CONFUSED PEDIGREES AND MISTAKEN IDENTITIES

VARIOUS ARTICLES CONCERNING THE IDENTIFICATION AND BREEDING OF SOME OF THE EARLIEST ANCESTORS OF THE THOROUGHBRED RACEHORSE


BONNY BLACK

 

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 378, says - "Bonny Black, Duke of Rutland's, 1715, by Black Hearty (son of the Byerly Turk), dam by a Persian stallion. Bonny Black was the best runner of her time ; at three years old, she beat a six years old horse, at 10st. each ; at four years old, she won the five years old Hambleton Cup (King's Plate), and again at five years old ; at six years old, she beat an aged horse, giving him 3st. Her owner afterwards challenged to run four times over the Round Course at Newmarket, against any horse or mare in the kingdom, which challenge not being accepted, she became a brood mare in the Duke of Rutland's stud, but there is no record of any of her produce, except a filly by Cyprus Arabian". The race record here is word for word as it appeared in An Introduction to a General Stud-Book, 1791, page 167.

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, pages 7 and 8, says - "Bonny Black was a mare of great eminence, having a very considerable share of speed, and also possessed of goodness to support her running. She was got by a stallion of his Grace's [Duke of Rutland] own, called Black-Hearty, a son of the Byerley Turk. At Newmarket, in April, 1719, Bonny Black, (then rising four years old,) beat a horse of Mr. Frampton's (rising seven,) at 10st. each; and in August following, She won the King's Plate at Hambleton, beating 30 five years old mares; there were five more entered, but drawn at the time of starting, which was the greatest number that ever entered for that Plate. In August, 1720, She again won the King's Plate at Hambleton, beating 17 others. In April, 1721, She won the King's Plate for Mares at Newmarket. When six years old, She beat Lord Harvey's Merryman, aged, and allowed him 3st. She also beat the noted Hackwood, at 8st each; after which the Duke challenged to run her against any horse or mare in the kingdom, for 1000gs, four times round the King's Plate Course at Newmarket, without rubbing, which challenge was not accepted".

The scroll surrounding the print entitled "The Portraiture of Bonny Black, the Property of His Grace the late Duke of Rutland", which was "Published this 4th Day of March 1746/7 by Jno Cheny", says :
LEFT PANEL: "Bonny Black was a Mare of great Eminence, having a very considerable share of Speed, and also possess'd of Godness to support her Running. Her performances in some respects were Such, as were never Equal'd, by any Horse, &c whatsoever".
RIGHT PANEL: "She was Bred by his Grace ye said late Duke of Rutland, and Got by a Stallion of His Graces own, call'd Black Hearty, which was got by the Byerley Turk, Sire also of Basto, Jigg, of the Dams of Grey Ramsden, Tantivie, and many other Fine Horses, &c".
BOTTOM PANEL: "Bonny Black, at three Years Old, beat a Six Year Old Horse of Mr Frampton's, with even Weight, 10 Stone. She Won at Four Years Old, the Gold Cup at Black-Hambleton, against Mares five Years Old. Also Won the Gold Cup, at the same place, at five Years Old. And that at Newmarket, the April following, At Six Years Old, She beat Ld Harvey's, Merryman, Eight Years Old, giving him three pounds weight: And also Won a Match against Hackwood Eight Stone a piece, after which it was Offer'd, She should Run with any Horse &c in the Kingdom for a Thousand Pounds, four times round the Kings Plate Course, at Newmarket, without rubbing".

Bonny Black was painted by John Wootton in 1711, and again in 1715 when the following text inscribed on a scroll was added and included as part of the painting - "Bonny Black att three years old beat a full ag'd Horse of Mr. Frampton's three miles & a half att tenn Stone Weight. At four years old and a half She won ye Prince's Gold Cup att Newmarkett against Mares of Six years old and a half. After that She won two Gold Cups against Mares of her own age. At Six years old she beat a Horse of Lord Harvey's Full aged, called Merryman, and gave him three Pound Weight Tho' the Horse was the Fleeter. She offer'd to Run wth any Horse in England four times round the Heat, being Sixteen miles without rubbing".

Three Years Old

It is clear from the above that there were two mares called Bonny Black, they were both owned by the Duke of Rutland and they both ran as three year olds against older horses owned by Mr Frampton. The GSB, Pick and Cheny, thinking this too much of a coincidence, assumed there was only one mare called Bonny Black and combined the two race records. The information contained on the scroll in Wootton's painting, which was written down at the end of the older Bonny Black's racing career, may be taken as accurate.

The painting says of the older mare:

"Bonny Black att three years old beat a full ag'd Horse of Mr. Frampton's three miles & a half att tenn Stone Weight".

The GSB, Pick and Cheny say of the younger mare:

"at three years old, she beat a six years old horse, at 10st. each" [GSB].
"At Newmarket, in April, 1719, Bonny Black, (then rising four years old,) beat a horse of Mr. Frampton's (rising seven,) at 10st. each" [Pick].
"Bonny Black, at three Years Old, beat a Six Year Old Horse of Mr Frampton's, with even Weight, 10 Stone" [Cheny].

The following references show that some details of the older mare's record have been included in that of the younger mare:

Bailey's Racing Register, volume 1, page 3, says - "Newmarket. 1718. October 2nd. - D. of Rutland's bl. f. Bonny Black, by Black Hearty (son of the Byerley Turk), three yrs. old, beat Mr. Frampton's Woodstock Hunter, six yrs. old, 8st 7lb each, four miles, 50gs, h. ft".

Muir's Ye Olde New-Markitt Calendar, page 52, under A list of horse matches run for at Newmarket in the months of October, November, and December, 1718, says - "Oct. 2. A Match. 50 gs. H. ft. 4 miles. Duke of Rutland's Bonny Black 1 Mr. T. Frampton's Woodstock Hunter 2".

Four Years Old and Five Years Old

The painting says of the older mare:

"At four years old and a half She won ye Prince's Gold Cup att Newmarkett against Mares of Six years old and a half. After that She won two Gold Cups against Mares of her own age".

According to Muir's Ye Olde New-Markitt Calendar, page 32, the Prince Consort gifted "a Gold Plate of the value of 100 gs., to be run for on the second Thursday in October next [1707], one heat over the heat's course at Newmarket, 10 stone by mares 5 years old last foaling time as aforesaid, and no older". The winner was Sir John Parson's mare. There is no record of the Gold Plate being run for in 1708 and the Prince Consort died on 28 October that year. Page 35, in A list of horse matches to be run at Newmarket [in October 1709], says - "The Prince's Plate is run for on the 8th October. It is a Golden Cup of £100 value (one heat)". This Golden Cup must have been gifted by Queen Anne in honour of her late husband with the conditions being altered to allow six year old mares to compete. If Old Bonny Black was four and a half years old in October 1709, then she must have been foaled in 1705. The two Gold Cups were probably for five year old mares.

The GSB, Pick and Cheny say of the younger mare:

"at four years old, she won the five years old Hambleton Cup (King's Plate), and again at five years old" [GSB].
"and in August following, She won the King's Plate at Hambleton, beating 30 five years old mares; there were five more entered, but drawn at the time of starting, which was the greatest number that ever entered for that Plate. In August, 1720, She again won the King's Plate at Hambleton, beating 17 others. In April, 1721, She won the King's Plate for Mares at Newmarket" [Pick].
"She Won at Four Years Old, the Gold Cup at Black-Hambleton, against Mares five Years Old. Also Won the Gold Cup, at the same place, at five Years Old. And that at Newmarket, the April following" [Cheny].

Bailey's Racing Register, volume 1, pages 4 and 5, confirm the two wins at Hambleton and page 6 confirms the win at Newmarket.

Six Years Old and Aged

The painting says of the older mare:

"At Six years old she beat a Horse of Lord Harvey's Full aged, called Merryman, and gave him three Pound Weight Tho' the Horse was the Fleeter".

The GSB, Pick and Cheny say of the younger mare:

"at six years old, she beat an aged horse, giving him 3st" [GSB].
"When six years old, She beat Lord Harvey's Merryman, aged, and allowed him 3st. She also beat the noted Hackwood, at 8st each" [Pick].
"At Six Years Old, She beat Ld Harvey's, Merryman, Eight Years Old, giving him three pounds weight: And also Won a Match against Hackwood Eight Stone a piece" [Cheny].

The Newcastle Courant, 26 - 29 September, 1711, Number 26, says - "London, Sept. 24 / The Matches at New-Market". The matches scheduled to be run at Newmarket from October 1 to November 6, are listed under columns headed st wt miles gs Forf. The list includes - "[October] 10. Duke of Rutland's Bonny Black against 8 5 Lord Harvy's Merriman 8 2 4 200 half". On October 10, 1711, the Duke of Rutland's Bonny Black, carrying 8st 5lb is matched against Lord Harvey's Merryman, carrying 8st 2lb, over 4 miles, 200 guineas, half forfeit.

Lord Hervey was created Earl of Bristol in 1714. In 1720 the younger Bonny Black won the Royal Plate at Hambleton two days before Mr G Witty's Merryman won the Royal Plate at York.

Muir's Ye Olde New-Markitt Calendar, page 42, under Horse matches to be run at Newmarket autumn meeting, in November 1713, says - "Nov. 11. A Match. 4 miles. £1500. Duke of Rutland's Bonny Black * agst. Duke of Bolton's Hackwood, 8 st. each". A footnote says - "* Won".

In Prior's The Royal Studs of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries, page 208, a list of Matches extracted from Lord Bristol's Letter-books includes two probable references to Old Bonny Black:

"1711. April 4. Hervey Dun beaten by the Duke of Rutland's filly".
"1712. Ladythigh beaten [by] the Duke of Rutland's filly".

On page 196, in a letter to Lady Hervey dated Saturday, April 5, 1712, Lord Hervey says - "Your absence makes this place so tedious that I am almost indifferent whether Ladythigh wins or loses on Monday [April 7]".

Old Scarborough Mare

Pond's Sporting Kalendar for 1754, page 159, says - "Belgrade the second was got by the Belgrade Turk, out of a Daughter of Bay Bolton, her Dam by Sir Marmaduke Wyvill's famous old Scarborough Mare, that beat the Duke of Rutland's Bonny Black at Newmarket for the Gold Cup".

In the reigns of Queen Anne and King George I the Royal Plate for mares, run at the spring meeting at Newmarket, was known as the Gold Cup and the winners of this race are recorded every year from 1715 to 1726. The winner in 1721 was the younger Bonny Black but as there is no mention of the Old Scarborough Mare in this period it seems more likely that she won an earlier running against the older Bonny Black. This race most probably took place in 1711 when both mares were rising six years old.

 
OLD BONNY BLACK (1705)
By a Persian Stallion
         1709 Mar/Apr 1st A Match, beating Mr Frampton's aged Horse, three and a
                          half miles, 10st each
         1709 Oct 8   1st The Prince's Gold Cup at Newmarket, £100, six years old
                          mares, one heat
         1710         1st A Gold Cup, against mares of her own age
         1710         1st A Gold Cup, against mares of her own age
         1711 Apr 4   1st A Match, beating Lord Hervey's Dun
         1711 Apr     2nd The Gold Cup at Newmarket, to Sir Marmaduke Wyvill's Old
                          Scarborough Mare
         1711 Oct 10  1st A Match at Newmarket, 200 guineas, four miles, half
                          forfeit, 8st 5lb, beating Lord Hervey's Merryman, 8st 2lb,
                          giving him 3lb
         1712 Apr 7   1st A Match, beating Lord Hervey's Ladythigh
         1713 Nov 11  1st A Match at Newmarket, £1500, four miles, beating Duke
                          of Bolton's Hackwood, 8st each
              
         Her owner afterwards challenged to run four times over the Round Course
         at Newmarket, against any horse or mare in the kingdom, which challenge
         not being accepted, she became a brood mare in the Duke of Rutland's stud
 
BONNY BLACK (1715)
By Black Hearty oo Old Bonny Black
         1718 Oct 2   1st A Match at Newmarket, 50gs, half forfeit, four miles,
                          beating Mr Frampton's Woodstock Hunter, 8st 7lb each
         1719 Aug 8   1st His Majesty's gold Cup at Hambleton, 100gs, five years
                          old mares, 10st, four miles
         1720 Aug 6   1st His Majesty's gold Cup at Hambleton, 100gs, five years
                          old mares, 10st, four miles
         1721 Apr 15  1st The gold Cup at Newmarket, 100gs, five years old mares,
                          10st, four miles

BRIGHT'S ROAN

 

BLAZE

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 62, Blaze was by Childers out of Confederate Filly by Grey Grantham (son of Brownlow Turk) - Duke of Rutland's Black Barb - Bright's Roan, bred by Mr Leedes and said to be got by the Arabian, sire of Leedes.

