LAYTON GREY BARB, ROCKWOOD, TAFFOLET BARB AND TREGONWELL'S BARB MARE

AN INVESTIGATION INTO THEIR TRUE IDENTITIES


LAYTON GREY BARB

 

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 1, Williams's Squirrel was by Lister's Snake out of a mare by Akaster Turk out of a mare by a son of Pulleyne's Arabian out of a mare by Brimmer.

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 15, says - "Squirrel was got by Mr. Lister's Snake; his dam by the Acaster Turk, (sire of Chaunter, and the dam of Roxana); grandam by a son of the Pulleine Arabian, out of a daughter of Brimmer".

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 381, says - "Harlequin, Mr Metcalf's, under 13 hds. 3 in., 1719, by Curwen Mixbury - son of the Pulleine Rockwood - Brimmer - Darcy Royal Mare".

The Racing Calendar for 1744, by John Cheny, in the index, page xviii, says - "Metcalf Harlequin Son of Mixberry, Son of the Curwen Bay Barb. Harlequin's Dam was got by a Son of the Pulleyne Rockwood. His Grand Dam was out of a Darcy Royal Mare and Brimmer, Son of the Darcy Yellow Turk".

Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, by C M Prior, page 37, in Cuthbert Routh's Stud-Book, says - "Simon. Leapd at Cathrick, 5 years old, 1738. Was gott by [Bartlet's] Childers, his dam was own sistr to Mr. Williams' Squirrell, gott by old Snake, his grand-dam by Acastr Turk, his great grand dam was a mare of Ld D'arcy's, and got by Layton Gray Barb, the dam of which was a Royall mare".

 

DESCENT CHART 1
[INCORPORATING THE EVIDENCE AND CONJECTURE CONTAINED IN THIS ARTICLE]

 

                                                          ROCKWOOD
                                                             |
                                                             |
                                                             |
                                                      LAYTON GREY BARB
                                                             |
                                                             |
                                                             |
                                                            mare
                                                             |
                                                             --------------------------------------
                                                             |                                    |
                                                            mare                              HARLEQUIN
                                                      by Acaster Turk                         by Mixbury
                                                             |                                      1719
                        --------------------------------------
                        |                  |                 |
                     SQUIRREL          EASBY SNAKE          mare
                     by Snake           by Snake          by Snake
                          1719               1721            |
                                                             |
                                                             |
                                                           SIMON
                                                   by Bartlett's Childers
                                                               1733

ROCKWOOD

 

CARLISLE GELDING

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 9, says - "Buckhunter [Carlisle Gelding] was got by that noted Stallion the Bald Galloway; his dam called the Wharton Mare, by Lord Carlisle's Turk, out of a daughter of the said Bald Galloway, which was out of a Byerley Turk Mare". This is confirmed by the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 18, where it is noted that the second cross of the Bald Galloway is - "probably incorrect, but it is given in all the pedigrees".

An Introduction to a General Stud-book, page 168, says - "Carlisle Gelding - Ld. Carlisle, 1713, Bald Galloway - Carlisle Turk - Byerley Turk".

An advertisement from Issue V of the Racing Calendar Periodical, June 5, 1776, says - "Stallions / To Cover in 1776. A Large Strong Bay Colt, 4 yrs old, this grass, upwards of 15 hands high, bred by the Earl Ferrers, and got by Sir C Sedley`s Arabian, sire of Coquette, Greyling, Pudenda, &c &c. His dam was got by Regulus, and is the dam of Sir H Harpur`s colt Drowsy; his grandam by Old Traveller, his gr. grandam by Almanza, son of the Darley Arabian, who was sire also of the D of Devonshire`s Flying Childers; his gr. gr. grandam was own sister to the famous Carlisle gelding, both being got by the Bald Galloway; their dam, who was called the Wharton Mare, and who won three Royal Plates and the Subscription-money at Quenton Meadows in one year, was got by the Carlisle Turk, out of a daughter of the Byerly Turk. N B The colt was lamed in his fore-leg when a foal, which is now a blemish, but he goes perfectly sound.--A bred mare that has won a 50 l plate, or a mare that has bred a son or daughter which has won two 50 l plates, may be covered gratis.--Good grass for mares, and proper care taken.--The money to be paid before the mares are taken away".

The Racing Calendar for 1743, by John Cheny, in the index, page ix, says - "The Byerley Turk got the Duke of Rutland's Black Hearty (which was the Sire of Bonny Black and Peterborough Dun) Basto, Grasshopper, Jig, the Sire of the Dam of the Duke of Bolton's Looby, and the Sire of the Dam of Mr Hutton's Phantom. He got the Dams of Lord Hallifax's Farmer Mare, Grey Ramsden, Sir Wat Williams-Wynn's Looby, and Smales's Childers ; the Grand-Dam of the Carlisle Gelding, of Col. Howard's Squirrel, and his Chesnut Mare that won the King's Hundred Guineas at Newmarket in April 1728".

Weatherby's Racing Calendar for 1790, Advertisements of Stallions, 1791, page 391, says - "Young Highflyer was got by Highflyer, he is own brother to the famous Maid of all Work, Cowslip, Miss Blanchard, &c. &c. His dam is own sister to that celebrated racer, Tandem, got by Syphon ; his grand dam by Regulus, his great grand dam by Snip, his great great grand dam by Cottingham, son of Hartley's Blind Horse ; his great great great grand dam called the Warlock Galloway, and was the dam of Mr. Routh's Cub, and Black Eyes, and grand dam of Judgement and Apollo, by Lister's Snake, a daughter of the Bald Galloway, a daughter of the Carlisle Turk, sire of the Carlisle gelding's dam, and out of a daughter of the Pulleine old Arabian, &c".

Pond's Sporting Kalendar for 1757, page 172, says - "Judgment, Mr. Swinbourne's, was got by Snip; his Dam by Collingham [sic], (Son of the blind Horse) his Grandam by Spark [error for Snake], out of a Daughter of the Bald Galloway, his Great Grandam by Lord Carlisle's Turk, his Great Great Grandam by Pullen's white Turk. The Daughter of the Bald Galloway [error for Snake] was the Dam of Abigail, Cub and Black Eyes".

An Introduction to a General Stud-book, page 80, says - "Miss Cape, Bred by Mr. Stanhope, foaled in 1758, got by Regulus, her dam, Routh's Black-eyes, by Crab, out of the Warlock Galloway, by Snake - Bald Galloway - Ld Carlisle's Turk - Old Hautboy".

CARLISLE WHITE TURK

In The Royal Studs of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries, by C M Prior, page 137, in the list of mares belonging to Edward Coke, there is the following entry:

"Mare called Roxana was got By ye Bald galloway, Her dam by Ld Carlisle's white Turk. Her gr dam was Sir Willm Strickland's Old Blunder mare".

The pedigree of Roxana in the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 1, reads by Bald Galloway out of sister to Chanter, bred by Sir W Strickland, by Akaster Turk, her dam by Leedes Arabian, grandam by Spanker, out of Old Morocco Mare, the dam of Spanker. This is confirmed by Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 58 where Akaster is spelled Acaster.

Heber's Racing Calendar, volume X, for the year 1760, page 150, says - "Bever's Driver, Son of Snake, the best bred Son of the Lister Turk, out of Thwait's excellent Dun Mare, got by the Yorkshire Acaster Turk, the sire of Old Chanter".

In some pedigrees Acaster Turk is incorrectly spelled Ancaster Turk, fuelling the speculation that this horse was Alcock's Arabian, a stallion employed by the 2nd Duke of Ancaster. In fact Acaster is an area in Yorkshire just south of York containing the villages of Acaster Malbis and Acaster Selby.

