

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 13, lists the produce of the Whiteshirt mare as a filly by Darcy Chesnut Arabian.

Prior's Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, page 37, in Cuthbert Routh's Stud-Book, says the Whiteshirt mare bred a filly by the White-legged Lowther Barb.

 

DESCENT CHART 3
[INCORPORATING THE EVIDENCE AND CONJECTURE CONTAINED IN THIS ARTICLE]

 

CURWEN'S CHESNUT <=> DARCY'S CHESNUT <=> LOWTHER CHESNUT BARB <=> PULLEINE'S CHESNUT <=> CURWEN'S WHITE <=> HOLDERNESS TURK
     ARABIAN             ARABIAN                    |                   ARABIAN            LEGGED BARB             |
        |                   |                       |                      |                    |                  -----
        |                   |                       ----                   --------             -------------------    |
        |        CBB        |    Whiteshirt mare       |     Vintner Mare         |      CBB                      |    |
        |         |         |           |              |          |               |       |                       |    |
        |      -------      --     ------------     -------    ---------------    |       -------------------     |    |
        |      |     |         \  /            \   /       \  /               \  /        |           |     |     |    |
        |     mare   |         mare            mare        mare               mare        |        BLOSSOM  |    mare  |
        |      |     |          |               |           |                  |          |           |     |     |    |
        |      |     |          |               |           |                  ---------> | <-----    |     |     |    |
        |      |     |          |               |           |                  |          |      |    |     |     |    |
        |      |     ----    ----         -------------     ----------         |      -----      |    |     |     |    |
         \    /          \  /             |           |              |          \    /    |       \  /       \   /     |
       JEW TRUMP         mare            mare     FLANDERKIN        mare      Lightfoot   |       mare     Creeping    |
              1709        |          by Curwen's  by Curwen's    by Curwen's              |        |         Molly     |
                          |           Grey Turk    Grey Turk        Spot                  |        |             1700  |
                          |               |             1707         |                    |        |                   |
                          |               |                          ------------         |        |                   |
                          |               |            -----------------------> | <--------        |            --------
        -------------------               |            |       |     |      ---------     |        |            |
        |                 |               |            |       |      \    /         \   /         |            |
   Sophonisba            mare            mare      FLATTFACE   |     MIXBURY          mare         |        HARTLEY'S
by Dyer's Dimple    by Greyhound      by Curwen's      |       |                       |           |       BLIND HORSE
          1717            | 1723         Spot          |       |                       |           |            |
                          |               |            |       |                       |           |            |
                          |               -----    -----       |                       |           |   ----------
                          |                    \  /            |                       |            \ /         |
                      Lady Thigh      TERROR = mare            |                    PARTNER       Faustina      |
                      by Partner             |                 |                by Son of Jigg       | 1725     |
                            1731             |                 |                         1718        |          |
                          --------------------                 |                                     |          |
                          |                  |                 |                                     |          |
                      HANNIBAL              mare   =   PELHAM'S WHITE BARB                           |          |
                            1713                   |   [ALCOCK'S ARABIAN] [BLOODY BUTTOCKS]          |          |
                                                   |                              |                  |          |
                                                   |                              --------    --------          |
                                                   |                                      \  /                  |
                                                  mare                                    mare                  |
                                                   |                                                            |
                                                   --------------------------         ---------------------------
                                                                             \       /
                                                                          BONNY BACHELOR
CBB = CURWEN'S BAY BARB                                                            1730

WHITESHIRT MARE

 

In the following chart if each mare in the dam line of Hannibal (1713) was covered as a two year old then the latest that the Whiteshirt mare could have been foaled is 1698. This would still make it impossible for the Whiteshirt mare to be half sister to Mother Western as their dam would have been foaled in 1695 and 36 years old when Mother Western was foaled.

Robert Baynton [Bainton or Bayntun] was Keeper of the Race Horses at Newmarket in the reign of Charles II and Keeper of the Running Horses at Newmarket in the reign of William III. He died in 1694-5 and was succeeded in that position by W Tregonwell Frampton.