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 54, says - "Blaze was got by the Duke of Devonshire's Childers; his dam, (well known by the name of the Confederate Filly) by the Duke of Rutland's Grey Grantham; his grandam by the Duke of Rutland's Black Barb, out of an eminent mare called Bright's Roan, bred by Mr. Leedes of North-Milforth, Yorkshire".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 55, says - "The above is the Pedigree as generally given of Blaze, and as there have been various opinions respecting the truth; the following is copied from the late Mr. Cheney :- I have been informed, but cannot say that I absolutely depend upon the truth of the whole, that the Confederate Filly was out of a Mare called Young Bets, got by a Turk of the late Duke of Rutland's, and her dam called Whirligig, was full sister to Leedes".

The Racing Calendar for 1743, by John Cheny, in the index, page xxxiv, says - "Blaze was bred by His Grace the Duke of Devonshire, and got by Childers. His Dam was call'd the Confederate Filly, which was got by Grey Grantham, Son of the Brownlow Turk. I have been inform'd, but cannot say that I absolutely depend upon the Truth of the Whole, that the Confederate Filly was out of a Mare call'd Young Bets, and a Turk of the late Duke of Rutland, and that her Dam call'd Whirligig, was full sister to Leeds".

The 2nd Marquis of Rockingham's pedigree collection, Sheffield Archives, Sheffield, Document Reference WWM/R193/18, says - "Beverley, April 1st, 1749 Advertisement. There is now in the Hands of John Luck, and Joseph Smith of Beverley, in the County of York, the noted Horse Blaze, bred by Mr Panton, and got by the Duke of Devonshire's Childers, out of the Confederate Filly; she was got by Grantham, her Dam by the late Duke of Rutland's black Barbe, and out of a Mare call'd Bright's Roan; Bright's Roan was bred by Mr Leedes, and got by his Turk, which got Bay Leeds, her Dam by Willoughby, her Gran Dam was a Daughter of the famous running Roan Mare of Sir Christopher Wivill's, got by Dodsworth; will cover Mares this season at [...] and [...] a Mare, and One Shilling the Servant [half a crown, handwritten]; with good Grass for Mares at reasonable Rates.
N B The abovesaid Horse Blaze is very healthful, free from all Natural Blemishes, full fifteen Hands high, and is allow'd to be a very fine and well proportioned Horse, he is full Master of Twelve Stone; he won at Newmarket the Seven Hundred Pound Stakes, a Three Hundred Pound Match, and a King's Plate; also he won the King's Plate at Winchester, and the King's Plate at Lewis, and was allowed to be the best Horse of his Year, as he prov'd himself by Running when Seven Years Old; he won the Forty Pounds at Epsom, the Fifty Pounds at Guilford, the Fifty Pounds at Reading, the Fifty Pounds at Oxford, and the Fifty Pounds at Chipping-Norton.
+ Whereas the Pedigree of the abovemention'd Roan Mare was omitted in former Advertisements, I do hereby Certifie, that the above Pedigree of the Roan Mare is true according to the Studd Book, as witness my Hand the 9th of January, 1744. / Edward Leedes.
Hull: Printed by G Ferraby, Bookseller, in the Butchery, and at his Shop in Beverley, where all Sorts of Printing-Work is done at Reasonable Rates".


CHARMING MOLLY

 

LORD LEIGH'S CHARMING MOLLY

An Introduction to a General Stud-Book, 1791, in the preface, says - "The Editor cannot persuade himself that this work will be able, in any considerable degree, to promote the so much wished for purpose of preserving entire the Pedigrees of our most valuable Horses; but he feels happy, that it has been in his power, by his own researches, and the aid of Friends, to correct some few material errors that have obtained, for a long series of years; of which he will here only instance Lord Leigh's Diana and Charming Molly, both connected with some of the best horses, even of the present day, who, from the authority of Mr Cheney, have ever been considered and reported as daughters of the Godolphin Whitefoot, whereas (as appears by a certificate under the hand of the Breeder) they were in reality got by Second. A few modern alterations have here been obliterated, and the ancient accounts restored, where there was sufficient reason to believe they had been incorrectly varied; and many names have also been inserted, which were originally given by the owners, and dropped by the purchasers, apparently for no purpose, but which has often caused confusion".

The wording of the "certificate under the hand of the Breeder" is not given.

The following entry appears in the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, pages 57 and 58:

                                CHARMING MOLLY (sister to Diana),

             Bred by Lord Leigh, in 1742, got by Second, her dam by Stanyan's
             Arabian - Gipsy, by King William's Barb without a tongue - Makeless.

             1751 ch. f. Pretty Polly, by Old Starling          - Lord Rockingham
             1756 b. c. Hackney, by Cullen Arabian       -      - Sir J. Moore
             1758 br. c. Spanker, by Antelope      -            - Mr Pengree

             Was afterwards sent to Ireland, and had a f. by Bustard, son of Crab,
                             who was dam of a f. by Coalition Colt.

The following entry appears in the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 200:

                                     STANYAN'S ARABIAN MARE,

             Bred by Mr Hangar, her dam, Gipsey, by King William's Barb-without-
             a-tongue, out of Sir R. Milbanke's Makeless Mare, which was the dam
             of Hartley's Blind Horse.

             1740 br. f. Diana, by Second          -            - Mr Hanger, and sold
             1742 br. f. Charming Molly, by ditto         -     -   to Lord Leigh
                      f. by ditto -      -         -            - Mr Hanger
             1749     f. by Marksman          -           -     - Mr Hanger
             *        f. by Whitefoot    -         -            -
                * Lord Chedworth's Diana, by Whitefoot, was, according to the Racing
             Calendar, a sister to Charming Molly, and may have been this Whitefoot
             mare.

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 77, says - "Diana, Bred by Lord Chedworth, in 1737, got by Godolphin Whitefoot. This pedigree can be traced no further, but she has no descendants in the Stud Book. According to the Racing Calendar of 1746, p. 159, this mare was a sister to Charming Molly".

According to Cheny's Racing Calendar for 1746, page 159, Lord Leigh's Diana was got by the Godolphin Whitefoot, and the Hon Miss Leigh's Charming Molly "is full Sister to the before-mentioned Diana". There is no mention of Lord Chedworth's Diana at all in Cheny's Racing Calendar for 1746.

The following entry appears in The Royal Studs of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries, by C M Prior, page 182, in the Earl of Antrim's Stud Book:

                                  CHARMING MOLLY, Brown, 1742.

             Full sister to the late Lord Lee's Diana, got by the *Godolphin
               Whitefoot, 14 hds. 1½ ins.
             1752. **Gr. filly by Bustard.
             1753. B. filly by Bajazet. This filly was covered in 1757 by Antelope.
             1754. B. filly by Bajazet.
             1756. Blk. colt by Highlander, and covered by Antelope.
               [*Charming Molly was in reality got by Second, as corrected by Mr.
             Weatherby in his Introduction to General Stud-book of 1791, she
             having been confused with a mare of the same name belonging to Lord
             Chedworth]'.
             **This Bustard filly had in 1757 a ch. filly by the Coalition Colt,
             and was covered by Antelope.
According to Cheny's Racing Calendar for 1746, page 159, Lord Leigh's Diana was got by the Godolphin Whitefoot, and the Hon Miss Leigh's Charming Molly "is full Sister to the before-mentioned Diana".

Cheny's Racing Calendar for 1747, page 127, says - "Charming Molly and Diana were both got by the Godolphin Whitefoot, and both out of the same Mare".

Sir James Lowther's manuscript stud book, Cumbria Record Office, Carlisle, Document Reference D\Lons\L9\2\4, page 6, says - "No. 6 Bought of Lord Egleton a bay colt got by Jannus his dam by Whitefoot his Granddam by Stangers Arabian his Great Grand dam by King Williams Black Barb Without a Toung out of Sr Ralph Milbanks old Makeless Mare. N B This mare is full Sister to Lord Lees, Diana & Molly. The Mare got by the Black Barb was call'd Gipsey".

Sir James Lowther's manuscript stud book, Cumbria Record Office, Carlisle, Document Reference D\Lons\L9\2\4, Page 12, says - "April ye 30 1757 one Brown Filley Fould Got by Jannus her Dam by Whitefoot her Grand dam by Stangers Arabian her Grt Grand dam by King Williams black barb without a Tounge out of Sr ralph Milbanks old Makeless Mare N B she is Sister to Lord Leese Diana & Molley".

Sir James Lowther's manuscript stud book, Cumbria Record Office, Carlisle, Document Reference D\Lons\L9\2\4, Page 15, says - "15 April 23. 1758 one Filley Fole go by Dormouse her dam by Whitefoot her Grandam by Stangers Arabian her great Grand dam by King Williams black barb without a Toung & out of Sr Ralph Milbanks old Makeless Mare N B she is sister to Lord Leess Diana & Molley".

Pond's Sporting Kalendar for 1755, page 161, in the section Pedigrees of four Years old Horses, &c., says - "Pretty Poll, three Years old, the Marquis of Rockingham's, was got by Starling; her Dam by Second, out of the Dam of Lord Leigh's Molly and Diana".

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 387, says - "Tantrum, Lord Rockingham's, b. c., 1760, by Cripple - Hampton-Court Childers - Hackney's dam, by Whitefoot - Stanyan's Arabian - Moonah Barb Mare".

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 97, says - "Hackney (bay), first called Pamelia, Bred by Lord Ferrers, in 1757, got by Regulus, her dam by Whitefoot - Stanyan's Arabian - Moonah Barb Mare".

It is possible that Hackney by Cullen Arabian, foaled in 1756, and Hackney, late Pamelia, by Regulus, foaled in 1757, were out of the same mare. It is impossible for Charming Molly to be their dam so maybe their correct breeding is that attributed to Hackney, late Pamelia.

Pretty Polly was foaled in 1752 and was out of a half sister to Charming Molly, while Hackney's great grandam was the Moonah Barb Mare.

Tuting and Fawconer's Sporting Calendar, volume 1, page 222, in the section Stallions to Cover, In the following Season, 1770, says - "Spanker covers this season, 1770, at Mr. William Brown's, at Swalcliffe, Oxfordshire, at two Guineas each mare and a crown the servant. He was got by Sir Marmaduke Wyvill's Antelope, who was got by the famous Belgrade, out of Lord Leigh's Charming Molly".

The 2nd Marquis of Rockingham's pedigree collection, Sheffield Archives, Sheffield, a small account book entitled Expences of the Studd from: May 1st 1751, says - "Bought Feb 1752 from Mr Hawks & bred by [Mr Hanger] Bellina A Bay Filly got by Second, out of the dam of L’d Lee’s Molly & Diana – bred at Hampton Court, got by Stanyer’s Arabian, her dam by the Black Tongueless Barb, great Grandam Black Mare S’r Ralph Milbanke’s got by Mackeless & Dam of Hartley’s Blind Horse In foal by Starling 1752 By Olde Starling".

The 2nd Marquis of Rockingham's pedigree collection, Sheffield Archives, Sheffield, Document Reference WWM/R/193/50, says - "Bellina A Bay filly rising five 14 hands 2 [ins] got by Second out of the Dam of L’d Lee’s Molly & Diana, bred at Hampton Court got by Stanyer’s Arabian. Her Dam by the Black tongueless Barb of King William’s - great grandam Gipsey S’r Ralph Milbanke’s got by mackeless. - dam of Hartleys Blind Horse & Othello. Drogneda / in foal by old Starling price 120 G".