PULLEINE'S WHITE TURK

The following texts, parts of two letters from Thomas Pulleine to John Holles, Duke of Newcastle, are taken from Prior's Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, pages 125 and 126:

"[1706. 8br 24, Bolton.] I will next weeke send 3 [mares] for yor Graces app[ro]bation not inferior in blood & beautye to the best of Sr W: [Ramsden] & exceeds her much in size & strength theire pedigree shall come wth them 2 of them are 5 yr old next spring & I hope wth foale to a son of Byerley thother is 6 - wth foale I beleive to my Arabian for she was gott by my white Turke yts deade".

"1706, 28th [October], Bolton. The pedigree of the maires I send for yor Grace to have the refuseall off is as follows
The Lame philly's dam was gott by Mr Place white Turke & vnder a ffenwicke maire & her sire is my Chessnutt Arabian [in foal to a son of Byerley's Turk].
thother 4 yr old philly's dam was out of Sr Mathew Peirson Running maire wch was the most famouse maire in my time & gott by Mr Place Turke & the philly's sire my Chessnutt Arab [in foal to a son of Byerley's Turk].
the 6 yr old maire was out of a maire gott by Brimers [Brimmer] out of a Buttler [Bustler] maire & she was gott by my white Turk [in foal to Pulleine's Chesnut Arabian]".

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 389, says - "Rockwood, see p. 382, is also sometimes called Pulleine's Arabian". Page 382 says - "Rockwood, Pulleine's, out of the Lonsdale Tregonwell Barb Mare".

According to the evidence here Pulleine's Rockwood was identical with Pulleine's Old Arabian and Pulleine's White Turk, and he died between 1699 and 1706. The dams of the two four year old mares were by Place's White Turk and Rockwood's dam, the Lonsdale Tregonwell Barb Mare, bred a filly by Place's White Turk, so it is possible that Pulleine's White Turk was also by Place's White Turk.

HAUTBOY AND GREY HAUTBOY

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 381, says - "Hautboy, bred by the Darcy Family, by the White Darcy Turk - Royal Mare. Hautboy got Grey Hautboy (sire of Bay Bolton), Windham, the dam of Snake, and the dam of Almanzor, Terror and Champion".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 5, says - "Hautboy, (sire of Grey Hautboy, that got Bay Bolton and Lamprie,) was bred by the D'Arcy family, and got by the White D'Arcy or Sedbury Turk, out of a Royal Mare" and "He was never trained for Racing, and was well known to Sportsmen and Breeders by the name of Wilkes's Old Hautboy. He was sire of Old Wyndham, Mr. Fell's Painted Lady, Sir John Parson's Ploughman, Farmer, and Clumsy, all three bred by Mr. Wilkes; the latter of which was sire of Old Fox and Fox-Cub. - Hautboy also got the Mare that was the dam of Mr. Darley's Almanzor, Terror, and Champion ; the dam of Mr. Lister's Snake ; the dam of the sire of the Gardener Mare, and several others".

The Racing Calendar for 1744, by John Cheny, in the index, page viii, says - "Hautboy, which got the Dam of Snake, was also the sire of Windham, of Sir John Parsons's Plowman, Farmer, and Clumsey, all three bred by Mr. Wilks; The latter of which was the Sire of Fox, and the Fox Cub or Squirrel. He also got Grey Hautboy, Sire of Bay Bolton, Lamprie, and Bell's Painted Lady, and of the Dam of the Earl of Portmore's Spinner, which was the Grand-Dam of Mr. Osbaldiston's Traveller. He got the Mare that was the Dam of Almanzor, Terror, and Champion, the Dam of Cream Cheeks, the Dam of the Sire of the Gardener's Grey Mare, the Dam of Mr. Egerton's Country Wench, which was the Dam of his Grey Mare that won the King's Hundred Guineas at Hambleton in 1729; the Dam of Lord Derby's Tickle Pitcher, the Grand-Dam of Mr. Mayes's (afterward Lord Portmore's) Merry Andrew; of Mr. Shafto's Orion, Young Greyhound, and the Great Grand-Dams of Barforth, Trusty, Brushwood, Country Lass, and Blackatop".

 

      GSB                   GSB                  INTRO TO GSB            CALENDAR 1791               POND 1757


      mare                 mare
 by Byerly Turk        by Byerly Turk
       |                     |
       |                     |
       |                     |
      mare                   |                       mare                     mare                      mare
by Bald Galloway             |                  by Old Hautboy      by Pulleine Old Arabian    by Pullen's White Turk
       |                     |                        |                        |                         |
       |                     |                        |                        |                         |
       |                     |                        |                        |                         |
  Wharton Mare          Wharton Mare                 mare                     mare                      mare
by Carlisle Turk      by Carlisle Turk      by Ld Carlisle's Turk       by Carlisle Turk       by Lord Carlisle's Turk
       |                     |                        |                        |                         |
       |                     |                        |                        |                         |
       |                     |                        |                        |                         |
    Old Lady              Old Lady                   mare                     mare                      mare
by Bald Galloway      by Bald Galloway         by Bald Galloway         by Bald Galloway          by Bald Galloway
                             |                        |                        |                         |
                             |                        |                        |                         |
                             |                        |                        |                         |
                      Warlock Galloway         Warlock Galloway         Warlock Galloway                mare
                          by Snake                 by Snake             by Lister's Snake         by Spark [Snake]
                                                      |                        |                         |
                                                      |                        |                         |
                                                      |                        |                         |
                                              Routh's Black-eyes              mare                      mare
                                                   by Crab               by Cottingham             by Cottingham
                                                      | 1741                   |                         |
                                                      |                        |                         |
                                                      |                        |                         |
                                                  Miss Cape                   mare                   JUDGEMENT
                                                  by Regulus                by Snip                   by Snip
                                                                               |
                                                                               |
                                                                               |
                                                                              mare
                                                                           by Regulus
                                                                               |
                                                                               |
                                                                               |
                                                                              mare
                                                                           by Syphon
                                                                               |
                                                                               |
                                                                               |
                                                                        YOUNG HIGHFLYER
                                                                          by Highflyer

 

According to this evidence the dam of the Wharton Mare was by Old Hautboy or Pulleine's White Turk out of a mare by Byerley's Turk.

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 174, says - "Cottingham, (sire of the dam of Judgment) a Chesnut Horse, and foaled in 1735. - He was bred by Mr. Constable, and got by Mr. Hartley's Blind Horse ; his dam by a Son of Snake ; grandam by a Son of Rockwood, out of Crutches and Wyndham's dam, page 7". Page 7, says - "Wyndham was got by Old Hautboy, (son of the White D'Arcy Turk) ; his dam, (Crutches's dam,) by the Marshall or Selaby Turk ; grandam by Bustler, (son of the Helmsley Turk) ; great grandam by Place's White Turk, (that got Wormwood) ; out of a daughter of Dodsworth. - This is the Pedigree of Wyndham, as it was generally given ; there have been objections made to the reality of it, though there were never any plausible reasons for them".

The GSB, volume 1, 1793 edition, page 291, says - "Cottingham, Mr Constable's, 1735, Hartley's Blind Horse - Son of Snake - Son of Rockwood - Windham & Crutche's dam, by the Selaby Turk - Bustler - Burnet's White Barb - Dodsworth". Burnet's White Barb must have been Place's White Turk as one of the co-executors of Place's Will was his cousin John Burnett.

Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, by C M Prior, page 27, in Cuthbert Routh's Stud-Book, says - "The Gray Mare I bought for Ld Exetr of Hen: Morton, was gott by Gray Cottingham, her dam of the Brimmr kind, she was eight years old [foaled 1717], and with foal to Mr Hartley's horse. 12th November, 1725. [Gray Cottingham, pedigree unknown.]" - This Gray Cottingham was probably the Son of Snake that was the maternal grandsire of Constable's Cottingham by Hartley's Blind Horse.

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 10, Crutches was a grey gelding, foaled in 1705, by Hautboy, and Windham was a grey colt, foaled in 1719, by Hautboy.

