DARCY'S YELLOW TURK, DARCY'S WHITE TURK, AND HELMSLEY TURK

AN INVESTIGATION INTO THEIR TRUE IDENTITIES


When Charles II returned to London on May 29, 1660, after nine years in exile, one of his first acts was to appoint James Darcy the elder Master of the Royal Stud at Tutbury in Staffordshire. He was appointed on June 6, 1660 and remained in office until his death in 1673. When he arrived at Tutbury he found that the place had been so vandalised that it was in no fit condition to be used as a stud. He therefore proposed that he supply the King from his own stud at Sedbury in Yorkshire, which was not far from Place's stud at Dinsdale and Fairfax's stud at Helmsley.

THE ROYAL STUD AT HAMPTON COURT

The loss of Tutbury meant that Charles II was without a stud of his own. In fact, the Royal studs were not re-established and remained in abeyance until the reign of William III, when Richard Marshall was sent by the king to Barbary in 1699 to procure some Eastern horses. He returned with nine stallions and five mares, which formed the foundation stock of the new Royal Stud which had been set up at Hampton Court.

The General Stud Book, volume 1, 5th edition, suggests that there was a stud at Hampton Court between the Restoration and the reign of William III. This is incorrect. The horses supposedly bred at Hampton Court during this period were, in fact, bred at Sedbury. This confusion was caused by John Croft of Barforth, Yorkshire, whose breed was descended from Darcy blood but who knew the horses at Sedbury by other names.


DARCY'S YELLOW TURK AND DODSWORTH

 

DODSWORTH

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 388, says - "though foaled in England, was a Natural Barb. His dam, a Barb Mare, was imported in the time of Charles the Second, and was called a Royal Mare. She was sold to Mr Child by the stud-master, after the King's death, for 40 gs., at twenty years old, when in foal (by the Helmsley Turk) with Vixen, dam of the Old Child Mare. He was sire of Dicky Pierson (called in some pedigrees The Son of Dodsworth)". This was copied from Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 72, where the sire of Vixen is given as the Earl of Holderness's Turk. Conyers Darcy, the eldest brother of James Darcy the elder, was created Earl of Holderness in 1682 and held the title until his death in 1689.

This information furnishes us with some approximate dates for these horses. Charles II died in February 1685, so if the Royal Mare was sold that year, then Vixen was foaled in 1686. As the Royal Mare was said to be twenty years old, then she was foaled in 1665. The year of foaling for Dodsworth must have been about 1670.

DARCY'S YELLOW TURK

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 389, says - "was the sire of Spanker, Brimmer, and the great great grandam of Cartouch".

The Racing Calendar for 1744, by John Cheny, in the index, page ix, says - "The Yellow Turk, which got Spanker, got Brimmer, the Great Great Grand-Dam of Old Cartouch, and many others".

This is an extremely interesting piece of information. Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 17, says Old Cartouch - "was got by the Bald Galloway; his dam was bred in the Royal Stud at Hampton-Court, and got by the Cripple Barb; grandam by Makeless; great grandam by Place's White Turk, a daughter of Dodsworth, out of Mr. Layton's Violet Barb Mare". The GSB's version of the pedigree on page 13 is incorrect, by making the Makeless mare a sister to Brown Farewell an extra cross has been added which would make the great great grandam by Place's White Turk. The GSB, page 388, however, states that Place's White Turk was sire of the great grandams of Wyndham, Grey Ramsden and Cartouch.

The Newcastle Courant, Saturday, March 23, 1727-8, Number 152, says - "This is to give Notice, that Mr Robert Carter of Brumpton upon Swale, in the County of York, has a Chesnut ston'd Horse, Six Years old, free from Blemish, that he leaps at a Guinea a Mare: He is 14 hands three Inches high, fine shap'd and strong, he was got by Woodcock, and out of a Royal Mare, she got by Lord Darcy's Arabian which he bought of Mr Curwen, her Dam got by Wastel Turk, Duchess was out of the same Mare with this Horse Dam, her Dam got by Black-legs, which got Crecket, her Dam got by the white Turk which got Hautboy, her Dam was the old Royal Mare, which Lord Darcy found at Sadberry, in 1690, so he became the Owner of this Stud; her Dam got by the old Chesnut Turk which got Leeds' Spanker, and all the best Horses of England, betwixt forty and fifty Years ago, as Lord Darcy Witnesseth".

Darcy's Yellow Turk has been identified with the old Chesnut Turk, mentioned in a letter to Christopher Croft by James Darcy the younger in 1684, part of which is reproduced on page 94 of The Royal Studs of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries, by C M Prior. In Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, by C M Prior, page 30, however, the Bustler mare at the head of Family 8 is traced back to a mare by Bay Dodsworth, which would appear to deny this identification, but the use of the adjective "Bay" here is superfluous unless there is more than one Dodsworth, so this may mean a bay son of Dodsworth. There are many instances in the stud book where a horse is known simply by its colour and the name of its sire, for example, Grey Bloody Buttocks, Bay Cade, Grey Slouch, Bay Slipby, Brown Regulus, Grey Hautboy, etc.

The rogue statements by John Cheny and the GSB that Darcy's Yellow Turk, and not Dodsworth, was the sire of the great great grandam of Cartouch, led me to the conjecture that they were one and the same. I now have evidence which proves that Darcy's Yellow Turk was also known as Dodsworth.

The Place's White Turk mare in the pedigree of Old Cartouch was also dam of Trumpet by Hautboy, and she is usually known as Trumpet's dam. The Sporting Kalendar for 1757, by John Pond, page 221, says she was - "a grey Mare of Mr. Croft's, called Trumpet's Dam, which was out of a Darcy Yellow Turk Layton Mare, and she was got by Place's white Trugunwell Turk, that got Commoner and the Ranter Gelding".

The York Courant, Tuesday, March 18, 1745-6, Number 1066, says - "In the Hands of Mess Hassels in Ripon, For this Season will be Leaped, the famous Old Cartouch, at five Guineas a Mare and half a Crown to the Groom. Bald Gallaway was his Sire, the Cripple Barb, his Grandsire, Makeless his Great Grandsire, Place's White Turk his Great Great Grandsire, and Lord Darcy's Yellow Turk his Great Great Great Grandsire. He is in Health and Vigour, and from his Covers of the last season, nine Mares in ten are known to be in Foal. If any Mare does not hold, she shall be cover'd gratis the next year, Good Grass in early and rich Ground, and all due Care will be taken".

The Newcastle Courant advertisement for Carter's son of Woodcock in 1728 states - "her Dam got by the old Chesnut Turk which got Leeds' Spanker, and all the best Horses of England, betwixt forty and fifty Years ago, as Lord Darcy Witnesseth". Between forty and fifty years before 1728 gives a date range 1678 to 1688. If it is assumed that the youngest horses were six years old when they ran then Darcy's Yellow Turk must have had foals as early as 1672. This puts in doubt the year of foaling of 1670 suggested by the information about Dodsworth's dam in Pick and the GSB.

The 2nd Marquis of Rockingham's pedigree collection, Sheffield Archives, Document Reference WWM/R/193/49, says - "Makeless - was got by General Oglethorpe's Arabian his dam by Ld D'Arcy's Yellow Turk - & out of a Natural Barb Mare - which Sr Jno Lawson (a Sea Admiral) bought from Barbary & gave her to King Charles - who gave her to Ld D'Arcy".

Sir John Lawson commanded a squadron in the Mediterranean from 1661 to 1664. He returned to England on the outbreak of the second Anglo-Dutch War in May 1665 and was appointed vice-admiral to the Duke of York. He was wounded at the battle of Lowestoft on June 3, 1665 and died of his wounds three weeks later. Lawson's Barb Mare must have been brought to England and presented to Charles II sometime between 1661 and 1665.

The Morning Post and Fashionable World, London, Monday, November 2, 1795, number 7405, Sales By Auction, By Mr Tattersall, says - "This Day, The following are the Property of a Gentleman: Lot 1. A Brown Mare, aged, got by Snap, her dam by Blank, her grand dam by Old Cade, her great grand dam by Old Partner, her gt gt grand dam by Bay Bolton (which Mare was the dam of the Duke of Bolton's Merry Andrew, and full sister to Lord Godolphin's Whitefoot and Wryfoot) her gt gt gt grand dam by Darley's Arabian (Sire of the Devonshire Childers), gt gt gt gt grand dam by the Byerly Turk, gt gt gt gt gt grand dam by Place's White Turk, gt gt gt gt gt gt grand dam by the Tripoli Barb, out of a natural Barb mare".

A treaty between Great Britain and the barbary state of Tripoli was concluded by Sir John Lawson and signed at Tripoli on October 18, 1662. It is possible that Lawson obtained the mare at this time, in foal to a Barb stallion which was also brought to England. This stallion would have been known as the Tripoli Barb.

The mare was given to Darcy in his capacity as Master of the Royal Stud and kept at Sedbury, where she was known as a Sedbury Royal Mare. She may have been the mare known as Dodsworth's dam, if so Dodsworth, who was imported in utero, must have been foaled in 1663. She had a daughter by Darcy's Yellow Turk, alias Dodsworth, who was the dam of Makeless. It seems likely that Lawson's Barb Mare was imported in-foal together with the sire Darcy's Yellow Turk, alias Dodsworth, alias Tripoli Barb, and their son was Dodsworth, alias Dicky Pierson.

The "old" Chesnut Turk, mentioned in a letter to Christopher Croft by James Darcy the younger in 1684, if the same as Dodsworth alias Darcy's Yellow Turk, must surely have been older than 14, the age suggested by the GSB and Pick. If, however, the "dam of Dodsworth" was in fact the "dam of son of Dodsworth" then the "old" Chesnut Turk would have been about 24, an age more likely to be accorded the epithet "old". A son of Dodsworth foaled 1663 would be more likely to have daughters covered by Place's White Turk and grandaughters covered by Bustler.

Dicky Pierson, Bay Dodsworth and Woodcock

Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, by C M Prior, page 30, in Cuthbert Routh's Stud-Book, says - "[Routh's Surley] A Gray Horse [1720] bought of Mr Hutton in April, 1725. He was gott by Surley, which Horse was gott by his Gray Barb, his dam by ye Royall Colt, her dam by Byrley Turk, her dam by Bustler, her dam by a Barb, and her dam by Bay Dodsworth".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 7, says - "Wyndham was got by Old Hautboy, (son of the White D'Arcy Turk) ; his dam, (Crutches's dam,) by the Marshall or Selaby Turk ; grandam by Bustler, (son of the Helmsley Turk) ; great grandam by Place's White Turk, (that got Wormwood) ; out of a daughter of Dodsworth. - This is the Pedigree of Wyndham, as it was generally given ; there have been objections made to the reality of it, though there were never any plausible reasons for them".

The GSB, volume 1, 1793 edition, page 291, says - "Cottingham, Mr Constable's, 1735, Hartley's Blind Horse - Son of Snake - Son of Rockwood - Windham & Crutche's dam, by the Selaby Turk - Bustler - Burnet's White Barb - Dodsworth". Burnet's White Barb must have been Place's White Turk as one of the co-executors of Place's Will was his cousin John Burnett.

The stud book of an unidentified breeder, Doncaster Archives, Document Reference DD\BW\J\1, says - "Cottingham was got by Mr Hartley's Blind Horse, his Dam by a son of Snake, his Grand Dam by a Son of Rockwood out of Windham & Crutches Dam, who was got by the Sellaby Turk, his G: Grandam by Bustler, His G: G Grandam by Bay Dodsworth. This from Thomas Jackson".

The Newcastle Courant, Saturday, March 23, 1733-4, Number 465, says - "To be leap'd this Season at Sunderland near the Sea, in the County of Durham, a Chesnut Horse, named Jack Childers, rising 8 Years old, free from any natural Blemish, full 15 Hands high, exceedingly well form'd, and proportionably strong. He was bred by Mr Thomas Cottingham, and got by Ovington's Childers, (who was the Sire of Mr Bartlett's Horse, and also Mr Smales's, who conquered the famous Victorious) out of a Mare got by Snake; her Dam by a Son of Rockwood; her Dam out of the Dam of Windham and Crutches, who was got by the Selby Turk; her Dam by Bustler; her Dam by Burnett's white Barb, and her Dam by bay Woodcock. He will be leap'd at 15 s and 1 s to the Keeper: Enquire of Mr John Smales near Sunderland, abovesaid, who will find very good Grass at 2 s a Week each Mare".