The 2nd Marquis of Rockingham's pedigree collection, Sheffield Archives, Sheffield, Document Reference WWM/R/193/21, says - "Bellina My Lord Your servant came to me in London to know the Pedigree of a Mare I sold to Mr Hawks of Staffordshire which I could not then recollect. He bought two of me both got by Second, Out of my Brown Mare which was got by Stanyan's Arabian at Hampton Court, out of Gipsey, who was breed by Sr Ralph Millbank and was got by King William's Black barb wthout a Tongue out of Sr Ralph's black Mare who was bred by Mr Darcy and was got by Makeless out of one of his best Royall Mares. The Oldest is 5 years old & the Brown one four this Grass. If your Lordship has occasion for another filley I have a very fine one out of the same Mare & got by Marksman a Son of Lord Godolphins Arabian 3 years old now, as promising as any thing can be which I intend to dispose of as I understand nothing about training. I sold three fillys out of this same mare to the late Lord Leigh two of which proved so good that my Lord told me he was offerr'd five hundred pounds for them I mention this only for your Lordship information of the breed. The three filly's were got by Whitefoot. I am your Lordships Most Obedient and very Humble Servant Gabl Hanger Dryffield [near] Cirencester In Glostershew June 17 1752".

According to this statement by the breeder of Charming Molly and Diana, they were both sired by Whitefoot.

 

DESCENT CHART 1
[INCORPORATING THE EVIDENCE AND CONJECTURE CONTAINED IN THIS ARTICLE]

 

                                                                    Gipsey = STANYAN'S ARABIAN = Moonah Barb Mare
                                                                           |                   |
                                                        --------------------                   -------------------
                                                        |                                                        |
                                                       mare                                                     mare
                                                        |                                                        |
       ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------             |
       |                      |                         |             |             |              |             |
     Diana             Charming Molly                  mare        Bellina         mare           mare          mare
 by Whitefoot           by Whitefoot              by Whitefoot    by Second      by Second    by Marksman   by Whitefoot
       | 1740                 | 1742                    |             | 1747          1748         | 1749        |
       |                      |                         |             |                            |             |
       |                      |                         |             |                            |             |
       |                      |                         |             --------                     |          Hackney
       |                      |                         |                    |                     |         by Regulus
       |                      |                         |                    |                     |               1757
       |                      |                         |                    |                     |
       |                      |                         |                    |                     |
     dam of                 dam of                    dam of               dam of                 dam of
     Polly by Blank    1752 Bustard filly             Janus colt      1752 Pretty Polly      1759 HRH's Crab colt
1757 Blank filly       1753 Bajazet filly        1757 Janus filly          by Starling       1763 CAREFUL by Careless
1761 Blank colt        1754 Bajazet filly        1758 Dormouse filly  1753 [Starling cover]  1765 Marske filly
1762 Fortune by Blank  1756 Highlander colt      1759 Regulus colt                           1768 Bosphorus filly
1764 Sophia by Blank   1757 [Antelope cover]     1760 Mirza colt                             1769 King's Persian colt
     Spectator filly   1758 SPANKER by Antelope  1761 Mirza filly
                                                 1763 Mirza colt

 

The York Courant, Tuesday, March 17, 1741, Number 805, says - "To be Leap'd this Season, A Through bred beautiful Bay Stone-Horse, full fifteen Hands two Inches high, clear of all natural Blemish, able to carry fifteen stone a hunting, goes well upon his Legs, rising seven Years old: He was bred by his Grace the Duke of Somerset, and got by a Son of the famous Childers, out of Bonny Lass, daughter of the famous Gipsey; he is now in Possession of Mr William Cotesworth of Wetherby, and will be leap'd at two Guineas a Mare, where good Grass may be had for Mares, and all proper Care will be taken. Gen. Hawley's Certificate. He is out of a Mare called Bonny Lass, got by the King's Childers, the King's Childers was got by the Duke of Devonshire's old Childers, Bonny Lass was out of the Gipsey Mare got by Lord Holderness's Turk, he was bred by the Duke of Somerset at Petworth".

The York Courant, Tuesday, April 7, 1741, Number 807, says - "To be Leap'd this Season, At one Guinea a Mare, and Half a Crown, to the Servant, At Mr Stephen Jefferson's, at Clifton nigh York, a high bred beautiful bay stone-Horse, known by the Name of Young Childers, rising Seven Years old, able to carry Fifteen stone a-Hunting, clear of all natural Blemishes, and goes well upon his Legs. His Pedigree is certify'd by his Grace the Duke of Somerset, as under. He was got by the Hampton-Court Childers, who was got by the Flying-Childers, out of Bonny-Lass, bought of the late Earl of Holderness, and Bonny-Lass was out of the famous Gipsey Mare; got by his Lordship's Turk, given him by Sir Robert Sutton".

The York Courant, Tuesday, February 23, 1742, Number 854, says - "To Leap this Season, At One Guinea a Mare, and One Shilling to the [Servant], At Mr Stephen Jeferson's, nigh York. A High-bred beautiful Bay Stone Horse, known by the Name of Young Childers, full Fifteen Hands high, sound and clean of Blemishes, goes well upon his Legs, and able to carr Fifteen stone a hunting. His Pedigree is certified by his grace the Duke of Somerset under; He was got by the Hampton-Court Childers, he got by Childers; his Grand-Dam was Dutchess, that won the fourth heat in Clifton-Ings, in the Year 1714, for the Royal Plate; his Dam, Bonny Lass, bought of the late Earl of Holderness; and Bonny Lass was out of the famous Gipsey Mare, got by his Lordship's Turk, given him by Sir Robert Sutton. / Somerset N B Good Grass for Mares, and great Care taken".

The York Courant, Tuesday, February 22, 1743, Number 906, says - "To Leap this Season, 1742-3, At One Guinea a Mare, and One Shilling to his Keeper, At Mr Stephen Jefferson's, at Clifton nigh York, A High-bred beautiful Bay ston'd Horse, known by the Name of Young Childers, full fifteen Hands high, sound and clean of Blemishes, goes well upon his Legs, and able to carry fifteen stone a-hunting. His Pedigree is certify'd by his Grace the Duke of Somerset, as under. He was got by the Hampton-Court Childers, he got by the Flying-Childers; his Grand dam was Dutchess, that won the fourth Heat in Clifton-Ings, in the Year 1714, for the Royal Plate; his Dam, Bonny-Lass, bought of the late Earl of Holderness; and Bonny Lass was out of the famous Gipsey Mare, got by his Lordship's Turk, given him by Sir Robert Sutton. / Somerset".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 461, says - "Caristina, Mr. Rich's, (a bay gelding, foaled in 1729) by a foreign Horse at Hampton-Court)".

The Racing Calendar for 1735, by John Cheny, page 36, says - "Mr Rich's Bay G Caristina, oo a Dau of the old Gypsy's Mare & a foreign Horse at Hampton-Court".

 

DESCENT CHART 2
[INCORPORATING THE EVIDENCE AND CONJECTURE CONTAINED IN THIS ARTICLE]

 

                                       HOLDERNESS TURK = Milbanke's Black Mare = KING WILLIAM'S BLACK
                                               |       |                       |   NO-TONGUED BARB
                                 ------------> | <------            ------------
                                 |             |                    |
                      HARTLEY'S BLIND HORSE    |               Gipsey mare        STANYAN'S ARABIAN
                                               |                    |                     |
                                               |        -------------------------    ------
                                                \      /            |            \  /
                      HAMPTON COURT CHILDERS = Bonny Lass          mare          mare = WHITEDFOOT
                                             |                      |                 |
                                             |                      |                 |
                                             |                      |                 |
                                      YOUNG CHILDERS            CARISTINA       Charming Molly
                                               1735         by Hampton Court            1742
                                                                Grey Barb
                                                                      1729

FAUSTINA

 

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 85, says - "Faustina, Bred by Mr Curwen, in 1725, got by Hartley's Blind Horse, her dam by Blossom (son of the Curwen Bay Barb) - Pulleine's Arabian - Vintner Mare". She is shown as the dam of fillies by Bloody Buttocks, Darley's Arabian and Young Greyhound, that were bred or owned by Mr Jennison, of Walworth.

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 31, says - "Faustina, (foaled in 1725,) Bred by Ralph Jenison, Esq. of Walworth, Durham. Faustina was got by Capt. Hartley's Blind Horse; her dam by Blossom; grandam by the Pulleine's Chesnut Arabian, out of the famous Vintner Mare".

The Royal Studs of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries, by C M Prior, page 126, says - "The mare, Faustina, who was undoubtedly foaled in 1725, and raced each season till she was eight years old, is shewn in the General Stud-book, vol. I., p. 85, to have had produce by the Darley Arabian, but this entry is evidently in error, and the horse probably died before Faustina was born".

An Introduction to a General Stud-Book, page 87, says - "Miss Stamford, Bred by Mr. Stamford, got by Whitenose, dam by Spinner, grand dam by Crab, great grand dam by Darley's Arabian, out of Faustina, a daughter of Mr. Thompson's Old Milky".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 2, page 432, says - "Faustina, (great great grandam of Miss Stamford) was bred by Mr. Thompson, of Marston, near York, and out of a mare called Old Milkey, who was a noted good runner". Same page, says - "Old Milkey was bred by Mr. Leedes, of North-Milford, Yorkshire, and sold, when young, to Mr. Thompson".

The Worcester Journal, Thursday, May 18, 1788, Number 4966, says - "Critic will cover this Season, at Mr William Watton’s in Dolday, Worcester, at Two Guineas a Mare, and Two Shillings and Six-pence the Groom. Critic was got by Match’em, own brother to Jemmy, out of Miss Stamford, a grey mare bought of Dick Stamford. She was got by Whitenose, her dam by Lord Portmore’s Spinner, her grand-dam by his Lordship’s Old Crab, her great grand-dam by Darley’s Arabian, her great great grand-dam, called Fustana, bred by old ‘Squire Thompson of Marson in Yorkshire out of his Old Milkey, a noted good runner. She was bred by old Mr Leeds, of North Milford.. / Patrick Blacke".

The evidence here points to there being two mares named Faustina. The older, bred by Mr Thompson out of Leedes Old Milkey, that had a filly by Darley's Arabian, and the younger, bred by Ralph Jenison out of a Blossom mare, that had fillies by Bloody Buttocks and Young Greyhound.


FOX

 

The following are the available versions of the pedigrees of Basto and Fox:

           Cheny                Pick                       GSB                  Pick                  Cheny
                         
                         
                              Bald Peg                 Old Bald Peg          Old Bald Peg
                                  |                         |                     |
                                  |                         |                     |
                                  |                         |                     |
            mare           Leedes's Bald Peg         Old Morocco Mare     Old Morocco Mare
        by Fairfax           by Fairfax's              by Fairfax            by Fairfax's 
        Morocco Barb         Morocco Barb              Morocco Barb          Morocco Barb
             |                    |                         |                     |
             |                    |                         |                     |
             |                    |                         |                     |
            mare                 mare                Young Bald Peg        Young Bald Peg        Leeds's Bald Peg
        by Spanker           by Spanker             by Leedes Arabian    by Leedes's Arabian            |
             |                    |                    or Spanker                 |                     |
             |                    |                         |                     |                     |
             |                    |                         |                     |                     |
             |                    |                         |                     |                     |
            mare               Bay Peg                   Bay Peg               Bay Peg               Bay Peg
      by Leeds Arabian   by Leedes's Arabian       by Leedes Arabian    by Leedes's Arabian     by Leeds Arabian
             |                    |                         |                     |                     |
             |                    |                ------------------             |                     |
             |                    |                |                |             |                     |
           BASTO                BASTO            BASTO             FOX           FOX                   FOX
      by Byerley Turk       by Byerly Turk   by Byerly Turk     by Clumsey    by Clumsy             by Clumsey
                                    1703             1702             1714          1714

 

The Horse, in the Stable and the Field, by John Henry Walsh and I J Lupton, 1861, chapter VI, page 64, quotes the following pedigree from a table published by Mr Goodwin, veterinary surgeon, of Hampton Court:

There are two major errors in this pedigree. Firstly, Trumpet's dam is not the dam of Makeless but is the dam of the Brimmer mare that was the great grandam of Match'em. Secondly, Whynot was by the Fenwick Barb. The pedigree of Whynot by Crab, however, is of interest as it contains the pedigrees of both Basto and Fox, and they appear to be identical.