The produce of Hautboy and Grey Hautboy have long been confused. According to Pick the sire of Painted Lady was Old Hautboy whereas Cheny says the sire was Grey Hautboy, which stallion was also known as Son of Hautboy, Hautboy and Old Hautboy. It is generally accepted that both Crutches and Wyndham were sired by Old Hautboy but there must be some doubt that Old Hautboy was alive as late as 1718. The Duke of Somerset had two horses called Wyndham. The elder was matched against Bay Bolton (1705 by Grey Hautboy) in April 1713 and the younger ran as a five year old in October 1724. Although Grey Hautboy was definitely at stud from 1703 to 1715 and may have been alive as late as 1718, it is possible that the younger Wyndham was sired by the elder Wyndham.

Grey Hautboy and Layton Grey Barb

If it is assumed that Crutches and the elder Wyndham were sired by Grey Hautboy, then the addition of the filly by Son of Rockwood to the produce of the Selaby Turk mare begins to make sense. The Son of Rockwood was also known as Layton Grey Barb and was used by Lord Darcy on some of the Royal Mares.

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 102, Sampson was a bay colt, 1745, by Blaze oo mare by Hip oo mare by Spark (son of Honeycomb Punch) oo mare by Snake oo Darcy's Queen by a Son of Hautboy oo mare by Brimmer oo Royal Mare.

Pick's Turf Register, volume 2, pages 190 and 191, says - "Hambletonian was got by Dainty Davy ; his dam by Regulus ; grandam, (Sampson and Baboon's dam, vol. 1, page 109) by Hip, (son of Mr. Curwen's Bay Barb) ; great grandam by Spark, (son of the Honeycomb Punch) ; great great grandam by Mr. Lister's Snake, out of Lord D'Arcy's Queen". Page 192, says - "Queen was bred by Lord D'Arcy, and got by a Son of Hautboy, out of a daughter of Brimmer".

Hautboy and Pulleine's White Turk

If Grey Hautboy and Layton Grey Barb were the same horse then it must follow that Hautboy and Pulleine's White Turk were also identical. This would seem to be confirmed by the above evidence which shows that the dam of the Wharton Mare was by Old Hautboy or Pulleine's White Turk.

Hautboy was by Darcy's White Turk out of a Royal Mare.

Pulleine's White Turk alias Pulleine's Old Arabian alias Pulleine's Rockwood was out of the Lonsdale Tregonwell Barb Mare and he died between 1699 and 1706. This would appear to be about the time that Hautboy died.

The sire of Pulleine's White Turk is unknown but as his dam had bred a filly by Place's White Turk it can be assumed that he was also by Place's White Turk. Darcy's White Turk, the sire of Hautboy, was also known as Place's White Turk.

History of the British Turf, by James Christie Whyte, 1840, volume 1, chapter XII, says - "We will conclude this chapter with the most accurate pedigree of Eclipse we have been able to put together".

It being assumed that Whyte was privy to information that we are not, this is a most interesting pedigree. Squirt's grandam (Grey Wilkes) is shown as being by Grey Hautboy and Grey Hautboy's dam is shown as Arlington's Barb Mare. The reference, in the pedigree of Regulus, to Snake's dam being sister to Grey Hautboy is a printing error. This should read (Hautboy - dam unknown) as in the pedigree of Squirt, while the (Hautboy - Arlington's barb mare) should be dropped one place as the parents of Grey Hautboy. As Grey Wilkes was also known as Wilkes Old Hautboy mare, it seems more likely that it was Grey Hautboy, and not his sire, who was also known as Wilkes Old Hautboy.

 

DESCENT CHART 2
[INCORPORATING THE EVIDENCE AND CONJECTURE CONTAINED IN THIS ARTICLE]

 

                                   DARCY'S WHITE TURK                       PLACE'S WHITE TURK
                                           |                                        |
                                           |                                        |
                                           |                                        |
                                        HAUTBOY                      ROCKWOOD [PULLEINE'S WHITE TURK]
                                           |                                        |
              ------------------------------                                        -----------------------
              |                            |                                        |                     |
             mare                    GREY HAUTBOY    =    Selaby Turk mare    =    SON             LAYTON GREY BARB
              |                            |         |                        |                           |
| ---------------- ------------- | |
| | | | | |
Wharton Mare mare WYNDHAM CRUTCHES | mare | | | 1705 | | | | | | | | | | | | Old Lady SNAKE WYNDHAM | mare | | 1719 | | | --------------------------------------------------> | <---------------- ----- \ / | | \ / Worlock's Galloway SON | mare 1724 [GREY COTTINGHAM] = mare | | | | | HARTLEY'S BLIND HORSE = mare SIMON | 1733 | | COTTINGHAM 1735

 

Selaby Turk

Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, by C M Prior, page 87, in The Duke of Ancaster's Stud-Book, says - "The Selaby Turk is commonly supposed to have been imported in 1699, and to have been one of the nine stallions Mr. Marshall bought for the King in Barbary that year. But this Turk was the property of Mr. Marshall's elder brother, the owner of the Selaby estate (p. 70), and was perhaps an earlier importation, as his daughter the Coppin Mare, being out of a mare by Place's White Turk (imported 1657), would probably have been foaled before 1701".

In Heber's Racing Calendar, volume VIII, for the year 1758, under the heading "To be sold at Bungay at Suffolk. The Stud of Brood Mares, Colts and Fillies, the property of James Maskill". Lot 2 is - "A Bay Mare, 5 Years old, about 14 Hands 3 Inches high, got by Tarquin; her dam by a Horse of the Duke of Bridgewater's, which Horse was a Son of Quiet, and was Sire of Mr. Tuting's Silver Sides, that beat Mr. Coatesworth's Traveller, and many others for the 4 Years old Plate at Derby in 1750, her Grand Dam by Muley, her Great Great Dam by Chesnut Arabian at Hampton Court, her Great, Great, Great Dam by Leeds, Great, Great, Great, Great Dam by the Chillaby Barb, out of the Old Chesnut Wilkinson, a Daughter of Byerly Turk".

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 390, says - "Greyhound. The cover for this foal was in Barbary, after which both his sire and dam were purchased and brought into England by Mr Marshall. He was got by Chillaby, out of Slugey, a natural Barb Mare".

King William's White Barb, Chillaby was imported by Mr Marshall in 1699. The following pedigree, which renders Chillaby as Sellaby, shows how the confusion with Mr Marshall's Selaby Turk may have arisen:

Pond's Sporting Kalendar for 1757, page 170, says - "Juba, Sir Edward Hales’s, was got by Babraham ; his Dam by Governor Harrison’s Arabian, his Grandam by the chesnut Arabian at Hampton-Court, his Great Grandam by Leeds, his Great Great Grandam by the Sellaby Barb, out of the old chesnut Wilkinson".


TAFFOLET BARB

 
HAMPTON COURT CHILDERS

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, pages 10 and 11, Hampton Court Childers was by Childers out of Duchess by Newcastle Turk out of Grey Royal by Darcy's White Turk out of a mare by Darcy's Yellow Turk out of a Royal Mare.

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 54, says - "The Hampton-Court Childers was bred by the Duke of Devonshire, and got by his Grace's Childers; his dam, called Duchess, by the Duke of Newcastle's Turk, out of a daughter of the D'Arcy's White Turk, which mare was of the Royal kind, and called Grey Royal".

The Racing Calendar for 1744, by John Cheny, in the index, page xix, says - "The Hampton-Court Childers's Dam was called Duchess, she was got by the Duke of Newcastle's Turk, her Grand-Dam by the Darcy White Turk, she was of the Royal Kind, and called Grey Royal".

The Racing Calendar for 1746, by John Cheny, in the index, pages 138 and 139, says - "The Turk that got Hautboy, was also the Sire of Cannon, of the Darcy Grey Royal, the Grand Dam of the Devonshire Dutchess, which was the Dam of the Hampton-Court Childers, and many others".