The Newcastle Courant, Saturday, March 15, 1739-40, Number 777, says - "A Bay stone Colt, three Years old, got by a Son of the Ball'd Galloway, who got Mr Ibetson's Chesnut Horse, that won the Plate at Durham, and out of a Childer's Mare, got by Mr Wm. Ovington's Childer's, who was full Brother to the Duke of Devonshire's Childers; her Dam by Snake; her Dam by Pullen's Rockwood; her Dam by the Bellarby Turk, Sire of Wyndham and Crutches; her Dam by Brimmer; her Dam by Mr Curwen's old Woodcock, out of a Royal Mare of Mr Darcey's of Sedburgh.--Note. The above Horses are both free and clear of any natural Blemish".

Curwen's Spot

The following entry appears in the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 16:

                                        SELABY TURK MARE,
                      Her dam by Bustler - Place's White Turk - Dodsworth.

             1705 gr. c. Crutches, by Hautboy (cut)   -      - Sir R. Milbanke
             *        f. by son of Rockwood      -           -
             1719 gr. c. Windham, by Hautboy          -      - Duke of Somerset

             * This m. had an f. by Son of Snake, dam in 1735 of Mr Constable's
             ch. c. Cottingham, by Hartley's Blind Horse.

The Newcastle Courant, March 2 to March 9, 1745, Number 2672, says - "To be Sold, At Hutton Hall, near Penrith in Cumberland, A Beautiful Chesnut Stone Horse, clear of all Blemishes, remarkably strong, and every where fine made. He is fifteen Hands and one Inch high, and eight Years old. He was got by Partner, his Dam by Ruffler, his Grandam by Mr Curwen's Bay Barb, his Great Grandam by Mr Wastell's Salt-Fish Turk, his Great Great Grandam by Sellaby's Turk, and she was own Sister to the famous Spot. Whoever has a Mind to purchase the same, may apply to Mr William Monkhouse in Penrith, or at Hutton Hall aforesaid".

The Dublin Universal Advertiser, Saturday, April 2, 1757, Number 462, says Mr Browne’s horses, serve mares this season, viz. The grey Arab at Bresy, near Castlebar in the county of Mayo, at 5 guineas and a crown a mare. The bay Arab, 5 guineas and a crown a mare, in Dublin, at Mr Coote’s Stables on the Strand, near Ballybough Bridge, where and at Mr Hill’s stables at Forest, his gett may be seen. Also, at the same place, Groundivy the 2d, at a guinea and a shilling a mare; he is a beautiful bay horse, 7 years old, and gets very fine large foals; he was got by old Groundivy, his dam by the sire of Antilope’s dam; her dam by Belgrade the 2d; her dam by Blackatop; her dam by Rockwood; her dam by the Sellaby Turk; her dam by Bustler; her dam by Place’s white Turk; her dam by Doddesworth, upon a royal foreign mare. N B Good grass for mares at 6 d a night, in Mr Coot’s wall’d paddocks: No horses will be led out till the money is paid".


      GSB               PICK              PRIOR         UNKNOWN BREEDER        COURANT 465            COURANT 777          UNIVERSAL ADVERTISER


                                                                                               Royal Mare of Mr Darcey's    Royal Foreign Mare
                                                                                                          |                         |
                                                                                                          |                         |
                                                                                                          |                         |
 Dodsworth mare    Dodsworth mare  Bay Dodsworth mare  Bay Dodsworth mare   Bay Woodcock mare  Curwen's Old Woodcock mare    Doddesworth mare
       |                 |                  |                   |                   |                     |                         |
       |                 |                  |                   |                   |                     |                         |
       |                 |                  |                   |                   |                     |                         |
 Burnet's White    Place's White        Barb mare               |            Burnett's White              |                   Place's White
   Barb mare         Turk mare              |                   |               Barb mare                 |                     Turk mare
       |                 |                  |                   |                   |                     |                         |
       |                 |                  |                   |                   |                     |                         |
       |                 |                  |                   |                   |                     |                         |
  Bustler mare      Bustler mare       Bustler mare        Bustler mare        Bustler mare          Brimmer mare              Bustler mare
       |                 |                  |                   |                   |                     |                         |
       |                 |                  |                   |                   |                     |                         |
       |                 |                  |                   |                   |                     |                         |
Selaby Turk mare  Selaby Turk mare  Byerley Turk mare    Selaby Turk mare    Selby Turk mare      Bellarby Turk mare        Sellaby Turk mare
(Crutche's dam)   (Crutches's dam)          |             (Crutches dam)      (Crutches dam)        (Crutches dam)                  |
       |                 |                  |                   |                   |                     |                         |
       |                 |                  |                   |                   |                     |                         |
       |                 |                  |                   |                   |                     |                         |
Son of Rockwood       WYNDHAM       Royall Colt mare     Son of Rockwood     Son of Rockwood      Pullen's Rockwood           Rockwood mare
      mare        by Old Hautboy            |                  mare                mare                  mare                       |
       |                                    |                   |                   |                     |                         |
       |                                    |                   |                   |                     |                         |
       |                                    |                   |                   |                     |                         |
  Son of Snake                           SURLEY            Son of Snake        Snake mare            Snake mare               Blackatop mare
      mare                       by Hutton's Gray Barb         mare                 |                     |                         |
       |                                    |                   |                   |                     |                         |
       |                                    |                   |                   |                     |                         |
       |                                    |                   |                   |                     |                         |
  COTTINGHAM                         ROUTH'S SURLEY         COTTINGHAM        JACK CHILDERS       Ovington's Childers         Belgrade the 2d
 by Hartley's                                 1720         by Hartley's       by Ovington's              mare                      mare
 Blind Horse                                               Blind Horse           Childers                 |                         |
         1735                                                                         1726                |                         |
                                                                                                          |                         |
                                                                                                      BAY COLT               mare by the sire
                                                                                                  by Son of Ball'd           of Antilope's dam
                                                                                                       Galloway                     |
                                                                                                            1736                    |
                                                                                                                                    |
                                                                                                                             GROUNDIVY THE 2D
                                                                                                                             by old Groundivy
                                                                                                                                      1750
                                                                                                                                 
In the pedigree of Surley, the Barb mare appears to have been a Place's White Turk mare and the Bustler mare may well have been the dam of Crutches dam.

Bay Dodsworth and Curwen's Bay Woodcock seem to be identical and Mr Darcey's Royal Mare was probably the Layton Barb Mare.

The following two versions of the pedigree of Ancaster Starling show that, as with the Hautboys, the Snakes and the Coneyskins, the practice of naming horses after their sires has also caused confusion between Dodsworth and his son Dicky Pierson.

The Racing Calendar for 1747, by John Cheny, page 110, says - "[Ancaster] Starling was got by the Bolton Starling, Son of Bay Bolton, son of Grey Hautboy, Son of Old Hautboy, Son of the White Darcy Turk. His Dam was got by Partner, his grand Dam by the Croft's Bay Barb. his great grand Dam by Makeless, her Dam by Dodsworth out of a Barb Mare".

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, pages 173 and 211, Ancaster Starling was by Bolton Starling oo Ringbone by Partner oo Lusty Thornton by Croft's Bay Barb oo Chesnut Thornton by Makeless oo Old Thornton by Brimmer oo mare by Dicky Pierson oo Burton Barb Mare.

Dicky Pierson, Woodcock and Willoughby Barb

The 2nd Marquis of Rockingham's pedigree collection, Sheffield Archives, Sheffield, Document Reference WWM/R193/18, says - "Beverley, April 1st, 1749 Advertisement. There is now in the Hands of John Luck, and Joseph Smith of Beverley, in the County of York, the noted Horse Blaze, bred by Mr Panton, and got by the Duke of Devonshire's Childers, out of the Confederate Filly; she was got by Grantham, her Dam by the late Duke of Rutland's black Barbe, and out of a Mare call'd Bright's Roan; Bright's Roan was bred by Mr Leedes, and got by his Turk, which got Bay Leeds, her Dam by Willoughby, her Gran Dam was a Daughter of the famous running Roan Mare of Sir Christopher Wivill's, got by Dodsworth; will cover Mares this season at [...] and [...] a Mare, and One Shilling the Servant [half a crown, handwritten]; with good Grass for Mares at reasonable Rates.
N B The abovesaid Horse Blaze is very healthful, free from all Natural Blemishes, full fifteen Hands high, and is allow'd to be a very fine and well proportioned Horse, he is full Master of Twelve Stone; he won at Newmarket the Seven Hundred Pound Stakes, a Three Hundred Pound Match, and a King's Plate; also he won the King's Plate at Winchester, and the King's Plate at Lewis, and was allowed to be the best Horse of his Year, as he prov'd himself by Running when Seven Years Old; he won the Forty Pounds at Epsom, the Fifty Pounds at Guilford, the Fifty Pounds at Reading, the Fifty Pounds at Oxford, and the Fifty Pounds at Chipping-Norton.
+ Whereas the Pedigree of the abovemention'd Roan Mare was omitted in former Advertisements, I do hereby Certifie, that the above Pedigree of the Roan Mare is true according to the Studd Book, as witness my Hand the 9th of January, 1744. / Edward Leedes.
Hull: Printed by G Ferraby, Bookseller, in the Butchery, and at his Shop in Beverley, where all Sorts of Printing-Work is done at Reasonable Rates".

The Newcastle Journal, Saturday, April 13, 1765 to Saturday, April 20, 1765, Number 1352, says - "To Leap this Season, At Denton-Burn, at half a guinea a mare, and one shilling the groom, the Famous Horse, Tiger, Who, in 1757, beat the noted horse, Dainty Davy, four heats, on Newcastle Town-Moor; and the same year won 50 l at Hambleton, and 50 l at Morpeth; and never started afterwards, but for his Majesty’s purse at Newcastle the year following, when, by misfortune, he broke down.—He will be at Mr Fram’s, in the Oat market, on Saturdays; at Mr Errington’s, in Stannington, on Tuesdays; at Morpeth, on Wednesdays; at Ponteland, on Thursdays; and at Mr Richardson’s, Denton-Burn, the rest of the week; where there is good grass, and proper care will be taken of the mares, both at that place, and at Mr Errington’s, at Stannington. Tiger was got by Mr Routh’s Crazy; his dam, by Old Partner; his grandam, by Wilkinson’s Turk; his great grandam, by Cupid (she was bred by Mr Robinson, of Easby, and full sister to the famous horse, Look about you;) his great, great grandam, by Buster; his great, great, great grandam, by Mackarell; his great, great, great grandam, by Willoughby’s Barb; his great, great, great, great, great grandam, was a filly, stole by the rebellious soldiers from (Bolton-Castle) Lord Scroope’s. N B The reason for leaping him at so low a price, is to encourage the farmers, &c for a good breed of cattle.—He is in health, and free from blemishes".

The Newcastle Journal, Saturday, April 5, 1766 to Saturday, April 12, 1766, Number 1402, says - "To Leap this Season, At Mr Errington’s, in Stannington, at Half a Guinea a Mare, and One Shilling the Groom, The famous Horse, Tyger, Who in 1757 beat the noted Horse Dainty Davy, four Heats, on Newcastle Town-Moor; likewise at York he beat the well known Horse Minor, who also beat Dainty Davy at New Market; and the same Year won 50 l at Hambleton; the 50 l at Morpeth; and never started afterwards, but for his Majesty’s Purse at Newcastle the Year following, when, by Misfortune, broke down.— He will be at Mr Richardson’s, at Denton-Burn,on Fridays and Mondays; at Mr Fram’s, in the Oat Market, on Saturdays; and at Mr Evrington’s, in Stannington, the rest of the Week; where there is good Grass, and proper Care taken of the Mares. Tyger was got by Mr Routh’s Crazy; his Dam, by Old Partner; his Grandam, by Mr Wilkinson’s Turk; his Great Grandam, by Cupid; (she was bred by Mr Robinson, of Easby, and full Sister to the famous Horse, Look about You;) his Great, Great Grandam, by Buster; his Great, Great, Great Grandam, by Mackarell; his Great, Great, Great, Great Grandam, by Willoughby’s Barb; his Great, Great, Great, Great, Great Grandam was a Filly, stole by the rebellious Soldiers, from (Bolton Castle) Lord Scroope’s. N B The Reason for Leaping him at so low a Price, is to encourage the Farmers, &c for a good Breed of Cattle.— He is in good Health, and free from Blemishes. This will be no more advertised".