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 377, says - "Aimwell, Mr Pembroke's, 1750, by Babraham - Sir Everard Fawkener's Grey Turk - Hampton-Court Childers - Conyers Arabian - Vernon Barb - Curwen's Grey Morocco Barb - Leedes Arabian - Spanker - the Old Morocco Mare (Old Peg)".

The Bath Journal, Monday, April 13, 1747, Number 164, says - "This is to give Notice, That there is now in the Hands of Farmer Price, of Tinbead, in the Parish of Edington, Wilts, a Grey Horse known by the Name of Hopeful, often called Sour-Face ; and a Bay Horse, known by the Name of Basset, both of them full Fifteen Hands high ; and a Nutmeg Grey Colt, know by the Name of Tom, Fourteen Hands and three inches high, two Years old. The Grey Horse is as strong-grow'd as any bred Horse in England, and was bred by his Grace the Duke of Bolton ; he is out of a Daughter of Bay Bolton, and she was got out of a famous Mare called Coquet, and he was got by an Arabian called Bloody-Buttocks. The Bay Horse, Basset, was bred by Lord Weymouth ; he was got by Young Sparks, out of Yellow Mess, who was got by the Chesnut Arabian, her Dam by the Coniers Grey Arabian, her Grand-Dam by Vernon Barb, and her Great Grand Dam was called the Grey Foot Ramsden Mare, she was got by Mr. Curwin's Grey Morocco Barb, and she under Sir William Ramsden's Bay Peg, that was got by Mr. Leed's Arabian, that got Leeds and Bay Peg, was under Mr. Leed's Chesnut Peg, which was got by Old Sparks, and under Old Ballad Peg, and Ballad Peg was under a natural Barb Mare, who was got by Lord Fairfax's Arabian. The Nutmeg Grey Colt, Tom, was bred by his Grace the Duke of Bolton, and is as high Blood as any in England, out of a Bay Bolton Mare, that was bred at Bolton-Hall in Yorkshire, and the Colt got by Hopeful, often called Sour-Face. To cover at Half-a-Guinea the First Leap, and One Shilling the Groom ; and Half-a-Guinea more at the Fall of the Colt. Note, Good Grass for Mares at Two Shillings per Week, and Tryal as often as convenient".

       GSB               Bath Journal             Walsh              Walsh               Pick                 Cheny
                         
                         
                       Natural Barb Mare     Old Bald Peg Arab                          Bald Peg
                              |                     |                                      |
                              |                     |                                      |
                              |                     |                                      |
 Old Morocco Mare       Old Ballad Peg       Old Morocco Mare   Old Morocco Mare   Leedes's Bald Peg
    (Old Peg)          by Lord Fairfax's     by Morocco Barb           |              by Fairfax's
        |                  Arabian                  |                  |              Morocco Barb
        |                     |                     |                  |                   |
        |                     |                     |                  |                   |
        |                     |                     |                  |                   |
       mare          Mr Leed's Chesnut Peg       Bald Peg       Yellow Bald Peg           mare          Leeds's Bald Peg
    by Spanker           by Old Sparks        by Leedes Arab    by Leedes Arab         by Spanker               |
        |                     |                     |                  |                   |                    |
        |                     |                     |                  |                   |                    |
        |                     |                     |                  |                   |                    |
       mare             Sir William              Bay Peg            Bay Peg             Bay Peg              Bay Peg
by Leedes Arabian    Ramsden's Bay Peg       by Leedes Arab     by Leedes Arab    by Leedes's Arabian   By Leeds Arabian
        |           by Mr Leed's Arabian            |                  |                   |                    |
        |                     |                     |                  |                   |                    |
        |                     |                     |                  |                   |                    |
        |                     |                     |                  |                   |                    |
       mare         Grey Foot Ramsden Mare        BASTO               FOX                BASTO                 FOX
 by Curwen's Grey    by Mr Curwin's Grey     by Byerley Turk       by Clumsy         by Byerly Turk         by Clumsey
   Morocco Barb          Morocco Barb                                                        1703
        |                     |
        |                     |
        |                     |
       mare                  mare
  by Vernon Barb        by Vernon Barb
        |                     |
        |                     |
        |                     |
       mare                  mare
by Conyers Arabian  by Coniers Grey Arabian
        |                     |
        |                     |
        |                     |
       mare              Yellow Mess
 by Hampton-Court     by [Hampton-Court]
     Childers          Chesnut Arabian
        |                     |
        |                     |
        |                     |
       mare                 BASSET
 by Sir Everard        by Young Sparks
 Fawkener's Grey
       Turk
        |
        |
        |
     AIMWELL
   by Babraham
          1750

 

The pedigrees of Aimwell and Basset have four identical consecutive crosses - Conyers Arabian, Vernon Barb, Curwen's Grey Morocco Barb and Leedes Arabian. Spanker and Old Sparks are undoubtedly the same. The sire of the Old Morocco Mare, Fairfax's Morocco Barb, and the sire of Old Ballad Peg, Lord Fairfax's Arabian, are also undoubtedly the same. The Grey Foot Ramsden Mare was out of Sir William Ramsden's Bay Peg by Leedes Arabian, while Basto was bred by Sir William Ramsden out of Bay Peg by Leedes Arabian. Leedes Chesnut Peg, the grandam of Basto, and Yellow Bald Peg, the grandam of Fox, are the same. Spanker, the sire of Leedes Chesnut Peg, was owned by Mr Leedes and was an Arabian, while the sire of Yellow Bald Peg was Leedes Arabian. Old Ballad Peg by Lord Fairfax's Arabian and Leedes's Bald Peg by Fairfax's Morocco Barb are the same. It is possible that this Bald Peg was the Old Morocco Mare but I am inclined to think that they were sisters. The Natural Barb Mare, dam of Old Ballad Peg, and Old Bald Peg Arab, dam of Old Morocco Mare, are the same. The pedigree of Old Bald Peg, which is usually given as 'by an Arabian out of a Barb mare', is undoubtedly a ghost pedigree caused by Leedes's Bald Peg also being called Old Ballad Peg.


FOXHUNTER

 

MOSES

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 382, says - "Moses, Lord Chedworth's, 1746, by the Chedworth Foxhunter - Portland Arabian - dam of the Duke of Bridgewater's Star by Richard's Arabian".

According to Baily's Racing Register, volume 1, page 93, a winner at Burford as a four year old in 1750, was - "Lord Chedworth's ch. c. Moses, by the Chedworth Foxhunter, dam by the Portland Arabian".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 357, says - "Moses, (sire of Otho) was a Chesnut Horse, foaled in 1746, and bred by Lord Chedworth. - He was got by Mr. Cole's Foxhunter; his dam by the Duke of Portland's Arabian; grandam, (the Duke of Bridgewater's Star's dam) by Mr. Richards's Arabian, at Hampton Court. Moses was a private stallion in Lord Gower's Stud".

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 380 and Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 164, agree that the Chedworth Foxhunter was bred by Lord Chedworth and sired by Cole's Foxhunter in 1750, which means he could not have sired Moses in 1746. Baily's Racing Register, volume 1, page 126, shows the Chedworth Foxhunter running at Burford as a four year old in 1754.

GREY GOWER

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 90, says Grey Gower was a grey colt by the Gower Stallion out of a Foxhunter mare. This Foxhunter mare was - "Bred by Mr Howe, in 1749, got by the Chedworth Foxhunter, her dam by the Godolphin Arabian, out of Howe's Mixbury mare, got by a brother to Mixbury - Smockface - Old Snail". It is clear, however, from the entry for the Godolphin Arabian mare on page 92, that it was the Godolphin Arabian mare that was bred by Mr Howe, and her twelve foals from 1749 to 1764 were bred by Lord Gower. It is also clear that the foxhunter mare was by the same sire as Moses, who was a stallion in Lord Gower's stud.

The first recorded foal of the Godolphin Arabian mare was the dam of Grey Gower and she was a grey filly by Foxhunter. The remaining eleven foals were bay or brown, and four of them were sired by Moses. It is evident that the sire of Moses was a grey stallion called Foxhunter. Cole's Foxhunter was bay.

HOWE'S FOXHUNTER

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 186, says Howe's Foxhunter was a chesnut colt foaled in 1722 by the Bald Galloway out of sister to Old Country Wench by Snake, and was own brother to Grey Robinson, the dam of Regulus. Howe's Foxhunter ran five times and was variously described as chesnut and grey. Howe's Foxhunter and Grey Robinson were both bred by Mr Robinson and sold to Mr Howe. Mr Howe was John Howe, who was created Baron Chedworth in 1741 and died in 1742. His son John Thynne Howe, 2nd Baron Chedworth from 1742 to 1762, was the breeder of Moses and the younger Foxhunter.

The following pedigree is taken from Weatherby's Racing Calendar, Advertisements of Stallions, 1780, page 322 - "Grey Gower was got by the Gower Stallion, a son of the Godolphin Arabian, his dam by Lord Chedworth's Foxhunter, son of the Ball'd Galloway, grand dam by a full brother to Mixbury, gt grand dam by a son of Darley's Arabian, out of a mare of Sir Matthew Peirson's, which was the dam of Terror, gt gt grand dam by Lord Wharton's Snail, gt gt gt grand dam by Burford's Bull; Bull was got by Brimmer, his dam a Layton Barb mare".

The cross of the Godolphin Arabian was missed here and from the first four editions of volume one of the GSB.

SNAKE MARE

The Snake mare's first two foals were Foxhunter and Grey Robinson in 1722 and 1723, they were both grey and by the Bald Galloway. There is then a gap of five years before she had another nine foals between 1729 and 1744, none of them grey. While it is not impossible for a grey mare to have only two grey foals out of eleven, the fact that the greys are separated from the non-greys by a gap of five years seems to suggest that the produce of two sisters to Old Country Wench have been combined, only one of which was a grey. It is possible that Bald Galloway was a grey as he was out of a grey mare, but I think it unlikely.

Old Country Wench had a similar stud record. Her first two foals were grey colts by Bald Lump, probably full brother to the Bald Galloway, in 1722 and 1723, but her third foal was the grey filly Egerton Nanny in 1724, and she was by the Pigot Turk, otherwise known as Mostyn's Bay Barb. She then had four non-grey foals before being shot in 1736.

It is likely that there were three mares by Snake out of Grey Wilkes. The grey Old Country Wench; the grey mare, dam of Foxhunter and Grey Robinson, the dam of Regulus; and Metcalfe's Old Snake mare, dam of Squirt, Lady Caroline and Lady Betty. The following is taken from the stallion advertisement for Bald Partner in Heber's Racing Calendar, volume IV, for the year 1754, page 238 - "Bald Partner Sire's Dam was got by Spark, Son of the famous Honeycomb Punch, and out of the Robinson Hautboy Mare, bred by Mr. Wilks, and was the Dam of the Dam of Regulus, and the Dam of the Dam of the Metcalf Lady Betty and Lady Caroline".

LORD GODOLPHIN'S OLD SNAKE MARE

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 217, Violante was a chesnut mare, foaled in 1722, by Bustard (by Greyhound), out of Lord Godolphin's Old Snake mare, by Curwen's Bay Barb - Spot.

An advertisement in Faulkner's Dublin Journal, 12 - 16 June, 1750, Number 2427, says - "Ground Ivy, to be let to Mares this Season at Minola in the County of Mayo, at a Guinea, a Crown, and two English Shillings to the Groom for each Mare. His Size, Beauty, and great Performances, have been so remarkable, that he requires no Elogy; his Colts have such Size and Fashion, that they would now be matched against any Things in this Kingdom. He was got by young Lampre (Sire also of Silver Tail, Small Hopes, &c) Son of old Lampre, own Brother to Bay Bolton; his Dam (own sister to the Hampton Court Childers) was got by the Devonshire Childers; his Grandam (old Dutchess) by the Newcastle Turk; his Great Grandam (Grey Royal) by the Darcy white Turk (Sire of Hautboy, &c) upon a Royal Mare; young Lampre's Dam (Dam also of old Violante) was the Godolphin famous Snake Mare; her Dam was Mr Wilks's famous Hautboy Mare".

