HIGHLANDER, MERLIN AND WOODCOCK

AN INVESTIGATION INTO THEIR TRUE IDENTITIES


HIGHLANDER

 

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 381, says - "Highlander, Lord Portmore's, 1742, by Victorious - Crawford's Turk - Devonshire Blacklegs - Partner - Akaster Turk - Leedes's Arabian".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 92, says - "Bred by and the Property of the Earl of Portmore. Highlander was got by Victorious, (son of Ruffler); his dam by Lord Chesterfield's Arabian, out of Mr. Grisewood's Partner's dam, by Mr. Hutton's Grey Barb".

VICTORIOUS

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 384, says - "Victorious, Lord Portmore's, 1725, by Fox - Bald Galloway - Champion".

An Introduction to a General Stud-Book, page 190, says - "Victorious (Duke of Hamilton's) - Mr. Wilkinson, 1722, Ruffler - Grey Barb Mare".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 21, says - "Victorious [1722] was got by Mr. Bethell's Ruffler; his dam by Mr. Hutton's Grey Barb; grandam, (Bay Wilkinson's dam, and grandam of Mr. Grisewood's Partner) by Whynot; great grandam by Mr. Wilkinson's Turk, out of Old Woodcock, by D'Arcy's Woodcock". The same page also says - "He was sire of Lord Portmore's Highlander, &c".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 43, says - "Bred by Lord Portmore, and sold to Mr. Grisewood. Partner was got by Mr. Crofts's Partner; his dam by Hutton's Grey Barb; grandam, (Bay Wilkinson's dam) by Whynot; great grandam by Wilkinson's Turk, out of a mare of Mr. Wilkinson's called Old Woodcock, by the D'Arcy Woodcock".

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 103, Victorious and Grisewood's Partner were out of the same Hutton's Grey Barb mare, which would make Highlander's sire and dam half siblings. The above pedigrees make it clear, however, that they were out of full sisters and Highlander's sire and dam were first cousins.

Pond's Sporting Kalendar for 1754, page 156, says - "Mariamne, the Earl of Portmore's, was got by Victorious, her Dam by Partner, her Grandam by Richardson's Merlin, a Son of old Merlin, bred by Sir Matthew Pierson, her Great Grandam by Makeless, her Great Great Grandam by Burfoot's Ball, her Great Great Great Grandam by an Arabian of the old Duke of Devonshire's. Victorious was got by Ruffler, his Dam by the late Hutton's grey Barb, his Grandam by Bay Whynot, which was the Dam of Bay Wilkinson. She came from a kind of Mr. Wilkinson's called the Smithson; Mariamne is full Sister to Sir Ralph Gore's Mare".

Pond's Sporting Kalendar for 1752, page 137, says - "Chance, Earl of March's, was got by a Son of Childers; his dam by Partner".

Pond's Sporting Kalendar for 1754, page 198, says - "Chance, late the Earl of March's, was got by Chance, and out of a Partner Mare (which was the Dam of Sir Ralph Gore's grey Mare, and the Earl of Portmore's grey Mare, Victorious)". This Victorious was also full sister to Mariamne.

RUFFLER

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 4, Ruffler was bred by Mr Bethell and got by a son of Brimmer and the Chesterfield Arabian, out of Dick Burton's mare. His sister was the dam of Castaway and Woodcock.

An Introduction to a General Stud-Book, page 184, says - "Ruffler - By a son of Old Brimmer - Chesterfield Arabian - Hutton Barb".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 21, says - "Ruffler was bred [by] Mr. Bethell of Rise, in Holderness, and got by a well-bred Son of Brimmer, out of the noted running Mare, called Dick Burton's Mare, which was the grandam of Castaway and Woodcock. - The sire of Ruffler never started, and died when young".

