GARDINER MARE, HUTTON'S SPOT AND ALCOCK'S ARABIAN

AN INVESTIGATION INTO THEIR TRUE IDENTITIES


GARDINER MARE AND FAVOURITE

 

FAVOURITE

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 7, Mr Jackson's Favourite was a bay filly, 1725, by the Widdrington Grey Arabian out of a Commoner mare, the dam of Miss Neasham, out of a mare by a son of Place's White Turk.

In Baily's Racing Register, volume 1, page 23, running as a five year old in 1730 is - "Mr. Jackson's gr. m. Favourite, by the Widdrington Grey Arabian, out of Miss Nesham's dam".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 30, says - "Favourite (a grey mare - foaled in 1725) was got by Mr. Bridgewater's (formerly Lord Widderington's) Grey Arabian, out of Miss Neesham's dam, page 16".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 16, says - "Miss Neesham was got by Capt. Hartley's Blind Horse, (son of the Holderness Turk); her dam, (Mr. Jackson's Favourite's dam,) by Mr. Crofts's Commoner, (son of Place's White Turk)".

Favourite was the first recorded winner of six Royal Plates in 1730, 1731 and 1732.

GARDINER MARE

Fairfax Harrison's Early American Turf Stock, volume 2, page 95, from the advertisement for the stallion Dove, who stood in Maryland, says - "He was bred by Mr. Thomas Jackson, senior, in the north of England, was got by Young Cade : his dam by Teazer : his grand-dam by Scawing's Arabian : and out of the Gardener's-mare that won six royal plates of one hundred guineas each".

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 384, says - "Spot, Mr Cornewall's, by Lord Portmore's Spot, out of The Gardener's Mare, by Bridgewater's Horse - Commoner - Makeless - Wormwood".

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 384, also says -"Teazer, Mr Grisewood's, bred by Mr Hassell, 1749, got by Teazer, son of the Bolton Starling, dam by Roundhead, out of the Gardiner Mare, by Bridgewater's Horse - Commoner - Makeless - Wormwood". This pedigree is confirmed by Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 475.

Cheny's Racing Calendar for 1744, in the index, page viii, says Hautboy got - "the Dam of the Sire of the Gardener's Grey Mare".

Cheny's Racing Calendar for 1746, page 138, says - "the Gardener's Grey Mare Favourite".

The Ipswich Journal, Saturday, March 10, 1749-50, Number 578, says - "Now in the Hands of Amos Alexander, in Toftmonks in Norfolk, near Beccles in Suffolk, A Black-Grey Colt, call’d by the Name of Bucephalus, to Cover Mares this following Season, at One Guinea a Leap and Trial, and a Shilling the Servant; the Money all to be paid down at Covering, otherwise none will be cover’d, except such as were cover’d by my Chestnut Horse and were not season’d, may be cover’d by this Horse, making up the Money paid for the same the above Sum.—He is now rising three Years old, full 15 Hands one Inch high, free from any Blemish, and is an extraordinary strong, beautiful, fine, just-made, good Mover.—He was bred by Mr Tho. Jackson of Scruton near Northallerton in Yorkshire, and was got by Mr W Carter’s old Horse Bumblebee, and his Dam by Esquire Scowing’s Arabian, and his Grand-dam was his Grey Mare, known by the Name of Favourite, otherwise by the Name of the Gardener’s Grey Mare, which won the King’s Plate at Black Hamilton, and three King’s Plates at Newmarket, one at Winchester, and one at Salisbury, and was allowed to be the best Mare in this Kingdom. All this above I justify to be true, as witness my Hand, / Amos Alexander".

The Newcastle Courant, Saturday, March 16, 1733-4, Number 464, says - "Brisk the Sire of Mr Jackson's gray Mare, the Gardiner's Favourite, which won six Kings Plates, and likewise the Colt, Little John, which won the Morpeth Plate in 1730, 4 Years old, and Hounsle at 5 Heats. Brisk is now in the Hands of Thomas Bridgwater, and will be leapt at Half a Guinea per Mare, and a Shilling to the Keeper, at William Harrison's at Tuddo, within 3 Miles of Durham, he will be shown at Bishop Auckland, and likewise at Durham. He is a strong Horse, well-fashioned, 15 Hands and half an Inch high. His Pedigree, as follows, he was got by Lord Widdrington's gray Turk, which was a Son of Mr Lister's Turk, and bred by Mr Lister, which was full Brother to old Brisk and Coney Skins his Dam, was bred by Mr Wilks, and got by old Hautboy, and his grand Dam was out of one of Lord Darcy's royal Mares, and got by old Bustler".

The Ipswich Journal, Saturday April 3. 1742. No 164 This is to give Notice, that Mr George Baxter, at the Fleece in Thetford, has a Horse that covers Mares at 10 s 6 d a Leap this Season; the Money to be paid at the Stable-Door, Leap and Trial, by Reason it will save a great Expence and unknown Trouble: It is Fire-Tail, late Mr Thomas Panton’s of New-Market; he was got by the Duke of Devonshire’s Childers, his Dam by the Duke of Somerset’s famous Horse Commoner, his Grand Dam by Makeless, out of a Thornton Mare. He is adorn’d with Beauty, and is finely mark’d; the Duke of Devonshire’s Horses call’d Plaistow, Fleeceson, and Sekend, being his Brothers. he has got a great many fine beautiful Colts about the Country, and is constantly to be heard of as above. N B Mr Baxter has good Grass for Mares that shall be sent to his Horse at 3 d a Night".

The Stamford Mercury, Thursday, May 23, 1728, says - "This is to give Notice, That the Chesnut Horse calle'd Doctor, which was Mr Panton's, is now kept at the Warren Lodge in Grimsthorpe Park, and leaps for half a Guinea a Leap and Tryal. N B His Sire an Arabian, his Dam a Daughter of Old Commoner, out of a Makeless Mare [Chesnut Thornton], whose Dam was a Daughter of Brimmer [Old Thornton], out of a Mare got by Dicky Pearson, Son of Old Dodsworth's Barb, out of a Burton Barb Mare, as is certified under the Hand of the Breeder".