The GSB, volume 4, 4th edition, page 305, says - "Ground Ivy, a bay horse, foaled in 1737, got by Y. Lamprey, out of Y. Duchess, sister to the Hampton Court Childers".

Pond's Sporting Kalendar for 1754, page 157, says - "Ground-Ivy was got by young Lamprie, his Dam by the Devonshire Childers, his Grandam (old Duchess) by the Newcastle Turk, his Great Grandam (grey Royal) by the Darcey white Turk, Sire of old Hautboy, upon a Royal Mare".

An advertisement in Faulkner's Dublin Journal, 12 - 16 June, 1750, Number 2427, says - "Ground Ivy, to be let to Mares this Season at Minola in the County of Mayo, at a Guinea, a Crown, and two English Shillings to the Groom for each Mare. His Size, Beauty, and great Performances, have been so remarkable, that he requires no Elogy; his Colts have such Size and Fashion, that they would now be matched against any Things in this Kingdom. He was got by young Lampre (Sire also of Silver Tail, Small Hopes, &c) Son of old Lampre, own Brother to Bay Bolton; his Dam (own sister to the Hampton Court Childers) was got by the Devonshire Childers; his Grandam (old Dutchess) by the Newcastle Turk; his Great Grandam (Grey Royal) by the Darcy white Turk (Sire of Hautboy, &c) upon a Royal Mare; young Lampre's Dam (Dam also of old Violante) was the Godolphin famous Snake Mare; her Dam was Mr Wilks's famous Hautboy Mare".

The Racing Calendar for 1746, by John Cheny, in the index, page 143, says - "The Hampton-Court Childers was bred by his Grace the Duke of Devonshire, and got by Childers. The Dam of the Hampton-Court Childers, was call'd Dutchess (she was got by the Newcastle Turk) her Grand Dam was got by the Westal Turk ; her Great Grand Dam by the Darcy Black Legs ; her Great Great Grand Dam was called Old Royal ; she was out of a Darcy Royal Mare, and the Darcy White Turk".

Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, by C M Prior, page 124, in the list of the Duchess of Newcastle's Mares for 1712, mentions - "A filly foal Bay, 4 years old, by ye Pagett Arab of her Call'd Darcy's Young Sorrill out of a Royall Mare Call'd Black Leggs & Gott by Wastell's Turk, her Dam Gott by Duke of Rutland's Black Leggs out of Darcy's oldest Royall Mare".

 

         GSB                     PICK                CHENY 1744              CHENY 1746                 PRIOR        
      
      
      Royal Mare
          |
          |
          |
          |
         mare                                                              Darcy Royal Mare
by Darcy's Yellow Turk                                                            |
          |                                                                       |
          |                                                                       |
          |                                                                       |
     Grey Royal              Grey Royal               Grey Royal              Old Royal             Darcy's oldest
by Darcy's White Turk  by D'Arcy's White Turk    by Darcy White Turk     by Darcy White Turk         Royall Mare
          |                       |                       |                       |                       |
          |                       |                       |                       |                       |
          |                       |                       |                       |                       |
          |                       |                       |                      mare          Royall Mare Black Leggs
          |                       |                       |               by Darcy Blacklegs   by Rutland's Black Leggs
          |                       |                       |                       |                       |
          |                 [grandam of]            [grandam of]                  |                       |
          |                       |                       |                       |                       |
          |                       |                       |                      mare           Darcy's Young Sorrill
          |                       |                       |                by Westall Turk       by Wastell's Turk
          |                       |                       |                       |                       |
          |                       |                       |                       |                       |
          |                       |                       |                       |                       |
       Duchess                 Duchess                 Duchess                 Dutchess               Bay filly
  by Newcastle Turk      by Newcastle's Turk    by Newcastle's Turk        by Newcastle Turk       by Pagett Arab
          |                       |                       |                       |                         1708
          |                       |                       |                       |
          |                       |                       |                       |
HAMPTON COURT CHILDERS  HAMPTON-COURT CHILDERS  HAMPTON-COURT CHILDERS  HAMPTON-COURT CHILDERS
     by Childers        by Devonshire Childers                               by Childers

 

The evidence here points to Darcy's Oldest Royal Mare being the same mare as Old Grey Royal.

Pond's Sporting Kalendar for 1754, page 149, says - "The Hampton Court Childers was got by the Devonshire Childers, out of Mr. Childers's Mare called Duchess, which was full Sister to the Dam of Morrat and Gypsey".

The Dublin Journal, Saturday, February 16, 1765, number 3946, a sale of the entire Stud, with all the Horses in Training, of Edward M'Dermot, Esq, at Rockfield near Roscommon, on the 15th Day of March, 1765, includes - "a dark grey Filly, 4 Years old, a very fine promising Filly, and extremely strong, 15 Hands 1 Inch; she was got by Bustard, her Dam by Merry Andrew, her Grandam by Lath, her Great Grandam by Old Crab, her Great Great Grandam, called Gipsy, by Bay Bolton, and her Great, Great, Great Grandam by the Newcastle Turk, which was the Dam of Morat, Bony Batchelor and Dutchess".

The Universal Advertiser, Dublin, Tuesday, March 1, 1757, Number 453, says - "A Brown bay horse, full 15 hands high, rising 7 years old, quite sound, free from blemish, the property of John Taase, is to cover mares this season at Swords, in the county of Dublin, at half a guinea and a shilling to the groom, the money to be paid at the stable door. He was got by white foot upon a dam of ground Ivy; ground Ivy’s dam was got by the duke of Devonshire’s childers; his grand dam dutchess, by the duke of Newcastle’s turk; his great grand dam was called gray royal, sister to old Hautboy, which was got by the darcy white turk, upon a royal foreign mare. N B Any person inclined to purchase the above stallion, may treat for him any time before the 1st day of April next, and if not sold by that time, will be let out to mares as above. The stallion is now to be seen at Naul in the county of Meath".

This information is most exciting, as further investigation will show.

TANTIVY

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, pages 146 and 5, Morat and Gipsy were by Bay Bolton out of a mare by Newcastle Turk out of Grey Ramsden's dam by Byerley's Turk out of a mare by Taffolet Barb out of a mare by Place's White Turk out of a Natural Barb Mare of Mr Tregonwell's.

An Introduction to a General Stud-Book, page 186, says - "Spectator - Mr. Panton, 1749, Crab - Partner - Bay Bolton - Darley's Arabian - Byerley Turk - Place's White Turk - Taffolet Barb - Barb Mare".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 25, says - "Fearnought was got by Bay Bolton; his dam by the Lexington Grey Arabian; grandam by the Curwen Old Spot; great grandam by Old Spanker, out of a daughter of the Byerley Turk, which mare was the dam of Grey Ramsden, and full sister to the dam of Tantivy, a son of the Taffolet Barb".

Heber's Racing Calendar, volume IV, for the year 1754, page 232, says - "Fearnought's Dam was got by the Lexington Grey Arabian, his Grand Dam by Old Spot, his great Grand Dam by Sir William Ramsden's [Young] Spanker, his great great Grand Dam by the Byerly Turk, which Mare was the Dam of Grey Ramsden, and full Sister to the Dam of Tantivy".

The Racing Calendar for 1743, by John Cheny, in the index, page xxi, says - "Fearnought's Dam was got by the Lexington Grey Arabian, his Grand-Dam by Old Spot, his Great Grand-Dam by Sir William Ramsden's [Young] Spanker, his Great Great Grand-Dam by the Byerley Turk, which Mare was the Dam of Grey Ramsden, and full sister to the Dam of Tantivy".

The Racing Calendar for 1746, by John Cheny, in the index, page 144, says - "The Dam of Fearnought was got by the Lexington Arabian, his Grand Dam by the Curwen Spot, bred, &c. as p.139, His Great Grand Dam by the Ramsden [Young] Spanker, his Great Great Grand Dam by the Byerley Turk, out of the Dam of Grey Ramsden, which Dam was full Sister to the Dam of the Curwen Tantivie. Fearnought's Great Great Great Grand Dam was got by the Taffolet Barb, her Dam by Place White Turk, out of Barb Mare".