Heber's Racing Calendar, volume X, for the year 1760, in the list of stallions to cover in the following season, 1761, page 146, says -"Highlander was got by the E. of Portmore's Victorious, a Son of the famous Ruffler, that came from a noted Running Mare, called Dick Burton's Mare, but her exact Pedigree now unknown; but Ruffler was got by a well-bred Son of Old Brimmer, that never started, and died when young; his Dam was got by the Old E. of Chesterfield's Arabian out of a well-bred Daughter of the Hutton Barb; which Mare was also Dam of a Grey Horse called Partner, bred by Ld Portmore, but commonly called Grisewood's Partner, from the great Number of Plates he won whilst Mr. Grisewood's Property".

In The Family Tables of Racehorses, by Kazimierz Bobinski, volume 1, family 62, there is a Ruffler, 1732, by Bethell's Arabian out of mare by Chesterfield Arabian out of the dam of Grisewood's Partner. A note has been appended - "This Ruffler, who does not appear in the GSB, is often confused with Ruffler (Fam.31), brother to Castaway's dam". A note appended to family 31 says - "Available evidence tends to deny the authenticity of the cross of the Chesterfield Arabian which was introduced into the pedigree of Son of Brimmer Mare by the compiler of the 5th edition of Vol. 1 of the GSB, and this cross has therefore been omitted above".

This is the pedigree of Highlander incorporating the evidence and conjecture contained in this article:

HIGHLANDER
1742
VICTORIOUS
1722
RUFFLER
1699
SON OF BRIMMER BRIMMER
 
Dick Burton's Mare  
 
Hutton's Grey Barb mare HUTTON'S GREY BARB  
 
Whynot mare* WHYNOT
Wilkinson's Turk mare
Chesterfield Arabian mare CHESTERFIELD ARABIAN    
 
   
 
Hutton's Grey Barb mare HUTTON'S GREY BARB  
 
Whynot mare* WHYNOT
Wilkinson's Turk mare
JOHNSON AND TRENCH'S HIGHLANDER

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, pages 505 and 506, says - "Highlander, Messrs. Johnson and Trench's, (a bay horse, foaled in 1750).-At Downe-Patrick, July 14, 1756, He won the Royal Plate for six years old horses, &c. Irish-breds, 12st. four-mile heats, beating Mr. Newenham's True-Blue, and Mr. Burrow's Sporting Roger:- And at Glenharme, July 29, He won 50l. weight for age, beating Mr. O'Neil's Silverheels, Mr. Newenham's True-Blue, and Lord Antrim's Jeptha; which were the only times of his running. He was a Stallion in 1757".

The pedigree of this stallion is not forthcoming but the following evidence would seem to point to his sire being Lord Portmore's Highlander:

According to Heber's Racing Calendar, volume X, 1760, page 146, Lord Portmore's Highlander's last race was the King's Plate at Newmarket in March 1749.

In Prior's The Royal Studs of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries, pages 181 to 184, in the Earl of Antrim's Stud Book, Lord Portmore's Highlander is shown as the sire of foals in 1752, 1753, 1755 and 1756.

According to Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 92, Lord Portmore's Highlander was a stallion at Hampton Court from 1758.

It would seem that following his win at Newmarket in March 1749, Lord Portmore's Highlander was sent to Ireland where he covered the dam of Johnson and Trench's Highlander. He remained at stud in Ireland during the 1750s and returned to England in 1758. Johnson and Trench's Highlander was probably the stallion known as Young Highlander.

The dam of Johnson and Trench's Highlander would appear to be the Crawford's Turk mare which the GSB shows as the dam of Lord Portmore's Highlander. Crawford's Turk was also known as Stamford's Turk and had known foals from 1745 to 1750, so is most unlikely to have been the maternal grandsire of Lord Portmore's Highlander in 1742. The Devonshire Blacklegs, who was foaled in 1728 and had known foals from 1738 to 1747, is even less likely to have been his great grandsire.