It is clear from the above evidence that Favourite was the Gardiner Mare.

This is the pedigree of the Gardiner Mare incorporating the evidence and conjecture contained in this article:

Gardiner Mare
1725
BRISK WIDDRINGTON GREY TURK LISTER'S TURK  
 
Brisk's dam  
 
Hautboy mare HAUTBOY DARCY'S WHITE TURK
Lonsdale Arabian Mare
Bustler mare BUSTLER
Darcy's Royal Mare
Croft's Commoner mare CROFT'S COMMONER PLACE'S WHITE TURK HELMSLEY TURK
 
   
 
Chesnut Thornton MAKELESS OGLETHORPE'S ARABIAN
Darcy's Yellow Turk mare
Old Thornton BRIMMER
Dicky Pierson mare

Gardiner Mare=Favourite
BRISK=BRIDGEWATER'S HORSE

HAUTBOY out of Lonsdale Arabian Mare - conjecture
DARCY'S WHITE TURK=PLACE'S WHITE TURK
PLACE'S WHITE TURK by HELMSLEY TURK - conjecture


HUTTON'S SPOT

 

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 205, Hutton's Spot was a grey colt, 1728, by Hartley's Blind Horse out of a mare by Surley out of a mare by Coneyskins out of a mare by Hautboy.

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 149, says - "Spot (sire of Jessamy and Ranger) was a Grey Horse, foaled in 1735, and bred by Mr. Hutton. - He was got by Mr. Hartley's Blind Horse; his dam by a Son of Mr. Hutton's Grey Barb; grandam by Coneyskins, out of a daughter of Mr. Wilkes's Old Hautboy".

In Baily's Racing Register, volume 1, the following horses called Hutton's Spot appear :
Page 37 - Mr. Hutton's Spot ran at Newmarket in 1733 in a race for five year olds.
Page 56 - Mr. Hutton's gr. h. Kilburn Spot ran at Malton in 1740 in a race for five year olds.
Page 57 - Mr. Hutton's gr. h. Spot ran at York in 1740 in a race for five year olds.

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 65, Mr Cornwall's Lady Augusta was by Hutton's Spot out of Mab by Crab out of Miss Jigg, sister to Partner.

Pick's Turf Register, volume 2, page 3, says - "Lady Augusta, (dam of Bodfach) was a Grey Mare, foaled in 1748, and bred by Velters Cornwall, Esq. - She was got by Mr. Hutton's Blind Spot; her dam by Mr. Panton's Crab, out of an own sister to Mr. Crofts's Partner".

Pond's Sporting Kalendar for 1753, page 137, says - "Lady Augusta, Mr. Cornwall's, was got by Blind Spot; her Dam by Crab, out of Mr. Cornwall's old Jig Mare, full Sister to Partner".

Pond's Sporting Kalendar for 1752, page 132, says - "Lady Augusta, Mr. Cornwall's, was got by a Son of Mr. White's Spot, her dam by Crab".

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 384, says - "Spot, Mr Cornewall's, by Lord Portmore's Spot, out of The Gardener's Mare, by Bridgewater's Horse - Commoner - Makeless - Wormwood".

The Worcester Journal, Thursday, April 30, 1767, Number 3009, says - "To Cover this Season, at Mr Peake’s, at Shrawley Wood, at One Guinea a Mare, and One Shilling the Man (the Money to be paid the first Leap, or when taken away) A Beautiful Grey Horse, Fifteen Hands and one Inch high: He is remarkable for Beauty, Colour, and Shape, and is able to carry eighteen Stone a Fox-hunting; his Colts are superior to most.--He was got by that famous and beautiful Grey Horse, which was sold to ‘Squire Dutton for One Hundred Guineas, out of the Gardener’s Mare, for which Twelve Hundred Guineas was offered.--The said Grey Horse got several famous and remarkable Colts for the Hon. Velters Cornwall, Esq;--He is Brother to Princess of Wales, to White-Neck, that was sold to Sir John Phillips for Two Hundred Guineas, and to that remarkable Mare, Lady Augusta, which at four Years old won the great Match at Burford, against Lord Chedworth, and the Plate when nine started; and at five Years old the Plate at Cirencester, Burford, Chipping-Norton, and Marlow.--This Stallion is allowed by all Judges, that have seen him, to be as compact an Horse as any in England".

Hutton's Spot was also known as White Spot. See GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 94, produce of sister to Bajazet.

Pick's Racing Calendar, 1804, says - "Miss Acomb, Mr Flint's, got by Beningbrough, out of Garnerin and Quilter's dam, page 177. / Garnerin, Mr J Sutton's, got by Restless; dam, (Quilter and Miss Acomb's dam) by Sir Peter Pellet, (a son of Doge); grandam by Engineer; Mr Wilson's Arabian, out of a daughter of Mr Hutton's Blind Spot".

WHITE'S SPOT

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 474, says - "Spot, Mr. White's, (a grey horse, foaled in 1723) by Mr. Alcock's Arabian" and "Spot was afterward's sold to Lord Portmore". Page xxvii in the index says Mr White's Spot was brother to Mr Alcock's Spot and their dam was by Curwen's Spot. Page 7 says Curwen's Old Spot got the dam of Mr. Rawlinson's Spot, afterwards Lord Portmore's.

According to Cheny's Racing Calendar, Curwen's Old Spot got the dam of the sire of the Rawlinson Spot, afterwards Lord Portmore's.