This pedigree would appear to be responsible for the addition of the cross of the Taffolet Barb between the mare by Byerley's Turk and the mare by Place's White Turk. The Byerley Turk mare is here said to be "out of the Dam of Grey Ramsden, which Dam was full Sister to the Dam of the Curwen Tantivie", and the sire of Tantivy, the Taffolet Barb, is then said to be the sire of the next dam. A literal reading of this pedigree makes the dam of Tantivy by the Taffolet Barb.

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, in the index, page xxviii, says - "Tantivy, Sir William Ramsden's, (by the Taffolet Barb, dam by the Byerley Turk)".

The Taffolet Barb variously appears here as the sire of Tantivy, the sire of the dam of Tantivy, the sire of the grandam of Tantivy, and the sire of the great grandam of Tantivy. It seems highly unlikely that he was the sire of the great grandam of Tantivy, and the error in the pedigree of Fearnought seems to deny the possibility that he was either the sire of the dam or the sire of the grandam of Tantivy. If we assume for the moment that the Taffolet Barb was only the sire of Tantivy, then Pond's pedigree of Duchess would read:

by Newcastle Turk - mare by Byerley's Turk - mare by Place's [Darcy's] White Turk.

This compares with Cheny's pedigree which reads:

by Newcastle Turk - dam not stated - grandam Grey Royal by Darcy's [Place's] White Turk.

An Introduction to a General Stud-Book, page 131, says - "Snip mare [Paragon], Her dam (the dam of Merry Andrew, and sister to Whitefoot) by Bay Bolton - Darley's Arabian - Byerley Turk - Place's White Turk - Natural Barb Mare". This is confirmed in the the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 150, as - "Paragon, Got by Snip, her dam, Bonnylass, by Bay Bolton - Darley's Arabian - Byerly Turk - Place's White Turk".

The following pedigrees of Hermit are certified by his breeder Thomas Panton:

The London Evening Post, Thursday, February 28 to Saturday, March 2, 1765, number 5825, says - "To Cover this Season, 1765. At Newmarket, in Cambridgeshire, At Two Guineas a Mare, and Half a Crown the Servant; The Brown Horse call’d Hermit. He is 15 Hands and an Inch high, and very beautiful and strong. His Pedigree is as follows: Newmarket, Feb. 25, 1765. I do hereby certify, That the Brown Horse call’d Hermit, as above, late Mr Swymmer’s, and now the Property of William Erratt, was bred by me, and was no more than eleven Years old last Grass; that he is own Brother to Spectator, and was got by Old Crab; his Dam by Partner; his Grandam by Bay Bolton, which Mare was the dam of the Duke of Bolton’s Merry Andrew, and full Sister to Lord Godolphin’s Whitefoot and Wryfoot; his Great Grandam by Darley’s Arabian, Sire of Devonshire Childers; his Great Great Grandam by the Byerly Turk; his Great Great Great Grandam by Place’s White Turk; his Great Great Great Great Grandam by the Taffolet Barb, out of a natural Barb Mare. / Thomas Panton. The Money to be paid at the Stable Door, or when the Mares are taken away. Good Grass for Mares, and proper Care taken of them. / Heber".

Heber's Racing Calendar, volume IX, for the year 1759, page 146, says - "To Cover this Season, 1760, at Buntingford, near Royston in Hertfordshire, at 1 Guinea a Mare, and 1 s. the Servant, the Brown Horse called Hermit, 15 Hands and an Inch high, very beautiful and strong, his Pedigree is as follows: Newmarket, January 2, 1760. I do hereby certify that the Brown Horse, called Hermit, as mentioned above, late Mr. Swymmer’s, and now the Property of Wm Erratt, was bred by me and is no more than 7 Years old last Grass, that he is full Brother to Spectator, and was got by Crab, his Dam by Partner, his Grand Dam by Bay Bolton, which Mare was the Dam of the D. of Bolton’s Merry Andrew, and full Sister to Ld. Godolphin’s Whitefoot and Wryfoot, his Great Grand Dam by Darley’s Arabian, Sire of Devonshire Childers, his Great, Great Grand Dam by the Byerley Turk, his Great, Great, Great Grand Dam by Place’s White Turk, his Great, Great, Great, Great Grand Dam by the Taffolet Barb, out of a natural Barb Mare. Tho. Panton. The Money to be paid at the Stable-door, or when the Mares are taken away. Good Grass for Mares, and proper Care taken of them".

This agrees with the following pedigree of his full brother Spectator:

An Introduction to a General Stud-Book, page 186, says - "Spectator - Mr. Panton, 1749, Crab - Partner - Bay Bolton - Darley's Arabian - Byerley Turk - Place's White Turk - Taffolet Barb - Barb Mare".

The following pedigree of Spectator is certified by his breeder Thomas Panton:

Heber's Racing Calendar, volume X, for the year 1760, page 147, says - "To Cover this Season, at Grimsthorpe in Lincolnshire, at 3 Guineas a Mare, and Half a Crown the Servant, The Bay Horse called Spectator ; whose Pedigree is as follows : I do hereby certify, that the Bay Horse called Spectator, as mentioned above, was bred by me, and got by Crab, his Dam by Partner, his Grand Dam by Bay Bolton, which Mare was the Dam of the Duke of Bolton's Merry Andrew, and full Sister to Ld Godolphin's Whitefoot and Wryfoot ; his Great Grand Dam by Darley's Arabian, Sire of Devonshire Childers ; his Great, Great Grand Dam by the Byerly Turk, his Great, Great, Great Grand Dam by Place's White Turk, his Great, Great, Great, Great Grand Dam by the Taffolet Barb out of a natural Barb Mare. Tho. Panton. N. B. The Money to be paid before the Mares are taken away. Good Grass for Mares at the usual Prices".

The Morning Post and Fashionable World, London, Monday, November 2, 1795, number 7405, Sales By Auction, By Mr Tattersall, says - "This Day, The following are the Property of a Gentleman: Lot 1. A Brown Mare, aged, got by Snap, her dam by Blank, her grand dam by Old Cade, her great grand dam by Old Partner, her gt gt grand dam by Bay Bolton (which Mare was the dam of the Duke of Bolton's Merry Andrew, and full sister to Lord Godolphin's Whitefoot and Wryfoot) her gt gt gt grand dam by Darley's Arabian (Sire of the Devonshire Childers), gt gt gt gt grand dam by the Byerly Turk, gt gt gt gt gt grand dam by Place's White Turk, gt gt gt gt gt gt grand dam by the Tripoli Barb, out of a natural Barb mare".

The Partner mare here is Hermit and Spectator's dam. Her pedigree is nearly identical to that given in the advertisement for Hermit, but the Taffolet Barb is here called the Tripoli Barb.

I think the Taffolet Barb mentioned here is not Curwen's Bay Barb but Darcy's Yellow Turk, alias Dodsworth, who was probably imported from Tripoli via Tafilalt in Morocco, together with the Barb Mare known as Dodsworth's dam.