This is the pedigree of Young Highlander incorporating the evidence and conjecture contained in this article:

YOUNG HIGHLANDER
1750
HIGHLANDER
1742
VICTORIOUS
1722
RUFFLER SON OF BRIMMER
Dick Burton's Mare
Hutton's Grey Barb mare HUTTON'S GREY BARB
Whynot mare*
Chesterfield Arabian mare CHESTERFIELD ARABIAN  
 
Hutton's Grey Barb mare HUTTON'S GREY BARB
Whynot mare*
Crawford's Turk mare CRAWFORD'S TURK    
 
   
 
Blackleg's mare BLACKLEGS CHILDERS
Basto mare
Partner mare PARTNER
Acaster Turk mare

MERLIN

 

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 382, says - "Merlin (Old), Sir M. Pierson's, by Bustler ; afterwards sold to Mr Acklem".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 18, says - "Old Merlin was bred by Sir Matthew Peirson, Bart. and sold to Mr. Acklom for a stallion. - He was got by Bustler, (son of the Helmsley Turk). Merlin won several Plates and great Matches ; he was in a very high form for racing, and allowed to be the best horse that had ever ran in the kingdom. He was sire of Mr. Bethell's Woodcock and Castaway ; Mr. Richardson's Merlin, and several others".

The 2nd Marquis of Rockingham's pedigree collection, Sheffield Archives, Document Reference WWM/R/193/37, says - "Selima, 9th August 1755, The Bay Mare I sold to the Marquiss of Rockingham, was got by Bajazett, her Dam by Bloody Buttocks, her Grandam by Almanzor, her Great Grandam by Sr Wm Strickland's Hautboy was own Sister to Bay Bolton and Lamprey, her Great Great Grandam by Makeless, her G G G Grandam by Brimmer who was Ocklam Merlin's Dam & was Grandam to Terror, her G G G G Grandam by Diamond, her G G G G G Grandam was full Sister to Old Merlin's Dam".

It is clear from this pedigree that Ocklam Merlin and Old Merlin were different horses.

Sir John Dutton's Book of Pedigrees, Gloucestershire Record Office, Document Reference D678/1, F14/5/6, says - "A Pedigree of Bay Bolton taken out of Sr Mathew Pearson's Book who bred him. 6 Decr 1735. Bay Bolton was foaled ye 3d May 1705. A Bay Colt foal, the far foot behind white, got by Mr Constable's Grey horse Hautboy, which Grey horse was bred by Sr Wm Strikland. Bay Bolton's Dam was got by Makeless, His Grandam by Brimmer, His Great Grandam by Diamond, out of Sr Mathew Pearson's little Bay Mare, full Sister to his sorrel Running Mare; which sorrell Mare was Old Merlin's Dam"

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 384, says - "Terror, by the Burlington Turk - Little Merlin - Brimmer - Helmsley Turk".

Cheny's Racing Calendar for 1743, page xxvi in the index, says - "Chance was bred by his Grace the Duke of Bolton, and got by Fearnought, Son of Bay Bolton. His Dam was got by Almanzor, Son of the Darley Arabian. Chance's Grand-Dam was called Coquette, she was got by Basto, Son of the Byerley Turk. His Great Grand-Dam was got by a Son of Spanker, her Dam by Hautboy, out of a Daughter of Bustler, Son of the Helmsley Turk. Almanzor, which got the Dam of Chance, was bred by the late Mr. Brewster, his Dam was also the Dam of Old Terror and Champion. This Mare as the said Mr. Brewster assured me in his own House (looking his Book at the same time for the Account thereof) was a Mare that had been Sir Matthew Pearson's, and that she was got by Old Hautboy ; yet others I have heard positively affirm that she was got by Old Merlin".

The 2nd Marquis of Rockingham's pedigree collection, Sheffield Archives, a small account book entitled Expences of the Studd from: May 1st 1751, says - "Bought Jan 1752 of Mr Carlin […] Years old Bl[…] Got by Blaze, her Dam by Boys Dimple, her Grandam by Grime’s Champion, her great grandam by Darley’s Arabian. NB Champion was got by the Harpam Arabian out of S’r Matt Peirson’s best Merlin Mare / Witness: J. Greame".