The Newcastle Courant, Saturday, April 16, 1737, Number 625, says - "To be Leaped this Season, At Richard Peak's, at Ripon in Yorkshire, at One Guinea a Mare, and 1 s to the Groom, The Famous Horse, call'd Spot, (bred by Mr Rawlinson of Whittington, near Kerby-Lawnsdale, who bred the famous Diamond and Whittington, who were all Three own Brothers by the Mare, now in the Hands of William Haddon: He is fourteen Hands three Inches high, he won the King's 100 Guineas at Leith and Lincoln, and also several other Prizes at other Places (as to Diamond and Whittington's Performances may be found in Cheney's Book) The said Spot is now in fine Order, and clear of all natural Blemishes, and is thought by the best Judges to be one of the greatest Beauties in England. His Pedigree as follows: He was got by Sir William Ramsden's Spot, who was got by Mr Curwen's old Spot, and his Dam by Mr Leeds's Arabian, that got Bay-Leeds (which was said to run a Mile in a Minute) his Grandam by Old Woodcock, and great Grandam by Dodsworth, Spot's Dam was one of Mr Curren's bay Barb Mares. This is a true Copy certified by the Breeder Mr Rawlinson".

White's Spot and Rawlinson's Spot were clearly the same horse. Both won Royal Plates at Leith and Lincoln, both were sold to Lord Portmore and both were out of mares by Curwen's Old Spot, although Cheny says the sire of Rawlinson's Spot was out of a mare by Curwen's Old Spot. The advertisement in the Newcastle Courant makes it clear, however, that Curwen's Old Spot got the sire of Rawlinson's Spot.

According to the above evidence it was the younger Hutton's Spot which became the famous stallion.

This is the pedigree of Hutton's Spot incorporating the evidence and conjecture contained in this article:

HUTTON'S SPOT
1735
WHITE'S SPOT
1723
RAMSDEN'S SPOT
1708
CURWEN'S SPOT SELABY TURK
Bustler mare
Leedes Arabian mare LEEDES ARABIAN
Woodcock mare
Curwen's Bay Barb mare CURWEN'S BAY BARB  
 
   
 
Gardiner mare
1725
BRISK WIDDRINGTON GREY TURK LISTER'S TURK
Brisk's dam
Hautboy Mare HAUTBOY
Bustler mare
Croft's Commoner mare CROFT'S COMMONER PLACE'S WHITE TURK
 
Chesnut Thornton MAKELESS
Old Thornton

HUTTON'S SPOT=HUTTON'S BLIND SPOT=KILBURN SPOT=CORNWALL'S SPOT=BLIND SPOT=WHITE SPOT
WHITE'S SPOT=PORTMORE'S SPOT=RAWLINSON'S SPOT
Gardiner Mare=Favourite
BRISK=BRIDGEWATER'S HORSE


ALCOCK'S ARABIAN

 

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 391, says - "Alcock's Arabian, got Crab in 1721 [error for 1722], was also known as Mr Pelham's Grey Arab, and was afterwards Duke of Ancaster's".

In Prior's Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, in Cuthbert Routh's Stud-Book, Alcock's Arabian is called "Mr. Pelham's White Barb" and "Mr. Pelham's Gray Turk". He was sire of a bay mare which Cuthbert Routh bred and gave to Mr Jennison in partnership in 1725. She was known as Jennison's Mare and was dam of Bonny Bachelor and Oroonoko, both by Hartley's Blind Horse, Windsor by Hip, and Turpin by Smale's Childers. Her dam was sister to Hannibal and Singlepeeper, by Terror oo mare by Flattface oo mare by Curwen's Spot oo mare by Curwen's Grey Turk, sire of Flanderkin, oo mare by Little Mountain Barb oo mare by Whiteshirt oo Montague's Mare.

The following text is taken from a portrait of Crab by James Seymour - "Crab is a Horse of Size and Strength, and was in a very high Form with regard to Running. And because also of high Blood he is at this time (tho a Cripple) greatly esteem'd as a Stallion. He was bred by Charles Pelham Esqr. of Lincholnshire & got by the Alcock Arabian, Sire of ye Ancaster Gentleman, the Wynn Spot and others".

Cheny's Racing Calendar for 1743, in the index, page xviii, says - "The Alcock Arabian, which got Old Crab, Sire of Ramper, was also the Sire of the Duke of Ancaster's Gentleman, Sir Wat. Williams-Wynn's Spot, Lady Chaplin's Spot, Mr. Humberston's Blue Ribbon, and the Dam of Lord Godolphin's Dismal and Miss Alcock".

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 383, says - "Spot, Sir W. Wynn's, bred by Mr Pelham, by a son of the Curwen Bay Barb (which was out of Sir J. Parson's Old Wen Mare, sister to Clumsy) - Lister's Turk".

An advertisement in the Leeds Mercury, April 2, 1745, says - "To be Leap'd at Lowth, Horncastle, in the Neighbourhood of Lincolnshire, There is now in the Hands of John Smith, a Bay Stone-Horse called Spott, well mark'd, sized near 15 hands, and Strength to carry weight with any Horse of that Kind, to be let out to Mares at half a Guinea Leap and Trials. He was bred by Mr Alcock of Lincoln, and was got by a Son of Mr Cworen's [sic] Bay Barb; his Dam was as thorough a bred Mare as any in England. He won the 40 Guineas at Stamford, the King's Plate at Nottingham and York, also the great Plate at Chester, against Terror and White Foot, he made the forementioned Running, whil in the Hands of Sir John Chaplin, who sold him to Watkin-Williams Wynne, Esq; He won the 40 Pounds at Farm [sic], 40 at Bridgenorth, 35 at Oswestry, 40 at Welchpool, 50 at Manchester, where he beat the famous Gardiner's Mare, the 40 Pounds at Newcastle, and 40 at Sallop, he won at Oswertry and Welchpool the 40 Pound Plate three Years together; and at Bridgenorth and Litchfield two Years together; one of the times at Litchfield he beat Mr How's Jack of the Green, and the Duke of Ancaster's Gentleman, besides several other Plates two tedious to mention. Richard Sidebottom, Gent. of Horse to Sir Watkin-Williams Wynne, Bart".