The Newcastle Courant, Saturday, May 17, 1766, Number 4678, says - "To Cover this Season, At Farfield, near Chester-le-street, in the County of Durham, at One Guinea a Mare, and a Shilling to the Servant, The Horse Fellow, Rising nine Years old: He was got by Old Cade. As to the other Part of his Pedigree, it is undeniable; and after winning the King’s Plate at Leith, and several other Plates, if he had not got a Misfortune, he was thought to be as good a Plate Horse as any in the North of England. He is very compact and strong, and goes well upon his Legs".

The Newcastle Chronicle, Saturday, March 14, 1778, Number 728, says - "Fellow Will Cover, at One Guinea, and One Shilling the Groom. He will be at Darlington every Monday, at Barnardcastle every Wednesday, and the rest of his Time at Richmond. He was got by Old Cade; his Dam by Goliah; his Grandam by Old Partner; his great Grandam was own Sister to Mr Batter's famous Look-about-you. He is in the last Year of Old Cade's Get, and lucky as to Foals. Only one Colt has yet been trained of his Get, which, at four Years old, won three 50 l Plates, then sold for 600 Guineas: His young Stock are boney and promising. The Money to be paid before the Mares are taken away".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 271, says - "Fellow, (A Chesnut Horse - Foaled in 1757,) Bred by William Parker, Esq. of Kenton, Northumberland; and sold to Mr Hudson. Fellow was got by Cade; his dam by the Duke of Bolton’s Goliah; grandam by Partner; great grandam by Mr Wilkinson's Turk, out of a daughter of Cupid, which mare was bred by Mark Robinson, Esq. of Easby, near Richmond, Yorkshire.

The Newcastle Journal, Saturday, March 27 to Saturday, April 3, 1756, Number 881, says - "To Leap this Season, At Mr Thomas Tilley’s, at West Grainge near Durham, at One Cuinea a Mare, and Two Shillings the Servant, The Beautiful Chesnut Horse Stede, full fourteen Hands three Inches high: He is free from all natural Blemishes. Stede was got by Spot; his Dam by Fox; his Grandam by Cupid; his Great Grandam by Bustler; his Great Great Grandam by Mackarel; his Great Great Great Grandam by Willoughby’s Barb; and his Great Great Great Great Grandam was a Filley stole by the rebellious Soldiers from Bolton Castle, Lord Scroope’s. Stede is own Brother to Milkmaid and Full Moon, his Grandam was bred by Mr Robinson of Easby, and was full Sister to the famous Horse Look-about-ye. Good Grass for Mares; and the Two Shillings to be paid at the Stable Door".

The Newcastle Journal, Saturday, April 17 to Saturday, April 24, 1756, Number 885, says - "To Cover this Season, At Mr Ralph Walton’s at Staindrop at One Guinea a Mare, and One Shilling to the Servant, A Beautiful Chesnut Horse, fifteen Hands high, six Years old, Master of sixteen Stone a Hunting, and clear of Blemishes. He was got by Forrester; his Dam by old Crab; his Grandam by Fox, which Mare was Sister to Mr Bathurst’s famous Look-about-You; his Great Grandam by Cupid; his Great, Great Grandam by Bustler; his Great, Great, Great Grandam by Mackarel; his Great, Great, Great, Great Grandam by Willoughby’s Barb. Good Grass for Mares".

The Newcastle Journal, Saturday, May 5, 1752 to Saturday, May 12, 1752, Number 734, says - "To Leap this Season, At Mr Ralph Walton’s, at Staindrop, at One Guinea a Mare, A Beautiful strong Chesnut Colt, rising four Years old, fourteen Hands three Inches high, Master of any Weight, goes well upon his Legs, and clear of all natural Blemishes whatsoever. The Reason of his not being trained, is he having lost his Neck Vein by Bleeding. He was got by Forrester; his Dam by Crab; his Grand Dam by Fox, out of Mickleton’s Mare, which was got by Cupid, and ha[lf] Sister to Mr Bathurst’s famous grey Horse, Look about ye. This is a true Pedigree, / Thomas Vane".

The Newcastle Courant, Saturday, April 16, 1737, Number 625, says - "To be Leaped this Season, At Richard Peak's, at Ripon in Yorkshire, at One Guinea a Mare, and 1 s to the Groom, The Famous Horse, call'd Spot, (bred by Mr Rawlinson of Whittington, near Kerby-Lawnsdale, who bred the famous Diamond and Whittington, who were all Three own Brothers by the Mare, now in the Hands of William Haddon: He is fourteen Hands three Inches high, he won the King's 100 Guineas at Leith and Lincoln, and also several other Prizes at other Places (as to Diamond and Whittington's Performances may be found in Cheney's Book) The said Spot is now in fine Order, and clear of all natural Blemishes, and is thought by the best Judges to be one of the greatest Beauties in England. His Pedigree as follows: He was got by Sir William Ramsden's Spot, who was got by Mr Curwen's old Spot, and his Dam by Mr Leeds's Arabian, that got Bay-Leeds (which was said to run a Mile in a Minute) his Grandam by Old Woodcock, and great Grandam by Dodsworth, Spot's Dam was one of Mr Curren's bay Barb Mares. This is a true Copy certified by the Breeder Mr Rawlinson".


   NEWCASTLE COURANT        ROCKINGHAM         NEWCASTLE JOURNAL           NEWCASTLE JOURNAL         NEWCASTLE JOURNAL
                                                   1352 and 1402                    881                       885


                         Wyvil's Roan Mare
                                 |
                                 |
                                 |
    Dodsworth mare        Dodsworth mare          Bolton Filly                Bolton Filly
          |                      |                      |                           |
          |                      |                      |                           |
          |                      |                      |                           |
  Old Woodcock mare       Willoughby mare    Willoughby's Barb mare      Willoughby's Barb mare     Willoughby's Barb mare
          |                      |                      |                           |                          |
          |                      |                      |                           |                          |
          |                      |                      |                           |                          |
 Leeds's Arabian mare     Bright's Roan          Mackarell mare              Mackarel mare              Mackarel mare
          |               by Leedes Turk                |                           |                          |
          |                      |                      |                           |                          |
          |                      |                      |                           |                          |
          |                      |                      |                           |                          |
   RAMSDEN'S SPOT     Rutland Black Barb mare     Bustler mare                Bustler mare               Bustler mare
by Curwen's Old Spot             |                      |                           |                          |
                                 |                      |                           |                          |
                                 |                      |                           |                          |
                         Confederate Filly         Cupid mare                  Cupid mare                 Cupid mare
                            by Grantham     (sister to Look about you)  (sister to Look-about-ye)              |
                                 |                      |                           |                          |
                                 |                      |                           |                          |
                                 |                      |                           |                          |
                               BLAZE          Wilkinson's Turk mare              Fox mare                   Fox mare
                            by Childers                 |                           |                (sister to Bathurst's
                                                        |                           |                   Look-about-You)
                                                        |                           |                          |
                                                        |                           |                          |
                                                        |                           |                          |
                                                Old Partner mare                  STEDE                    Crab mare
                                                        |                        by Spot                       |
                                                        |                                                      |
                                                        |                                                      |
                                                      TIGER                                              CHESNUT HORSE
                                                     by Crazy                                            by Forrester
                                                                                                                 1750

Peirson's Running Mare

The 2nd Marquis of Rockingham's pedigree collection, Sheffield Archives, Document Reference WWM/R/193/37, says - "Selima, 9th August 1755, The Bay Mare I sold to the Marquiss of Rockingham, was got by Bajazett, her Dam by Bloody Buttocks, her Grandam by Almanzor, her Great Grandam by Sr Wm Strickland's Hautboy was own Sister to Bay Bolton and Lamprey, her Great Great Grandam by Makeless, her G G G Grandam by Brimmer who was Ocklam Merlin's Dam & was Grandam to Terror, her G G G G Grandam by Diamond, her G G G G G Grandam was full Sister to Old Merlin's Dam".

Sir John Dutton's Book of Pedigrees, Gloucestershire Record Office, Document Reference D678/1, F14/5/6, says - "A Pedigree of Bay Bolton taken out of Sr Mathew Pearson's Book who bred him. 6 Decr 1735. Bay Bolton was foaled ye 3d May 1705. A Bay Colt foal, the far foot behind white, got by Mr Constable's Grey horse Hautboy, which Grey horse was bred by Sr Wm Strikland. Bay Bolton's Dam was got by Makeless, His Grandam by Brimmer, His Great Grandam by Diamond, out of Sr Mathew Pearson's little Bay Mare, full Sister to his sorrel Running Mare; which sorrell Mare was Old Merlin's Dam"

Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, by C M Prior, part of a letter from Thomas Pulleine to John Holles, Duke of Newcastle, page 126, says:

"1706, 28th [October], Bolton. The pedigree of the maires I send for yor Grace to have the refuseall off is as follows
The Lame philly's dam was gott by Mr Place white Turke & vnder a ffenwicke maire & her sire is my Chessnutt Arabian
thother 4 yr old philly's dam was out of Sr Mathew Peirson Running maire wch was the most famouse maire in my time & gott by Mr Place Turke & the philly's sire my Chessnutt Arab.
the 6 yr old maire was out of a maire gott by Brimers [Brimmer] out of a Buttler [Bustler] maire & she was gott by my white Turk [Rockwood]".

Although there is no evidence for it it is possible that Darcy's Diamond was another name for Place's [Darcy's] White Turk.

Sir Matthew Pierson's mares may be related in some way to Dicky Pierson, perhaps full sisters to him by Dodsworth, alias Darcy's Yellow Turk, out of Lawson's Barb Mare.

 

DESCENT CHART 1
[INCORPORATING THE EVIDENCE AND CONJECTURE CONTAINED IN THIS ARTICLE]

 

                           HELMSLEY TURK                     DARCY'S YELLOW TURK  =  Lawson's Barb Mare
                                 |                             [TRIPOLI BARB]     |  [Dodsworth's dam]
                                 |                               ------------------          |
                       ----------------------------------------> | <---------------          |
                       |                 |                       |                |          |
   ------------------> | <-------------> | <------------------------------------> | <------> | <--------------
   |        |          |                 |                       |                |          |               |
  mare   Pierson's = DIAMOND <=> PLACE'S WHITE TURK  =   Pierson's Sorrell  =  BUSTLER       |         DICKY PIERSON
   |     Bay Mare  |                                 |     Running Mare     |     |          |      [CURWEN'S WOODCOCK]
   |               |                                 |                      |     |          |      [CURWEN'S ARABIAN]
   |               |                                 |                      |     |          |               | 1663
   |               |                                 |                      |     ----    ----               |
   |               |                                 |                      |         \   /                  |
MAKELESS          mare                              mare                 MERLIN       Vixen             Vintner Mare
   |               |                                 |                      |             1686               |
   |               |                                 |                      |                                |
   |               |                                 |                      |                                |
   |              mare                              mare                    |                               mare
   |           by Brimmer                  by Pulleine's Arabian            |                      by Pulleine's Arabian
   |               |                                   1702                 |                        [by Lowther Barb]
   |               |                                                        |                                |
   -----    ----------------------------------------------------------      |                                |
        \  /                           |                              \    /                                 |
        mare                          mare                       ACCLOM'S MERLIN                          mare
         |                        by Hautboy                            |                          by Curwen's Old Spot
         |                             |                                |                                   |
         |                  -----------------------                 ------------                            |
         |                  |                     |                 |          |                            |
    BAY BOLTON           ALMANZOR              CHAMPION            mare     WOODCOCK                       mare
  by Grey Hautboy  by Darley's Arabian    by Harpham Arabian        |            1702             by Curwen's Bay Barb
           1705                   1713             | 1707           |                                       |
                                                   |                |                                       |
                                                   |                |                                       |
                                                   |               mare                                  PARTNER
                                                   |       by Darley's Arabian                                1718
                                                   |                |
                                                   ------      ------
                                                         \    /
                                                          mare
                                              (Great grandam of King Herod)

 

Vintner Mare

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, pages 192 and 17, Sourface was foaled in 1753 by Cullen Arabian oo Bay Snip (1746) by Snip - Godolphin Arabian - Frampton's Whiteneck (full sister to the Mixbury Galloway) by Curwen Bay Barb, her dam by Curwen (or Pelham) Old Spot, her dam by White Legged Lowther Barb, out of the Vintner Mare".