 

DESCENT CHART 1
[INCORPORATING THE EVIDENCE AND CONJECTURE CONTAINED IN THIS ARTICLE]

 

                                                        HELMSLEY TURK
                                                              |
            ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            |                  |                                                          |                   |
            |                  |                   ----------------------                 |                   |
            |                  |                   |                    |                 |                   |
    Old Morocco Mare        BUSTLER    Pierson's Sorrell Mare   Pierson's Bay Mare  =  DIAMOND  <=>  DARCY'S WHITE TURK
            |                  |                   |                                |                         |
            |       ---------------------          |                                |                         |
            |       |                    \        /                                 |                         |
         SPANKER   mare                  OLD MERLIN                      BRIMMER = mare                    HAUTBOY
            |       |                         |                                  |                            |
 ---------> | <---> | <------------------------------                            |                            |
 |          |       |      -----------------------> | <------------------------> | <---------------------------
 |          |        \    /                         |                            |          |                 |
 |    YOUNG SPANKER = mare                          |                           mare        |                 |
 |                  |                               |                            |          |                 |
 |     -----------> | <---------------------------> | <-----------------------------------> | <----------     |
 \    /             |                                \        /             |               |            \    /
  mare     BASTO = mare                           ACCLOM'S MERLIN     Makeless mare = GREY HAUTBOY        mare
   |             |                                (GASE'S HORSE)                    |                      |
   |             |                             (RICHARDSON'S MERLIN)                |                      |
   |             ---------------                         |                          |                      |
   |             ------------> | <---------------------> | <-------------------------        ----------------------------
   |             |             |                     --------------------------     |        |             |            |
   |             |             |                     |             |          |     |        |             |            |
TERROR      BAY BOLTON      Coquette            Snell's Mare  SMILING BALL   mare  mare = ALMANZOR     CHAMPION      TERROR
                 | 1705        |                     |               1721     |         |    | 1713          1707
                 |             |      -------------> | <--------------------> | <-----> | <---
                 |              \    /               |                        |         |
            FEARNOUGHT    =    Coquette    =    SWEEPSTAKES                  mare      mare = BLOODY BUTTOCKS
                  1725    |                |     by Bloody                by Partner        |
                          |                |    Shouldered                    |             |
                          |                |      Arabian                     |             |
                          |                |           1722                   |            mare = BAJAZET
                          |                |                                  |                 |
                          |                |                                  |                 |
                          |                |                                  |                 |
                       CHANCE      YOUNG SWEEPSTAKES                       Mariamne          Selima
                            1737             1741                       by Victorious
                                                                                1748

 

The doubt surrounding the identity of the sire of Mr Brewster's mare has arisen because the Brimmer mare, that bred Acclom's Merlin, appears to have had two grandsons called Terror. One by the Acaster Turk out of a mare by Hautboy. The other by the Burlington Turk (Thoulouse Barb) out of a mare by Little Merlin, the sire of Acclom's Merlin, whose pedigree lacks the cross of Diamond but includes a cross of Diamond's sire, the Helmsley Turk.

MERLIN MARE

The descendants of Dick Burton's Mare all trace back to her through a mare by Darley's Arabian out of sister to Ruffler by Son of Brimmer. There are, however, alternative versions of the pedigrees of Red Rose, GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 163, and her grandaughter Orange Bud, GSB, volume 2, fourth edition, page 150, which show that the mare by Darley's Arabian was out of a mare by Merlin. This Merlin mare would be a full sister to Castaway and Woodcock, out of sister to Ruffler.

In The Family Tables of Racehorses, by Kazimierz Bobinski, volume 1, family 31, a note has been appended - "Family 31 is notable for the numerous instances of controversy in respect of its early ancestry" and "it remains open to speculation whether the Darley Arabian Mare (Generation 3) was a half-sister to Woodcock and Castaway, or a daughter of an own sister to Woodcock and Castaway".