According to the evidence the pedigree of Alcock's Arabian is as follows:

ALCOCK'S ARABIAN CURWEN'S BAY BARB      
 
   
 
     
 
   
 
Old Wen Mare GREY HAUTBOY HAUTBOY DARCY'S WHITE TURK
Lonsdale Arabian Mare
Arlington Barb Mare  
 
Darcy's Pet Mare DARCY'S WHITE TURK HELMSLEY TURK
 
Darcy's Grey Royal DARCY'S YELLOW TURK
Old Morocco Mare

ALCOCK'S ARABIAN=ALCOCK'S HORSE=PELHAM'S WHITE BARB=PELHAM'S GREY ARABIAN=PELHAM'S GREY TURK
Old Wen Mare=Grey Wilkes - conjecture
HAUTBOY out of Lonsdale Arabian Mare - conjecture
Darcy's Pet Mare by DARCY'S WHITE TURK out of Darcy's Grey Royal by DARCY'S YELLOW TURK - conjecture
Lonsdale Arabian Mare=Darcy's Grey Royal - conjecture
Darcy's Grey Royal out of Old Morocco Mare - conjecture
DARCY'S WHITE TURK by HELMSLEY TURK - conjecture

 

The identity of Alcock's Arabian has long been a subject of discussion and if Lady Wentworth is to be believed he was identical with nearly every known contemporary grey stallion, but her only sound argument was for his identification as the Akaster Turk. She reasoned that as he was owned by the 2nd Duke of Ancaster in 1722 and 1723, he became known as the Ancaster Arabian, which became the Acaster Turk and then finally the Akaster Turk. She considered Akaster to be a "rather obvious misprint for Ancaster". A well thought out argument until it is realised that the Akaster Turk sired Chanter in 1710 and Acaster is an area just south of York.

C M Prior's suggestion that Alcock's Arabian died in 1723 was also way off the mark, as he sired the grey colt Blue Ribbon in 1726. In Baily's Racing Register, volume 1, page 28, running as a five year old in 1731 was - "Mr. Humberston's gr. h. Blue Ribbon, by Alcock's Horse" and page 31, running as a six year old in 1732 was - "Mr. Humberston's gr. h. Blue Ribbon, by Alcock's Arabian".

Alcock's Arabian got foals in the years 1718, 1722, 1723, 1724 and 1726. It is possible that he was Wynn's Arabian, a stallion in the Duke of Ancaster's stud who sired 23 foals from 1726 to 1734, but two of these were out of mares by Alcock's Arabian and his nine non-grey foals were all bay. Alcock's Arabian got at least two chesnuts.

There is one stallion who was an Arabian, grey in colour, foaled in England of unknown pedigree, sired chesnuts and got foals from 1726 to 1739. His influence on the breed is equal to that of Alcock's Arabian. His name is Bloody Buttocks and there is circumstantial evidence which points to him being the same horse as Alcock's Arabian.

BLOODY BUTTOCKS

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 393, says - "Bloody Buttocks. (Pick says bred at Barforth.) Nothing further can be traced from the papers of the late Mr Crofts, than that he was a Grey Arabian, with a red mark on his hip, from whence he derived his name)".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 227, says - "Bloody-Buttocks, (sire of Dairymaid) was also bred by Mr. Crofts, and was a favourite Stallion in his Stud at Barforth; but neither his Sire or Dam has as yet been given to the Public: notwithstanding, he was sire of several Brood-Mares from whom have descended some very speedy and excellent Racers".

There is no actual evidence that Bloody Buttocks was Alcock's Arabian but the following should be noted:

Mr Culpin's grey mare, Bloody Buttocks, came second in the Royal Plate for six year olds at Guildford in 1730. The breeding of this mare is unknown, but it is possible that this is a daughter of Bloody Buttocks as he later sired the mares Bay Bloody Buttocks and Grey Bloody Buttocks. Her year of foaling of 1724 places her in the time of Alcock's Arabian, two years before the first recorded foals by Bloody Buttocks in 1726.

Cheny's Racing Calendar for 1730, page 9, says - "Mr. Culpin's grey M. Bloody-buttocks, bred by Ld. Lonsdale". Henry Lowther, 3rd Viscount Lonsdale from 1713 to 1751, also bred Monkey in 1725 out of a mare by Curwen's Bay Barb, the sire of Alcock's Arabian.

Alcock's Arabian was once the property of Charles Pelham, as was Brocklesby Betty, whose daughter and grandaughter both had foals by Bloody Buttocks.

Cheny's Racing Calendar for 1743, in the index, page lii, says - "Honeywood was got by Young True-blue. His Dam by Basto, his Grand Dam was got by the Thornton Arabian. His Great Grand Dam was the noted Mare called Brokelsby Betty, which Mare was got by the Curwen Bay Barb". This means that Brocklesby Betty also had a foal by Bloody Buttocks as it is clear from the following evidence that the Thornton Arabian was Bloody Buttocks. It should also be noted here that Basto died in 1723 so the dam of Honeywood could not have been foaled later than 1724, which is also in the time of Alcock's Arabian, two years before the first recorded foals by Bloody Buttocks in 1726. The grandam by the Thornton Arabian must therefore have been foaled in 1720 or earlier.

According to Cheny's Racing Calendar for 1729, page 165, a match was due to be run at Newmarket on April 3, 1731 between the Duke of Bolton's Colt, out of Coquet and Jigg and Sir Michael Newton's Filly, out of a Barb M and Thornton's Arabian. Pond's Sporting Kalendar for 1751, page 181, gives the result as "Sir Michael Newton's ches Filly, beat the Duke of Bolton's Jackanapes" and Baily's Racing Register, volume 1, page 26, gives the result as "[April] 3rd. - Sir M. Newton's ch. m. Bridget, by Bloody Buttocks, beat D. of Bolton's b. h. Jackanapes, by Jigg".