 

         POND                 CHENY 1746                  PRIOR                  HEBER               MORNING POST

                          
                                                                           natural Barb Mare       natural Barb Mare
                                                                                   |                       |
                                                                                   |                       |
                                                                                   |                       |
                                                                                   |                       |
  Natural Barb Mare         Darcy Royal Mare                                      mare                    mare
  of Mr Tregonwell's               |                                        by Taffolet Barb        by Tripoli Barb
          |                        |                                               |                       |
          |                        |                                               |                       |
          |                        |                                               |                       |
         mare                  Old Royal             Darcy's oldest               mare                    mare
by Place's White Turk    by Darcy White Turk          Royall Mare        by Place's White Turk   by Place's White Turk
          |                        |                        |                      |                       |
          |                        |                        |                      |                       |
          |                        |                        |                      |                       |
  Grey Ramsden's dam              mare           Royall Mare Black Leggs          mare                    mare
  by Byerley's Turk        by Darcy Blacklegs    by Rutland's Black Leggs    by Byerley Turk         by Byerly Turk
          |                        |                        |                      |                       |
          |                        |                        |                      |                       |
          |                        |                        |                      |                       |
          |                       mare            Darcy's Young Sorrill           mare                    mare
          |                  by Westall Turk       by Wastell's Turk       by Darley's Arabian     by Darley's Arabian
          |                        |                        |                      |                       |
          |                        |                        |                      |                       |
          |                        |                        |                      |                       |
  Childer's Duchess             Dutchess                Bay filly                 mare                    mare
Sister to dam of Morat     by Newcastle Turk         by Pagett Arab          by Bay Bolton           by Bay Bolton
          |                        |                          1708                 |                       |
          |                        |                                               |                       |
          |                        |                                               |                       |
HAMPTON COURT CHILDERS   HAMPTON-COURT CHILDERS                                   mare                    mare
by Devonshire Childers        by Childers                                      by Partner              by Partner
                                                                                   |                       |
                                                                                   -------------------------
                                                                                   |                       |
                                                                               SPECTATOR                 HERMIT
                                                                                by Crab                  by Crab
                                                                                     1749                    1752

 

The evidence here points to Old Grey Royal being the same as the mare by Place's White Turk out of Tregonwell's Barb Mare. It also points to the possibility that Byerley's Turk was the same stallion as the Duke of Rutland's Blacklegs.

DUCHESS

The dam of Hampton Court Childers was commonly known as Devonshire Duchess, however according to Pond's Sporting Kalendar she was "Mr. Childers's Mare called Duchess, which was full Sister to the Dam of Morrat and Gypsey". Childers's Duchess was involved in the ill-fated running of Queen Anne's Gold Cup at York in 1714 and as this race was for six year olds it can be assumed that Childers's Duchess was foaled in 1708. The four year old bay filly by Pagett's Arabian, mentioned in the list of the Duchess of Newcastle's mares for 1712 in Prior's Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, has the same pedigree as Devonshire Duchess and was also foaled in 1708. According to Baily's Racing Register, volume 1, page 2, Childers's Duchess was a bay mare.

The York Courant, Tuesday, February 22, 1743, Number 906, says - "To Leap this Season, 1742-3, At One Guinea a Mare, and One Shilling to his Keeper, At Mr Stephen Jefferson's, at Clifton nigh York, A High-bred beautiful Bay ston'd Horse, known by the Name of Young Childers, full fifteen Hands high, sound and clean of Blemishes, goes well upon his Legs, and able to carry fifteen stone a-hunting. His Pedigree is certify'd by his Grace the Duke of Somerset, as under. He was got by the Hampton-Court Childers, he got by the Flying-Childers; his Grand dam was Dutchess, that won the fourth Heat in Clifton-Ings, in the Year 1714, for the Royal Plate; his Dam, Bonny-Lass, bought of the late Earl of Holderness; and Bonny Lass was out of the famous Gipsey Mare, got by his Lordship's Turk, given him by Sir Robert Sutton. / Somerset".

The evidence here points to Duchess being a bay mare foaled in 1708 by Pagett's Arabian. Pagett's Arabian was foaled in 1697 and was acquired in 1703 in Constantinople by William, 6th Lord Pagett for John Holles, Duke of Newcastle. This is the stallion commonly known as the Newcastle Turk.

The dam of the Duchess of Newcastle's four year old filly by Pagett's Arabian is shown as Darcy's Young Sorrill but the pedigree given is that of Darcy's Sorrill real [Royal] Mare, foaled in 1703, by Wastell's Turk out of the Royall Mare Black Leggs. This mare was given by Mr Jessop to the Duke of Newcastle, and her foal of 1708 [Duchess] was the subject of a letter recorded in Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, by C M Prior, page 127, endorsed "Octobr ye 1st 1708. A copy of his Graces letter to Mr. Darcy about ye philley foal out of Blackleggs & ye philley out of ye grey mare". The letter begins "I recd yors of ye 21st Ult & tho I did undrstand Mr Jessop yu was to have a philley Foal out of Blackleggs [Darcy's Sorrill Royal Mare] got by my Paget Arab yet I did not apprehend it was to be ye first Foal I had".

Prior's Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, in the Duke of Newcastle's Stud Book, 1700 to 1712, pages 113 to 124, records the first five matings of Darcy's Sorrill Royal Mare as follows:

1708 Bay filly by Pagett's Arabian
1709 Barren to Pagett's Arabian
1710 Barren to Harley's Arabian
1711 Barren to Harley's Arabian
1712 Bay filly by Pagett's Arabian

The 1708 filly was Duchess and the 1712 filly was probably the dam of Morat and Gipsey.

 

DESCENT CHART 3
[INCORPORATING THE EVIDENCE AND CONJECTURE CONTAINED IN THIS ARTICLE]

 

                                                         Grey Royal
                                              by Darcy's [Place's] White Turk
                                                             |
                                                             ---------------------------------------------------
                                                             |                                                 |
                                                            mare                                              mare
                                                     by Byerley's Turk                                 by Byerley's Turk
                                                             |                                                 |
              ---------------------------------------------------------------------                            |
              |                |                  |                               |                            |
            mare         GREY RAMSDEN            mare                            mare                       TANTIVY
      by Young Spanker  by Grey Hautboy   by Darley's Arabian             by Wastell's Turk            by Taffolet Barb
              |                  1704             |                               | 1703
              |                                   |                     ---------------------
              |                                   |                     |                   |
            mare                              Bonny Lass             Duchess               mare
      by Curwen's Spot                      by Bay Bolton       by Newcastle Turk   by Newcastle Turk
              |                                   | 1723                | 1708              | 1712
              |                                   |                     |                   --------------------
              |                                   |                     |                   |                  |
            mare                                 mare         HAMPTON COURT CHILDERS      MORAT              Gipsey
  by Lexinton Grey Arabian                   by Partner            by Childers        by Bay Bolton      by Bay Bolton
              |                                   | 1735                                      1724               1725
              |                                   |
              |                                   |
         FEARNOUGHT                           SPECTATOR
       by Bay Bolton                           by Crab
                1724                                1749

 

SPARK

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 383, says - "Spark, by Honeycomb Punch [by Taffolet Barb], out of Wilkes's Old Hautboy Mare, possibly Grey Wilkes".

Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, by C M Prior, page 38, in Cuthbert Routh's Stud-Book, says - "[Note.- Spark by Honeycomb Punch (son of the Taffolet Barb) out of Wilkes' Old Hautboy mare, for note on whom see p. 30.]". Page 30, says - "The mare [my] Surley was out of was got by Coney skins, her dam by old Ho'boy, & her dam [i.e., the Ho'boy mare] was bred by old Wilks, and out of a mare of Sr Wm Wyvill's, calld Clubfoot".

Heber's Racing Calendar, volume IV, for the year 1754, page 238, says - "Bald Partner Sire's Dam was got by Spark, Son of the famous Honeycomb Punch, and out of the Robinson Hautboy Mare, bred by Mr. Wilks, and was the Dam of the Dam of Regulus, and the Dam of the Dam of the Metcalf Lady Betty and Lady Caroline".

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 153, Bald Partner was by a son of Lord Essex's Smiling Ball.