King Herod was by Tartar out of Cypron by Blaze out of Selima by Bethell's Arabian out of a mare by Graeme's Champion out of a mare by Darley's Arabian out of a mare by Merlin.

Red Rose and King Herod were out of mares by Blaze. King Herod's grandam was by Bethell's Arabian. The third dam of Red Rose was by Darley's Arabian out of a mare by Merlin, while the fourth dam of King Herod was also by Darley's Arabian out of mare by Merlin. Bethell's Arabian and the first six dams of Red Rose were all owned by Mr Hugh Bethell of Rise, in Holderness. It is only supposition but it seems more than likely that these two Merlin mares may be from the same family or may even be identical.


WOODCOCK

 

In The Family Tables of Racehorses, by Kazimierz Bobinski, volume 1, in the section Some horses of note, which cannot be traced to any of the established families, the entry for Woodcock is as follows:

 

                  WOODCOCK, a very popular name in pre-Hanoverian days.
                It is most difficult to discriminate between various stallions of
                this name appearing in early pedigrees. The following Woodcocks
                have to be noted:

                   1) D'Arcy's Woodcock, sire of the tap-root mare of Fam. 62,
                      before 1700.  By Bustler (son of the Helmsley Turk).

                   2) Old Woodcock, sire of the tap-root mare of Fam. 18. He
                      was probably identical with Woodcock No. 1.

                   3) Davill's Old Woodcock, sire of the tap-root mare of Fam.
                      19.  This horse could be identical with Woodcock No. 1
                      or No. 2, or both.

                   4) D'Arcy's Woodcock, sire of Mad Darcy in 1719. Probably
                      an altogether different horse.

There has to be some doubt that that there was a stallion called Darcy's Woodcock that was sired by Bustler. The following chart shows that the Woodcock mares that founded families 62, 18 and 19 were probably by the same Darcy's Woodcock.

 

DESCENT CHART 2
[INCORPORATING THE EVIDENCE AND CONJECTURE CONTAINED IN THIS ARTICLE]


                                                          DARCY'S WOODCOCK
                                                                 |
                                   --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                   |                                                 |                      |
                            Old Woodcock [62]                                     mare [18]              mare [19]
                                   |                                                 |                      |
                                   |                                                 |                      |
                                   |                                                 |                      |
                                  mare                                              mare                   mare
                           by Wilkinson's Turk                                by Curwen's Spot           by Luggs
                                   |                                                 |                      |
                                   |                                                 |                      |
                                   |                                                 |                      |
                                  mare                                              mare                   mare
                               by Whynot                                    by Curwen's Bay Barb         by Snake
                                   |                                                 |                      |
          ----------------------------------------------------                       |                      |
          |                        |                         |                       |                      |
         mare                     mare                 BAY WILKINSON                mare                THUNDERBOLT
by Hutton's Grey Barb    by Hutton's Grey Barb           by Snake            by Devonshire Turk    by Wood's Counsellor
          |                        |                           1717                  |                        1723
          |                        ---------------------------                       |
          |                        |                         |                       |
      VICTORIOUS                  mare                      mare                    mare
      by Ruffler        by Chesterfield Arabian   by Chesterfield Arabian  by Bartlett's Childers
          | 1722                   |                         |                       |
          ----------      ----------                         |                       |
                    \    /                                   |                       |
                   PORTMORE                               RUFFLER                VOLUNTEER
                  HIGHLANDER                        by Bethell's Arabian      by Young Belgrade
                        1742                                   1732                    1735

See DARCY'S YELLOW TURK, DARCY'S WHITE TURK AND HELMSLEY TURK for evidence that this Darcy's Woodcock was Dicky Pierson.

Darcy's Woodcock was the great great great grandsire of horses foaled in the 1720s. He is also said to have sired horses from 1716 to 1724 but this seems unlikely and it would appear that there was a younger stallion also known as Darcy's Woodcock.