A list of all the stood belonging to Sir Michael Newton, Michaelmas 1731, Gloucestershire Record Office, Document Reference D1844/E26, says - "A Chesnut Mare Cald Bridget gott by Mr Thorntons Arabyan, now Cald Bloody buddax, her Dam was gott by the Old Bay Barb and breed by Corwin".

Partner and Bloody Buttocks regularly covered each others daughters. Crab was by Alcock's Arabian out of a mare by Basto out of Partner's dam by Curwen's Bay Barb, while the dam of Honeywood was by Basto out of a mare by Thornton Arabian (Bloody Buttocks) out of Brocklesby Betty by Curwen's Bay Barb.

Fortune was by Bloody Buttocks out of a mare by Partner out of Old Country Wench by Snake out of Grey Wilkes, own sister to the dam of Alcock's Arabian.

Hartley's Blind Horse got Bonny Bachelor and Oroonoko out of Jennison's Mare (by Pelham's White Barb), and Croft's Forester out of Bay Brocklesby (half sister to Grey Brocklesby by Bloody Buttocks). Bay Brocklesby's foals before and after Croft's Forester were both by Bloody Buttocks. Hartley's Blind Horse's daughter Faustina was dam of a filly by Bloody Buttocks.

The York Courant, Tuesday, February 19, 1750-1, Number 1324, says - "This is to give Notice, That there is now in the hands of George Standish in Ribstan, near Weatherby and Knaresbrough; A Well-bred strong beautifull, ston'd Colt, seven Years old, full fourteen Hands three Inches high, goes well on his Legs, and free from Blemishes. His Blood is as follows: He was got by Ralph Hawksworth's Oroonooko, which was got by Mr Hartley's blind Horse, out of a Sister to Mr Routh's Single Peeper; his Dam by the bloody buttock'd Arabian, which Arabian was the Sire of Mr Hartley's Whitefoot, which won several Plates, and was sold for three hundred Guineas; and of Mr Greswood's Careless, and other good Horses: His Grandam was the well-known old Wilk's Mare; the Blood of which, is so well kown [sic] at Newmarket, and elsewhere, that it's needless to repeat it. He will cover Mares this Season, at seven shillings and six Pence per Mare. Good Grass for Mares, and proper Care taken, by, / Gentlemen, your humble Servant, / George Standish. N B This is the same Horse, that won Mr Dominique's Plate, at York last Year. [Mr Standish's black horse, Tom, by Oronooko, won a Purse of Guineas, given by Mons. Dominiqui, musician, for hunters, 11 st , 4 mile heats].

 

    HARTLEY'S BLIND HORSE = Sister to Single Peeper   BLOODY BUTTOCK'D ARABIAN = Wilk's Mare   
                          |                                                    |
                          |                                                    |
                          |                                                    |
                      OROONOKO                      =                         mare  
                                                    |
                                                    |
                                                    |
                                                   TOM
                                                      1743
                                

 

The Newcastle Courant, Saturday, March 5, 1736-7, Number 619, says - "To be Leap'd this Spring, At Half a Guinea a Mare, and 2 s 6 d to the Keeper, A Thorough-bred Colt, four Years old in April 1737, called Oroonoko, now in the Possession of Mr Ralph Hawxwell of Catterick; Oroonoko was got by the Middleton blind Horse, that got Tickle Quickly, Mother Neeson, Faustina, Jack o'Green, Mr Hutton's Creeper, and many other noted Plate Horses. His Dam was out of the own Sister to Single Peeper, and bred by Mr Routh. Oroonoko is own Brother to the Honourable Mr Leigh's chesnut Colt, that won Thirty Guineas at Stratford upon Avon, the Fifty Guineas at Warwick, and the Fifty Guineas at Ludlow, in 1736; He is also own Brother to Mr Jennison's Bay Gelding Batchelor, that won the Fifty Guineas at Nottingham, Forty Guineas at Preston, and Twenty Guineas at Sedgfield, in 1734. This Oroonoko is fifteen Hands high, very well proportion'd, and Master of Weight, and fit to hunt fifteen Stone Weight, clear of all natural Blemishes, and is a likely Horse to produce either running-Horses, or strong Hunters. Those that would be further inform'd of the Pedigree of Oroonoko, may enquire of Cuthbert Routh, Esq; of Snape.

 

                                                          Sister to Single Peeper     
                                                                    |
                                                                    |
                                                                    |
                   MIDDLETON BLIND HORSE            =              mare  
                                                    |
                                                    |
                                                    |
                                                OROONOKO
                                                      1733

 

The pedigree of Mr Standish's black horse, Tom, by Hawksworth's [Hawxwell's] Oronooko seems a little confused. It is possible that he was out of a mare by Bloody Buttocks out of Grey Wilkes but there may be one or two generations missing. On the other hand this may well be proof that Bloody Buttocks was Alcock's Arabian. Ralph Hawxwell's Oroonoko was, in fact, out of Jennison's Mare by Pelham's White Barb out of Sister to Singlepeeper. The 1751 pedigree of Tom says:

"Oroonooko, which was got by Mr Hartley's blind Horse, out of a Sister to Mr Routh's Single Peeper; his Dam by the bloody buttock'd Arabian".

Read literally this is saying that his dam and Single Peeper were sired by Bloody Buttocks when in fact Single Peeper was sired by Terror. The 1737 pedigree of Oroonoko says:

"Oroonoko was got by the Middleton blind Horse. His Dam was out of the own Sister to Single Peeper".

This says that his dam was a daughter of the sister to Single Peeper, which is correct. If we now correct the wording of the 1751 advertisement we get the correct pedigree:

"Oroonooko, which was got by Mr Hartley's blind Horse, his dam out of a Sister to Mr Routh's Single Peeper; his Dam by the bloody buttock'd Arabian".