It would seem that the crosses of Curwen's Bay Barb and Spot in the GSB version are incorrect and Lord Godolphin's Old Snake mare was actually by Snake and her dam was Mr Wilks's famous Hautboy mare, also known as Grey Wilkes.

Although this would appear to be a fourth mare by Snake out of Grey Wilkes, as she and two of the others had foals in 1722, it is possible that Lord Godolphin's Old Snake mare was identical with Metcalfe's Old Snake mare. If so, then she had Violante in 1722 and Young Lamprey in 1730 before breeding Squirt in 1732.

This is the pedigree of Moses incorporating the evidence and conjecture contained in this article:

MOSES
1746
HOWE'S FOXHUNTER
1722
BALD GALLOWAY ST VICTOR'S BARB  
 
Grey Whynot mare GREY WHYNOT
 
Snake mare SNAKE LISTER'S TURK
Charming Jenny
Grey Wilkes GREY HAUTBOY
Darcy's Pet Mare
Portland Arabian mare PORTLAND ARABIAN    
 
   
 
Richard's Arabian mare RICHARD'S ARABIAN  
 
   
 

ST VICTOR'S BARB=RIDER'S CHESNUT BARB
RICHARD'S ARABIAN=CONYERS ARABIAN=STANYAN'S ARABIAN


HACKWOOD

 

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 128, says - "Miss Barker, Sister to Parker's b. c. Cumberland, foaled 1743, by the Scarboro' Colt, dam by Hackwood".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 465, says - "Fox, Sir Henry Grey's, (a bay horse, foaled in 1751) by Locust ; dam, (own sister to Mr. Fenwick's Cumberland) by the Scarborough Colt, out of a daughter of Hackwood, son of Mr. Darley's Arabian".

The York Courant, Tuesday, March 13, 1753, Number 1430, says - "To Leap this Season, At Giggleswick, near Settle, in Craven, at one Guinea a Mare, and a Shilling the Servant, A Bay Horse, fourteen Hands three Inches and an half high, the Property of Josias Morley, Esq; rising ten Years old, free from all natural Blemishes, very fresh and in fine Condition. He was got by Sir Marmaduke Wyville's Scarborough Colt; his Dam, by the Duke of Bolton's Gander; his Grandam, by Mr Pullein's Stallion, which was full Brother to Grantham; his Great Grandam by Mr Pullein's Chesnut Arabian; and his great Great Grandam by Spanker. The above-named Horse is full Brother to my Dainty Davy, and to the late Mr Parker's now Mr Fenwick's, Cumberland. Laburne, Feb 9, 1750. / Fra. Thornburgh. N B This Stallion is remarkable for getting Colts of Size and Strength".

The evidence here points to Gander and Hackwood being one and the same. Gander was owned by the Duke of Bolton, who resided at Hackwood Park near Basingstoke in Hampshire.

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 366, says - "Gander, (sire of the great grandam of Tyrant) a Bay Horse, foaled about the year 1720, and was the property of the Duke of Bolton. - He was got by Mr. Darley's Arabian, out of the dam of Mr. Panton's Molly, page 8".

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 12, says Gander was a bay, foaled in 1720, by Darley's Arabian out of the Leedes mare, dam of Panton's Molly by the Thoulouse Barb, and Thurland's Creeping Molly by Grey Crofts.

The Newcastle Courant, Saturday, April 27, 1754, Number 4048, says - "At Wylam, in Northumberland, The Horse, called Cumberland, (late William Fenwick’s Esq;) the Property of John Slater, will cover Mares this Season, at one Guinea, and one Shilling the Groom. - Cumberland was bred by Mr Thornburgh of Layburn, and got by Sir Marmaduke Wyvill’s Scarborough Colt: His Dam by Gander; his Grand-dam by the blind Horse, Brother to Grantham; his Great Grand-dam by Mr Pullen’s Chesnut Arabian, and out of a Spanker Mare. N B Gander was got by Darlow’s Arabian, out of the Dam of the Rutland Creeping Molly, the blind Horse, Brother to Grantham, got Old Sterling’s Dam, Sly, Creeper, &c. - Cumberland’s Performances are so well known, it is needles to mention them: He is vastly successful in getting Foals, and mostly Colts, of great Strength and Size. - Grass for Mares".

The Newcastle Courant, Saturday, April 20, 1728, Number 156, says - "At Mr Henry Cowling's in Richmond, the Stallion, Gander, will be leaped this Season, at a Guinea and a Half; he is full 15 Hands high, fine and proportionable; he is a good Chesnut, well marked, clear from all natural Blemishes; he was got by Darby's Arabian, and out of Creeping Molly's Dam; 'till this Juncture hath been in the Duke of Bolton's Stable, who would not let the said Horse leap any Mares at no Price. There is Grass for Mares, and proper Care will be taken on them".

Both Pick and the GSB wrongly record Gander as bay and misidentify his dam as the dam of Panton's Molly and Thurland's Creeping Molly. The Newcastle Courant advertisement of 1728 states he was chesnut and out of Creeping Molly's dam, while the 1754 advertisement identifies her as the dam of the Duke of Rutland's Creeping Molly. Gander's year of foaling of 1720 appears to have been guessed to fit in with the other produce of the Leedes mare, but as half brother to the Duke of Rutland's Creeping Molly he was probably foaled much earlier.

The British Racehorse, September 1951, page 354, Early Pictures of Racehorses, Some examples from the work of Tillemans and Wootton, by Ernest Hutton, says - "The first of the prints illustrating this article is Creeping Molly after Tillemans. Creeping Molly was a grey mare bred by Sir Michael Wharton in 1700. She was got by the Curwen Bay Barb. I have been unable to find anything about her dam. Creeping Molly won the 100 guineas given by the Crown at Black Hambleton [1705], and the 100 guineas also given by the Crown, at Newmarket [1706], was then sold to the Duke of Rutland, for whom she won several matches. Creeping Molly was the dam of Lord Onslow's Commoner, also known as Grey Commoner, by Mr. Croft's Commoner, who was got by Place's White Turk. This, I believe, is the mare depicted by Wootton in the picture at Boodles Club, winning at Black Hambleton about 1707 [1705]. This print was engraved by J. Sympson, Snr".

Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, by C M Prior, page 27, in Cuthbert Routh's Stud-Book, says - "Creeping Molly was gott by the Bay Barb, her dam by a little White leggd Barb of Mr Curwen's, out of a mare nobody can give any acct off".

Curwen's Little White-legged Barb was the stallion known as the White Legged Lowther Barb or Lowther Chesnut Barb. He was also known as Darcy's Chesnut Arabian and Pulleine's Chesnut Arabian. The "mare nobody can give any acct off" must have been a grey mare owned by Mr Curwen.

 

DESCENT CHART 3
[INCORPORATING THE EVIDENCE AND CONJECTURE CONTAINED IN THIS ARTICLE]

 

                                    Curwen's Grey Mare  =  CURWEN'S LITTLE WHITE LEGGED BARB  =  Whiteshirt mare
                                                        |                                     |
                                                        |                                     |
                                                        |                                     |
                                 CURWEN'S BAY BARB  =  mare  =  DARLEY'S ARABIAN             mare = CURWEN'S GREY TURK
                                           |        |        |          1700                      |
         -----------------------------------    -----        ----                                 -----------
         |                                      |               |                                 |         |
ALCOCK'S ARABIAN    CROFT'S COMMONER  =  Creeping Molly      GANDER    Old Scarborough Mare   FLANDERKIN   mare = SPOT
         |                            |           1700     [HACKWOOD]            | 1705             1706        |
         |                            |                         |                |                              |
         |                            |                         |                |                              |
         |                            |                         |                |                              |
       CRAB                    GREY COMMONER                   mare   =   SCARBOROUGH COLT          FLATFACE = mare
         | 1722             [ONSLOW'S COMMONER]                       |            1724                      |
         |                  [WHARTON'S COMMONER]                      |                                      |
         |         ----------------------------------------------------                                      |
         |         |                                                  |                                      |
      LOCUST  =  mare                                             CUMBERLAND                       TERROR = mare
              |                                                         1743                              |
              |                                                                                           |
              |                                                                                           |
             FOX                                                                                       HANNIBAL
                1751                                                                                        1713

RINGTAIL GALLOWAY

 

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 11, the Hobby Mare, dam of Brocklesby Betty, was got by Lister's Turk out of the Duke of Kingston's Piping Peg. There is a note appended which says - "Piping Peg had also a sister to the Hobby mare, which was the dam in 1716 of Mr. Pelham's Hip, by The Curwen Bay Barb. A sister to Piping Peg had a filly by Hip, which was the dam of Sir A. Hazlerigg's Ringtail Galloway, by The Curwen Bay Barb, which was dam in 1737 of Mr E. O'Brien's Patch or Miss Patch, by Lord Halifax's Justice. Miss Patch was the dam in Ireland of Brutus, by Old England, and Patty, by Tim (son of Squirt)".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 94, says - "Hip was foaled in 1722 [error for 1716 - he ran as a six year old in 1722], and bred by Charles Pelham, Esq. of Brocklesby, Lincolnshire.- He was got by Mr. Curwen's Bay Barb, (sire of Brocklesby Betty, and of the dam of Partner); his dam, (sister to Brocklesby Betty's dam) by Mr. Lister's Turk, (sire of Snake)".

Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, by C M Prior, page 27, in Cuthbert Routh's Stud-Book, says -"Hipp was gott by Mr Pellham's Bay Barb, his dam by Lister's Turk, and was full sistr to Piping Pegg".

The Newcastle Courant, Saturday, April 14, 1728, Number 155, says - "These are to give Notice, that the famous Stallion call’d, Hip, late belonging to Sir William Blacket, Bar is now in the Possession of Mr Fenwick Bowman of Elf-hills in Northumberland, where any Gentleman may have Mares served, paying each Mare half a Guinea: This Stallion is full Brother to Long Meg, and Brockelsby’s Betty, got with Pellum’s Barb, and out of Hobby’s Mare, which was bred by Mr Leed’s, and is now reckon’d one of the most valued stud Mares in all England; he challeng’d all the 5 Years olds in England, which Challenge was accepted, and run by a Horse of Mr Pullien, being reckon’d the best of that Age; but was beat by Hip, with a great deal of Ease; He was soon after by a Misfortune in one of his Sweats rendered uncapable of being any longer a Training one".

The York Courant, Tuesday, March 10, 1752, Number 1379, says - "To Leap this Season, At Half a Guinea a Mare, and one Shilling at the Stable Door; being the Property of Mr William Staveley, at Hunmanby, near Scarbrough and Bridlington, in Yorkshire. A Fine strong Bay Horse known by the Name of Captain, fourteen Hands, three Inches and a half high, well mark'd clear of all natural Blemishes and goes well on his Legs: Bred by William Osbaldeston, Esq; He was out of the Dam of that noted Running Horse, Traveller, Maidenhead, Mopsy and Trail, who got so many saleable Horses at great Prices. Her Dam full Sister to the famous Bay Bolton, &c bred by Sir Matthew Peirson. And is only rising seven Years old. He was got by Captain Hartley's Young Hip, who was bred by Mr Pelham, and got by Mr Curwin's Bay Barb, his Dam by Lister's Turk, who got Old Snake, and out of a Running Mare of the Duke of Kingston's, call'd Piping Peg. My Horse was out of the Dam of Babram, and was got by my blind Horse out of old Flying Whig, which Lord Godolphin bred. She was got by the Woodstock Arabian, who also got the famous Spider and Points; her Dam was got by St Victor's Barb, who got the Old Bald Galloway, and her Grandam by Old Grey Whynot, and out of a Running Kind, &c. The Pedigree of Hip I had from Mr Pelham, and that of Whig from Lord Godolphin. / Leonard Hartley".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 495, says - "Brutus, Sir Edward O'Brien's, (a brown horse, foaled in 1752) bred by Sir Edward, and got by Old England, out of the famous galloway mare, distinguished by the name of Miss Patch, by Lord Halifax's Justice".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 508, says - "Miss Patch, bred by Sir Arthur Hasleridge, Bart. of England, and sold to Sir Edward O'Brien, Bart. of Dromoland, in the county of Clare, Ireland :- She was a bay mare, foaled in 1737, and got by Lord Halifax's Justice, out of Sir Arthur Hasleridge's famous Ringtail Galloway Mare, by Mr. Curwen's Bay Barb; her dam by Hip, (son of the said Bay Barb) out of a full sister to Piping Peg, by Mr. Lister's Turk, sire of Snake".