 

DESCENT CHART 4
[INCORPORATING THE EVIDENCE AND CONJECTURE CONTAINED IN THIS ARTICLE]

 

                                           Lord Montague's                                               mare
                                                 Mare                                            by Darcy's Montague
                                                  |                                                       |
               ------------------------------------                                                       |
               |                                  |                                                       |
       BAINTON'S DIAMOND                         mare                                              Mother Western
         by Whiteshirt                      by Whiteshirt                                          by Easby Snake
                                                  |                                                       | 1731
               ----------------------------------------------------------------------                     |
               |                                                                    |                     |
              mare                                                                 mare               Spilletta
by Curwen's White Legged Barb                                          by Darcy's Chesnut Arabian     by Regulus
               |                                                                    |                     | 1749
               ------------------------                      ------------------------                     |
               |                      |                      |                      |                     |
              mare                FLANDERKIN           LITTLE GEORGE               mare                ECLIPSE
    by Curwen's Grey Turk   by Curwen's Grey Turk   by Curwen's Bay Barb   by Curwen's Bay Barb       by Marske
               |                        1707                                        |                       1764
               |                                             ------------------------
               |                                             |                      |
              mare                                      Sophonisba                 mare
     by Curwen's Old Spot                            by Dyer's Dimple          by Greyhound
               |                                               1717                 | 1723
               |                                                                    |
               |                                                                    |
              mare                                                              Lady Thigh
         by Flattface                                                           by Partner
               |                                                                      1731
               ------------------------
               |                      |
              mare                 HANNIBAL
           by Terror               by Terror
               |                        1713
               |
               |
              mare
    by Pelham's White Barb
               |
               |
               |
         BONNY BACHELOR
   by Hartley's Blind Horse
                 1730                                                           PELHAM'S WHITE BARB = ALCOCK'S ARABIAN

 

The following chart casts further doubt on the possibility that Mother Western was half sister to the Whiteshirt mare and also highlights the possibility that the stallion known as Darcy's Old Montagu was full brother to Darcy's Old Montague Mare.

 

DESCENT CHART 5
[INCORPORATING THE EVIDENCE AND CONJECTURE CONTAINED IN THIS ARTICLE]

 

                      HELMSLEY TURK <========================================================================> FAIRFAX'S
                           |                                                                                    MOROCCO
     --------------------------------------------                                                                BARB
     |       ---------------------------        |                                                                 |
     |       |                         |        |                                                                 |
  BUSTLER = mare                      mare = DARCY'S DIAMOND                  DARCY'S YELLOW TURK    =    Old Morocco Mare
          |                                |                                            |            |
          |                --------------> | <-------------------------------------------            -------------- 
          |                |               |                |                                        |            |
     OLD MERLIN         BRIMMER     =     mare     OGLETHORPE'S ARABIAN        WHITESHIRT           mare       SPANKER
          |                |        |                       |                      |                 |            |
          |        ------> | <-------                       |                 ----------             |            |
          |        |       |               ---------------> | <-------------> | <----> | <------------            |
          |        |       |               |                |                 |        |                          |
          |       mare     |            HAUTBOY          MAKELESS         BAINTON'S   mare = DARCY'S        Charming Jenny
          |        |       |               |                |              DIAMOND         | CHESNUT              |
          |        ------> | <-----------> | <----------    |                              | ARABIAN              |
           \      /        |               |            \  /                               |                      |
        ACCLOM MERLIN     mare    =  GREY HAUTBOY   =   mare          CURWEN'S BAY BARB = mare                  JIGG
              |                   |                 |                                   |                         |
              |                   |                 --------------                      |                         |
              |                   |                 |            |                      |                         |
          WOODCOCK                |            BAY BOLTON       mare   DYER'S DIMPLE = mare = GREYHOUND      SON OF JIGG  
              | 1702              |                   1705       |                   |      |                     |  
      ---------. . . . .          |                              |                   |      ------                |
      |                .          |                              |                   |           |                |
 Old Montague      DARCY'S    =  mare                           mare            Sophonisba      mare      =    PARTNER
     Mare          MONTAGUE   |                             by Almanzor                1717        1723   |       | 1718
      |                       |                                  |                                        |       |
      |                       |                                  -----------------      ----------------> | <------
      |                       |                                                   \    /                  |
      |                      mare                                               TRAVELLER       Grisewood's Lady Thigh
      |                       |                                                       1735                | 1731
      |                       |                                                                           |
      |                       |                                                                           |
   SEDBURY      =       MOTHER WESTERN      =     REGULUS                                        Cullen Arabian mare
  by Partner    |       by Easby Snake      |          1739                                               |
        1734    |               1731        |                                                             |
                |                           |                                                             |
           Miss Western                 Spilletta                                                        mare
                  1746                      | 1749                                                      by Snap
                                            |                                                             | 1762
                                            |                                                             |
                                            |                                                             |
                                         ECLIPSE                                                      CONDUCTOR
                                        by Marske                                                    by Match'em
                                              1764                                                          1767

HOME PAGE | TOP OF PAGE