According to The Royal Studs of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries, by C M Prior, page 165, in Lord Godolphin's Stud Book, Bay Snip was foaled in 1748 by Snip out of Young White Neck (1739) by Godolphin Arabian out of Grey White Neck Mare by Conyers Arabian out of Frampton's Whiteneck by Curwen's Bay Barb out of Mixbury's dam by Old Spot. Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, by C M Prior, page 26, in Cuthbert Routh's Stud-Book, in the pedigree of a mare by Flatface, signed by Henry Curwen, says - "her dam by Old Spot, wch mare was the dam of Minchell's famous Mixbury, her grandam by a little Barb, her g.-grandm was the Vintner Mare, black, which was got by my Arabian".

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 62, Whiteneck by Crab was out of a mare by Godolphin Arabian out of a mare by Conyers Arabian out of the sister to Mixbury by the Curwen Bay Barb, the dam of Partner.

Boddley's Bath Journal, Monday, May 23, 1768, Number 1289, Advertisement for the stallion Sourface, says - "He was got by Lord Cullin's bay Arabian, that covers at Ten Guineas a Mare; his Dam by Snip; his Grandam by Lord Godolphin's late Arabian; his Great Grandam by Leeds; his Great Great Grandam by the White Leg Louthe Barb, and out of the Laiton Barb Mare".

The Leeds mare in this pedigree was known as sister to Quiet and her dam was Sloven's dam by Curwen's Bay Barb, a full sister to Frampton's Whiteneck.

 


           GSB                   PRIOR                     GSB               BATH JOURNAL             COURANT 777


                                                                           Laiton Barb Mare    Royal Mare of Mr Darcey's
                                                                                   |                      |
                                                                                   |                      |
                                                                                   |                      |
       Vintner Mare           Vintner Mare             Vintner Mare                |          Curwen's Old Woodcock mare
            |             by Curwen's Arabian               |                      |                      |
            |                      |                        |                      |                      |
            |                      |                        |                      |                      |
            |                      |                        |                      |                      |
  White Legged Lowther      Little Barb mare      White Legged Lowther      White Leg Louthe              |
        Barb mare                  |                    Barb mare              Barb mare                  |
            |                      |                        |                      |                      |
            |                      |                        |                      |                      |
            |                      |                        |                      |                      |
  Curwen Old Spot mare        Mixbury's dam       Curwen Old Spot mare             |                 Brimmer mare
            |                  by Old Spot                  |                      |                      |
            |                      |                        |                      |                      |
            |                      |                        |                      |                      |
            |                      |                        |                      |                      |
 Frampton's Whiteneck     Frampton's Whiteneck    Curwen Bay Barb mare             |              Bellarby Turk mare
  by Curwen Bay Barb      by Curwen's Bay Barb              |                      |                (Crutches dam)
            |                      |                        |                      |                      |
            |                      |                        |                      |                      |
            |                      |                        |                      |                      |
            |             Grey White Neck Mare            QUIET               Leedes mare         Pullen's Rockwood
            |              by Conyers Arabian            by Leedes                 |                     mare
            |                      |                          1715                 |                      |
            |                      |                                               |                      |
            |                      |                                               |                      |
 Godolphin Arabian mare     Young White Neck                            Godolphin Arabian mare       Snake mare
            |             by Godolphin Arabian                                     |                      |
            |                      | 1739                                          |                      |
            |                      |                                               |                      |
            |                      |                                               |                      |
        Bay Snip                Bay Snip                                       Snip mare          Ovington's Childers
        by Snip                 by Snip                                            |                     mare
            | 1746                   1748                                          |                      |
            |                                                                      |                      |
            |                                                                      |                      |
        SOURFACE                                                                SOURFACE              BAY COLT
    by Cullen Arabian                                                  by Cullin's Bay Arabian     by Son of Ball'd
              1753                                                                                     Galloway
                                                                                                            1736
 
Layton Barb Mare

The pedigree of Sourface in Boddley's Bath Journal, though incomplete and at variance with the GSB version, is nonetheless a fair representation of his dam line. The different great grandams are a problem but, as both are out of full sisters to Mixbury, the integrity of the line is maintained back to the White Legged Lowther Barb mare. The next dam, according to Boddley's Bath Journal, is the Layton Barb Mare and I would be most surprised if this was another name for the Vintner Mare. A more likely explanation is another gap in the pedigee and I would suggest that the Vintner Mare was a daughter of the Layton Barb Mare.

The Vintner Mare was by Curwen's Arabian. This Arabian may be the same as Curwen's Bay Woodcock, which appears to be another name for Bay Dodsworth and Dicky Pierson. This stallion was also known as Dodsworth as evidenced by the two pedigrees of Ancaster Starling above. The Layton Barb Mare bred a filly by Dodsworth, alias Darcy's Yellow Turk, so she may have bred a filly by his son.

Waxy traces back in the female line to 'sister to Westbury' by Curwen's Bay Barb oo mare by Curwen's Old Spot oo mare by Old Woodcock. If the dam of Westbury was also the dam of Mixbury, or they were sisters, then there is a gap in this pedigree and the mare by Curwen's Old Spot was out of a White Legged Lowther Barb mare. This would make the next dam the Vintner Mare by Old Woodcock alias Curwen's Old Woodcock alias Curwen's Arabian.

The following entry appears in the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 12:

                                 LAYTON (Violet) BARB MARE,

             *        f. by Dodsworth -          -          - Lord Darcy
                      c. Counsellor (Darcy's), by Lonsdale
                                               Counsellor   - Lord Darcy
                      c. Burford Bull, by Brimmer           - Lord Darcy
                      f. by ditto     -          -          - Lord Darcy
             about 1715 f. Y. Violet Layton, by Darcy's
                                            Chesnut Arabian - Lord Darcy

                * This Dodsworth mare bred a f. by Place's White Turk, and
             a filly by Hautboy.

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 385, says - "Fantail, Sir J. Shelley's, 1770, by Latham's Snap, his dam by Babraham - Sir Robert Fagg's Goldenlocks - Soreheels - Woodcock - Westall (probably Wastell) Turk - Hautboy - Dodsworth - Layton Barb Mare". This pedigree is responsible for the addition of the filly by Hautboy to the produce of the Dodsworth mare above. The Soreheels mare is more likely to be Sir R. Fagg's 1729 chesnut filly by Soreheels oo Grey Woodcock by Woodcock oo Croft's Pet Mare by Wastell's Turk oo mare by Hautboy oo Trumpet's dam by Place's White Turk oo mare by Dodsworth oo Layton Barb Mare.

Young Violet Layton cannot possibly be out of this mare.

The following pedigree is taken from Weatherby's Racing Calendar, Advertisements of Stallions, 1780, page 322 - "Grey Gower was got by the Gower Stallion, a son of the Godolphin Arabian, his dam by Lord Chedworth's Foxhunter, son of the Ball'd Galloway, grand dam by a full brother to Mixbury, gt grand dam by a son of Darley's Arabian, out of a mare of Sir Matthew Peirson's, which was the dam of Terror, gt gt grand dam by Lord Wharton's Snail, gt gt gt grand dam by Burford's Bull; Bull was got by Brimmer, his dam a Layton Barb mare". This pedigree ends with a mare by Burford Bull. A cross of the Godolphin Arabian has been omitted after the Foxhunter mare but the Godolphin Arabian mare was entered in the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 92 with the pedigree - "her dam by a brother to Mixbury - Smockface - Old Snail - Mr Wilkinson's mare (sister to Burford Bull), by Brimmer - Layton Barb". There is no sister to Burford Bull.

An Introduction to a General Stud-Book, 1791, page 196, says - "Epaminondas, Duke of Cumberland's, foaled in 1779, got by Herod, dam by Snap - Blank - Chedworth Foxhunter - Mr. Howe's Mixbury Mare - Smockface (son of Darley's Arabian) - Snail - Burford Bull - Mr. Wilkinson's Mare".

According to History of the British Turf, by James Christie Whyte, the dam of Grey Hautboy was the Arlington Barb Mare. This mare was a present from the Emperor of Morocco to Lord Arlington, Secretary of State to Charles II, who sold her to Mr Wilkinson of West Layton. I think it very probable that this mare was generally known as Layton Barb Mare. Old Snail was by Whynot out of a mare by Wilkinson's Bay Arabian out of the Arlington Barb Mare.

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 43, says Grisewood's Partner was - "got by Mr. Crofts's Partner ; his dam by Hutton's Grey Barb ; grandam, (Bay Wilkinson's dam) by Whynot ; great grandam by Wilkinson's Turk, out of a mare of Mr. Wilkinson's called Old Woodcock, by the D'Arcy Woodcock". It is possible that the next dam was the Arlington Barb Mare, alias Layton Barb Mare, which would make Old Woodcock a full sister to the Vintner Mare.

The following entry appears in the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 4:

                                     BURTON BARB MARE,
                              Mr Burton's Natural Barb Mare,

             *        f. by Dodsworth       -      - Bred at Hampton Court
             **       f. by Dicky Pierson 
                            (son of Dodsworth)     - Bred at Hampton Court
                      c. St Martin, by Spanker     - Bred at Hampton Court

                * This mare was the dam of a colt by a son of Helmsley Turk,
             sold to Sir W. Morgan, and known as Morgan's Dun, also of an
             own sister to him, which mare bred a filly by Hautboy.
                ** This mare bred Mr Crofts's f. Old Thornton by Brimmer and
             a sister to her. Old Thornton was the dam of ch. f. Chesnut
             Thornton, by Makeless.

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 42, gives the pedigree of Little Bowes as - "Got by Chedworth's brother to Mixbury Galloway, her dam, Bowes, by Hutton's Grey Barb - Byerly Turk - Selaby Turk - Mr. Place's mare, by Hautboy - sister to Morgan's Dun, by a son of the Helmesley [sic] Turk - Dodsworth - Burton Barb".

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 7, gives the pedigree of the Coppin Mare as - "Got by The Selaby Turk, her dam by Place's White Turk". A note has been appended - "The Coppin Mare is confused in Pick, and in old pedigrees, with The Coffin Mare (a mare so called by being concealed by Mr Place in a cellar in Fenchurch Street, at the time of the Restoration, which was probably her grandam). Pick also, vol. i., p. 223, makes the grandam of Little Bowes as out of an own sister to The Coffin Mare".

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 223, gives the pedigree of Mab as - "got by Hobgoblin; her dam, Little Bowes, by Lord Chedworth's Mixbury; grandam by Mr. Hutton's Grey Barb, brought over by Mr. Marshall, great grandam by the Byerley Turk, out of a full sister to the Coffin Mare. The Coffin Mare was got by the Marshall or Selaby Turk, out of a daughter of Mr. Place's White Turk".

An Introduction to a General Stud-Book, 1791, page 90, gives the pedigree of Mixbury as - "got by Regulus - Brother to Mixbury -Hutton's Barb, brought over by Mr. Marshall - Byerly Turk - Selaby Turk - Mr. Place's Mare, which he had out of Oliver Cromwell's Stud".

An Introduction to a General Stud-Book, page 194, gives the pedigree of Lord Chedworth's Snap as - "got by Old Snap, his dam (called Young Bowes), was got by Dormouse, grand dam (called Little Bowes) by Mixbury, great grand dam (called Bowes) by Hutton's Barb, brought over by Mr. Marshall, great great grand dam by the Byerley Turk, out of a full sister to the Coffin Mare, whose sire was the Selaby Turk, and her dam a Place Mare - Mr. Place of Dimsdale [sic], Stud Master to Oliver Cromwell, stole this Mare out of the Stud, and kept her concealed in a cellar, till the search for her was over".

Place's White Turk must have been foaled about 1670, as he would have to be old enough to be associated with Rowland Place, who died in 1676, and young enough to get foals in the 1690's when he was known as Darcy's WhiteTurk. In the pedigrees above, the Coppin Mare and her sister were out of a Place's White Turk mare. This Place's White Turk mare cannot have been "Mr. Place's Mare, which he had out of Oliver Cromwell's Stud", because she was foaled before 1657, and Mr. Place's mare cannot have been by Hautboy, because Hautboy was foaled after Place's death. If the extension of the pedigree back to the Burton Barb Mare is correct, then the cross of Hautboy must be wrong, as the Coppin Mare and her sister were out of a Place's White Turk mare. But there is no cross of Place's White Turk in the pedigree.