The Newcastle Courant, Saturday, March 15, 1739-40, Number 777, says - "To be Leap'd this Season, At Hart, near Hartlepool, in the County of Durham, For One Guinea a Mare, and One Shilling the Keeper, A Bay Colt, four Years old this Grass, belonging to Mr Ellerker: He is full fifteen hands high, very strong and beautiful, with good Marks, and clear of all Blemishes: He was bred by Mr Robinson of Richmond, and was got by Smiling Ball from a sparke Mare, whose Dame was old Wilkie: Smiling Ball was bred by Mr Gase, of Panton, in Lincolnshire; he was got by a Son of Acklam Merlin; Ball's Dam was bred by Mr Curwin, of Workington; she was got by Mr Curwin's old Barb, which was Mr Pelham's, afterwards; she was the Dam of Lord Gower's Chance Gelding: Ball, in his Performances, won, in Plates and Money, in the Year 1726, 190 l 13 s. In 1727, 402 l 7 s. In 1728, 1092 l. In 1729, 357 l. He won in the four Summers 2042 l. N B Good Grass for Mares, and proper Care will be taken of them".

The Newcastle Courant, March 2-9, 1745, Number 2672, says - "Mr Robinson's Spark was from one of the Duke of Montague's Infant Mares, got by Honey come punch me; Honey come punch me was bred by Major Rookby".

Grey Wilkes was full sister to, or the same mare as, the Old Wen Mare, the dam of Alcock's Arabian by Curwen's Bay Barb, and their dam Darcy's Pet Mare was Grey Royal, the fourth dam of Hampton Court Childers.

 

DESCENT CHART 4
[INCORPORATING THE EVIDENCE AND CONJECTURE CONTAINED IN THIS ARTICLE]

 

                                               [Darcy's Pet Mare] Grey Royal
                                              by Darcy's [Place's] White Turk
                                                             |
          --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          |                                                  |                          |                        |
     Grey Wilkes                                        Old Wen Mare                   mare                     mare
     by Hautboy                                          by Hautboy             by Byerley's Turk        by Byerley's Turk
          |                                                  |                          |                        |
          ---------------------------------                  |                          |                        |
          |                |              |                  |                          |                        |
        mare              mare           mare         ALCOCK'S ARABIAN                 mare                   TANTIVY
      by Snake          by Spark       by Snake     by Curwen's Bay Barb        by Wastell's Turk        by Taffolet Barb
          |                |              |                                             | 1703
          |                |              |                                   ---------------------
          |                |              |                                   |                   |
    Grey Robinson       SON OF      YOUNG LAMPREY                          Duchess               mare
  by Bald Galloway    SMILING BALL   by Lamprey                       by Newcastle Turk   by Newcastle Turk
          | 1723           | 1736         | 1730                              | 1708              | 1712
          |                |              |             -----------------------                   ----------------
          |                |              |             |                     |                   |              |
       REGULUS        BALD PARTNER        |       Young Duchess    HAMPTON COURT CHILDERS       MORAT          Gipsey
    by Godolphin             1743         |        by Childers           by Childers        by Bay Bolton  by Bay Bolton
       Arabian                            |             |                                           1724           1725
            1739                          -----     -----
                                               \   /
                                            GROUND IVY
                                                   1737

 

Taffolet

The largest Saharan oasis of southern Morocco is situated on the Oued Ziz south of the High Atlas and is variously known as Tafilalet, Tafilalt, Tafilelt and Tafilet. The Filali lineage of sharifs which ruled this area later became the Alawite Dynasty which rules Morocco to the present day. In 1672 Mulay Ismail al-Samin, son of Mulay Muhammad al-Sharif, King of Tafilalt, became Sultan of Morocco and he ruled until 1727. A treaty with France was signed in 1682 to encourage commerce and put down piracy, so it must have been some time after this date that the Taffolet, or Morocco, Barb was brought to England.

CURWEN'S BAY BARB

The Origin & History of the British Thoroughbred Horse, by J B Robertson, in The Lonsdale Library, Volume XXVIII, Flat Racing, pages 33 and 34, says - "When James II abdicated and fled to France, in 1688, many of his adherents followed him. One such was Henry Curwen. He remained in France till towards the close of William III's reign. In the meantime his estates had been administered by his cousin, and his stud dispersed".

It was during his stay in France that Curwen acquired a stallion that Mulay Ismail al-Samin had presented to Louis XIV. This stallion was brought to England in 1698 and became famous as Curwen's Bay Barb. In fact this stallion was so famous that he was long known only as The Bay Barb.

Byram

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 390, says - "Curwen's Bay Barb, was a present to Lewis the Fourteenth from Muly Ishmael, King of Morocco, and was brought into England by Mr Curwen, who being in France when Count Byram and Count Thoulouse (two natural sons of Lewis the Fourteenth), were, the former, Master of the Horse, and the latter, an Admiral, he procured of them, about the end of the seventeenth century, two Barb horses, both of which proved excellent stallions, and are well known by the names of the Curwen Bay Barb, and the Thoulouse Barb".

I have been unable to find a place in France called Byram or an illegitimate son of Louis XIV called Count Byram. There is, however, a place in Yorkshire called Byram and on November 30, 1689, John Ramsden was created a Baronet of Byram by William III. His son Sir William Ramsden, 2nd Baronet of Byram, married Elizabeth, daughter of John Lowther, 1st Viscount Lonsdale.

Henry Curwen was probably in France from 1688 to 1698, during which time his estates in England were administered by his cousin Darcy Curwen (1643 - 1722) and his stud dispersed. It is possible that the Bay Barb came into his possession early in the 1690s and was taken to England for him by Sir William Ramsden, 2nd Baronet of Byram, where he covered as the Taffolet Barb and the Lowther Bay Barb. The earliest known foal by the Taffolet Barb was Honeycomb Punch, who ran at Newmarket in 1699 and was therefore foaled about 1693.

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, in the index, page xxviii, says Tantivy by the Taffolet Barb was owned by Sir William Ramsden, and The Racing Calendar for 1746, by John Cheny, in the index, page 144, says Sir William Ramsden's Tantivy by the Taffolet Barb was also known as the Curwen Tantivy. The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 390, says Tantivy was by Curwen's Bay Barb.

In 1698 Henry Curwen returned to England with another stallion, which he sold to Sir John Parsons, which became known as the Thoulouse Barb, Parsons Barb and the Burlington Turk. He must then have recovered his original stallion from Sir William Ramsden which continued for some years to be known as the Taffolet, Morocco or Bay Barb. The earliest dated foal by Curwen's Bay Barb was Creeping Molly in 1700, which fits perfectly with Henry Curwen's return in 1698.

Henry Curwen, a Roman Catholic, wasn't allowed, by law, to own any horse above the value of five pounds. In an effort to avoid his stallion being confiscated, he allowed Charles Pelham, a Protestant, to keep the horse for him at his stud at Brocklesby Park in Lincolnshire, where he came to be known as Pelham's Bay Barb.

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 29, says Monkey was bred by Lord Lonsdale and was got by his Bay Arabian out of a mare by Curwen's Bay Barb out of a mare by Byerley's Turk out of an Arabian Mare. This is further evidence that Curwen's Bay Barb and the Taffolet Barb may have been the same horse, as Pick says Tantivy was by the Taffolet Barb out of a mare by Byerley's Turk.

The age of the Bay Barb

Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, by C M Prior, page 146, says - "Unfortunately no records of Mr Curwen's stud, which was a most important one, have been preserved by the family, but from a picture in the possession of the Earl of Ancaster, he [Curwen's Bay Barb] is depicted as a blaze-faced bay, and the description states that the horse came from France in 1698, and that the picture is copied from the original [by John Wootton] by W. Shaw, painted in the 12th year of the horses age, and that he died in his 38th year".

If it is assumed that the Bay Barb was presented by Mulay Ismail al-Samin to Louis XIV at the time of the signing of the treaty with France in 1682 and that he was a yearling, then he would have been foaled in 1681. He would have been 12 years old in 1693 and already in England when he was painted, and 34 years old in 1715 when he covered the dam of Hip. He would have died in 1719 in his 38th year.