Heber's Racing Calendar, volume XI, for the year 1761, in the index, page 143, says - "Brutus, was bred by Sir Edward O'Brien, and got by Old England, Son of the Godolphin Arabian; his Dam was a famous Gallaway Mare of Sir Edward's, distinguished by the Name of Patch, she was bred by Sir Arthur Hassleridge, and got by the late Ld. Halifax's Justice, Son to the Hampton Court Litton Arabian, upon Aldby Jenny, bred by Mr. Brewster, her Grand Dam called Ruby, was got by Mr. Leed's Dragon: Patch's Dam was the Ringtail Galloway Mare, she was out of a full Sister to the Witty Mare, being both Daughters of Curwen's Bay Barb, and got by Hip, bred by Mr. Pelham, by the same Bay Barb, upon a full Sister to Piping Peg, who was got by the Lister Turk".

The Ringtail Galloway, according to both the GSB and Pick, was by Curwen's Bay Barb out of a mare by Hip, but this is a misreading of the Heber pedigree. The correct reading is as follows - Patch's dam was the Ringtail Galloway Mare, she was out of a full sister to the Witty Mare (being both [the Witty Mare and her sister] daughters of Curwen's Bay Barb), and got by Hip (bred by Mr Pelham, by the same [Curwen's] Bay Barb, out of a full sister to Piping Peg, by Lister's Turk).

The stallion advertisement for Hip in 1728, when he was 12 years old, says he was a full brother to Long Meg and Brocklesby Betty. Their dam was the Hobby Mare by Lister's Turk out of Piping Peg. The York Courant says this Piping Peg was a famous running mare belonging to the Duke of Kingston and as she ran in 1706 it can be assumed she was foaled in the late 1690s. Some pedigrees say the Hobby Mare was sister to Piping Peg and this would fit better chronologically.

ALDBY JENNY

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 2, Aldby Jenny was bred by Mr Leedes and got by Leedes Dragon out of Sir Matthew Pierson's Ruby. This pedigree is confirmed by Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 28, where the breeder of Aldby Jenny is given as John Brewster, Esq. The Heber pedigree above confirms that Aldby Jenny was bred by Mr Brewster but gives no sire for her and says that her dam Ruby was got by Leedes Dragon.

The Racing Calendar for 1743, by John Cheny, in the index, page xxii, says - "Manica also got Aldby Jenny, Swimmer, the Dam of Plunder, Mr. Pace's Forester, &c".

The York Courant, Tuesday, April 15, 1740, Number 757, says - "To Leap this Season, The grey Horse called Plunder, lately Mr Brewster's of Buttercrum, is now in the Hands of William Moody of Hatfield, and will leap this Year at a Guinea a Mare; he is full Fifteen hands high, and is Master of Twelve stone. This is the first season of his Leaping; he is allowed by all Judges to be the best Plate Horse now in Yorkshire. He won Ninety Guineas at Six Years old at Lincoln, and at Kiblin-Coats last March, altho' when he had a Mile and a Half to run, he was let down in the Sinews; besides several other Plates too tedious to mention. He is Nine Years Old this Grass. My Horse Plunder was out of my Mare Swimmer, full Sister to Aldby Jenny, got by Mannica, who was got by Darley's Arabian; Plunder was got by a Horse called Smiling Tom. / Brewster. N B There will be good Grass for Mares, and good Care will be taken of them".

The Racing Calendar for 1746, by John Cheny, in the index, page 149, says - "Justice was got by the Hampton-Court Litton Arabian, out of Aldby Jenny, whose Dam was bred by the late Sir Matthew Pearson, and called Ruby, and got by the Leeds Draggon".

As Manica was bred at Aldby in 1707 by John Brewster's brother-in-law Henry Darley, it would seem that the pedigree of Aldby Jenny should read by Manica out of Ruby by Leedes Dragon.

The York Courant, Tuesday, February 19, 1754, Number 1479, says - "To Leap this Season At one Guinea a Mare, and a Shilling the Servant, in the Hands of Lovell Nalton of Birdsall, near Malton, A Grey Horse, full fifteen Hands free from all Manner of Blemishes, and Master of twelve Stone; He was got by Badger; his Dam, by a Colt bred by the Earl of Halifax (from the Snip Mare, bred by Mr Croft, Hampton-Court Childers); his Grandam, by Dunkirk; his Grandam, by Old Manica, a Son of Mr Darley's Old Arabian (the same which got the Duke of Devonshire's Childers); his Great Grandam, by Mr Hablethwait's Old Dragon; his Great Great Grandam, by the Ancaster Turk. / This is a true Pedigree, as Witness my H / Lovell Nalton, B... *** The above Horse is only rising six Years old, and ...first Year of his leaping.--Good Grass for Mares and proper Care taken".

According to W. T. Frampton and the "Dragon", by J B Muir, page 66, Aldby Jenny won the King's Plate at Guildford in 1723. This race for six year olds was usually run in May or June, so it can be assumed that Aldby Jenny was foaled in 1717.

Pond's Sporting Kalendar for 1755, page 160, says - "Bay Filly, the Earl of Pomfret's, was got by Barforth; her Dam by Justice, her Grandam by a Son of the Hampton chesnut Arabian, her Great Grandam was mother to Earl Gower's Soft Julian. Justice was a Son of the chesnut Arabian, out of a Mare belonging to the late Lord Halifax, called Aldby Jenny, and bred by Mr. Brewster of Yorkshire. Aldby Jenny won the Mare's Plate and several considerable Matches".

This is the pedigree of Miss Patch incorporating the evidence and conjecture contained in this article:

Miss Patch
1737
HALIFAX JUSTICE
1725
HAMPTON COURT LITTON ARABIAN DARLEY'S ARABIAN  
 
Betty Leedes CARELESS
Leedes Arabian mare
Aldby Jenny
1717
MANICA DARLEY'S ARABIAN
Jester
Ruby DRAGON
Ancaster Turk mare
Ringtail Galloway HIP
1716
CURWEN'S BAY BARB  
 
Hobby Mare LISTER'S TURK
Piping Peg's dam
Curwen's Bay Barb mare CURWEN'S BAY BARB  
 
Witty Mare's dam  
 
WITTY MARE

The Newcastle Courant, Saturday, April 30, 1726, Number 53, says - "From the Evening-Post, April 23. Newmarket, April 20. Yesterday there started 9 Mares for the King's Plate; it was won by Mr Witty's Mare of Yorkshire".

According to Baily's Racing Register, volume 1, page 11, the Gold Cup [King's Plate] for mares at Newmarket run on April 19th, 1726, was won by Mr Witty's Milkmaid.

This would make the Witty Mare by Snail out of Shields Galloway, but according to Heber, above, the Ringtail Galloway Mare was out of a full sister to the Witty Mare by Curwen's Bay Barb.

The pedigree of Shields Galloway is not forthcoming but according to Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 100, she "was bred by Mr. Curwen of Workington, Cumberland" and "was a good runner, and allowed to be one of the best Galloways in England of its time".

According to this evidence Shields Galloway was bred by Mr Curwen and sold to Mr Witty as a broodmare. She and her sister were both sired by Mr Curwen's Bay Barb.

 

DESCENT CHART 4
[INCORPORATING THE EVIDENCE AND CONJECTURE CONTAINED IN THIS ARTICLE]

 

     Spot mare        =        CURWEN'S BAY BARB        =        Witty Mare's dam
                      |                                 |
                 ------                                 -----------------------
                 |                                      |                     |
                mare         Shields Galloway <==> Witty Mare        sister to Witty Mare
                 |                  |                                         |
                 |                  |                                         |
                 |                  |                                         |
                 |              Milkmaid                               Ringtail Galloway
                 |              by Snail                                    by Hip
                 |                  | 1720                                    |
                 |                  |                                         |
                 |                  |                                         |
              PARTNER     =      Meliora                                  Miss Patch
                   1718   |      by Fox                                   by Justice
                          |           1729                                    | 1737
                          |                                                   |
                          |                                                   |
                        TARTAR                                              Patty
                      by Partner                                            by Tim
                          | 1742                                              |
                          |                                                   |
                          |                                                   |
                      KING HEROD                                              |
                          | 1758                                              |
                          |                                                   |
                          |                                                   |
                        BAGOT                                                mare
                          | 1780                                          by Gamahoe
                          |                                                   |
                          -------------------------   -------------------------
                                                   \ /
                                                  Ierne
                                                      1790

SMILING TOM

 

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 383, says - "Smiling Tom (Gallant's), bred at Hampton Court, 1724, by the Conyers Arabian - Chillaby - Makeless". This is confirmed by Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 26.

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 27, says - "Smiling Tom was sire of Captain Appleyard's Favourite, Mr. Read's Lucy, and of the dam of the Duke of Ancaster's Dizzy, (grandam of Sir H. Harpur's Pilot, &c.) He got several others".

In Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, by C M Prior, page 89, in the Duke of Ancaster's Stud-Book, Prior says - "neither is any pedigree available of Smiling Tom, though he covered mares in this stud in 1723, 1730 and 1731, and must not be confused with the better known stallion of this name (Gallant's) Smiling Tom, who was foaled in 1724 at Hampton Court". The result of the 1731 cover was the dam of the Duke of Ancaster's Dizzy.

Gallant's Smiling Tom ran as a four year old in 1728 and as a five year old in 1729, so it would appear that Prior was right and there were two stallions called Smiling Tom. The truth is there was only one stallion called Smiling Tom but there were two horses called Gallant's Smiling Tom.

The Racing Calendar for 1744, by John Cheny, in the index, page xvii, says - "Smoker was got by the Gallant Smiling Tom, which was bred in the Royal Stud at Hampton Court, and got by the Conyers Arabian. His Dam was got by the White Barb of King William's, called Chillaby, his Grand-Dam by Makeless, Son of the Oglethorp Arabian. He was also the Sire of Captain Appleyard's Craftsman and Favourite, Mr. Brewsters Plunder, Mr. Bacchus's Greyhound, Mr. Gallant's Young Smiling Tom, Miss Brigham, Mr. Griffin's Polly Peachum, &c".

It was Gallant's Young Smiling Tom who was foaled in 1724 and who ran as Gallant's Smiling Tom in 1728 and 1729.


SPANKER MARE

 

In the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 17, the full entry for the Spanker mare, dam of Leedes, is as follows:

                                        SPANKER MARE,

                Bred by Lord DARCY, about 1690, out of The Old Morocco Mare.
                     f. Charming Jenny, by Leedes' Arabian  -   Mr Leedes
                     c. Leedes, by ditto -        -         -       "
                     f. (sometimes called Cream Cheeks) by
                                                     ditto  -       "
             1714 (about) b. c. Highland Laddie, by ditto   -       "
             *       f. Betty Percival, by ditto      -     -   Mr Pelham
                        
                        * BETTY PERCIVAL had a f. by The Paget Turk.

                Charming Jenny was the dam of Mr Leedes's Bay Pigot, by (old)
             Careless, of a f. by Careless (dam of Griselda by Oxford Arabian),
             and in 1714 of Sir R. Ashton's b.c. Fox Cub by Clumsy.

 

CHARMING JENNY

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 12, in the pedigree of Fox-Cub, says - "his dam was called Charming-Jenny, by Leedes's Arabian, out of a mare of Mr Leedes's of the same name, got by an Arabian". Page 245, in the pedigree of Ceres, makes the daughter of Careless (dam of Griselda) out of a sister to Leedes.