Cheny's Racing Calendar for 1744, page xi in the index, says - "Bustler, which got the Grand-Dam of Windham, also got Blunderbuss and Old Merlin, the former of which got the Dam of Old Royal (Sire of Bald Charlotte) the latter got Woodcock, sire of Miss Tippet, and Castaway, which got the Dams of Bald Charlotte and Conqueror".

Cheny's Racing Calendar for 1744, page xxv in the index, says - "White Stockings was bred by Mr Crofts and got by Partner. His dam was got by Woodcock (Sire of the Dam of Sedbury) Son of Old Merlin, Son of Bustler, Son of the Helmsley Turk".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 69, says - "Badger was got by Mr. Crofts's Partner; his dam by Woodcock, (son of Merlin); grandam by Mr. Wastell's Turk ; great grandam by Mr. Wilkes's Hautboy ; great great grandam by Mr. Place's White Turk, Dodsworth, out of Mr. Layton's Violet Barb Mare".

According to this evidence the younger Woodcock was a son of Merlin and he sired foals from 1716 to 1724, but the only known Woodcock by Merlin, Raikes Fulthorpe's Woodcock, was foaled in 1715.

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 18, says Old Merlin was sire of Mr. Bethell's Woodcock and Castaway, but Raikes Fulthorpe's Woodcock, who was own brother to Bethell's Castaway and who was bred by Hugh Bethell in 1715, was never known as Bethell's Woodcock.

According to Prior's The Royal Studs of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries, page 211, a gold cup presented by Queen Anne for the Royal Plate at Bramham Moor bears the inscription "Ruffler and Woodcock on Bramham Moor, 1705 and 1708".

Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, by C M Prior, page 147, says - "Another of his [Merlin's] sons, Woodcock, is stated in the General Stud-Book to have been foaled in 1715, but as Mr. Bethell, of Rise, whose ancestor owned the horse, has been kind enough to show the editor of these papers a very beautiful gold cup, presented by Queen Anne and bearing the Royal Arms, won by him at Bramham Moor in 1708, with his name engraved thereon, he was evidently born earlier than Castaway, possibly in 1703".

A note in The Family Tables of Racehorses, by Kazimierz Bobinski, volume 1, family 31, says - "it remains open to speculation whether Woodcock, foaled in 1715 (winner in 1721 of His Majesty's 100 gs. in specie at York and of a King's Plate at Lincoln, and owned by Mr. Raikes Fulthorpe) or Mr. Bethell's Woodcock (winner of Queen Anne's Gold Cup at Bramham Moor in 1708) is a brother to Mr. Bethell's Castaway".

It would appear from the evidence that Bethell's Woodcock and Raikes Fulthorpe's Woodcock were both by the same sire as Bethell's Castaway, with Bethell's Woodcock, foaled in 1702, being the stallion known as Darcy's Woodcock who sired foals from 1716 to 1724.

DAVILL'S WOODCOCK

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 223, Miss Doe, gr f 1728, was by Greyhound out of Brown Woodcock by Darcy's Woodcock out of Lusty Thornton by Croft's Bay Barb. Lusty Thornton was grandam of the Ancaster Starling. Miss Doe was owned by Mr Lambton and sent to Ireland as a broodmare.

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 41, says - "Miss Doe (a Grey Mare) was bred by Mr Lampton, of Durham, and got by Old Greyhound; her dam by Davill's Woodcock, out of the grandam of the Duke of Ancaster's Starling". Page 42, says - "Miss Doe was sold into Ireland, and was a Brood-Mare in Sir Edward O'Brien's Stud, and was the dam of [his] Miss Doe, &c".

This is the only other reference to the stallion Davill's Woodcock. Pick's source for this information is not known but Brown Woodcock was bred by Mr Croft and was sired by Woodcock by Merlin.