It being extremely rare for a stallion to be covering in his 34th year, let us assume he last covered in his 29th year. He would have been foaled in 1686, 6 years old in 1692 when he covered the dam of Honeycomb Punch, 12 years old in 1698 when he was painted and when Henry Curwen returned to England and 29 years old in 1715 when he covered the dam of Hip. He would have died in 1724 in his 38th year.


TREGONWELL'S BARB MARE

 

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 382, says - "Rockwood, Pulleine's, out of the Lonsdale Tregonwell Barb Mare".

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 378, says - "Bumper, Sir J. Pennyman's (aft. Mr Maskell's), 1735, by Partner - Bay Bolton - Commoner - Restive - Lord Lonsdale's Tregonwell Barb mare".

An Introduction to a General Stud-Book, page 167, says - "Bumper, Sir J. Pennyman, Partner - Bay Bolton - Commoner - Restive - an Arabian Mare of Ld Lonsdale's".

The Racing Calendar for 1744, by John Cheny, page 125, says of Bumper - "He was bred by Sir James Pennyman, got by Partner; his Dam by Bay Bolton; his Grand-Dam by Commoner; his Great Grand-Dam was out of Lord Lonsdale's Arabian Mare, and Restive".

The Sporting Kalendar for 1757, by John Pond, page 221, says Trumpet's dam was - "out of a Darcy Yellow Turk Layton Mare, and she was got by Place's white Trugunwell Turk, that got Commoner and the Ranter Gelding".

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 14, says Lord Lonsdale's Counsellor was by the Shaftesbury Turk out of a sister to Spanker by Darcy's Yellow Turk out of the Old Morocco Mare by Fairfax's Morocco Barb.

The Origin & History of the British Thoroughbred Horse, by J B Robertson, in The Lonsdale Library, Volume XXVIII, Flat Racing, page 31, says - "The terms Arab, Barb and Turk were indiscriminately applied to the same animal. Thus, Sir Anthony Ashley Cooper, first Earl of Shaftesbury, in a letter written from the Tower of London in 1681 concerning the sale of his horses and mares, describes his Turk as 'my Arabian.' Included in Lord Shaftesbury's mares at St Giles, Wimborne, was Bay Darcy, covered in 1681 by the Shaftesbury Turk. For her the Earl asked £40 with her colt foal. This mare apparently was bought by Sir John Lowther, first Viscount Lonsdale, and was the dam of the Lonsdale Counsellor, by the Shaftesbury Turk (Stud Book, vol. 1), and, further, may be identified as a mare bred by James Darcy the elder (or younger) at Sedbury, and as by the Darcy Yellow Turk, out of the Old Morocco Mare (Old Peg, No. 6 Family)".

Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, by C M Prior, page 28, in Cuthbert Routh's Stud-Book, says - "[Wood's] Counsellor's dam was got by Makeless, her dam was a Barb mare of Sr Hugh Cholmondley's. His sire's [Darcy's Counsellor's] dam was the Violet Laton mare in Ld D'arcy's stud. His grandsire's [Lonsdale Counsellor's] dam was gott by the White Turk, who got Cannon and Ho'boy. And her dam by the Yellow Turk, who got Old Spanker".

The records show that the Tregonwell Barb Mare was the property of Sir John Lowther, who was created Viscount Lonsdale in 1696. The addition of the name Tregonwell to this mare may be an error as it is clear from the pedigree of Trumpet's dam in Pond's Sporting Kalendar that this name refers to Place's White Turk, who was also known as Place's White Trugunwell Turk. A more correct name for this mare may be Lord Lonsdale's Arabian Mare, and if Pond's pedigree of Duchess is correct then she was a grey mare by Darcy's Yellow Turk out of a grey Royal Mare, and identical with Darcy's Grey Royal Mare.

The pedigree of Lord Lonsdale's Counsellor in the GSB makes his dam a full sister to Spanker, while the version entered in Cuthbert Routh's Stud Book makes her a daughter of Darcy's White Turk out of a daughter of Darcy's Yellow Turk. It being more than probable that Lord Lonsdale's Counsellor was descended from his Arabian Mare, then the Arabian Mare would have been a full sister to Spanker by Darcy's Yellow Turk out of the Old Morocco Mare. If J B Robertson is correct in his assertion that the dam of Lonsdale Counsellor was called Bay Darcy then she must have been a sister to Grey Royal.

The Tregonwell Barb mare was probably by Place's White Trugunwell Turk out of Lord Lonsdale's Arabian Mare and was identical with Old Grey Royal.

RESTIVE

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 156, Mr Egerton's Pigot Turk mare was out of a mare by Byerley's Turk out of a mare by Castleton out of a sister to Sir John Lowther's Old Resty. According to a letter from J Griffin to the ninth Duke of Rutland, as reproduced in Prior's Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, page 105, the Duke of Rutland's Castleton was of full age in 1687. Sir John Lowther was created Viscount Lonsdale in 1696, so it is more than possible that Old Resty was identical with the stallion Restive, whose daughter out of Lord Lonsdale's Tregonwell Barb Mare was the ancestress of Maskell's Bumper.

The Newcastle Courant, Saturday, April 21, 1739, Number 730, says - "To be Leap'd this Season, At George Snawdon's, at White-House, near Ormsby, in Cleaveland, in the County of York, at Half a Guinea a Mare, A Beautiful Horse, call'd Rainbow, seven Years old this Grass, full fourteen Hands three Inches high, and of great Strength: He was got by Mr Croft's Bloody Buttocks, and out of a Mare got by Bay Bolton, which was under a Mare bred by Lord Lonsdale's, got by Croft's Commoner, which Lord Lonsdale's Mare was out of his Lordship's old Arabian Mare, and got by his old Horse Resty. N B If any Mares are sent to him to stay till serv'd, they'll have good Grass on reasonable Terms, and be well taken Care of".

 

DESCENT CHART 5
[INCORPORATING THE EVIDENCE AND CONJECTURE CONTAINED IN THIS ARTICLE]

 

                                                              Old Morocco Mare
                                                          by Fairfax's Morocco Barb
                                                                      |
                                       --------------------------------
                                       |                              |
                                    SPANKER                 Lonsdale Arabian Mare
                            by Darcy's Yellow Turk          by Darcy's Yellow Turk
                                                                      |
         --------------------------------------------------------------                        -----------------
         |                              |                             |                        |               |
     Bay Darcy                 Tregonwell Barb mare               ROCKWOOD                 OLD RESTY          mare
by Darcy's White Turk    [Grey Royal] [Darcy's Pet Mare]          [HAUTBOY]                [RESTIVE]           |
         |               by Darcy's [Place's] White Turk     by Darcy's White Turk             |               |
         |                              |                                                      |               |
         |                              -------------------------------------------------      |               |
         |                              |                           |                    \    /                |
LONSDALE COUNSELLOR                    mare                        mare                   mare                mare
by Shaftesbury Turk              by Byerley's Turk           by Byerley's Turk             |             by Castleton
         |                              |                           |                      |                   |
         |                              |                           |                      |                   |
         |                              |                           |                      |                   |
DARCY'S COUNSELLOR                     mare                      TANTIVY                  mare                mare
         | 1694                  by Wastell's Turk           by Taffolet Barb         by Commoner      by Byerley's Turk
         |                              | 1703                                             |                   |
         |                    ---------------------                                        |                   |
         |                    |                   |                                        |                   |
 WOOD'S COUNSELLOR         Duchess               mare                                     mare                mare
         |            by Newcastle Turk   by Newcastle Turk                         by Bay Bolton        by Pigot Turk
         |                    | 1708              | 1712                                   |                   |
         |                    |                   ----------------                 ----------------            |
         |                    |                   |              |                 |              |            |
    THUNDERBOLT    HAMPTON COURT CHILDERS       MORAT          Gipsey           RAINBOW         BUMPER       filly
           1723         by Childers         by Bay Bolton  by Bay Bolton  by Bloody Buttocks  by Partner  by Bald Lump
                                                    1724           1725              1732           1735         1727

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