Consider these two pedigrees taken from the GSB:

mare by Hautboy - mare by Place's White Turk - mare by Dodsworth - Layton (Violet) Barb Mare. In Darcy's Stud.

mare by Hautboy - sister to Morgan's Dun by son of Helmsley Turk - mare by Dodsworth - Burton Barb Mare.

Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 242, traces Young Greyhound back to "Mr. Layton's Violet Barb Mare" and Desdemona back to "Mr. Burton's Violet Barb Mare, in Lord D'Arcy's Stud". The evidence here seems to point to there being only one mare which was known as the Violet Barb Mare. If this supposition is correct and the above pedigrees are identical, then that would make Morgan's Dun and his sister by Place's White Turk, a son of the Helmsley Turk

Oglethorpe's Arabian

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 389, says - "Oglethorpe Arabian (sire of Makeless). This may be the horse described as Mr Oglethorpe's son of the Yellow Turk".

The York Courant, Tuesday, February 17, 1756, Number 1582, says - "To be Sold, The Property of John Pollard, of Stubbs Hall, near Doncaster, Two Stallions; the one a very genteel Bay Horse, call'd Silvertail, six Years old, well mark'd, full fifteen Hands one Inch and an half high, Master of 16 Stone a-hunting, is allowed to be one of the best Chapmen's Horses in the Country, and his Foals, of their Year, none can exceed. The other a Brown Bay Horse, call'd Stranger, five Years old, fifteen Hands high. Stranger was got by a Son of Young Iphis. Iphis was got by Makeless, and Makeless by the Earl of Albemarle's Grey Arabian; his Dam, by Old Partner; his Grandam, by Cricket, and out of a Mare got by Aleppo; his great Grandam, by Mr Curwen's Terror; and his Great Great Grandam was Lord Derwentwater's white Mare, which was taken at Preston, in 1713. The above Horses are free from Blemishes".

Whynot

The York Courant, Tuesday, March 10, 1752. Number 1379, says - "To Leap this Season, At Half a Guinea a Mare, and one Shilling at the Stable Door; being the Property of Mr William Staveley, at Hunmanby, near Scarbrough and Bridlington, in Yorkshire. A Fine strong Bay Horse known by the Name of Captain, fourteen Hands, three Inches and a half high, well mark'd clear of all natural Blemishes and goes well on his Legs: Bred by William Osbaldeston, Esq; He was out of the Dam of that noted Running Horse, Traveller, Maidenhead, Mopsy and Trail, who got so many saleable Horses at great Prices. Her Dam full Sister to the famous Bay Bolton, &c bred by Sir Matthew Peirson. And is only rising seven Years old. He was got by Captain Hartley's Young Hip, who was bred by Mr Pelham, and got by Mr Curwin's Bay Barb, his Dam by Lister's Turk, who got Old Snake, and out of a Running Mare of the Duke of Kingston's, call'd Piping Peg. My Horse was out of the Dam of Babram, and was got by my blind Horse out of old Flying Whig, which Lord Godolphin bred. She was got by the Woodstock Arabian, who also got the famous Spider and Points; her Dam was got by St Victor's Barb, who got the Old Bald Galloway, and her Grandam by Old Grey Whynot, and out of a Running Kind, &c. The Pedigree of Hip I had from Mr Pelham, and that of Whig from Lord Godolphin. / Leonard Hartley. Good Grass for Mares for the Season".

The Sporting Kalendar for 1754, by John Pond, in the stallion advertisements, says - "Also at the same Place, the famous well-shaped chestnut Horse, called Joseph Andrews, fifteen Hands and an Inch high, fit to carry eighteen Stone Weight a Hunting, bred by Leonard Hartley Esq; near Richmond in Yorkshire, at one Guinea and half a Crown each Mare. He was got by Roundhead, who was out of Roxana and the Devonshire Childers; Joseph's Dam was got by Hip, bred by Charles Pelham Esq, and got by the old Bay Barb, his Grandam by Mr. Hartley's blind Horse, his Great Grandam was Old Flying Whig, bred by the Earl of Godolphin; she was got by the Woodstock Arabian, her Dam by St. Victor's Barb who got the old Bald Galloway, and her Grandam by old grey Why Not. Leonard Hartley".

The Racing Calendar for 1743, by John Cheny, in the index, says - "The Dam of Smales Childers was got by the Byerley Turk, his Grand Dam by the Wilkinson Whynot, Son of the Fenwick Barb".

The Sporting Kalendar for 1754, by John Pond, in the index, says - "Mariamne, the Earl of Portmore's, was got by Victorious, her Dam by Partner, her Grandam by Richardson's Merlin, a Son of old Merlin, bred by Sir Matthew Pierson, her Great Grandam by Makeless, her Great Great Grandam by Burfoot's Ball, her Great Great Great Grandam by an Arabian of the old Duke of Devonshire's. Victorious was got by Rufler, his Dam by the late Hutton's grey Barb, his Grandam by Bay Whynot, which was the Dam of Bay Wilkinson. She came from a kind of Mr. Wilkinson's called the Smithson; Mariamne is full Sister to Sir Ralph Gore's Mare".

The Dutton Pedigrees, Gloucestershire Record Office, Document Reference D678/1 F14/5/6, page 3, says - "The Ball'd Galloway's Pedigree. He was got by Monsr St Victor's Barb; His Dam by Mr Rider's Whynot, Whynot was out of a Royall Mare & the Yellow Turk, & bred by Mr D'arcey".

Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, by C M Prior, part of a letter from Thomas Pulleine to John Holles, Duke of Newcastle, page 126, says - "The Lame philly's dam was gott by Mr Place white Turke & vnder a ffenwicke maire & her sire is my Chessnutt Arabian".

Pulleine's Chesnut Arabian was also known as Darcy's Chesnut Arabian, and Place's White Turk was also known as Darcy's White Turk. It is possible that the Fenwick mare was by the Fenwick Barb who may have been Darcy's Yellow Turk.

 

DESCENT CHART 2
[INCORPORATING THE EVIDENCE AND CONJECTURE CONTAINED IN THIS ARTICLE]

 

DARCY'S YELLOW TURK <====================> FENWICK BARB <================================================> DODSWORTH
         |                                      |                                                              |
         |                                      |                                                              |
         |                                      |                                                              |
      SPANKER                  DARCY'S or WILKINSON'S or BAY WHYNOT                                     DARCY'S WOODCOCK
         |                                      |                                                              | 1663
         |                 --------------------------------------------                                        |
         |                 |                    |                     |                                        |
  Charming Jenny      GREY WHYNOT              mare                   |    Arlington  =  WILKINSON'S TURK  =  mare
         |                 |                    |                     |    Barb Mare  |                    |
         |                 |                    |                ---> | <--------------                    |
         |                 |                    |                |    |                                    |
Leedes Arabian mare       mare        Byerley's Turk mare       mare  |                                   mare
         |                 |                    |                |    --------------------------------     |
         |                 |                    |                |    |                              |     |
         |                 |                    |                 \  /                                \   /
 Acaster Turk mare = BALD GALLOWAY       SMALE'S CILDERS         SNAIL                             Whynot mare
                   |                  by Bleeding Childers         | 1692                               |
                   |                              1726             |               ----------------------
                   |                                               |               |                    |
                 Roxana                                          SNAIL       BAY WILKINSON   Hutton's Grey Barb mare
                     1718                                          | 1710            1717               |
                                                                   |                                    |
                                                                   |                                    |
                                                                Milkmaid                            VICTORIOUS
                                                                   | 1720                           by Ruffler
                                                                   |                                      1722
                                                                   |
                                                                Meliora
                                                                     1729

 


DARCY'S WHITE TURK AND PLACE'S WHITE TURK

 

PLACE'S WHITE TURK

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 388, says - "was the property of Mr Place, stud-master to Oliver Cromwell, when Protector, and was sire of Wormwood, Commoner, and the great-grandams of Wyndham, Grey Ramsden and Cartouch". This is confirmed by Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 71.

The Racing Calendar for 1744, by John Cheny, in the index, page x, says - "The White Turk that got Wormwood, and also the Great Grand-Dam of Windham, I suppose to be the Turk of Mr. Place's, Stud-Master to the Lord Protector Cromwell; but this I am not absolutely certain of". Page xi says - "The White Turk of Mr. Place's, which (as I conjecture) got Wormwood and the Great Grand-Dam of Windham, got Commoner and the Ranter Gelding, the Great Grand-Dams of Grey Ramsden, Scar, Guy, Cartouch, Young Greyhound, and the Great Great Grand Dam of Barforth".

The Sporting Kalendar for 1757, by John Pond, page 221, says he was - "Place's white Trugunwell Turk, that got Commoner and the Ranter Gelding".

He is commonly identified with the Arabian horse purchased for Cromwell in Aleppo in 1657, but this date is much too early for Place's White Turk, as he would have been at least thirteen years old when Dodsworth was foaled and there is no evidence that Dodsworth ever covered a Place's White Turk mare.

DARCY'S WHITE TURK

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 389, says - "also called Sedbury Turk, was the sire of Old Hautboy, Grey Royal, Cannon, etc".

In Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, by C M Prior, page 36, in the pedigree of Creeper, James Darcy says - "Blundrbush Royall's dam was out of my own Gray Royall, and gott by the White Turk". C M Prior, in his note on this pedigree, says - "In the foregoing pedigree of Creeper, in his allusion to 'the White Turk,' James Darcy probably referred to Place's famous stallion, rather than to a horse of his own, as supposed in the G.S.B. Dinsdale, where Place's White Turk stood, was only some ten miles from the Darcy estate at Sedbury. It will be noted that for such animals as were his own property, James Darcy uses the term 'my'."

This identification has long been conjectured but I now have evidence which proves that Place's White Turk was also known as Darcy's White Turk. The following text is taken from a portrait of William's Squirrel by James Seymour - "Squirril was bred by the late Mr. Smith near Middleham Yorkshire, & got by Snake, whose Dam was a Daughter of Hautboy. His Sire the Stradling, or Lister Turk. Hautboy was out of a Royal Mare, and the White Darcy Turk, which got Commoner & the Ranter Gelding". According to John Cheny and John Pond, above, Commoner and the Ranter Gelding were sired by Place's White Turk.

Grey Royal and Christopher Darcy's Royal Mare

The following entry appears in the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 10:

                                        GREY ROYAL,

             Bred at Hampton Court or Sedbury, got by Darcy's White Turk,
                        dam by Darcy's Yellow Turk - Royal Mare.

             *        f. (Kitt Darcy's Mare) by Blunderbuss,
                                             son of Bustler - Miss Darcy
             **       f. by Makeless  -          -          - Miss Darcy
             ***1719  f. Duchess, by the Newcastle Turk     - Miss Darcy

                * This mare was the dam of Sir R. Milbanke's famous black
             mare, by Makeless, of Capt. Hartley's bl. f., by the Rutland
             Black Barb, of a f. by Hautboy, and also probably of (Old)
             Royal, by the Holderness Turk.
                ** This mare had a f. by the Rutland Black Barb (Capt.
             Hartley's), which was the dam, in 1716, of a f., by Holderness
             Turk, and, in 1723, of a f., by Snake.
                *** Duchess was the dam of the Duke of Devonshire's c.
             (Hampton Court) Childers, by Flying Childers, and of a sister
             to him, which was sent to Ireland, and was dam, in 1737, of
             the Irish stallion, Ground Ivy, by Y. Lamprie.

The following entry appears in the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 16:

                                 ROYAL MARE (Kitt Darcy's),

             Bred by Lord Darcy, got by Blunderbuss, her dam, Old Grey
                                Royal, by Darcy White Turk.

                  bl.f. by Makeless   -       -       - Sir R. Milbanke
                  bl.f. by The Rutland Black Barb     - Sir R. Milbanke
                     f. by Hautboy    -       -       - Sir J. Jennings

An Introduction to a General Stud-Book, 1791, page 108, says - "Rachel, Bred by the Duke of Ancaster, foaled in 1763, got by Blank, her dam by Regulus - Soreheels - Makeless - C. D'Arcy's Royal Mare".