The following advertisement makes it clear that Sedbury and Miss Doe were both out of mares by Woodcock by Merlin:

The Caledonian Mercury, Wednesday, May 22, 1765, says - "To Leap this season, at Mrs Duncan's, near to Priestfield, at One Guinea each mare, and One Shilling to the keeper, a fine chesnut stoned horse, called Tartar, nine years old, fifteen hands and a half high, able to carry 14 stone a hunting, and free of all natural blemishes.--His pedigree is as follows: Tartar was got by Ground Joy [Ground Ivy], his dam by the Hartley Roan Horse, got by Hip upon the dam of Babraham; his grand dam (bred by Lord Dorcey) by Woodcock sire of the dams of Sedbury, Miss Doe, and many others of note; his great grand-dam by the Darcey chesnut Arab, sire of Jews-trumps; his great great grand dam (Violet Leyton) by the Darcey White Turk, sire of Hautboy, Black Leggs, Royal, &c his Great great great grand dam by Dodsworth, the common ancestor of the Windam's Dimples, Starlings, Desdemona, Grey-hounds, Ticklepitchers, &c his great great great great grand dam by the Darcey Yellow Turk, sire of Brimmer, Spanker, &c so remarkable to future ages for their gets. The above is certified by Dom Browne, Esq; N B Good grass for mares, and proper care taken of them.--The money to be paid at the stable door".

TYRCONNEL BARB MARE

The Universal Advertiser, Tuesday, April 30, 1754. Number 153, says - "To be let to Mares this Season, at Eccles Vell, near Fentona, in the county of Tyrone, Mazard, alias Roger; he is a jet black, 15 hands and an inch high, and every way qualified to get officers horses, hunters, and running cattle; for the encouragement of breeders in that part of the world, he will be let at so small a price as 2 guineas each mare, and a crown to the groom, the money to be paid without distinction before the horse leaves the stable. He was remarkably fruitful last year, which was his first season: mr Eccles had 13 mares covered by him, which were all in foal; any mare that he covered last season, which has not a foal, shall be covered this year at half price, provided the mare is under 10 years old.—The following pedigree, certified by Sir Marmaduke Wyvill, will clearly shew what may be expected from a horse of his blood, size, strength and beauty.—This is to certify, that the black stone horse which I sold to mr Eccles, was bred by me, and now rises 9 years old the next grass; he was got by my Scarborough colt, his dam by Belgrade the 2d, his grandam by Old Tifter, his great grandam by Lord Darcey’s Woodcock, his great great grandam by Lord Darcey’s Chesnut Arabian, his great great great grandam by Blunderbuss, out of a natural Barb mare, which was dam to the famous Makeless. Scarborough colt was a son of my Old Scarborough mare and Old Tifter; he won the great stakes at Richmond when 5 years old, and the King’s plate at Leith when 6; and got the dam of Antelope, and many excellent horses. Belgrade the 2d, was the sire of Volunteer, Bashaw, Garnet, Primate and Antelope. Woodcock got the famous Diana mare, and many others of great note; he was son of Old Merlin and Tyrconnel Barb mare. The Chesnut Arabian above mentioned, got Jews-trump, and mr Bethell’s Royal. Blunderbuss was one of the most noted stallions of his Time, and to this day his blood is as much valued as any in England. The above account is true, witness my hand, / Marmaduke Wyvill".

The Stamford Mercury, Thursday, March 26, 1778, Number 2456, says - "The noted Horse Spot, (The Property of Samuel Siddall, of Bourn,) will Cover this Season, at One guinea a Mare. Spot was bred by the late Edm. Turner, Esq; of Stoke near Grantham, and his pedigree is as follows: He was got by Blank, his dam by old Regulus, his Grandam by old Royal, Sire of Capt. Appleyard’s bald Charlotte, his great Grandam by Mr Curven’s grey Barb, his great great Grandam by Mr Curven’s bay Barb, Sire of Brocklesby Betty, and out of a Mare of Lord Lonsdale’s called the Tregonnel Mare, which Mare was bred by Mr Curven, and esteemed one of the highest Blood Mares Mr Curven had. The above Pedigree was taken from Mr Curven’s Stud Book, by the late Charles Pelham, Esq; of Brocklesby".