The Racing Calendar for 1744, by John Cheny, in the index, page xxiv, says Fox Cub was - "out of a Filly, bought of the late Mr Leeds, called charming jenny, which was out of a Mare of the same Name, of Mr Leeds's, and the foreign horse that was the sire of Leeds". Page viii, says Spanker - "got the Dam of the Hampton-Court charming jenny, which was full Sister to Leeds". It would appear that the Hampton Court Charming Jenny, full sister to Leedes, was the same mare as the dam of Fox-Cub. The prefix "Hampton Court" being used to distinguish her from her dam who had the same name. Pick says the sire of the dam was an Arabian. Cheny says it was Spanker, who was also known as Pelham's Bay Arabian.

Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, by C M Prior, page 28, in Cuthbert Routh's Stud-Book, says - "Childers was gott by Darle's Arabian, his dam by Careless, his gd dam by Leedes' Arabian, and out of a famous roan mare of sr Mar: Wyvill's". C M Prior thought this was - "far more probable than the incestuous pedigree hitherto given". The information here is a colour and an owner, and that doesn't disprove an incestuous pedigree, it merely tells us the colour and owner of the Spanker mare. The pedigree of Childers as given in Cuthbert Routh's stud book was written down after 1714 when his great grandam was already dead, so if these pedigrees are identical, it would appear that Sir Marmaduke Wyvill was the last owner of the Spanker mare and she was a roan, which probably means grey.

CREAM CHEEKS

According to the GSB, volume 1, pages 17 and 12, the Leedes Arabian mare, sister to Leedes, was sometimes called Cream Cheeks, but this is an error caused by the addition of Tifter to her produce. In Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, there are two pedigrees of Tifter. Page 67, says - "got by the Thoulouse Barb out of an own sister to Leedes". Page xxviii in the index, says - "by the Thoulouse Barb, out of Cream Cheeks, the grandam of Cinnamon". The pedigree of Cinnamon on page 352, says - "his dam, called the Ryegate Mare, by the Thoulouse Barb; grandam, Sir John Parson's Cream Cheeks, by Spanker, out of a daughter of Mr Wilkes's Hautboy'. This pedigree is confirmed by the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 379.

Pond's Sporting Kalendar for 1754, page 159, says - "old Tifter, was Son of the Thoulouse Barb, out of young Cream Cheeks, which was full Sister in Blood to Leeds's [Cream Cheeks]". The use of the word "young" here suggests there was an older mare called Cream Cheeks which the apostrophe s in Leeds's suggests Mr Leeds owned. It is possible that the phrase "Sister in Blood to Leeds's" has been corrupted into "Sister to Leeds" but since it is known that the grandam of Cinnamon was by Spanker out of a mare by Hautboy, and Leedes was by Leedes Arabian out of a mare by Spanker, this is clearly in error.

JIGG

Each edition of volume one of the General Stud Book, from An Introduction to a General Stud-Book in 1791 to the fifth edition in 1891, records the full pedigree of Jigg as by Byerley's Turk out of a mare by Spanker.

The GSB, volume 19, 1901, in the Additional errata and addenda to volume I, page 1066, says - "Pages 17 & 381 According to the Portland MS, Jigg was out of Leedes' dam".

FAIR ROSAMOND

Cheny's Racing Calendar for 1746, page 143, says - "Woodstock, Mr. Asbly's, p. 41, 48. was got by the Fagg Rosamond (Son of the Fagg Fair Rosamond) which was out of a full sister to Leeds and the Godolphin Old Hobler, which was got by a foreign Horse".

This pedigree appears complicated but if the brackets are ignored then it is obvious that the stallion Rosamond was by Old Hobler out of a full sister to Leedes. This full sister to Leedes is identified as Fair Rosamond by the information contained within the brackets.


CHARMING JENNY 

Bred by James Darcy, the younger
By Spanker oo Old Morocco Mare by Fairfax's Morocco Barb oo Old Bald Peg

      b c JIGG
          by Byerley's Turk               - Sir Roger Mostyn
      b c LEEDES
          by Leedes Arabian               - Mr Leedes*
      b c HIGHLAND LADDIE
          by Leedes Arabian               - Mr Leedes*
        f Leedes Arabian mare
          by Leedes Arabian               - Mr Leedes*
        f Hampton Court Charming Jenny
          by Leedes Arabian               - Mr Leedes*
        f Betty Percival or Betty Deresfield
          by Leedes Arabian               - Mr Leedes*
        f Fair Rosamond
          by Leedes Arabian               - Mr Fagg

SPITFIRE

 

In the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 354, the full entry for the dam of Spitfire is as follows:

                             YOUNG SIR PETER (son of Doge) MARE,

          Her dam by Engineer - Wilson's Arabian - Hutton's Spot - Mogul - Crab -
          B. Bolton - Curwen Barb - Spot - White-legged Lowther Barb - Vintner Mare.

          1797 ch. c. Quilter, by Standard         -              - Mr Baker
          1798 b. c. by Overton (cut)         -            -      - Sir F. Boynton
          1799 ch. c. Garnerin, or Garnera, by Restless           - Mr Byndloss
          *1800 b. f. Spitfire, by Beningbrough     -      -      - Mr Flint

             This pedigree was stated by Mr Baker of Elemore Hall and Mr Butler to
          have been invented. The Rev. Mr Perceval of Acomb bred all these colts, and
          they were sold to Mr Baker and Sir F. Boynton as half-breds, and won many
          half-bred races.
             Mr Baker's entry of QUILTER was by Standard, dam by Sir Peter Pellet
          (son of Espersykes), out of a well-bred mare (pedigree unknown); but the
          above pedigree is quite possible.

             *SPITFIRE was the grandam of Muley Moloch. 

In The Family Tables of Racehorses by Kazimierz Bobinski, volume 1, the following note is appended to family 9 - "Spitfire - ancestress of Mumtaz Mahal. Her pedigree was put in doubt by George Baker, M.P. for Durham, famous sportsman and owner of Spitfire's half-brother Quilt [sic]. Her brothers and sisters ran in races for half-bred horses. Nevertheless, since there appears no alteration or correction in George Baker's private copy of the GSB, it can be assumed that he was eventually satisfied that the pedigree of Spitfire recorded in the GSB was correct".

The following contemporaneous pedigrees all agree that Spitfire's dam was by Young Sir Peter:

The Derby Mercury, Thursday, May 30, 1805, Number 3817, in the result of a race at the York Spring Meeting, says - "Spitfire, by Beningbrough, dam by Young Sir Peter, 5 yo".

The Morning Post, Friday, November 15, 1805, Number 11,619, in a sale of horses by Mr Tattersall, says - "Spitfire, a Bay Mare, rising six years old, by Benningbrough, out of Quilters, dam by Young Sir Peter".

The Morning Post, Tuesday, February 14, 1804, Number 11,033, in a sale of horses by Mr Tattersall, says - "Quilter, a Chesnut ditto [horse], six years old, by Standard, dam by Young Sir Peter, grandam by Engineer, Wilson's Arabian, Hutton's Spot, &c".

The Morning Post, Tuesday, October 28, 1806, Number 11,137, in a sale of horses by Mr Tattersall, says - "Quilter, a Chesnut Horse, aged, by Standard, dam by Young Sir Peter".

The Morning Post, Thursday, April 4, 1805, Number 11,387, in a sale of horses by Mr Tattersall, says - "Garnerin, a Chesnut Horse, five years old, got by Restless, his dam by young Sir Peter, grand dam by Engineer, Wilson's Arabian, Hulton's Spot, &c. Restless was got by Phænomenon, a son of Herod; was a good racer, and has been sent to America. The dam of Garnerin was also the dam of Quilter".

In the GSB, volume 1, 1808 edition, page 448, the full entry for the dam of Spitfire is as follows:

                                   YOUNG-SIR-PETER MARE, 
          Her dam by Engineer – Wilson’s Arabian – Hutton’s Spot – Mogul – Crab –
         B. Bolton – Curwen Barb – Spot – White-legged Lowther Barb – Vintner Mare.
 
         1797 ch c Quilter, by Standard    -              -       - Mr Baker 
         1798 b c by Overton     -                -               - Sir F Boynton 
         1799 ch c Garnerin, by Restless   -              -       - Mr Byndloss    
         1800 b f Spitfire, by Beningbrough       -               - Mr Flint

         Young Sir Peter, sire of the above mare, was got by Doge, out of Mambrino’s sister. 
The following contemporaneous pedigrees say that Spitfire's dam was by Sir Peter Pellett:

The Racing Calendar for 1802, by William Pick, says - "Mr G Baker's Quilter ch h by Standard, dam by Sir Peter Pellet (a son of Doge)".

The Racing Calendar for 1803, by William Pick, says - "Mr E Byndloss's Garnerin by Restless, out of (Quilter's dam) by Sir Peter Pellet (a son of Doge)

The Racing Calendar for 1804, by William Pick, says - "Miss Acomb [Spitfire], Mr Flint's, got by Beningbrough, out of Garnerin and Quilter's dam" and "Garnerin, Mr J Sutton's, got by Restless; dam, (Quilter and Miss Acomb's dam) by Sir Peter Pellet, (a son of Doge); grandam by Engineer; Mr Wilson's Arabian, out of a daughter of Mr Hutton's Blind Spot".

Although it is possible that Young Sir Peter was also known as Sir Peter Pellett, I think this is just a mistake.

Miss Acomb ran as a four year old in the 1804 Royal Plate at Lincoln, won by the five year old Spitfire by Pipator. After this race she was also called Spitfire.

The entry for Sir Peter Pellett in The Turf Register, and Sportsman and Breeder's Stud Book, by R Johnson, volume 3, 1822, pages 348 and 349, says he was a bay, foaled in 1780, by Espersykes. He ran as Sir Peter Pellett in 1783 and 1784, and as Milfield from 1785 to 1789. There is no evidence that he was used as a stallion.

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 46, Young Sir Peter was a chesnut, foaled in 1775, by Doge out of a bay mare by Engineer, foaled in 1771. This Engineer mare was full sister to Mambrino and both were bred by John Atkinson. Spitfire's dam by Young Sir Peter was out of a grey mare by Engineer, also foaled in 1771 and also bred by John Atkinson. Young Sir Peter ran 1778 and 1779.

The English Chronicle, or Universal Evening Post, Thursday, October 22, 1789, Number 1575, A List of Brood Mares, The Property of Mr Tattersall, At Highflyer-Hall, near Ely, in Cambridgeshire, October the 10th, 1789, says - "Lot 10. A Grey Mare, got by Engineer, Wilson's Chesnut Arabian, Hutton's Spot, Mogul, Crab, Bay Bolton, Curwen Bay Barb, Old Spot, White Legged Lowther Barb.--Covered by Drone".

There were three grey mares by Engineer out of the Wilson's Chesnut Arabian mare, foaled in 1768, 1770 and 1771. It is not known which one this is.


YOUNG COQUETTE

 

In the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 63, the full entry for Young Coquette is as follows:

                                             Y. COQUETTE,

                                      Foaled in 1734, by Sloven
          1747 gr. c. Bolton, by (Dutton's) Whitefoot       -     - Mr John Brown, in Ireland
          1748 b. c. Tamerlane, by Groung Ivy         -           - Mr John Brown, in Ireland
          1749 b. c. Flying Piper, or Piper, by ditto (cut)       - Mr John Brown, in Ireland

          According to Pick and also the Irish Racing Calendar, Y. Coquette was also the dam
            of Lord Altamont's ch. h. Noble, foaled 1767, and Noblessa, foaled 1769, both by
            Gamahoe, see Vol. III (Jane Harold); see also Mary Grey, Vol. II., but there is
            probably a cross missed in their pedigree.

The GSB, volume II, 4th edition, page 128, says Mary Grey was "Bred in Ireland, in 1784, got by Friar, her dam, Timante, by Tim (son of Squirt), out of sister to Noble, by Gamahoe. See Vol. I., p. 63, 5th edition".