An Introduction to a General Stud-Book, 1791, page 110, says - "Regulus mare, Her dam by Soreheels, grand dam by Makeless, out of Christopher D'Arcy's Royal Mare".

An Introduction to a General Stud-Book, 1791, page 133, says - "Soreheels mare, Her dam (the dam of Hartley's Blind Horse) by Makeless, out of Christopher D'Arcy's Royal Mare".

An Introduction to a General Stud-Book, 1791, page 176, says - "Hartley's blind Horse, [by] Holderness Turk - Sir R. Milbank's Black Mare, by Makeless - D'Arcy Royal Mare".

An Introduction to a General Stud-Book, 1791, page 132, says - "Sophia, Foaled in 1764, got by Blank, her dam, Lord Leigh's Diana, by Second, grand dam, Mr. Hanger's Brown Mare, by Stanyan's Arabian, out of Gipsey ; she was bred by Sir Ralph Milbanke, and got by King William's Black Barb without a Tongue, out of Sir Ralph's Black Mare, bred by Mr. D'Arcy, got by Makeless, out of one of his best Royal Mares".

An Introduction to a General Stud-Book, 1791, page 169, says - "(Ld Leigh's) Charming Molly, bred by Mr. Hanger, 1741, She was own sister to Diana, got by Second, dam (Mr. H's brown mare) by Stanyan's Arabian, out of Gipsey ; Gipsey was bred by Sir R. Milbank, and got by King William's no-tongued Barb - Makeless - Royal Mare".

An Introduction to a General Stud-Book, 1791, page 133, says - "Spectator mare, bred by the Duke of Ancaster, her dam by Blank - Godolphin Whitefoot - Stanyan's Arabian - King William's Black Barb - Christopher D'Arcy's Royal Mare". According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 35, the Blank mare was out of Lord Leigh's Diana by Second.

An Introduction to a General Stud-Book, 1791, page 194, says - "Chance, D. of Cumberland's, foaled in 1780, got by Javelin, dam by Faggergill, grand dam by the Northumberland Golden Arabian - Traveller - Hip - Snake - Rutland Black Barb - Blunderbuss - Lord D'Arcy's Grey Royal Mare".

An Introduction to a General Stud-Book, 1791, page 201, says - "Tyrant, Mr. Gott's, foaled in 1769, got by Turf, his dam (Cremona) by Regulus - Traveller - Hip - Snake - Rutland Black Barb - Blunderbuss - Ld D'Arcy's grey Royal Mare".

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 222, the Hip mare in these two pedigrees was called Whitestockings and the cross of Blunderbuss should read Makeless. On page 70 under the mare Cremona a note is appended - "Previous editions give 'Blunderbuss' instead of Makeless, but the latter is more generally confirmed". If the Makeless mare in these two pedigrees is Milbanke's Black Mare then King William's Black Barb was probably the same as the Rutland Black Barb.

Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, by C M Prior, page 36, in Cuthbert Routh's Stud-Book, says - "Creepr [foaled 1716]. A Gray mare, gott by Woodcock, Her dam by ye D. of Rutland's Gray Arabian, her grandm was out of my Old Royall Mare, which was gott by Blundrbush, which mare was half sistr to the black Royal mare I sold to Sr Ralph Milbanke, gott by Makeless. Blundrbush Royall's dam was out of my own Gray Royall, and gott by the White Turk. Witness my hand, J. Darcy".

This pedigree, supplied by James Darcy the younger, makes it clear that Milbanke's Black Mare by Makeless was half sister to the Royal Mare by Blunderbuss and not her daughter.

Prior's note to this pedigree says - "It will be observed that James (Lord) Darcy says Blunderbush Royal's dam was out of Grey Royal, whereas the G.S.B. shews her dam to have been Grey Royal herself". Prior's inability to read old pedigrees correctly has further complicated the matter. Firstly, Grey Royal is not a name, it is a description. Secondly, pedigrees were written down backwards. So, Blundrbush Royall's dam was out of my own Gray Royall, and gott by the White Turk, means that the Royal mare was by Blunderbuss, and her dam [the Grey Royal in the GSB] was by the White Turk out of my own Royal mare which happens to be a grey.

James Darcy the younger states here that he was the owner of the grandam of the Royal Mare by Blunderbuss but not the dam, which according to the above pedigrees was owned by his brother Christopher Darcy.

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 10, says Grey Royal was - "got by Darcy's White Turk, dam by Darcy's Yellow Turk - Royal Mare". We know from Prior, above, that the dam of Grey Royal was James Darcy's own Gray Royall, and since she was by Darcy's Yellow Turk, a chesnut, her dam must also have been a grey Royal Mare. It is only conjecture, but it seems likely that this grey Royal Mare was the Old Morocco Mare.

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 14, says the Old Morocco Mare was dam of a filly by Darcy's Yellow Turk, owned by Darcy, that was dam of Lord Lonsdale's Counsellor by the Shaftesbury Turk. Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, by C M Prior, page 28, however, says the dam of Lord Lonsdale's Counsellor was - "gott by the White Turk, who got Cannon and Ho'boy. And her dam by the Yellow Turk, who got Old Spanker".

An Introduction to a General Stud-Book, 1791, page 183, says - "Old Royal, [by] Holderness Turk - Blunderbuss Royal Mare".

Old Royal and the Rutland Grey Arabian mare, dam of Creeper, would appear to be the only known produce of the Blunderbuss mare.

Grey Royal and Darcy's Pet Mare

The following entry appears in the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 15:

                                        THE PET MARE,

             The property of Miss Betty Darcy. She was the daughter either
                of Grey Royal or of a Sedbury Royal Mare. The sire is not
                given in any pedigree, and probably the cover was abroad,
                as this is the only case in which the sire is not given.

                 gr.c. Clumsey, by Hautboy   -      -      - Mr Wilkes
                 gr.f. Grey Wilkes, by ditto (Wilkes Old   - Mr Robinson
                                                     Mare) - of Easby
             *   gr.f. The Old Wen mare, by ditto   -      - Sir J. Parsons

                      * This mare bred a c. by The Curwen Bay Barb.

The Newcastle Courant, Saturday, March 17, 1732-3, Number 412, says - "To be leap’d, this Season, at Mr Benjamin Scaife’s, the Sign of the black Lyon in Stockton, in the County of Durham, at one Guinea a Mare, and 2 s 6 d the Keeper the famous Horse call’d Robinson Crusoe, bred by Mr Robinson of Easeby: He was got by Jigg, out of a Sparke Mare, which was from a Snake Mare, the full Sister to the famous Egerston’s Mare (Country Wench) which Snake Mare was out of a Hautboy Mare bought of Mr Wilk’s: Her Dam being a Pett-Filly Mr Wilk’s bought of Mrs [error for Miss] Betty D’Arcy, which was a Foal of her Brother Mr Christopher D’Arcy’s, out of a Royal Mare: He is also full Brother to the Hon Henry Vane, Esq’rs Mare, which came Second the last Meeting at Hambleton, and won the 5 Years old Plate at Barnard-Castle, and the aged Plate at Sunderland the last Year. Mr Robinson sold Robinson Crusoe to Charles Bathurst, Esq; who matched him to run at Midlam; at 5 Years old, against Mr Anderson’s grey Horse for 600 Guineas, which he won: He also won the King’s Plates at York and Newmarket.—N B Whoever sends a Mare to him, may have Grass and good Conveniencies for her, at reasonable Rates".

According to this pedigree Miss Betty Darcy's Pet Mare used to belong to her brother Christopher Darcy and she sold the mare to Mr Wilkes who bred her to Hautboy. The next pedigree contains a mare by Hautboy out of a mare belonging to Kitt Darcy.

Sir Jonathan Jennings's Mare

An Introduction to a General Stud-Book, 1791, page 188, says - "Tarquin, (Duke of Ancaster's), [by] Godolphin Arabian - Scarborough Colt - Hip - Tifter - Snake - Diamond - Hautboy - a mare of Kitt D'Arcy's".

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 212, gives the pedigree as Duke of Ancaster's Tarquin (1745) by the Godolphin Arabian oo mare by the Scarborough Colt oo mare by Hip oo mare by Tifter oo mare by Snake oo mare by (Pooley's) Diamond oo mare by Hautboy oo a mare Sir J. Jennings had of old Kitt Darcy by Blunderbuss.

The Dublin Journal, Saturday, April 19, 1755, says - "To be let to Mares this Season, at Forest, 6 Miles from Dublin, at 3 Guineas and a Crown, the Beautiful bay Horse, Sessario: He is 15 Hands high, free from all natural Blemishes; he was bred by Sir Marmaduke Wyvill: His Pedigree is as follows, viz--He was got by the Godolphin Arabian, and out of my famous Mare, Spectacles, which was got by the Scarborough Colt, her Dam by Hip, her Grandam was the Dam of Bashaw, she was got by old Tifter out of Mr Aislesby's famous Snake Mare, which was the Dam of John Trot and Bucephalus. As Witnes my Hand, / Mar. Wyvill. N T There is good Grass for Mares, and all proper Attendance".

An Introduction to a General Stud-Book, page 167, says - "Bucephalus, Mr. Aislabie, 1738, Robinson Crusoe - Snake - Hautboy".

The 2nd Marquis of Rockingham's pedigree collection, Sheffield Archives, Document Reference WWM/R/193/34a, says - "taken from Brown's Copy of Sr M: Wyvills Stud Book Pedigree of the Spectacle Mare - dam of Tarquin - Hill Forsters now Sr Ralph Gores Stallion & also dam of my Godolphin Hunter The Spectacle Mare - was got by ye Scarborough Colt - her dam by the Pelham Tifter (Sire also of ye Garnet Mare) - her G: dam (the Snake Mare) was got by Old Tifter, her Gt: G: dam by Snake Gt: Gt: G: dam by Pooley's Diamond, her Gt: Gt: Gt: G: dam by Hautboy, her Gt: Gt: Gt: Gt: G: dam by Bustler, her Gt: Gt: Gt: Gt: Gt: G: dam by Old Woodcock out of one of Sr Jonathan Jenning's Mares; which Mare was of the Royal Kind at Sedbury. N B was foaled Apr ye 4th 1747 Bay Colt off hind foot white".

This pedigree, extracted from Sir Marmaduke Wyvill's stud book, shows that Jennings's mare was too old to have been by Blunderbuss.

The identity of Diamond in this pedigree has long been a mystery. The British Racehorse, September, 1951, page 354, Early Pictures of Racehorses, Some examples from the work of Tillimans and Wootton, by Ernest Hutton, says - "Diamond, a chesnut horse foaled in 1711 belonging to the Duke of Somerset, is another of the Sympson-Tillemans prints. Little is to be found on record about this horse; he crops up in some pedigrees as the Somerset Diamond and got by Clumsey".

Grey Royal and Old Clubfoot

Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, by C M Prior, page 30, in Cuthbert Routh's Stud-Book, says - "[Routh's Surley] A Gray Horse [1720] bought of Mr Hutton in April, 1725. He was gott by Surley, which Horse was gott by his Gray Barb, his dam by ye Royall Colt, her dam by Byrley Turk, her dam by Bustler, her dam by a Barb, and her dam by Bay Dodsworth". Also says - "The mare [my] Surley was out of was got by Coney skins, her dam by old Ho'boy, & her dam [i.e., the Ho'boy mare] was bred by old Wilks, and out of a mare of Sr Wm Wyvill's, calld Clubfoot".

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 378, says - "Blacklegs, Mr Hutton's, 1725, by Hutton's or Mulso Bay Turk - Coneyskins - Old Club Foot, by Hautboy. Mr Hutton had an own sister to Blacklegs".

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 387, says - "Valentine, Mr Wentworth's, 1765, by Young Cade - Norris's Bolton - Mogul - Young Belgrade - Mulso Bay Turk - Coneyskins - Hautboy".