The last line of the 1751 pedigree "His Grandam was the well-known old Wilk's Mare" may refer to the dam of Alcock's Arabian, the Old Wen Mare, who the GSB says was full sister to Grey Wilkes but who may well have been Grey Wilkes herself.

 

                                                     Wilk's Mare
                                                          |
                                                          |
                                                          |
                                              BLOODY BUTTOCKED ARABIAN = Sister to Single Peeper
                                               [PELHAM'S WHITE BARB]   |     
                                                                       |
                                                                       |
                   MIDDLETON BLIND HORSE            =            Jennison's Mare  
                  [HARTLEY'S BLIND HORSE]           |
                                                    |
                                                    |
                                                OROONOKO
                                                      1733

 

NEWTON'S GREY ARABIAN

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page149, Osbaldeston was - "by Regulus, her dam by Sir M. Newton's Arabian - Almanzor - sister to Bay Bolton". Under the produce of the Almanzor mare on page 22 is listed - "f. by Newton's Grey Arabian (dam of Osbaldeston)".

The 2nd Marquis of Rockingham's pedigree collection, Sheffield Archives, Document Reference WWM/R/193/37, says - "Selima, 9th August 1755, The Bay Mare I sold to the Marquiss of Rockingham, was got by Bajazett, her Dam by Bloody Buttocks, her Grandam by Almanzor, her Great Grandam by Sr Wm Strickland's Hautboy was own Sister to Bay Bolton and Lamprey, her Great Great Grandam by Makeless, her G G G Grandam by Brimmer who was Ocklam Merlin's Dam & was Grandam to Terror, her G G G G Grandam by Diamond, her G G G G G Grandam was full Sister to Old Merlin's Dam".

The Dublin Journal, April 4-7, 1741, says - "The Stone-horse called Louse, which was brought into this Kingdom by James Lenox Naper, Esq; is now in the Possession of Mr Edward Sims, and will be leaped, at Tuam in the County of Galway, from the 10th of April to the 12th of July next, at 1 l 25 s for Leaps and Trials; The Money to be paid at first Service,---Louse was bred by Sir Michael Warton [error for Newton], and was got by Thornton’s bloody-buttock’d Arabian, his Dam by Tifter, her Dam by Commoner, her Grand-dam was the famous old Scarfield Mare, who was the Dam of Proserpine, and was bred by Sir Michael Newton [error for Warton]. Louse won the 800 Guineas great Stakes at Newmarket, and two great Matches there, and the King’s 12 Stone Plate at Winchester and Salisbury; soon after which he was brought over to this Kingdom, where he won four Royal Plates at the Curragh of Kildare. The said Louse’s Brother called Elephant, is reckoned one of the best Horses in England. He won 1000 Guineas great Stakes and several King’s Plates the last Year"

The Dublin Journal, From Saturday March the 19th to Tuesday March the 22nd, 1742, Number 1745, says - "The famous grey Horse Elephant, brought into this Kingdom by Robert Baldwin, Esq; is to be let out to Mares this Season by William Brenan at Arklow in the County of Wicklow, at a Guinea each Mare, Leaps and Tryals, and Half a Crown to the Groom. Elephant was bred by Sir Michael Newton, and got by his grey Arabian, his Dam was bred by Mr Bethell of Swinton, she was got by bay Bolton, which is the Sire of Starling and Fearnought, her Dam was got by a famous Horse called Round Robin, and out of the Dam of Mr Bethell’s of Rice’s Woodcock".

This evidence makes it clear that Bloody Buttocks was also known as Newton's Grey Arabian.

GENTLEMAN AND GOLDEN LOCKS

According to the GSB, the Duke of Ancaster's Gentleman was foaled in 1723 by Alcock's Arabian out of Golden Locks or her sister, and Mr Pelham's Golden Locks was foaled in 1724 by a son of Curwen's Bay Barb. That these two stallions were full brothers or even by the same sire is disproved by the following pedigree:

The Petworth House Archives, West Sussex Record Office, Chichester, Details of horses in Petworth stud, Document Reference PHA/5041, says - "A Brown Mare Camilla was foaled the 8 of April 1767. She was got by Snap her Dam by Babraham, her Grandam by Achilles, her G. Grandam by Goldenlock out of Colonel Howards Chesnut Mare who won the King's Plate at Newmarket in 1728 from eleven others. Colonel Howards mare was got by Sir Wm Stricklands Black Arabian out of the dam of the Carlisle Gelding. Achilles was got by full brother to the Duke of Boltons Fearnought, his dam by Diamond out of a Natural Barb Mare. Diamond was got by Jews Trump son of Ld Dearcys Chesnut Arabian out of the daughter of the Bay Barb. Golden Locks was got by a son of the Bay Barb, bred by the Duke of Devonshire out of a full sister of Childers's Dam, Golden Locks Dam was got by the Toulouse Barb, and his Grand Dam was the Dam of Brockels Betty".

WYNN'S ARABIAN

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, pages 11 and 12, the Duke of Ancaster's Driver was a bay colt, 1727, by Wynn Arabian out of Lady Mare by Pert.

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 34, says - "Ancaster Driver, (A grey horse - foaled in 1727,) Bred by and the property of the Duke of Ancaster. Driver was got by Wynn's Arabian; his dam, called the Lady Mare, by the Ancaster Pert".

According to Prior's Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, in the Duke of Ancaster's Stud-Book, page 90, Driver was a grey colt, 1727, by Wynn's Arabian out of Young Lady Mare by Old Pert".

The Dublin Journal, April 4-7, 1741, says - "Driver, a beautiful Horse bred by his Grace the Duke of Ancaster, out of the Hampton-court Arabian and Peggy-grieves-me, will be leaped at said Place, at Half a Guinea a Leap and Trials. He won the Wallasea Stakes in 1733. There is good Grass and Accommodation at said Mare".