The GSB, volume III, 4th edition, page 341, says Jane Harold was "1784, got by Old Friar, out of Noblessa (sister to Noble), by Gamahoe - Coquette, by Sloven - Coquette, by Basto - Spanker - Hautboy".

The Dublin Mercury, Thursday, March 2, 1769, Number 368, - says "To all sportsmen and others. To cover mares this season, at Dillon’s Livery-stables In Middle Liffey Street, Dublin. The beautiful strong horse Emperor, bred by Lord Mount-Eagle, at so low a price as a guinea each mare, and a crown to the groom, the money to be paid before covering, or before the mare is taken away. He is a fine dark grey, fifteen hands two inches high, free from blemish, and allowed by judges to be as fine a horse as any in this or any other kingdom, able to get hunters, chargers, or racers as by a list of his fruitfulness last season, (now in the hands of the proprietor) may appear, his pedigree as follows.--Emperor was bred by me, he was got by Bustard, his dam by Old England, her dam, which was the dam also of Bolton, Tamerlaine and Piper, was got by the Duke of Bolton’s Sloveen [sic], upon his grace’s famous Coquette Mare, who was got by Basto, her dam by Spanker, her dam by Hautboy, her dam by Old Bustler, who was also the sire of Merlin and Blunderbuss. Emperor is now seven years old: in April 1765, he won the sweepstakes match of two hundred guineas over the Curragh, beating Mr Fortescue’s Pine Apple, Mr Daly’s Filly, and Lord Jocelyn’s Colt. Westport, March 25th, 1767. Mount-Eagle. This is a true Irish pedigree, not sending to England to prove it. Good grass provided near said stables".

The Morning Post and Daily Advertiser, London, Monday, June 1, 1789, Number 5037, says - "By Messrs Tattersall, This Day, The following well bred Horses" includes "Lot 1. King of Leinster, 6 years old, got by Rebel, dam by Gamehoe, grand dam by Old England, Bolton’s Sloven, Coquet, Spot, Grey Spanker, Old Bustler, sire of Merlin, & Blunderbuss, Curwen’s Bay Barb, Little White Legged Barb, &c".

If we disregard the last two crosses "Curwen’s Bay Barb, Little White Legged Barb, &c", which is the dam line of "Bolton's Sloven", this is the same dam line as Emperor. The only differences are the omission of the "Spot" cross in Emperor's pedigree and the omission of the Hautboy cross in King of Leinster's pedigree.

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 515, says - "Smoker, (sometimes called Little Smoker) John Brown's, Esq. (a bay gelding, foaled in 1750) by Ground-Ivy, out of Young Coquette, the dam of Bolton, Flying Piper, Tamerlane, &c".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 496, says - "Candidate, Lord Mount-Eagle's, (a bay horse, foaled in 1756) by Old England, out of a sister to Bolton, page 492".

 

DESCENT CHART 5
[INCORPORATING THE EVIDENCE AND CONJECTURE CONTAINED IN THIS ARTICLE]


                                                 Coquette
                                                 by Basto
                                                     |
                                                     |
                                                     |
                                              Young Coquette
                                                by Sloven
                                                     | 1734
       --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       |              |              |               |               |                |
      mare         BOLTON        TAMERLANE      FLYING PIPER      SMOKER       Young Coquette
 by Whitefoot   by Whitefoot   by Groung Ivy   by Ground Ivy   by Ground Ivy   by Old England
       |                1747          1748             1749            1750           |
       |                                             ----------------------------------
       |                                             |               |                |
   CANDIDATE                                      EMPEROR          NOBLE           Noblessa
by Old England                                   by Bustard      by Gamahoe       by Gamahoe
         1756                                          1762            1767           | 1769
                                                     ----------------------------------
                                                     |               |                |
                                                  Timante     KING OF LEINSTER   Jane Harold
                                                   by Tim         by Rebel         by Friar
                                                     |                 1783             1784
                                                     |
                                                     |
                                                 Mary Grey
                                                 by Friar
                                                       1784

YOUNG GREYHOUND

 

In the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 405, in the section Additional index to the mares, arranged under their sires, Young Greyhound is listed as 1723 by Greyhound - Makeless - Brimmer. Page 380, says - "Greyhound (Young), 1723, by Greyhound, out of Brown Farewell, by Makeless; never trained, but a stallion in Mr Crofts's stud". In the list of foals out of Brown Farewell on page 84 the 1723 colt is unnamed, while the horse named Young Greyhound appears on page 155 as the 1718 colt out of Croft's Pet Mare. The entry for Miss Makeless as a foal on page 152 says she was by Young Greyhound and her entry as a broodmare on page 134, says she was - "got by a son of Greyhound (out of Brown Farewell)".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 242, says - "Young Greyhound, (sire of Miss Makeless) was bred by Mr. Crofts of Barforth, and got by Old Greyhound ; his dam, (Badger's grandam,) by Mr. Wastell's Turk ; grandam by Mr. Wilkes's Hautboy ; great grandam by Mr. Place's White Turk, a daughter of Dodsworth, out of Mr. Layton's Violet Barb Mare.- Young Greyhound never raced, but kept for a Stallion in Mr. Crofts's Stud, and was sire of Mr. Routh's Trumpery, Mr. Marley's Jinker, &c.- He got the dam of Miner, Engineer, and grandam of Mr. Burlton's Young Slider, Sappho, Semele, and Seraphina.- He also got the dam of Sir Richard Hilton's Comet, and great grandam of Kipling, Mark, Mist, Royal Oak, Prince William, &c.- Young Greyhound served but few Mares, notwithstanding he will be frequently found in the various Pedigrees".

The Racing Calendar for 1743, by John Cheny, in the index, page xiv, says - "Ragmond [Ragman] was bred by Mr. Marly of Yorkshire, and Half-Moon by Mr. Robin of Richmond, same County, and both these Horses got by Young Greyhound, Son of Mr. Crofts's Old Greyhound, Son of Chillaby. Young Greyhound's Dam was got by the Westal Turk, his Grand-Dam by Hautboy, his Great Grand-Dam by the Place White Turk, his Great Great Grand-Dam by Dodsworth, out of a Barb Mare. The Horse called Chillaby, which got Old Greyhound, was a White Barb of King William's, and his Dam was also a Barb Mare, called Slugey. The Cover for this Foal was in Barbary ; after which, both the Sire and Dam were purchased by Mr. Marshall, the Stud-Master in the Reign of King William, and convey'd to England, and Greyhound (like Dodsworth,) though a natural Barb, was foal'd in England ; after which his Sire got, and his Dam bred a considerable number of Foals in the Royal Stud. The Westal Turk (Sire of the Dam of Young Greyhound) was a Gentleman's of that Name, near Northallerton, Yorkshire. For Hautboy, the Place Turk, and Dodsworth, see Page 8 and 13. Besides Ragmond and Half Moon, Young Greyhound also got Mr. Carr's Dusty Miller, Mr. Lambton's Kettle Bender, Mr. Rawlins's Small Hopes, Mr. Jennison's Spanker and Miss Patty, Mr. Scourfield's Neptune, Mr. Tunstall's Miss Wycliff, Mr. Routh's Trumpery, and Mr. Marly's Tinker. Old Greyhound was the Sire of Lord Hallifax's Sampson, Favourite, Goliah, and Spider, of Lord Drogheda's Othello, Sir Robert Fagg's Guy, Mr. Bourchier's Merry Harrier, Mr. Penruddock's Blue Cap, Mr. Crofts's Legacy, and Mr. Figg's Brisk. He got the Dams of Barforth and Drunken Jig, and the Sire of Miss Makeless, and many others".

The Racing Calendar for 1743, by John Cheny, in the index, page xxxvi, says - "Miss Makeless was bred by Mr. Holmes, and got by a Son of Greyhound, his Dam by Makeless, Grand-Dam by Brimmer, Son of the Yellow Turk that got Old Spanker. His Grand-Dam, which was also Trumpet's Dam, was got by the Place White Turk, his Great Grand-Dam was got by Dodsworth, out of a Barb Mare".

The GSB and Pick agree that there was only one stallion which was called Young Greyhound but disagree about his identity. It is clear, however, from Cheny's entries for Ragman and Miss Makeless that there were two different stallions and only one of them was called Young Greyhound. The other, which was called Son of Greyhound, was also known as Brother to Guy, as evidenced by the following advertisements.

Heber's Racing Calendar, volume VIII, for the year 1758, page 158, says - "To be sold the late Mr. Bilton's Stud, as follows, viz. A Brown Bay Filly, got by Goliah, foaled in 1753. Out of a Bay Mare, called [Miss] Makeless, bred by Mr. Holmes of Carlisle, and got by an own Brother to Sir Robert Fagg's Guy, her Dam which was the Dam of Lightning, by Old Partner".

Heber's Racing Calendar, volume XVII, for the year 1767, page 222, says - "The High-bred Horse Viper, will Cover this Season, at Mr. Turner's, at Hayes, Middlesex, 12 Miles from London, at 3 Gs. a Mare, and 5s. the Servant. Viper was bred by Mr. Fenton, and got by Sampson, which was the Sire of Bay Malton, his Dam by Old Traveller, which was called the Lass of the Mill, which was the Grandam of Bay Malton, his Grandam by a Brother to the Dam of the little Vanes Partner, which was own Brother to Sir Robert Fagg's Guy, to the Grandam of Bandy, and to the Grandam of the Witherington Mare ; his Great Grandam by Old Partner, out of the Dam of Miss Doe, which was got by Croft's Bay Barb, out of Desdemona's Dam ; his Great Great Grandam by Woodcock; his Great Great Great Grandam by Croft's Bay Barb ; his Great Great Great Great Grandam by Makeless, out of a Daughter to Brimmer. William Fenton".

There is one other reference to Brother to Guy in a pedigree. Pond's Sporting Kalendar for 1755, page 159, says - "Brutus, the Earl of Northumberland's, was got by Regulus; his Dam by a full Brother to Sir Robert Fagg's Guy, his Grandam by Partner".

The Newcastle Courant, Saturday, March 31, 1732-3, Number 414, says - "Mr Richard Harrison of High Jolby, has now a Stalion, his Colour Grey, got by Grey-Hound; his Dam by Mr Wastel’s Turk of Anderby; his Grand Dam by Hoy-Boy, and out of Trumpet’s Dam, which was got by Mr Place’s White Turk; her Dam by Dodsworth’s, and out of a Laton Barb Mare: This Account is true, as will at any Time be made appear by me Mr John Croft of Barfoot.—N B The Horse is leap’d at a Guinea, and 2 s 6 d to the Servant".

The Newcastle Courant, Saturday, March 9, 1733-4, Number 463, says - "To be leaped this Season, at Mr John Pattinson's, at the Sign of the Grapes, in the City of Carlisle, in the County of Cumberland, at 1 Guinea a Mare, a bay Horse 15 Hands high, bred by Mr John Croft's of Barforth-Hall, in the County of York, got by Grey Hound; his Dam by Makeless; his Grand Dam by Brimmer, and out of Trumpet's Dam, which was got by Place's white Turk; her Dam by Dodsworth, and out of a Laton Barb Mare. N B He is full Brother to Guy, which beat Lord Portmore's Drummer at New Market at 6 Years old; upon which Lord Portmore offer'd Sir Robt Fagg 600 Guineas for him, which Sir Robert refused to take".

YOUNG GREYHOUND, 1718, oo Croft's Pet Mare by Wastell's Turk oo mare by Hautboy oo Trumpet's dam. The colour of this stallion is not given in the GSB but as he sired a grey filly out of the chesnut Worlock's Galloway it is certain he was a grey and this is confirmed by the advertisement in the Newcastle Courant. This was the stallion owned by Richard Harrison. He was the sire of all the foals attributed to Young Greyhound except for Miss Makeless and the dam of Brutus.

BROWN COLT, 1723, oo Brown Farewell by Makeless oo mare by Brimmer oo Trumpet's dam. He was full brother to Guy and was known as both Son of Greyhound and Brother to Guy. He was the sire of Miss Makeless and the dam of Brutus, which may have been her sister.


HOME PAGE | TOP OF PAGE