Weatherby's Racing Calendar, March 23, 1775, Newspaper, Number I, says - "At Brickwell-House in Hertfordshire, (3 Miles from Hatfield, and 2 from Wellwyn) Valentine, that beautiful and boney high-bred bay horse, at one guinea each Mare, and 2 s 6 d the man. He was got by Young Cade, his dam by Norris's Bolton, his Grandam by the Duke of Bolton's Mogul, his great grandam by Sir Marmaduke Wyvill's Belgrade, who was the Sire of Volunteer and Antelope; his great great grandam by a Bay Turk, brought over by Mulso; his great great great grandam, by Coneyskin, his great grt grt grt grandam by Hautboy, his great great great great great gran-dam from the Wilks Mare. This is a true Pedigree. / Witness my hand, Dec. 23d, 1772. / William Wood. Valentine's Performance is well known to all Sportsmen of the Turf. At 5 years old he won three matches, and received two forfeits, beating Phlegon over Newmarket, which covers at 5gs a Mare; and Daniel or Hemp, which covers at 10gs a Mare, over Bath; and several plates too tedious to mention. N B Good grass and proper care taken. The money to be paid at the time of covering, or before the Mares are taken away".

Grey Royal and Darcy's Oldest Royal Mare

The following entry appears in the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 16:

                                         ROYAL MARE,

             Lord Darcy's Blacklegged Royal Mare, probably a daughter of one
                of the Royal Mares at Hampton Court, and removed to Sedbury,
                near Richmond, on the death of Queen Anne.

             *      f. by King William's Barb-without-a-tongue - Lord Darcy
                    f. by Lord Oxford's Dun Arabian     -      - Lord Darcy

                      * This mare bred a f. by The Bald Galloway.

According to the GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 10, Grey Royal was the dam in 1719 of Duchess by the Newcastle Turk, the dam of the Hampton Court Childers.

The Racing Calendar for 1746, by John Cheny, in the index, pages 138 and 139, says - "The Turk that got Hautboy, was also the Sire of Cannon, of the Darcy Grey Royal, the Grand Dam of the Devonshire Dutchess, which was the Dam of the Hampton-Court Childers, and many others".

The Racing Calendar for 1746, by John Cheny, in the index, page 143, says - "The Hampton-Court Childers was bred by his Grace the Duke of Devonshire, and got by Childers. The Dam of the Hampton-Court Childers, was call'd Dutchess (she was got by the Newcastle Turk) her Grand Dam was got by the Westal Turk ; her Great Grand Dam by the Darcy Black Legs ; her Great Great Grand Dam was called Old Royal ; she was out of a Darcy Royal Mare, and the Darcy White Turk".

Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, by C M Prior, page 124, in the list of the Duchess of Newcastle's Mares for 1712, mentions - "A filly foal Bay, 4 years old, by ye Pagett Arab of her Call'd Darcy's Young Sorrill out of a Royall Mare Call'd Black Leggs & Gott by Wastell's Turk, her Dam Gott by Duke of Rutland's Black Leggs out of Darcy's oldest Royall Mare".

The Newcastle Courant, Saturday, March 23, 1727-8, Number 152, says - "This is to give Notice, that Mr Robert Carter of Brumpton upon Swale, in the County of York, has a Chesnut ston'd Horse, Six Years old, free from Blemish, that he leaps at a Guinea a Mare: He is 14 hands three Inches high, fine shap'd and strong, he was got by Woodcock, and out of a Royal Mare, she got by Lord Darcy's Arabian which he bought of Mr Curwen, her Dam got by Wastel Turk, Duchess was out of the same Mare with this Horse Dam, her Dam got by Black-legs, which got Crecket, her Dam got by the white Turk which got Hautboy, her Dam was the old Royal Mare, which Lord Darcy found at Sadberry, in 1690, so he became the Owner of this Stud; her Dam got by the old Chesnut Turk which got Leeds' Spanker, and all the best Horses of England, betwixt forty and fifty Years ago, as Lord Darcy Witnesseth".

Duchess was foaled in 1708 by the Newcastle Turk (Pagett Arab) out of a mare by Wastell's Turk out of a mare by Blacklegs out of Darcy's Oldest Royal Mare.

The evidence here points to Darcy's Oldest Royal Mare being the same mare as Old Grey Royal, and her daughter by Blacklegs being the same mare as Lord Darcy's Blacklegged Royal Mare.

Grey Royal and Tregonwell Barb mare

The Sporting Kalendar for 1757, by John Pond, page 221, says Trumpet's dam was - "out of a Darcy Yellow Turk Layton Mare, and she was got by Place's white Trugunwell Turk, that got Commoner and the Ranter Gelding".

The records show that the Tregonwell Barb Mare was the property of Sir John Lowther, who was created Viscount Lonsdale in 1696. The addition of the name Tregonwell to this mare may be an error as it is clear from the pedigree of Trumpet's dam in Pond's Sporting Kalendar that this name refers to Place's White Turk, who was also known as Place's White Trugunwell Turk. A more correct name for this mare may be Lord Lonsdale's Arabian Mare, and if Pond's pedigree of Duchess is correct and she was "full Sister to the Dam of Morrat and Gypsey", then she was a grey mare by Darcy's Yellow Turk out of a grey Royal Mare, and identical with Darcy's Grey Royal Mare by Darcy's Yellow Turk out of the Old Morocco Mare.

The Tregonwell Barb mare was probably by Place's White Trugunwell Turk out of Lord Lonsdale's Arabian Mare and was identical with Old Grey Royal.

The pedigree of Lord Lonsdale's Counsellor in the GSB makes his dam a full sister to Spanker, while the version entered in Cuthbert Routh's Stud Book makes her a daughter of Darcy's White Turk out of a daughter of Darcy's Yellow Turk. It being more than probable that Lord Lonsdale's Counsellor was descended from his Arabian Mare, then the Arabian Mare would have been a full sister to Spanker by Darcy's Yellow Turk out of the Old Morocco Mare. If J B Robertson is correct in his assertion that the dam of Lonsdale Counsellor was called Bay Darcy then she must have been a sister to Grey Royal.

The Stamford Mercury, Thursday, March 26, 1778, Number 2456, says - "The noted Horse Spot, (The Property of Samuel Siddall, of Bourn,) will Cover this Season, at One guinea a Mare. Spot was bred by the late Edm. Turner, Esq; of Stoke near Grantham, and his pedigree is as follows: He was got by Blank, his dam by old Regulus, his Grandam by old Royal, Sire of Capt. Appleyard’s bald Charlotte, his great Grandam by Mr Curven’s grey Barb, his great great Grandam by Mr Curven’s bay Barb, Sire of Brocklesby Betty, and out of a Mare of Lord Lonsdale’s called the Tregonnel Mare, which Mare was bred by Mr Curven, and esteemed one of the highest Blood Mares Mr Curven had. The above Pedigree was taken from Mr Curven’s Stud Book, by the late Charles Pelham, Esq; of Brocklesby".

The "Mare of Lord Lonsdale’s called the Tregonnel Mare, which Mare was bred by Mr Curven, and esteemed one of the highest Blood Mares Mr Curven had" would appear to be the full sister to Grey Ramsden's dam by Byerley's Turk. This mare was dam of Sir William Ramsden's Tantivy by the Taffolet Barb, otherwise known as the Curwen Tantivie. This would make Turner's Spot's great great grandam full sister to Tantivy by Curwen's Bay Barb out of Tregonnel Mare by Byerley's Turk out of Tregonwell Barb mare by Place's White Tregonwell Turk out of Lord Lonsdale's Arabian Mare.

Bustler

Bustler, one of the few horses known to have been sired by the Helmsley Turk, is called Mr Place's Bustler in the GSB and Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 20, says he was bred by Rowland Place, but it is most unlikely that Bustler was Place's White Turk. The following text, part of a letter from Thomas Pulleine to John Holles, Duke of Newcastle, taken from Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, by C M Prior, page 126, clearly shows that they were two different stallions:

"1706, 28th [October], Bolton. The pedigree of the maires I send for yor Grace to have the refuseall off is as follows
The Lame philly's dam was gott by Mr Place white Turke & vnder a ffenwicke maire & her sire is my Chessnutt Arabian
thother 4 yr old philly's dam was out of Sr Mathew Peirson Running maire wch was the most famouse maire in my time & gott by Mr Place Turke & the philly's sire my Chessnutt Arab.
the 6 yr old maire was out of a maire gott by Brimers [Brimmer] out of a Buttler [Bustler] maire & she was gott by my white Turk [Rockwood]".

An extremely interesting advertisement

The Caledonian Mercury, Wednesday, May 22, 1765, says - "To Leap this season, at Mrs Duncan's, near to Priestfield, at One Guinea each mare, and One Shilling to the keeper, a fine chesnut stoned horse, called Tartar, nine years old, fifteen hands and a half high, able to carry 14 stone a hunting, and free of all natural blemishes.--His pedigree is as follows: Tartar was got by Ground Joy [Ground Ivy], his dam by the Hartley Roan Horse, got by Hip upon the dam of Babraham; his grand dam (bred by Lord Dorcey) by Woodcock sire of the dams of Sedbury, Miss Doe, and many others of note; his great grand-dam by the Darcey chesnut Arab, sire of Jews-trumps; his great great grand dam (Violet Leyton) by the Darcey White Turk, sire of Hautboy, Black Leggs, Royal, &c his Great great great grand dam by Dodsworth, the common ancestor of the Windam's Dimples, Starlings, Desdemona, Grey-hounds, Ticklepitchers, &c his great great great great grand dam by the Darcey Yellow Turk, sire of Brimmer, Spanker, &c so remarkable to future ages for their gets. The above is certified by Dom Browne, Esq; N B Good grass for mares, and proper care taken of them.--The money to be paid at the stable door".

The grandam by Woodcock was probably Mad Darcy, 1719, who had daughters by Hartley's Roan Horse (foaled 1736) in 1738 and 1739.

The dam of Mad Darcy was Young Violet Layton, bred by James Darcy the younger, by Darcy's Chesnut Arabian out of Layton Barb Mare.

I would have thought the Layton Barb Mare was by the Layton Grey Barb, alias Grey Hautboy, but this advertisement, however, says she was Violet Layton by Darcy's White Turk out of a mare by Dodsworth, which pedigree is unique. All other pedigrees have Dodsworth mares covered by Place's White Turk. Darcy's Chesnut Arabian was also known as Pulleine's Chesnut Arabian, and in the above letter to John Holles, Duke of Newcastle, dated October 28, 1706, Thomas Pulleine offers to sell him two four year old mares [foaled 1702] by his Chesnut Arabian out of mares by Place's White Turk. This letter confirms that Place's White Turk mares were active at stud in the first decade of the eighteenth century and with the above advertisement proves that Darcy's White Turk and Place's White Turk were one and the same.

In the above advertisement "Windam's Dimples" should read "Windams, Dimples". It is unclear whether it is Dodsworth or his daughter that is "the common ancestor of the Windams, Dimples, Starlings, Desdemona, Grey-hounds, Ticklepitchers, &c", but Ticklepitchers aside, no pedigrees available, they all descend from Dodsworth. Some trace to Dodsworth mares and some to Dicky Pierson mares. The dam of Violet Layton I believe to be a mare by Dicky Pierson out of a mare by Darcy'sYellow Turk. This is typical Darcy inbreeding as Dodsworth [Dicky Pierson, Son of Dodsworth] was by Darcy's Yellow Turk [Dodsworth].


FAIRFAX'S MOROCCO BARB AND HELMSLEY TURK

 

HELMSLEY TURK

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 389, says he was - "from the stud of Lord Fairfax, Helmsley, became the property of the Duke of Buckingham, and got Bustler, etc". Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 20, says he was - "the Duke of Buckingham's Turk, generally called the Helmsley Turk".

FAIRFAX'S MOROCCO BARB

Helmsley was given by the Commonwealth to Lord Fairfax in 1651 and it was in his possession until 1657 when, on the marriage of his only daughter, Mary, to the second Duke of Buckingham, he restored the estate to his son-in-law from whom it had been confiscated. It is generally accepted that the horses attributed to Lord Fairfax were all bred or owned by him during his time at Helmsley and that, for some reason, he neither owned nor bred any horses after 1657. If it is assumed that the ownership of all the horses in the stud reverted to the Duke of Buckingham and that the Old Morocco Mare, which is credited in the GSB as being bred by Fairfax, was foaled in 1657, and that Fairfax's Morocco Barb was a yearling when he covered Old Bald Peg, then he would have been foaled in 1655. This would make him thirty years old when he covered Dodsworth's dam in 1685. Not an impossible scenario, but stretching the imagination.