DESCENT CHART 3
[INCORPORATING THE EVIDENCE AND CONJECTURE CONTAINED IN THIS ARTICLE]

 

                                         HELMSLEY TURK
                                               |
                     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                     |                                                               |                 |
                     |                      -----------------------                  |                 |
                     |                      |                     |                  |                 |
                  BUSTLER   =   Pierson's Sorrell Mare   Pierson's Bay Mare   =   DIAMOND <=> PLACE'S WHITE TURK
                            |                                                 |                        |
          ----------------> | <-------------------------------------------->  | <-----------------------
          |                 |                                                 |
          |                 |                                                mare   =   BRIMMER
          |                 |                                                       |      |
          |                 |       -------------------------------------------------      |
          |                 |       |                                                      |
Tregonwell Barb mare  OLD MERLIN = mare                      Dick Burton's Mare = BETHELL'S GREY HORSE
          |                      |                                              |
          |                      --------------------             ------------------------------------------
          |                                         |             |                                        |
  Tregonnel Mare <=> Tyrconnel Barb Mare  =  ACCLOM'S MERLIN  =  mare                              BETHELL'S RUFFLER
[by Byerley's Turk]                       |                   |                                              1699
          |                               |                   |
          |                   -------------    -------------------------------------------------------------
          |                   |                |                   |                    |                  |
       TANTIVY             DARCY'S         BETHELL'S              mare [26]            mare [31]      FULTHORPE'S
  by Taffolet Barb         WOODCOCK        CASTAWAY                |                    |              WOODCOCK
[by Curwen's Bay Barb]        | 1702             1704              |                    |                    1715
                              |                                    |                    |
                              |                                   mare                 mare
                        Brown Woodcock                   by Darley's Arabian  by Darley's Arabian
                              | 1717                               |                    |
                              |                                    |                    |
                              |                                    |                    |
                             mare                                 mare                 mare
                          by Partner                      by Graeme's Champion        by Fox
                              | 1731                               |                    |
                              |                                    |                    |
                              |                                    |                    |
                        Miss Makeless                           Selima                mare
                      by Brother to Guy                   by Bethell's Arabian       by Blaze
                                1737                               | 1733               |
                                                                   |                    |
                                                                   |                    |
                                                                 Cypron              Red Rose
                                                                by Blaze            by Babraham
                                                                   | 1750                 1760
                                                                   |
                                                                   |
                                                               KING HEROD
                                                               by Tartar
                                                                     1758

                  WOODCOCK (1702)
                       | Miss Tippett
                       | Old Montague
                       | Creeper [gr f 1716 ex Rutland Grey Arabian mare]
                       | Brown Woodcock [br f 1717 ex Lusty Thornton]
                       | [c 1718 ex Bay Farewell]
                       | [c 1718 ex Chesnut Layton]
                       | Woodcock Thornton [ch f 1718 ex Chesnut Thornton]
                       | [c 1719 ex Croft's Pet Mare]
                       | Mad Darcy [ch f 1719 ex Young Violet Layton]
                       | [c 1720 ex Bay Farewell]
                       | [f 1720 ex Curwen's Bay Barb mare]
                       | Grey Woodcock [gr f 1720 ex Croft's Pet Mare]
                       | Doll [b f 1721 ex Moonah Barb mare]
                       | [ch c 1721 ex Darcy's Arabian mare]
                       | [c 1721 ex Scar]
                       | [c 1722 ex Scar]
                       | BROCKLESBY [ch c 1723 ex Brocklesby Betty]
                       | [c 1723 ex Greyhound mare]
                       | [f 1723 ex Holderness Turk mare]
                       | [c 1723 ex Scar]
                       | [ch c 1724 ex Northern Nanny]

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