Wynn's Arabian was a grey stallion who got foals for the Duke of Ancaster from 1726 to 1734 but is not included in the list of the stallions that stood at Grimsthorpe. It is not known if he was at Wynn's stud or Hampton Court but it is possible that he was the Hampton Court Grey Barb that sired Caristina in 1729 and Shepherdess in 1734.

The York Courant, Tuesday, February 5, 1771, Number 2364, says - "To be sold at Bawtry, in the County of York, The entire Stud of Race-Horses belonging to the late John Lister, Esq" and includes "No. 2. A Brown Brood-Mare, foaled in 1754, got by the famous Old Cade; her Dam, by Lord Lonsdale's Grey Arabian, bought of Sir Thomas Winn; her Grandam, by the Lonsdale Bay Arabian; her Great Grandam, by the Thoulouse Barb, Sire of Mr Panton's Molly, and was full Sister to Sir William Blackett's Bagpipe. She has a Filly Foal at her Foot, got by Mr Leedes's Arabian, late Lord Northumberland's".

The 2nd Marquis of Rockingham's pedigree collection, Sheffield Archives, Document Reference WWM/R/193/64, says - "The Grey Filly which the Marquess of Rockingham bought of me was foaled in 174[8] & was got by Regulus, her Dam by Lord Lonsdale's Grey Arabian bought of Thos. Winn, her Grandam by Bay Bolton, her great grandam by Darley's Arabian, her great great grandam by Bierley Turk, her great great great grandam by the Taffolet Barb, her great great great great Grandam by Mr Place's White Arabian, out of a Barbary Mare. / J Ramsden. N B This is proper to be entered in a Book".

The 2nd Marquis of Rockingham's pedigree collection, Sheffield Archives, says - "Bought of S’r John Ramsden Dec 10th 1751 Aged 3 Mary Grey A Grey Mare got by Regulus, her dam by Ld Lonsdales Grey Arabian, bought of Mr Wynn, her Grandam by Bay Bolton, her great grandam by Darleys Arabian, her Great great Grandam by Byerley Turk her Great, great, great Grandam by the Taffolet Barb her great great great great grandma by Place’s White Arabian out of a Natural Barb Mare".

Records of the Curzons of Breedon-on-the-Hill and Lockington Hall, Leicester and Rutland Record Office, Catalogue reference DE 1536/384/3, says - "mare by Squirt - Regulus - Sr J Wynns grey arabian (sire of the D; of Ancaster's Music & Driver) - Bay Bolton - Darley's Arabian - Byerly Turk - Taffolet Barb - Places white Turk - a natural Barb Mare".

According to this evidence Wynn's Arabian was also known as the Hampton Court Grey Barb and the Lonsdale Grey Arabian.

The British Racehorse, September 1951, page 357, Early Pictures of Racehorses, Some examples from the work of Tillemans and Wootton, by Ernest Hutton, says - "Many would take the picture of the Lonsdale Arabian on the cover to be a Wootton ; but it is by Richard Roper, the only artist of that period that I know who could draw a horse correctly and get the Arab character in his pictures. This horse was styled the 'Lonsdale Arabian' to distinguish him from the Lonsdale Bay Arabian, who was slightly earlier. The grey was the sire of Spider, Sultan, Nathan and several useful animals".

The blood of the Lonsdale Grey Arabian comes down to the present day through Bonny Lass and her sister. Bonny Lass bred a filly by "Lonsdale Arabian" in 1736 that produced a filly by Bajazet in 1750 and a filly by Regulus. Her sister bred Sultan, two unnamed colts and a filly by "Lonsdale Arabian" and the filly Fair Star by the Lonsdale "Bay" Arabian.

According to the GSB the great grandam of Goldfinder was by the Lonsdale "Bay" Arabian out of Bonny Lass. Goldfinder's dam was half sister to Nettle, who was by Bajazet oo mare by Regulus oo mare by Lonsdale "Bay" Arabian out of Bonny Lass. Nettle was grey and Bajazet, Regulus and Bonny Lass were all bay, which means the daughter of Bonny Lass must be by the Lonsdale Grey Arabian. This Lonsdale Grey Arabian mare was probably the dam of Mary Grey and grandam of Hebe.

According to the GSB the grandam of Woodpecker was by the Lonsdale "Bay" Arabian out of a sister to Bonny Lass. This sister to Bonny Lass bred Fair Star to the Lonsdale "Bay" Arabian and three colts and a filly to the "Lonsdale Arabian". The grandam of Woodpecker was bay but one of the colts was the grey Sultan. The grandam of Woodpecker was probably by the Lonsdale Grey Arabian.

 

                                ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |                                                 |                        |
                         Bay Bolton mare                                   Bay Bolton mare            Bonny Lass
                                |                                                 |                 by Bay Bolton
                                |                                                 |                        |
         -------------------------------------------------                        |                        |
         |                      |                        |                        |                        |
      SULTAN          Lonsdale Arabian mare          Fair Star          Lonsdale Arabian mare    Lonsdale Arabian mare
by Lonsdale Arabian             |             by Lonsdale Bay Arabian             |                        | 1736
           1732                 |                                                 |                        ---------------------
                                |                                                 |                        |                   |
                          Miss Ramsden                                        Mary Grey               Regulus mare       Bajazet mare
                             by Cade                                          by Regulus                   |                    1750
                                |                                                 | 1748                   |
                                |                        --------------------------                        ---------------------
                                |                        |                        |                        |                   |
                           WOODPECKER               Squirt mare                  Hebe                  Blank mare            Nettle
                          by King Herod                                      by Traveller                  |               by Bajazet
                                                                                                           |
                                                                                                           |
                                                                                                      GOLDFINDER
                                                                                                        by Snap
                                                                                                             1764