The Lonsdale Library, Volume XXVIII, Flat Racing, page 28, says - "In November [1657], Nicholas Baxter, 'His Highness's Gentleman of Horse,' arrived at Gravesend in charge of a grey horse which had been sent in the good ship Dartmouth, Captain, Richard Booth, presumably from either Aleppo or Costantinople. Rowland Place of Dinsdale, in County Durham was Stud Master to Cromwell, and knowing the Commonwealth would be of short duration after the Protector's death (in September 1658), he would appear to have removed this imported Eastern horse to Dinsdale, where the horse afterwards was known as Place's White Turk, and as such enters freely in the ancestry of the Thoroughbred".

The following is only supposition. In November 1657 Nicholas Baxter arrived at Gravesend in the good ship Dartmouth with a grey horse for Oliver Cromwell. The horse was acquired in Barbary and given by Cromwell to Lord Fairfax, who stood him at stud at Helmsley. This horse was known as Fairfax's Morocco Barb, the Buckingham Turk and the Helmsley Turk. Rowland Place, who had a stud nearby at Dinsdale, had access to the stallion and by him bred Bustler and Place's White Turk. When the grey stallion died, his son Bustler stood at Helmsley and also became known as the Helmsley Turk. It was he who covered Dodsworth's dam in 1685 and sired Vixen. Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 72, says the sire of Vixen was the Earl of Holderness's Turk. Place's White Turk first stood at Dinsdale and ended his days at Sedbury where he was known as Darcy's White Turk and the Sedbury Turk.

Aimwell

The GSB, volume 1, 5th edition, page 377, says - "Aimwell, Mr Pembroke's, 1750, by Babraham - Sir Everard Fawkener's Grey Turk - Hampton-Court Childers - Conyers Arabian - Vernon Barb - Curwen's Grey Morocco Barb - Leedes Arabian - Spanker - the Old Morocco Mare (Old Peg)". The mare by Curwen's Grey Morocco Barb has been listed under the dam of Chaunter on page 12.

The Sporting Kalendar for 1754, by John Pond, page 149, says - "Aimwell, Mr. Pembroke's, was got by Babraham, Son of the Godolphin Arabian; his Dam by Sir Everard Faulkner's grey Turk, his Grandam by the old Hampton Childers, his Great Grandam by Conyer's Arabian, his Great Great Grandam by the Vernon Barb, his Great Great Great Grandam by Mr. Curvin's grey Morocco Barb, his Great Great Great Great Grandam by Leeds's Arabian, that got Leeds, his Great Great Great Great Great Grandam by old Spanker, out of Bald Peg".

If the GSB and Pond are correct then the fifth dam of Aimwell was by Curwen's Grey Morocco Barb. This is probably the stallion known as Curwen's Grey Turk and The Turk, sire of Flanderkin. In Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, by C M Prior, page 37, in Cuthbert Routh's Stud-Book, he is called Mr Curwen's Gray Turk, which got Flanderkin. Flanderkin was foaled in 1707 and Chaunter was foaled in 1710, so although it is possible that Curwen's Grey Turk could have sired a filly out of the dam of Chaunter, it is unlikely that the Leedes Arabian mare here is the dam of Chaunter. The third dam of Chaunter, the Old Morocco Mare, who was also known as Old Peg, was never known as Bald Peg. Pond says Aimwell traces to Bald Peg, which may be her sister Leedes (Young) Bald Peg or her dam Old Bald Peg.

The pedigree of Aimwell, as recorded in Pick's Turf Register, volume 1, page 156, reads - "by Babram, his dam by Sir Everard Fawkener's Grey Turk, grandam by Hampton Court Childers, Conyer's Arabian, Mr. Vernon's Barb, Lord Fairfax's Grey Morocco Barb, Mr. Leeds's Arabian, (sire of Leedes), a daughter of Spanker, out of Old Bald Peg, the grandam of Spanker".

Pick says the fifth dam of Aimwell was by Lord Fairfax's Grey Morocco Barb but this would appear to be an error for Curwen's Grey Morocco Barb. He also states that Aimwell traces to a mare by Spanker out of Old Bald Peg, whom he further identifies as the grandam of Spanker.

It seems more likely that the Bald Peg in this pedigree is Leedes (Young) Bald Peg thus making the Leedes Arabian mare identically bred to Bay Peg, the dam of Fox and Basto.

The Bath Journal, Monday, April 13, 1747, Number 164, says - "This is to give Notice, That there is now in the Hands of Farmer Price, of Tinbead, in the Parish of Edington, Wilts, a Grey Horse known by the Name of Hopeful, often called Sour-Face ; and a Bay Horse, known by the Name of Basset, both of them full Fifteen Hands high ; and a Nutmeg Grey Colt, know by the Name of Tom, Fourteen Hands and three inches high, two Years old. The Grey Horse is as strong-grow'd as any bred Horse in England, and was bred by his Grace the Duke of Bolton ; he is out of a Daughter of Bay Bolton, and she was got out of a famous Mare called Coquet, and he was got by an Arabian called Bloody-Buttocks. The Bay Horse, Basset, was bred by Lord Weymouth ; he was got by Young Sparks, out of Yellow Mess, who was got by the Chesnut Arabian, her Dam by the Coniers Grey Arabian, her Grand-Dam by Vernon Barb, and her Great Grand Dam was called the Grey Foot Ramsden Mare, she was got by Mr. Curwin's Grey Morocco Barb, and she under Sir William Ramsden's Bay Peg, that was got by Mr. Leed's Arabian, that got Leeds and Bay Peg, was under Mr. Leed's Chesnut Peg, which was got by Old Sparks, and under Old Ballad Peg, and Ballad Peg was under a natural Barb Mare, who was got by Lord Fairfax's Arabian. The Nutmeg Grey Colt, Tom, was bred by his Grace the Duke of Bolton, and is as high Blood as any in England, out of a Bay Bolton Mare, that was bred at Bolton-Hall in Yorkshire, and the Colt got by Hopeful, often called Sour-Face. To cover at Half-a-Guinea the First Leap, and One Shilling the Groom ; and Half-a-Guinea more at the Fall of the Colt. Note, Good Grass for Mares at Two Shillings per Week, and Tryal as often as convenient".

The pedigrees of Aimwell and Basset have four identical consecutive crosses - Conyers Arabian, Vernon Barb, Curwen's Grey Morocco Barb and Leedes Arabian. Spanker and Old Sparks are undoubtedly the same. The sire of the Old Morocco Mare, Fairfax's Morocco Barb, and the sire of Old Ballad Peg, Lord Fairfax's Arabian, are also undoubtedly the same. The Grey Foot Ramsden Mare was out of Sir William Ramsden's Bay Peg by Leedes Arabian, while Basto was bred by Sir William Ramsden out of Bay Peg by Leedes Arabian. Leedes Chesnut Peg, the grandam of Basto, and Yellow Bald Peg, the grandam of Fox, are the same. Spanker, the sire of Leedes Chesnut Peg, was owned by Mr Leedes and was an Arabian, while the sire of Yellow Bald Peg was Leedes Arabian. Old Ballad Peg by Lord Fairfax's Arabian and Leedes's Bald Peg by Fairfax's Morocco Barb are the same. It is possible that this Bald Peg was the Old Morocco Mare but I am inclined to think that they were sisters. The Natural Barb Mare, dam of Old Ballad Peg, and Old Bald Peg Arab, dam of Old Morocco Mare, are the same. The pedigree of Old Bald Peg, which is usually given as 'by an Arabian out of a Barb mare', is undoubtedly a ghost pedigree caused by Leedes's Bald Peg also being called Old Ballad Peg.

In the pedigree below the dates are hypothetical and are there simply to suggest a possible timescale:

Curwen's Grey
Morocco
Barb mare
(1705)
5th dam of
AIMWELL
[Grey Foot Ramsden Mare]
CURWEN'S GREY MOROCCO BARB
(1690)
       
 
   
 
     
 
   
 
       
 
   
 
     
 
   
 
Leedes Arabian mare
(1690)
[Ramsden's Bay Peg]
LEEDES ARABIAN
(1680)
     
 
   
 
     
 
   
 
Spanker mare
(1680)
[Yellow Bald Peg]
[Leedes Chesnut Peg]
SPANKER
(1670)
[LEEDES SPANKER]
DARCY'S YELLOW TURK
(1660)
[OLD DODSWORTH BARB]
 
 
Old Morocco Mare
(1660)
[Old Peg]
FAIRFAX'S MOROCCO BARB
(1650)
[FAIRFAX'S ARABIAN]
Old Bald Peg
(1650)
[Natural Barb Mare]
[Old Bald Peg Arab]
Leedes Bald Peg
(1670)
[Young Bald Peg]
[Old Bald Peg]
FAIRFAX'S MOROCCO BARB
(1650)
[FAIRFAX'S ARABIAN]
 
 
Old Bald Peg
(1650)
[Natural Barb Mare]
[Old Bald Peg Arab]
 
 

Lady Wentworth says the Taffolet, or Morocco, Barb was the same as Fairfax's Morocco Barb, but this is impossible as the Taffolet Barb sired Mustard in 1707.

 

DESCENT CHART 3
[INCORPORATING THE EVIDENCE AND CONJECTURE CONTAINED IN THIS ARTICLE]

 

                            Old Bald Peg = FAIRFAX'S MOROCCO BARB <====> HELMSLEY TURK
                                         |                                     |
          -----------------------------> | <---------------------------------------------------------------------------
          |                              |                                                                            |
          |                      Old Morocco Mare   =   DARCY'S YELLOW TURK    =     Lawson's Barb Mare               |
          |                          [Old Peg]      |   [OLD DODSWORTH BARB]   |     [Dodsworth's dam]      =      BUSTLER
          |                              |          |      [TRIPOLI BARB]      |                            |         |
          |                   ---------> | <---------           |              --------------               |         |
          |                   |          |     |                |              |            |               |         |
 PLACE'S WHITE TURK  =  Darcy's Grey     |  SPANKER   OGLETHORPE'S ARABIAN  = mare    BAY DODSWORTH       Vixen       |
[DARCY'S WHITE TURK] |      Royal        |     |    [ALBEMARLE GREY ARABIAN]|        [DICKY PIERSON]          1686    |
          |          |                   |     |                            |        [BAY WOODCOCK]                   |
          |          |                   |     |                            |      [CURWEN'S ARABIAN]                 |
          ---------> | <---------------> | <-> | <------------------------> | <--           | 1663                    |
                     |                   |     |                            |   |           |                         |
         ---------------                 |     |                         ----   |     ---------------                 |
         |             |                  \   /                          |      |     |             |                 |
      HAUTBOY     Old Grey Royal        Charming   Layton Barb Mare   MAKELESS  |    mare           |                 |
         |      [Darcy's Pet Mare]        Jenny      [Arlington          |      |     |             |                 |
         |             |                    |         Barb Mare]         |      |     |             |                 |
         |             |                    |             |              |      |     |             |                 |
         |      -----> | <----------------> | <------------------------> | <--> | <-> | <----       |                 |
         |      |      |                    |                            |      |     |     |       |                 |
         |      |      -------------------> | <----------        -----------    |     |     |       |                 |
          \    /       |                    |            \      /          |     \   /       \     /                  |
       GREY HAUTBOY    |                    |     Milbanke's Black Mare   mare    mare     Vintner Mare = PULLEINE'S  |
            |          |                    |                              |        |                   | ARABIAN     |
            |          |                    |                              |        |           ---------             |
            |          |                    |                              |        ----------> | <---------------    |
            |          |                    |                              |                    |                 \  /
            |          |                  JIGG                             |                    |                 mare
            |          |                 [SNAKE]                           |                    |                   |
            |          |                    |                              |                    |                   |
            |          |                    |                              |                    |                   |
            |          |                    |                              |                   mare       =       SPOT
            ---------> | <----------------> | <--------------------        |                              |
            |          |                    |                     |        |                              |
             \        /                     |                      \      /                               |
            Grey Wilkes                     |                     BAY BOLTON       CURWEN'S BAY BARB     mare
           [Old Wen Mare]                   |                           1705                |             |
                 |                          |                                               |             |
                 -------------------------> | <---------------------        -----------------     ---------
                                    |       |                      |        |               |     |
                                     \     /                        \       /                \   /
                                   SON OF JIGG                  ALCOCK'S ARABIAN              mare
                                  [SON OF SNAKE]                [BLOODY BUTTOCKS]              |
                                        |                                                      |
                                        --------------------------     -------------------------
                                                                  \   /
                                                                 PARTNER
                                                                      1718

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