 


A SELECTION OF PEDIGREES INCORPORATING THE EVIDENCE AND CONJECTURE CONTAINED IN THIS ARTICLE

THE FOLLOWING ARE THE SAME STALLION

PELHAM'S WHITE BARB=PELHAM'S GREY ARABIAN=PELHAM'S GREY TURK
ALCOCK'S ARABIAN=ALCOCK'S HORSE
THORNTON'S ARABIAN=BLOODY BUTTOCKS=BLOODY BUTTOCKED ARABIAN=NEWTON'S GREY ARABIAN


Jennison's Mare
1722
PELHAM'S WHITE BARB CURWEN'S BAY BARB    
 
   
 
Old Wen Mare GREY HAUTBOY HAUTBOY
Arlington Barb Mare
Darcy's Pet Mare DARCY'S WHITE TURK
Darcy's Grey Royal
Terror mare TERROR ACASTER TURK BYERLEY'S TURK
Brisk's dam
Hautboy mare HAUTBOY
Brimmer mare
Flattface mare FLATTFACE CURWEN'S BAY BARB
Barb Mare
Curwen's Spot mare CURWEN'S SPOT
Curwen's Grey Turk mare

 


ALCOCK'S SPOT
1722
ALCOCK'S ARABIAN CURWEN'S BAY BARB    
 
   
 
Old Wen Mare GREY HAUTBOY HAUTBOY
Arlington Barb Mare
Darcy's Pet Mare DARCY'S WHITE TURK
Darcy's Grey Royal
Lister's Turk mare LISTER'S TURK    
 
   
 
     
 
   
 

ALCOCK'S SPOT=CHAPLIN'S SPOT=WYNN'S SPOT


MENKER
1735
SIRE OF THE GARDENER'S MARE WIDDRINGTON GREY TURK LISTER'S TURK  
 
Brisk's dam  
 
Hautboy mare HAUTBOY DARCY'S WHITE TURK
Lonsdale Arabian Mare
Bustler mare BUSTLER
Darcy's Royal Mare
Top's dam, sister to Hornby Bore TARRAN'S BLACK BARB OLD CHILDERS DARLEY'S ARABIAN
Betty Leedes
Barb Mare  
 
Tarran's Royal Mare    
 
   
 

TOP by HARLEQUIN by MIXBURY by CURWEN'S BAY BARB


Widdrington Mare
1735
PARTNER
1718
SON OF JIGG JIGG BYERLEY'S TURK
Charming Jenny
Grey Wilkes GREY HAUTBOY
Darcy's Pet Mare
Curwen's Bay Barb mare CURWEN'S BAY BARB  
 
Curwen's Spot mare CURWEN'S SPOT
Lowther Barb mare
Bay Bloody Buttocks
1729
BLOODY BUTTOCKS CURWEN'S BAY BARB  
 
Old Wen Mare GREY HAUTBOY
Darcy's Pet Mare
Greyhound mare
1722
GREYHOUND CHILLABY
Slugey
Brown Farewell MAKELESS
Brimmer mare

 


HONEYWOOD YOUNG TRUE BLUE
1718
HONEYWOOD'S ARABIAN    
 
   
 
Bowes Mare BYERLEY'S TURK  
 
Spanker mare SPANKER
 
Basto mare BASTO
1703
BYERLEY'S TURK  
 
Bay Peg LEEDES ARABIAN
Spanker mare
Thornton's Arabian mare THORNTON'S ARABIAN CURWEN'S BAY BARB
Old Wen Mare
Brocklesby Betty CURWEN'S BAY BARB
Hobby Mare

 


Fortune
1739
BLOODY BUTTOCKS CURWEN'S BAY BARB    
 
   
 
Old Wen Mare GREY HAUTBOY HAUTBOY
Arlington Barb Mare
Darcy's Pet Mare DARCY'S WHITE TURK
Darcy's Grey Royal
Partner mare
1735
PARTNER
1718
SON OF JIGG JIGG
Grey Wilkes
Curwen's Bay Barb Mare CURWEN'S BAY BARB
Curwen's Spot mare
Old Country Wench
1712
SNAKE LISTER'S TURK
Charming Jenny
Grey Wilkes GREY HAUTBOY
Darcy's Pet Mare

 


Lady Augusta
1748
HUTTON'S SPOT
1735
WHITE'S SPOT
1723
RAMSDEN'S SPOT CURWEN'S SPOT
Leedes Arabian mare
Curwen's Bay Barb mare CURWEN'S BAY BARB
 
Gardiner mare
1725
BRISK WIDDRINGTON GREY TURK
Hautboy mare
Croft's Commoner mare CROFT'S COMMONER
Makeless mare
Mab
1740
CRAB
1722
ALCOCK'S ARABIAN CURWEN'S BAY BARB
Old Wen Mare
Basto Mare BASTO
Curwen's Bay Barb Mare*
Miss Jigg
1717
SON OF JIGG JIGG
Grey Wilkes
Curwen's Bay Barb mare* CURWEN'S BAY BARB
Curwen's Spot mare

 


CRABSTOCK
1750
CRAB
1722
ALCOCK'S ARABIAN CURWEN'S BAY BARB  
 
Old Wen Mare GREY HAUTBOY
Darcy's Pet Mare
Basto mare BASTO BYERLEY'S TURK
Bay Peg
Curwen's Bay Barb mare* CURWEN'S BAY BARB
Curwen's Spot mare
Partner mare
1738
PARTNER
1718
SON OF JIGG JIGG
Grey Wilkes
Curwen's Bay Barb mare* CURWEN'S BAY BARB
Curwen's Spot mare
Bay Bloody Buttocks
1729
BLOODY BUTTOCKS CURWEN'S BAY BARB
Old Wen Mare
Greyhound mare GREYHOUND
Brown Farewell

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